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House of Obrenović
Coat of Arms
Country Serbia
Parent house Martinović, Orlović
Titles Prince (Кнез/Knez), King (Краљ/Kralj)
Founder Miloš Obrenović I
Final ruler Alexander I Obrenović
Current head Extinct
Founding year 1815
Dissolution 1903
Ethnicity Serbian

The House of Obrenović (Serbian: Обреновићи, Obrenovići, often spelled in English as Obrenovich or Obrenovitch) was a noble Serbian family that ruled Serbia from 1815 to 1842, and again from 1858 to 1903. They came to power through the leadership of their progenitor Miloš Obrenović in the Second Serbian uprising against the Ottoman Empire, which led to the formation of the Principality of Serbia. The regents tended to rule autocratically, their popularity waxing and waning over their decades in power.

The house of Obrenović, except Miloš and son Mihailo Obrenović, descends from the Serbian medieval noble house of Orlović, through the stepfather of Knjaz Miloš and of King Milan's grandfather Jevrem, as he was a member of the cadet branch of house Martinović - Orlović.

The family's rule came to an end when an underground movement Black hand throughout the military, killed the last king Aleksandar Obrenović, proximally because of his unpopular choice of a bride. After the end of their rule, a constitutional monarchy headed by the Karađorđević family took its place.

Unlike other Balkan states such as Greece, Bulgaria or Romania, Serbia did not import a member of an existing European royal family to take its throne; the Obrenović Dynasty, like its Karađorđević rival, was a "home-grown" Serbian family.

Contents

Monarchs

  • Miloš Obrenović I ruled from 1815 to 1839, when he abdicated, and again from 1858 until his death in 1860.
  • Milan Obrenović II had a brief reign between June 25, 1839 and July 8, 1839, when he died.
  • Mihailo Obrenović III ruled from 1839 to 1842, when he was deposed and the Obrenović family lost control of Serbia, and again ruled from 1860 to 1868, when he was assassinated.
  • Milan Obrenović IV succeeded Mihailo under a regency in 1868, and reigned as King Milan I from 1882 to 1889.
  • King Aleksandar I reigned from 1889 until he was killed 1903.

Other family members

See also

Notes

  1. ^ s:sr:Ustav Srbije od 1835. godine#Глава пета. О Књазу сербском.
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