# Octagón: Wikis

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# Encyclopedia

Octagón
Ring name(s) Dragón Dorado (Debut - 1982)
La Amenaza Elegante (1982 - May, 1989)
Octagón (May, 1989 - Current)
Billed height 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)[1]
Billed weight 86 kg (190 lb)[1]
Born March 27, 1961 (age 48)[2]
Jalapa, Veracruz
Billed from Jalapa, Veracruz[1]
Trained by Raúl Reyes
Debut December 6, 1981 - Mexico City, Mexico

Octagón (Real name unknown, born March 27, 1961) is a Mexican Luchador Emmascarado (Masked Professional Wrestler) currently with Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA), having worked for the company since it was founded in 1992. Octagón formed a Tag team with El Hijo Del Santo to take on Los Gringos Locos (Eddie Guerrero and Art Barr) in a double mask versus hair match on the first Pay-Per-View put on by a Mexican wrestling promotion. Over the years the Octagón gimmick has spawned a Mascot called Octagóncito and an "Evil clone" known as Pentagón.

## Professional Wrestling career

Growning up, Octagón was mainly interested in Martial Arts and earned a black belt in Shotokan Karate.[2] He viewed Lucha Libre (professional wrestling) only as a hobby. This changed when he met Raúl Reyes, former professional wrestler from the Veracruz area. Reyes convinced Octagón that his martial art skills could help him earn a living as a pro wrestler. After learning the pro wrestling basics, he made his debut in December 1981 as "Dragón Dorado" (Spanish for "Golden Dragon"). Not long after, he changed gimmicks (in ring persona) and became known as "La Amenaza Elegante" (Spanish for "the Elegant Threat") in 1982. He was not very successful as La Amenaza Elegante, although he did manage to obtain a contract with Mexico's largest, and the world's oldest, wrestling promotion, Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL).

### Creating Octagón

In late 1988 to early 1989, Octagón, along with CMLL booker Antonio Peña (the man in charge of writing the storylines that CMLL used), decided to create a new character that played off Octagón's martial arts background. The name was inspired by the movie The Octagon starring Chuck Norris.[3] Together they created the concept of "Octagón", a Mexican Ninja complete with black clothes and a black and white mask that incorporated a red headband. The Octagón gimmick also played off previous Karate gimmicks in Lucha Libre such as Kung Fu and Kato Kung Lee. the Octagón persona was a hit with the fans, especially the younger fans earning Octagón the nickname "El ídolo de Los niños" (Spanish for the idol of the kids).[3] Octagón became very involved in charities that benefited children, something else that helped make him popular with the younger fans. His popularity was reflected in CMLL's decision to give him a run with the Mexican National Middleweight Championship taking it from previous champion Emilio Charles, Jr. on November 20, 1991.[4]

Octagón began teaming with Atlantis, forming a duo so popular that they would go on to star in the movie "La Fuerza bruta" in 1991 and "Octagón Y Atlantis; La Revancha" (Octagón & Atlantis: The Revenge) in 1992. He also starred in another movie with Mascara Sagrada called "Octagón y Mascara Sagrada, lucha a muerte" ("Octagon and Mascara Sagrada in Fight to the Death" in the US). The team of Octagón, Atlantis and Mascara Sagrada was dubbed "Los Movie Stars" and were booked to win the Mexican National Trios Championship from a team called "Los Thundercats" (which was patterned after the ThunderCats animated series) in 1991. The team was be allowed to remain champions only until August 11, 1991, where Los Capos (the team of Cien Caras, Mascara Año 2000 and Universo 2000) took over from them.[5] Octagón's success both in the ring and on the movie screen was met with criticism from several established wrestlers such as Mil Mascaras and El Canek who referred to Octagón as "Muchachito" (the Spanish equivalence of "Little boy") in a derogatory tone.[3]

When Antonio Peña left CMLL and created Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA) in 1992, Octagón was one of the CMLL wrestlers that left with Peña, staying loyal to the man that helped create his wrestling persona. In AAA, Octagón was quickly paired up with El Hijo del Santo to form what would become the top Face (good guy, referred to as "Technicó" in Lucha Libre) Tag team of the promotion.[3] The duo teamed with veteran Villano III at the inaugural Triplemanía event to defeat Fuerza Guerrera, Heavy Metal and Rambo.[6] The top face team of the company soon began to work a storyline with the top "Bad guy" (called Heels, Rudós in Mexico).

#### Working with Los Gringos Locos

The team of Octagón and Hijo del Santo was matched against the group known as Los Gringos Locos, especially Eddy Guerrer and Love Machine who were the two main protagonists of the group. The storyline began in late 1993 and quickly had the two teams face off in a match designed to crown the first AAA / IWC Tag Team Champions. Octagón and El Hijo del Santo were chosen to be the first champions and on November 5, 1993 they defeated Guerrero and Love Machine.[7] The storyline was soon expanded to see Octagón and El Hijo del Santo working with other Gringos Locos members such as Black Cat. On April 26, 1994 Octagón & Hijo del Santo teamed with Perro Aguayo to defeat Guerrero, Love Machine & Black Cat at TripleMania II-A.[8] Four days after TripleManía Octagón became a double champion as he regained the Mexican National Middleweight Championship from Blue Panther, Panther had brought the title with him when he jumped to AAA.[4] Just over two weeks later, Octagón and El Hjio del Santo were chosen to team with Jushin Liger & Tiger Mask III, two Japanese wrestlers making a special appearance in Mexico. The four-man team won their match at TripleMania II-B against La Parka, Psicosis, Blue Panther and Eddy Guerrero.[9]

At the end of May, 1994 Octagón lost the Mexican National Middleweight title, but not in the traditional way. Instead of losing the title in the ring. the storyline was that Octagón was too injured to compete in the third TripleMania of 1994 and thus the title was given to Blue Panther by default.[4][10] It is not clear if AAA chose to handle the title change in this way because Octagón was legitimately injured, or if it was indeed part of the storyline. What is known is that Octagón was healthy enough to step into the ring on July 23, 1994 and lose the Tag Team titles to Guerrero and Love Machine. The match was mapped out so that the title change was not clean, Los Gringos Locos cheated to win the belts adding to the "heat" (the intensity of which the fans watched the storyline).[7] The storyline between Los Gringos and Octagón & Hijo del Santo was one of the driving forces and main selling points of the first ever wrestling Pay-Per-View (PPV) produced by a wrestling company in Mexico, When Worlds Collide.[11]

The match was not designed to be a title defense; instead the company put the biggest prize that a Mexican Wrestler can win on the line. They made it a "Luchas de Apuestas" match, that is, a match where each participants bet either his hair or his mask. Originally it was planned to be the mask of El Hijo del Santo and the hair of Eddy Guerreo on the line in a singles match. Octagón and Love Machine were only supposed to be seconds outside the ring. But some time before the show, it became a tag team match in which Octagón and Santo bet their masks, and Guerrero and Love Machine bet their hair. The two teams produced a well received, highly regarded match that ended when El Hijo del Santo pinned Eddy Guerrero for the final fall.[11][12] After the match, the crowd watched and applauded all four men as Guerrero and Love Machine had their hair shaved off. The match was given a 5-star rating (highest rating possible) by Dave Meltzer of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Shortly after the show, Love Machine, (real name Art Barr) died from unknown causes which put a stop to the storyline.[12] The AAA Tag Team titles were vacated after Barr's death, but AAA never crowned a new champions.[7]

#### Octagon clones

In the early 1990s, Antonio Peña created a mini version of Octagón called Octagóncito, and in 1995, Peña and AAA decided that it was time to once again cash in on Octagón, this time by creating a "Mortal Enemy" character for Octagón to work with. In May 1995, Pentagón was introduced, looking and acting very much like Octagón with only minor differences on the mask. Since he was masked it was easy for AAA to use a well known wrestler, who had played out his previous gimmick and marketability, to play the role. They chose a wrestler known as Espanto, Jr. to play the part, giving Octagón his next storyline. Initially the two faced off in |six man or eight man tag team matches as a way to build tension for singles matches further along the storyline. Their first encounter came at TripleMania III-A the first of AAA's major shows of 1995 when Octagon teamed with Konnan, Perro Aguayo and La Parka to defeat Cien Caras, Mascara Año 200, Pentagon and Jerry Estrada althought without Octagón being the one that won the match over Pentagón.[13] One week late at TripleMania III-A Octagón reunited with El Hijo del Santo, who along with Rey Misterio, Jr. and La Parka defeated Pentagón, Blue Panther, Psicosis and Fuerza Guerrera. Again Octagón and Pentagón were not involved in the finish of the match but faced off several times in the ring to further the storyline.[14]

In early 1996, the man behind the Pentagón mask was forced to retire from wrestling due to his age and injuries; since he always wore a mask, AAA were able to replace the man with a new Pentagón, generally referred to as Pentagón II. Octagón and Pentagón continued to build their storyline, stretching out the conflict between them over years, even at times seeing the storyline turn so that Octagón and Pentagón would team up. In early 1997, Octagón began his third reign as Mexican National Middleweight champion, given to him so that Pentagón II could be seen a few month later cheating his way to winning the title from him, increasing the storyline tension between the two.[4] While "Mask vs. Mask" matches were hinted at and talked about, nothing ever came of this between Octagón and Pentagón II. Pentagón II left AAA in 2001, halting the storyline without an actual ending. In order to create the payoff that the storyline had been building to over the years, AAA decided to introduce a new Pentagón, Pentagón III to take the place of his predecessor in the storyline. On June 5, 2002 Octagón finally met his "arch nemesis" in a match where both masks were on the line. Octagón got the ultimate revenge on Pentagón (at least according to Lucha Libre traditions) when he pinned Pentagón III forcing him to unmask and reveal his real name.[2] The unmasking more or less put an end to the storyline between the two characters, with one final match between the two in 2004 where Octagón won the right to shave Pentagón III's hair off as well.

On June 20, 2003 Octagón teamed with La Parka (the AAA version) to win the Mexican National Tag Championship from the team of Electroshock and Chessman.[15] in 2006 Octagón added another title to his collection as he won the Mexican National Middleweight title for the fourth time.[16] With the Mexican National titles not being defended very frequently Octagón still remains the holder of both belts to this day. In December 2008 AAA announced that they will no longer recognize or promote any title that does not belong to AAA ending the long standing practice.[17] It is not clear if the Mexican National titles will be quietly forgotten or if Octagón will, at some later time, be stripped of the titles and then put to work in a different Mexican promotion.

## Not to be mistaken for

Octagón shares a lot of visible similarities to Japanese wrestler Masanori Murakawa, who wrestle as "the Great Sasuke" the main visible differences being patterens on their masks. Octagón made his debut with the mask design in 1989, before Masanori Murakawa adopted his Great Sasuke persona in the early 1990s.

## Filmography

In the early 1990s the Lucha Libre film genre saw a bit of a revival with several new films being produced, starring the new generation of Luchadors. Octagón played or starred in three movies in 1991 & 1992

• La Fuerza bruta (1991) (No English title known, probably only released in Mexico)(Also starred wrestlers Atlantis & Emilio Charles, Jr.)
• Lucha a muerte aka. Octagon y mascara sagrada, lucha a muerte (Octagon and Mascara Sagrada in Fight to the Death, 1992) (Also starring wrestler Mascara Sagrada)
• Octagon y Atlantis, la revancha (Octagón & Atlantis: the Revenge, 1992) (Also starring wrestler Atlantis)

## In wrestling

• Nickames
• El Amo de los Ocho Ángulos (Spanish for The Lord of the Eight Angles)[3]
• El ídolo de Los niños (Spanish for the idol of the kids)[3]

## Championships and accomplishments

### Notes

title recognized by many promotions, mainly promoted in CMLL.
††title recognized by many promotions, mainly promoted in AAA.

### Lucha de Apuesta record

Wager Winner Loser Location Date Notes
Mask Octagón Huracán Ramírez II Mexico City, Mexico December 14, 1990 Triangle match that also includes Fuerza Guerrera.[2]
Hair Octagón Bestia Negra I Apatlaco, Mexico March 11, 1993 [3]
Hair Octagón & El Hijo del Santo Eddie Guerrero & Art Barr Los Angeles, California, United States November 6, 1994 [2]
Mask Octagón Black Shadow II Tlalnepantla, Mexico May 17, 2000 Cage match that also included Pentagón and Rocky Santana[3]
Mask Octagón Pentagon III Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas, Mexico July 5, 2002 4 way match that also included Mascara Ságrada (AAA) and Mascara Maligna[2]
Mask Octagón Coco Azul Tijuana, Baja California December 15, 2003 [2]
Hair Octagón Pentagon III Monterrey, Nuevo León September 26, 2004

## References

General
• L.L. Staff (2008). "Lucha Libre: Conoce la historia de las leyendas de cuadrilátero" (in Spanish). Octagón (1961) (Mexico): p. 42. Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre.
Specific
1. ^ a b c "Statistics for Professional wrestlers". PWI Presents: 2008 Wrestling Almanak and book of facts (Kappa Publications): pp. 66–79. 2008 Edition.
2. ^ a b c d e f g h "AAA Luchadores - Technicos - Octagon". LuchalibreAAA.com. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
3. ^ a b c d e f g h Various (2005). "El Amo de los Ocho Angulos / The Lord of the Eight Angles". Lucha Libre> Masked Superstars of Mexican Wrestling. Distributed Art Publishers, Inc.. pp. 110–119. ISBN 968-6842-48-9.
4. ^ a b c d e Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: National Middleweight Championship". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 392. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
5. ^ a b Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO: National Trios Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 393. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
6. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
7. ^ a b c d Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "MEXICO/CALIFORNIA: AAA IWC World Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 401. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
8. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
9. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
10. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
11. ^ a b "Historical Cards". PWI Presents: 2007 Wrestling Almanak and book of facts (Kappa Publications): p. 160. 2007 Edition.
12. ^ a b Molinaro, John. "Art Barr: What could have been; Looking back at Love Machine's career". SLAM! Sports. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
13. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
14. ^ "Asistencia Asesoria y Administracion TripleMania". prowrestlinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
15. ^ a b "Comision de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D.F. National Tag Team Title". wrestling-titles.com. 2007-11-30. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
16. ^ a b "Comision de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D.F. Middleweight Title". wrestling-titles.com. 2007-04-24. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
17. ^ "¿AAA dejará de contar campeonatos de terceros?" (in Spanish). Super Luchas. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
18. ^ a b "Finishing Moves List". Other Arena. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
19. ^ "Comision de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D.F. National Trios Title". wrestling-titles.com. 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2007-09-23.

Regular octagon

A regular octagon
Edges and vertices8
Schläfli symbols{8}
t{4}
Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams
Symmetry groupDihedral (D8)
Area
(with a=edge length)
$2\left(1+\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right)a^2$
$\simeq 4.828427 a^2.$
Internal angle
(degrees)
135°

In geometry, an octagon is a polygon that has eight sides. A regular octagon is represented by the Schläfli symbol {8}.

## Regular octagons

with compass and straightedge. To do so, follow steps 1 through 18 of the animation, noting that the compass radius is not altered during steps 7 through 10.]]


A regular octagon is always an octagon whose sides are all the same length and whose internal angles are all the same size. The internal angle at each vertex of a regular octagon is 135° and the sum of all the internal angles is 1080°. The area of a regular octagon of side length a is given by

$A = 2 \cot \frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{8\right\} a^2 = 2\left(1+\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right)a^2 \simeq 4.828427\,a^2.$

In terms of $R$, (circumradius) the area is

$A = 4 \sin \frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{4\right\} R^2 = 2\sqrt\left\{2\right\}R^2 \simeq 2.828427\,R^2.$

In terms of $r$, (inradius) the area is

$A = 8 \tan \frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{8\right\} r^2 = 8\left(\sqrt\left\{2\right\}-1\right)r^2 \simeq 3.3137085\,r^2.$

Naturally, those last two coefficients bracket the value of pi, the area of the unit circle.

File:Octagon in
The area of a regular octagon can be computed as a truncated square.

The area can also be derived as follows:

$\,\!A=S^2-a^2,$

where S is the span of the octagon, or the second shortest diagonal; and a is the length of one of the sides, or bases. This is easily proven if one takes an octagon, draws a square around the outside (making sure that four of the eight sides touch the four sides of the square) and then taking the corner triangles (these are 45-45-90 triangles) and placing them with right angles pointed inward, forming a square. The edges of this square are each the length of the base.

Given the span $S$, the length of a side $a$ is:

$S=\frac\left\{a\right\}\left\{\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right\}+a+\frac\left\{a\right\}\left\{\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right\}=\left(1+\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right)a$
$S=2.414a\,$

The area, is then as above:

$A=\left(\left(1+\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right)a\right)^2-a^2=2\left(1+\sqrt\left\{2\right\}\right)a^2.$

# Simple English

An Octagon is a shape. It has 8 sides and 8 vertices (corners).

## Regular Octagons

A regular octagon has all eight sides the same length and each side is 135° and all the angles added together equals 1080°.