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African Basil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Ocimum
Species: O. gratissimum
Binomial name
Ocimum gratissimum
(L.)

Ocimum gratissimum, also known as African Basil[1], and known in Hawaii as Wild Basil[2], is a species of basil (ocimum).

It is naturalized in Hawaii.[1][2]

Medicinal Uses

The essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum contains eugenol and shows some evidence of antibacterial activity.[3] A study on goats also found that the essential oil has anthelmintic activity.[4] A test on guinea pigs found evidence that the essential oil relaxes the muscles of the small intestine, consistent with the traditional use of the plant to treat gastrointestinal disorders.[5] A study on rats also found evidence that a leaf extract of the plant prevented diarrhea.[6]

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Ocimum gratissimum

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Ocimeae
Genus: Ocimum
Species: Ocimum gratissimum
Subspecies: O. gratissimum subsp. gratissimum - O. gratissimum subsp. gratissimum - O. gratissimum subsp. iringense
Varieties: O. gratissimum var. gratissimum - O. gratissimum var. macrophylla

Name

Ocimum gratissimum L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 2:1197. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

Русский: Базилик эвгенольный
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ocimum gratissimum on Wikimedia Commons.

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