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An ocean weather station, as defined by the World Meteorological Organization (OWS), is a specific maritime location occupied by one or more ships (typically one at a time) equipped and staffed to observe weather and sea conditions and report the observations by international exchange.

In January 1940 President Roosevelt established the "Atlantic Weather Observation Service" using Coast Guard cutters and US Weather Bureau observers. At the service's peak in World War II, there were 22 Atlantic and 24 Pacific stations. At war's end, the Navy intended to discontinue weather ship operations, but pressure from several sources resulted instead in establishment of a permanent peacetime system of 13 stations. By 1970, new jet aircraft were coming to rely less on fixed ocean stations, and satellites were beginning to provide weather data. In 1974, the Coast Guard announced plans to terminate the US stations, and, in 1977, the last weather ship was replaced by a newly developed buoy.[1]

However, as of 1983, data was still being collected by OWS Mike, Romeo, Charlie and Lima,[2] and searches for data at many of the OWS locations will result in up-to-date information.[3]

The seventeen ocean weather stations in the northern hemisphere, together with their locations,[4] follow below:

Letter Name Latitude
(North)
Longitude
(East)
A Alpha 62° -33°
B Bravo 56° 30" -51°
C Charlie 52° 45" -35° 30"
D Delta 44° -41°
E Echo 35° -48°
H Hotel 38° -71°
I India 59° -19°
J Juliet/Juliett 52° 30" -20°
K Kilo 45° -16°
L Lima 57° -20°
M Mike 66°
N November 30° -140°
P Papa 50° -145°
R Romeo 47° -17°
T Tango 29° -135°
V Victor 34° 164°
X Extra 39° 153°

See also

References

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