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Oceania
An orthographic projectiion of Oceania.
Demonym Oceanic; Oceanian
Area 9,037,695 km2 (3,489,474 sq mi)
Population 38,894,851
Countries
Dependencies
Languages
Time Zones UTC+8 (Australian Western Standard Time) to UTC-6 (Easter Island) (West to East)
Largest Cities Sydney
Melbourne
Brisbane
Perth
Auckland
Oceania (sometimes Oceanica[1]) is a geographical, and often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term "Oceania" was coined in 1831 by French explorer Dumont d'Urville. The term is also sometimes used to denote a continent comprising Australia and proximate Pacific islands,[2][3][4][5] and is one of eight terrestrial ecozones.
The boundaries of Oceania are defined in a number of ways. Most definitions include parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, and all or part of the Malay Archipelago.[6][7][8] Ethnologically, the islands that are included in Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.[9]

Contents

Extent

Oceania is traditionally understood as being composed of three regions: Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. As with any region, however, interpretations vary; increasingly, geographers and scientists divide Oceania into Near Oceania and Remote Oceania.[10]
Most of Oceania consists of island nations comprising thousands of coral atolls and volcanic islands, with small human populations. Australia is the only continental country but Indonesia has land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. If the Australia-New Guinea continent is included then the highest point is Puncak Jaya in Papua at 4,884 m (16,024 ft) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre, Australia at 16 m (52 ft) below sea level.[citation needed]

Territories and regions

Descriptions of the regions and constituents of Oceania vary according to source. The table below shows the subregions and countries of Oceania as broadly categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations.[8] The information shown follows sources in cross-referenced articles; where sources differ, provisos have been clearly indicated. These territories and regions are subject to various additional categorisations, of course, depending on the source and purpose of each description.
Name of region, followed by countries
and their flags[11]
Area
(km²)
Population Population density
(per km²)
Capital ISO 3166-1
Australasia[12]
 Australia 7,686,850 22,028,000 2.7 Canberra AU
 New Zealand[13] 268,680 4,108,037 14.5 Wellington NZ
Dependencies/Territories of Australia:
 Christmas Island[14] 135 1,493 3.5 Flying Fish Cove CX
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands[14] 14 632 45.1 West Island CC
Australia Coral Sea Islands 3
 Norfolk Island 35 1,866 53.3 Kingston NF
Melanesia[15]
 Fiji 18,270 856,346 46.9 Suva FJ
 Indonesia (Oceanian part only)[16] 499,852 4,211,532 8.4 Jakarta ID
 New Caledonia (France) 19,060 240,390 12.6 Nouméa NC
 Papua New Guinea[17] 462,840 5,172,033 11.2 Port Moresby PG
 Solomon Islands 28,450 494,786 17.4 Honiara SB
 Vanuatu 12,200 240,000 19.7 Port Vila VU
Micronesia
 Federated States of Micronesia 702 135,869 193.5 Palikir FM
 Guam (USA) 549 160,796 292.9 Hagåtña GU
 Kiribati 811 96,335 118.8 South Tarawa KI
 Marshall Islands 181 73,630 406.8 Majuro MH
 Nauru 21 12,329 587.1 Yaren (de facto) NR
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 477 77,311 162.1 Saipan MP
 Palau 458 19,409 42.4 Melekeok[18] PW
United States Wake Island (USA) 2 Wake Island UM
Polynesia
 American Samoa (USA) 199 68,688 345.2 Pago Pago, Fagatogo[19] AS
 Cook Islands (NZ) 240 20,811 86.7 Avarua CK
 Easter Island (Chile) 163.6 3,791 23.1 Hanga Roa CL
 French Polynesia (France) 3,961 257,847 61.9 Papeete PF
 Hawaii (USA) 28,311 1,283,388 72.8 Honolulu US
 Niue (NZ) 260 2,134 8.2 Alofi NU
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) 5 47 10 Adamstown PN
 Samoa 2,944 179,000 63.2 Apia WS
 Tokelau (NZ) 10 1,431 143.1 [20] TK
 Tonga 748 106,137 141.9 Nukuʻalofa TO
 Tuvalu 26 11,146 428.7 Funafuti TV
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 274 15,585 56.9 Mata-Utu WF
Total 9,037,695 38,894,851 4.3
Total minus mainland Australia 1,350,845 17,844,851 13.2
See also: List of Oceanian countries by population

Interpretative details and controversies

Map of Oceania
Regions of Oceania
Political map of Oceania, EEZ borders
  • New Zealand is the western corner of the Polynesian Triangle. Its indigenous Māori constitute one of the major cultures of Polynesia. It is also, however, considered part of Australasia.[8] More restricted definitions of the region may exclude New Zealand.[21]
  • Hawaii is the northern corner of the Polynesian Triangle and is generally included in Oceania, though politically it is part of the United States. The Hawaiian language is a Polynesian member of the Oceanic language family, and Hawaiian culture is one of the major cultures of Polynesia.
  • The US territories in the North Pacific are generally considered part of Oceania.
  • Rapa Nui, or Easter Island, is the eastern corner of the Polynesian triangle. A Polynesian island in the eastern Pacific Ocean and part of the territory of Chile, it is generally included in Oceania, in which case the most easterly place in Polynesia and Oceania is its dependency Isla Salas y Gómez 415 km to the East.
  • The line in Indonesia dividing Oceania from Asia varies in location and is sometimes considered to be the Wallace Line. See the transcontinental country article.
  • East Timor is often reckoned as a part of Oceania due to its location to the east of the Wallace Line and its cultural ties to Pacific peoples.[22] (See transcontinental country) Biogeographically, East Timor lies within Wallacea, an ecological transition zone between Asia and Australasia. This transition is less known and less favoured these days as a continental boundary.
  • Australia is sometimes not included in Oceania. Terms such as Pacific Islands or South Sea Islands might be used to describe Oceania without Australia (and New Zealand). The term "Australasia" invariably includes Australia, and usually includes New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and some other parts of Oceania. This term is sometimes controversial, though, as it may may be interpreted as implying an association with Asia — a separate continent — or too great an association with Australia.[citation needed] The term is actually derived from the word "Austral", meaning "of, relating to, or coming from the south". This word represents the common root of both names: Australia and Australasia.
  • Although Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands belong to the Commonwealth of Australia, they are west of Sumatra and are commonly associated with Asia, and not with Oceania.[citation needed]
  • In its widest sense, the term may embrace the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas, thereby including other islands in the Pacific Rim such as the Ryukyu, Kuril and Aleutian islands, the Japanese Archipelago and Taiwan.[23]
  • Amateur radio defines the continental boundaries somewhat differently. The Worked All Continents award includes all of Indonesia and the Philippines in Oceania, places Easter Island with Chile, and makes some other minor changes.

Ecogeography

Oceania is one of eight terrestrial ecozones, which constitute the major ecological regions of the planet. The Oceania ecozone includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, New Guinea and nearby islands, Australia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia constitute the separate Australasia ecozone.

Sport

Pacific Games

The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the Pacific. It is held every four years and began in 1963.

Rugby codes

Rugby League and Rugby Union are two of the region's most popular sports.[24] Rugby union being the national sport of New Zealand,[25] Samoa,[25] Fiji and Tonga.[25] Rugby League is the national sport in Papua New Guinea[26] (the second most populous country in Oceania after Australia) and is very popular in Australia[27] and has a significant following in New Zealand.[28]
Australia has won the Rugby League World Cup a record nine times. New Zealand won their first World Cup in 2008. Australia hosted the second tournament in 1957. Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted it in 1968 and 1977. New Zealand hosted the final for the first time during the worldwide 1985-1988 tournament and Australia hosted the most recent one in 2008. Australia has won the Rugby World Cup a record two times. New Zealand won the inaugural World Cup in 1987. Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted the World Cup in 1987. Australia hosted it in 2003 and New Zealand is to host it in 2011.

Cricket

Fans' welcome to the Australian team after winning 2007 Cricket World Cup
Cricket is a popular summer sport in Australia and New Zealand. Australia had ruled International cricket as the number one team for more than a decade, and have won the last three Cricket World Cups. New Zealand is also considered a strong competitor in the sport, with the New Zealand Cricket Team, also called the Black Caps, enjoying success in many competitions. Both Australia and New Zealand are Full members of the ICC. Fiji, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea are some of the Associate/Affiliate members of the ICC from Oceania that are governed by the East Asia-Pacific Cricket Council. Beach Cricket, a greatly simplified variant of cricket played on a sand beach, is also a popular recreational sport in Australia.
Cricket is culturally a significant sport for summer in Oceania. The Boxing Day Test is very popular in Australia, conducted every year on 26 December at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne.

Australian rules football

Australian rules football is the national sport in Nauru[29] and is very popular in Australia.[30] It is also very popular in Papua New Guinea.[31]

Soccer

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of six soccer confederations[32] under the auspices of FIFA, the international governing body of the sport. The OFC is the only confederation without an automatic qualification to the World Cup Finals. Currently the winner of the OFC qualification tournament must play off against an Asian confederation side to qualify for the World Cup.[33][34]
Currently, Vanuatu is the only country in Oceania to call soccer its national sport.
Oceania has only been represented at four World Cup Finals — Australia in 1974 and 2006 and New Zealand in 1982 and 2010. However, Australia is now no longer a member of the Oceania Football Confederation, having joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006.
Both Australia and New Zealand have qualified for the 2010 World Cup making it the first time two countries from Oceania have qualified for the World Cup at the same time.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ ""Oceanica" defined by Memidex/WordNet". Memidex.com. 2009-03-20. http://www.memidex.com/oceanica. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  2. ^ Atlas of Canada Web Master (2004-08-17). "The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/reference/international/world/referencemap_image_view. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  3. ^ "Encarta Mexico "Oceanía"". Mx.encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1257053672622272. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  4. ^ Lewis, Martin W.; Kären E. Wigen (1997). The Myth of Continents: a Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 32. ISBN 0-520-20742-4, ISBN 0-520-20743-2. "Interestingly enough, the answer [from a scholar who sought to calculate the number of continents] conformed almost precisely to the conventional list: North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Oceania (Australia plus New Zealand), Africa, and Antarctica." 
  5. ^ Current IOC members. International Olympic Committee: Turin 2006.
  6. ^ Merriam Webster's Online Dictionary (based on Collegiate vol., 11th ed.) 2006. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.
  7. ^ See, e.g., The Atlas of Canada - The World - Continents
  8. ^ a b c "United Nations Statistics Division - Countries of Oceania". Millenniumindicators.un.org. http://millenniumindicators.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#oceania. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  9. ^ "Oceania". 2005. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press.
  10. ^ Ben Finney, The Other One-Third of the Globe, Journal of World History, Vol. 5, No. 2, Fall, 1994.
  11. ^ Regions and constituents as per UN categorisations/map except notes 2-3, 6. Depending on definitions, various territories cited below (notes 3, 5-7, 9) may be in one or both of Oceania and Asia or North America.
  12. ^ The use and scope of this term varies. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and New Zealand."
  13. ^ New Zealand is often considered part of Polynesia rather than Australasia.
  14. ^ a b Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia.
  15. ^ Excludes parts of Indonesia, island territories in Southeast Asia (UN region) frequently reckoned in this region.
  16. ^ Indonesia is generally considered a territory of Southeastern Asia (UN region); wholly or partially, it is also frequently included in Australasia or Melanesia. Figures include Indonesian portion of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) and Maluku Islands.
  17. ^ Papua New Guinea is often considered part of Australasia and Melanesia. It is sometimes included in the Malay Archipelago of Southeast Asia.
  18. ^ On 7 October 2006, government officials moved their offices in the former capital of Koror to Melekeok, located 20 km northeast of Koror on Babelthuap Island.
  19. ^ Fagatogo is the seat of government of American Samoa.
  20. ^ Tokelau, a domain of New Zealand, has no capital: each atoll has its own administrative centre.
  21. ^ Max Cryer, Curious Kiwi Words, 2002, p153 - "A larger portion of the rest of the world calmly refers to this geographic area as Oceania, a term many New Zealanders have never heard, let alone used."
  22. ^ World-Gazetteer.com
  23. ^ Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  24. ^ "Oceania Rugby Vacations". Real Travel. http://realtravel.com/tag-z3461145-314.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  25. ^ a b c "How many national sports are there". WikiAnswers. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_national_sports_are_there. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  26. ^ "MSN Groups Closure Notice". Groups.msn.com. 2008-10-23. http://groups.msn.com/PNGKumuls/history.msnw?pgmarket=en-us. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  27. ^ "Football in Australia - Australia's Culture Portal". Cultureandrecreation.gov.au. 2008-03-28. http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/football/. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  28. ^ "Rugby League Football - 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand". Teara.govt.nz. 1908-06-13. http://www.teara.govt.nz/1966/R/RugbyLeagueFootball/RugbyLeagueFootball/en. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  29. ^ "Nauru AFL team to play in International Cup". solomonstarnews.com. 2008-04-16. http://solomonstarnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1023&change=100&changeown=101&Itemid=42. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  30. ^ "Australian rules football (sport) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/44079/Australian-rules-football. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  31. ^ "pure AFL ... purely Papua New Guinea". Afl Png. http://www.afl-png.com/aboutus.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  32. ^ "''FIFA confederations''". Fifa.com. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/confederations/index.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  33. ^ FIFA world cup 2010 - Oceania preliminary competition
  34. ^ "''FIFA world cup 2010 - qualifying rounds and places available by confederation''". Fifa.com. 2009-04-03. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/tournament/index.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Crystal blue sea off the coast of Samoa.
Crystal blue sea off the coast of Samoa.
Oceania is a vast, arbitrarily defined expanse of the world where the Pacific Ocean – rather than land borders – connects the nations. It is home to glistening white beaches, coconut palms swaying in the breeze, beautiful coral reefs, and rugged volcanic islands rising out of the blue ocean. Its diverse nations have some of the world's most international cities, and some of its most remote villages.
Map of Oceania
Map of Oceania

Regions

Australia and New Zealand, often grouped as Australasia, are by far the largest countries in the continent and the most visited by travellers. Oceania also incorporates Polynesia to the east, Melanesia to the west and Micronesia to the north.
A carving from the Sepik river area of PNG
A carving from the Sepik river area of PNG
  • Australia - The largest and most populous country in Oceania.
  • New Zealand - A major destination, second to Australia in size. Well-developed facilities for travelers. Technically part of Polynesia as the Maoris are considered Polynesian.

Melanesia

Melanesia consists of the island of New Guinea to the north of Australia, which is part Indonesia and part Papua New Guinea (PNG), as well as the other islands of PNG. Other countries in the southwest Pacific make up the remainder of the area. Australian aboriginals are not considered Melanesian.
  • Fiji - A major island tourist destination. Resorts, coral reefs and beaches.
  • New Caledonia - (France) in the tropics. A short flight from Australia.
  • Papua New Guinea – Tropical rainforest, great scenery and culture. An adventurous, but risky, travel destination.
  • Solomon Islands – site of major Second World War battles that involved, among others, JFK. Its main island is Guadalcanal.
  • Vanuatu - Well-developed island destination. As the New Hebrides, was a British-French Condominium until 1980.

Micronesia

Micronesian islands are on or north of the Equator.
Agana: Capital of Guam
Agana: Capital of Guam

Polynesia

Polynesia is mainly made up of the countries to the east of the Pacific. The most northerly island of Fiji, Rotuma, is also Polynesian.
Bora Bora in French Polynesia
Bora Bora in French Polynesia
  • French Polynesia – (France). Includes three islands with a strong claim to being the most beautiful island in the world, Bora Bora, Tahiti and Moorea, but also Mururoa where the French carried out nuclear tests until 1996.
  • Hawaii (United States), and the Midway Islands (United States)
  • Niue – just one flight a week, from Auckland.
  • Pitcairn Islands with descendants of the Bounty mutineers.
  • Samoa – two main volcanic islands with luxuriant vegetation, traditional culture and wonderful open-sided houses.
  • Tokelau (New Zealand)
  • Tonga – the so-called “Friendly islands” and a Kingdom. But traditional and modern cultures are now clashing.
  • Tuvalu - One of the smallest countries in the world in terms of population.
  • Wallis and Futuna (France)
Tahitian Women on the Beach, by Paul Gauguin
Tahitian Women on the Beach, by Paul Gauguin
  • Apia - a little shabby and run down, but useful as an initial stop off point for first time visitors
  • Auckland - bustling multicultural metropolis that scores well in quality-of-life polls
  • Christchurch - known as the Garden City, it is filled with trees and old-English buildings
  • Melbourne - multicultural and sports-mad, this city includes many cultural institutions
  • Nouméa - features beautiful beaches and colonial mansions and is not (yet) a heavily touristed destination
  • Papeete - not a tropical paradise, but has shopping, eating, drinking and is nice for people-watching
  • Port Moresby - spread out capital of Papua New Guinea, but can be very dangerous
  • Suva - the major commercial and political centre of Fiji, Nadi is the tourist capital
  • Sydney - the largest and most cosmopolitan city of Australia, home to the Harbor Bridge and Opera House
More palm-fringed beaches; this time on Aitutaki, Cook Islands
More palm-fringed beaches; this time on Aitutaki, Cook Islands

Understand

European influence

Australia and New Zealand are both former British colonies. At one time it was envisaged that the two colonies would become a single country.
Papua New Guinea was, at one time, a United Nations trusteeship, administered by Australia.
Various islands have been annexed by the Britain, Portugal, Germany, France, Australia and the United States.
This has had an influence of aspects of culture. Many areas speak both an indigenous language, and the language of the colonial power, often mixing in interesting blends. There has also been an influence on the food and architecture.

Ecology

Ecologically, Oceania also includes the eastern parts of Indonesia as far as Lombok and Sulawesi.

Get in

By plane

See the country articles for detailed information on how to Get in.
The major countries of Australia and New Zealand do of course offer extensive connections to all continents. There are some other gateways offering other opportunities to get in to Oceania, and for interesting itineraries. Air France connects New Caledonia direct with Tokyo and Paris. Onward connections to Sydney and Auckland are possible. Air Pacific connect Fiji with Los Angeles with connections through to Sydney, Auckland and Tahiti. Tahiti is connected to Los Angeles, and you can fly to the Cook Islands direct from there.
Guam and Honolulu offer a gateway to many smaller Pacific Islands.
The smallest islands with less tourism present additional challenges to get to. Many are entirely deserted, and some have restictions on access.

By boat

A South Pacific cruise.

Get around

By plane

Without a yacht, or a lot of time, the only way for travelers to get around between the main destinations of Oceania is by plane. Sydney, Brisbane, Auckland, and Los Angeles have good connectivity to the region.It is usually possible to fly from the west coast of the United States through to Sydney or Auckland via Hawaii, Tahiti, Fiji or even the Cook Islands.
However, air routes tend to come and go depending on whether the airlines find them profitable or not. Much of Micronesia, having been under US Administration, is serviced by Continental Airlines. Much of English-speaking Polynesia receives regular flights from Air New Zealand. Melanesia is mainly serviced by national and Australian airlines. Don't expect daily flights. Patience is required.
Flying between Micronesia and the other two areas is problematic and may involve flying all the way to Honolulu or a complicated route through Manila, Sydney and Auckland.
Some flight options, amongst others, are:
  • The Tonga, Samoa and Fiji triangle is fairly well connected, although there is only one flight a week each way between Samoa and Tonga at present.

By ship

There are some options for boats, cruise ships, private yachts, adventure cruises, and even cargo ships.
Consult the guide for the destination you are visiting.

See

All island groups are fascinating and with time and money you can spend months just travelling around. There are some stunningly beautiful islands (Samoa, Cook Islands, French Polynesia), some fascinating cultures and festivals, some wonderful diving and totally deserted beaches. Check the individual country sections for details.
  • Coral and Tropical Fish. There are locations for diving throughout Oceania, for coral and tropical fish, explore the Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, the Ningaloo Reef in Western Australia, Fiji has some reef around Nadi, and specular unspoilt brightly coloured coral on the more remote islands. Samoa is favoured by scuba divers. Cook Islands has accessible reef just off the beach on the main islands. Vanuatu has accessible some accessible reef too, but the facilities there make it more challenging to access than Fiji.
  • Sail. Vava'u in Tonga is a popular destination for yachts crossing the Pacific. Yachts can also be chartered there.
  • Sub-tropical diving - Diving and snorkelling opportunities still exist even without a tropical reef. Tasmania has some diving spots.

On land

Skiing and snow sports. New Zealand has reliable winter snowfalls, mostly on the South Island in winter. The Snowy Mountains in New South Wales have the largest ski resorts in the southern hemisphere.

Eat

Although staple foods from outside the region, such as rice and flour, now have a firm foothold, the traditional staples of roots and tubers remain very important. The cheapest is usually cassava, which also plays a food security role as it can be left in the ground for a long time. Sweet potato is a very important crop and is found in most parts of Oceania with the major producing area being the Higlands of Papua New Guinea. Taro and yam are also widespread. The latter is the most valuable of the roots and tubers and there are many customs associated with its cultivation. In the Sepik area of Papua New Guinea, for example, sex between married couples is supposed to be forbidden while the yams are growing. On the other hand, in the Trobriand Islands the yam harvest is a period of sexual liberty.

Drink

Kava is a drink produced from the roots of a plant related to the pepper plant and found mainly in Polynesia as well as Fiji and Vanuatu. It has a mildly narcotic effect. Other names include 'awa (Hawai'i), 'ava (Samoa), yaqona (Fiji), and sakau (Pohnpei). Traditionally it is prepared by chewing, grinding or pounding the roots of the kava plant. In Tonga, chewing traditionally had to be done by female virgins. Pounding is done in a large stone with a small log. The product is then added to cold water and consumed as quickly as possible, invariably as part of a group of people sitting around and sharing the cup. Check the rules before taking any out of the country, however, as importing kava can be can be illegal.

Stay healthy

Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea all have malaria risk in parts. Fiji, New Caledonia, the Cook Islands, Samoa and the other islands are malaria free.
The islands may be remote but sexual diseases know no boundaries. Usual precautions apply.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Oceânia, Óceánia, and Oceanía

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Regions within Oceania.

Etymology

From ocean < Ancient Greek Ὠκεανός (Ōkeanos), Oceanus) + -ia (realm of)

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Oceania
Plural
-
Oceania
  1. A geographical region composed of many islands (Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia), Australia and New Zealand. It is located south of Asia, north of Antarctica and at the border between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Usage notes

Oceania contains the following countries:
Territories in Oceania belonging to other countries include:

Related terms

Translations

See also


Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /otʃeˈanja/, SAMPA: /otSe"anja/

Proper noun

Oceania f.
  1. Oceania

Related terms


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ɔt͡s̪ɛˈaɲja/

Proper noun

Oceania f.
  1. Oceania

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Oceania
Genitive Oceanii
Dative Oceanii
Accusative Oceanię
Instrumental Oceanią
Locative Oceanii
Vocative Oceanio

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [o.ʧe̯a.ni.a]

Proper noun

Oceania f.
  1. Oceania

Declension

gender f. uncountable
Nom/Acc Oceania
Gen/Dat Oceaniei

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|250px|Location of Oceania]] Oceania is a name used in geography for the continent made up by Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and several other island nations in the surrounding area. Some people call this part of the world Australasia instead.

Sometimes, people use the name Oceania to include only the Polynesian and Melanesian islands in the Pacific Ocean, as separate from "Australasia".

krc:Океанияfrr:Oseåånienpcd:Ochéani


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Mariana Trench, which are similar to those in the above article.








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