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Nymphaea
Nymphaea 'Peach Glow'
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
L.
Species

About 50 species, including:
Nymphaea alba - European White Water-lily
Nymphaea amazonum
Nymphaea ampla
Nymphaea blanda
Nymphaea caerulea - Egyptian Blue Water-lily
Nymphaea calliantha
Nymphaea candida
Nymphaea capensis - Cape Blue Water-lily
Nymphaea citrina
Nymphaea colorata
Nymphaea elegans
Nymphaea fennica
Nymphaea flavovirens
Nymphaea gardneriana
Nymphaea gigantea - Australian Water-lily
Nymphaea heudelotii
Nymphaea jamesoniana
Nymphaea leibergii - Dwarf Water-lily
Nymphaea lotus - Egyptian White Water-lily
Nymphaea lotus var. termalis
Nymphaea macrosperma - Native to Australia's Top End
Nymphaea mexicana - Yellow Water-lily
Nymphaea micrantha
Nymphaea nouchali - Red and blue water lily (National flower of Sri Lanka)
Nymphaea odorata - Fragrant Water-lily
Nymphaea pubescens - Hairy water lily (National flower of Bangladesh)
Nymphaea rubra - India Red Water-lily
Nymphaea rudgeana
Nymphaea stuhlmannii
Nymphaea sulfurea
Nymphaea tetragona - Pygmy Water-lily

Nymphaea (pronounced /nɪmˈfiː.ə/) is a genus of aquatic plants in the family Nymphaeaceae. There are about 50 species in the genus, which has a cosmopolitan distribution.

Contents

Name

The common name, shared with some other genera in the same family, is Water Lily.

The name Nymphaea comes from the Greek term "Νυμφαία", possibly related to "Νύμφη" meaning "nymph". The nymphs in Greek mythology were supernatural feminine beings associated with springs, so the application of the name to delicately flowered aquatic plants is understandable.

Description

Nymphaea leaves have a radial notch from the circumference to the petiole (leaf stem) in the center.

Classification

Despite their name, water-lilies are not related to the true lilies (family Liliaceae). The name "lily" is applied to a number of plants that are not at all closely related, such as day lilies, spider lilies and arum lilies, in addition to the water lilies. Nymphaea (Egyptian lotuses) are also not related to the Chinese and Indian lotus of genus Nelumbo, which are used in Asian cooking and sacred to Hinduism and Buddhism.

However, the genus Nymphaea is closely related to Nuphar, another genus commonly called "lotus". In Nymphaea, the flower petals are much larger than the sepals, whereeas in Nuphar the petals are much smaller than its sepals. The fruit maturation also differs, with Nymphaea fruit sinking below the water level immediately after the flower closes, whereas Nuphar fruit are held above water level to maturity. Both genera share leaves with a radial notch from the circumference to the petiole (leaf stem) in the center.

Cultural significance

Blue lotus symbol (Nymphaea caerulea) among other ancient Egyptian symbols on an 18th Dynasty jar. Found at Amarna in the 19th century.

The ancient Egyptians revered the Nile water-lilies, or lotuses as they were also called. The lotus motif is a frequent feature of temple column architecture.

The Egyptian Blue Water-lily, N. caerulea, opens its flowers in the morning and then sinks beneath the water at dusk, while the Egyptian White Water-lily, N. lotus, flowers at night and closes in the morning. This symbolizes the Egyptian separation of deities and is a motif associated with Egyptian beliefs concerning death and the afterlife. The recent discovery of psychedelic properties of the blue lotus may also have been known to the Egyptians and explain its ceremonial role. Remains of both flowers have been found in the burial tomb of Ramesses II.

The French painter Claude Monet is famous for his paintings of water lilies.

Cultivation

Many of the water-lilies familiar in water gardening are hybrids.

Taxonomy

Subdivisions of genus Nymphaea:[1]

Subgenus:
Anecphya
Brachyceras
Hydrocallis
Lotos
Nymphaea:
Nymphaea Chamaenymphaea
Nymphaea Nymphaea
Nymphaea Xanthantha

Gallery

References

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APWebsite
Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Unassigned Angiospermae
Ordo: Nymphaeales
Familia: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
Species: N. alba - N. alexii - N. amazonum - N. ampla - N. atrans - N. belophylla - N. ×borealis - N. caerulea - N. capensis - N. carpentariae - N. colorata - N. conardii - N. ×cultorum - N. cyclophylla - N. ×daubenyana - N. divaricata - N. ×eburnea - N. elegans - N. elleniae - N. gardneriana - N. georginae - N. gigantea - N. glandulifera - N. gracilis - N. hastifolia - N. ×helvola - N. heudelotii - N. immutabilis - N. jamesoniana - N. lasiophylla - N. ×laydekeri - N. leibergii - N. lingulata - N. lotus - N. macrosperma - N. ×marliacea - N. mexicana - N. micrantha - N. nouchali - N. odorata - N. ondinea - N. ×ortgiesiana - N. ovalifolia - N. oxypetala - N. petersiana - N. potamophila - N. prolifera - N. pubescens - N. pulchella - N. pygmaea - N. rudgeana - N. stuhlmannii - N. sulphurea - N. tenerinervia - N. tetragona - N. thermarum - N. ×thiona - N. togoensis - N. violacea

Name

Nymphaea L., Species Plantarum 1: 510. 1753, nom. cons.

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Nymphaea on Wikimedia Commons.

Synonyms

  • Leuconymphaea Kuntze
  • Castalia Salisb.
  • Ondinea Hartog

Published taxa

References

  • Nymphaea Report on ITIS
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. [1] (07 February 2009)

Vernacular names

Česky: Leknín
Српски / Srpski: Локвањ
Dansk: Nøkkerose
Deutsch: Seerosen
Eesti: Vesiroos
English: Nymphaea
Español: Nenúfar
Français: Nymphaea
Italiano: Ninfea
עברית: נימפאה
日本語: スイレン
Português: Nymphaea
Română: Nymphaea
Русский: Кувшинка
Suomi: Lumpeet
Svenska: Näckrossläktet
ไทย: บัวสาย
Tiếng Việt: Chi Súng
Türkçe: Nymphaea
中文: 睡蓮

Simple English

Nymphaea
File:Seerosen weiß.jpg
European White Water-lily (Nymphaea alba)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
L.
Species

About 50 species, including:
Nymphaea alba - European White Water-lily
Nymphaea amazonum
Nymphaea ampla
Nymphaea blanda
Nymphaea caerulea - Egyptian Blue Water-lily
Nymphaea calliantha
Nymphaea candida
Nymphaea capensis - Cape Blue Water-lily
Nymphaea citrina
Nymphaea colorata
Nymphaea elegans
Nymphaea fennica
Nymphaea flavovirens
Nymphaea gardneriana
Nymphaea gigantea - Australian Water-lily
Nymphaea heudelotii
Nymphaea jamesoniana
Nymphaea lotus - Egyptian White Water-lily
Nymphaea macrosperma - Native to Australia's Top End
Nymphaea mexicana - Yellow Water-lily
Nymphaea micrantha
Nymphaea odorata - Fragrant Water-lily
Nymphaea pubescens
Nymphaea rubra - India Red Water-lily
Nymphaea rudgeana
Nymphaea stellata - Blue Water-lily (National flower of Sri Lanka)
Nymphaea stuhlmannii
Nymphaea sulfurea
Nymphaea tetragona - Pygmy Water-lily
Nymphaea tuberosa

Nymphaea is a genus of aquatic plants in the family Nymphaeaceae. There are about 50 species in the genus, which has a cosmopolitan distribution. The common name, shared with some other genera in the same family, is water-lily or waterlily.bjn:Talépok








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