From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Odo of Châteauroux (born
ca. 1190, Châteauroux – died on January 25, 1273 in
Orvieto) was a French
theologian and scholastic philosopher, papal legate and Cardinal. He was “an experienced
preacher and promoter of crusades”. Over
1000 of his sermons survive.
He preached crusade in 1226. He was
chancellor of the University of Paris 1238-1244, and
perhaps also Cistercian abbot of Ourscamp, and then
abbot of Grandselve..
He was involved in the aftermath of the Paris disputation of
1240, and subsequent condemnation of the Talmud. He was
made cardinal-bishop of Frascati (1244), and
legate, and was sent to preach crusade in France by Pope Innocent
accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh
Crusade, and is mentioned by Joinville, returning in 1254, via Cyprus. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
from December 1254 and Camerlengo of the Holy
Roman Church in 1270.
He brought back relics, which he gave to Viterbo, Tournai and
Neuvy-Saint-Sépulcre, Indre, France. He
also consecrated relics in the Sainte-Chapelle. He
led the enquiry into the canonization of Richard
of Chichester. In
1270, on the death of Louis XI, he announced official mourning for
the whole of Christendom.
- Super Psalterium
- MLXXVII Sermones de tempore et de sanctis et de diversis
- Letter in August Potthast, Regesta Pontificum
- Callebant, A., Le sermon historique d’Eudes de Châteauroux
à Paris, le 18 mars 1229. Autour de l'origine du grève
universitaire et de l’enseignement des mendiants, Archivum
Franciscanum Historicum, 28 (1936), 81–114.
- Fortunato Iozzelli (1994), Odo da Châteauroux: politica e
religione nei sermoni inediti
- C. T. Maier, Crusade and rhetoric against the Muslim colony
of Lucera: Eudes of Chateauroux's Sermones de Rebellione
Sarracenorum Lucherie in Apulia, Journal of Medieval History,
Volume 21, Number 4, December 1995 , pp. 343-385 (abstract)
- Alexis Charansonnet, Du Berry en Curie. La carrière du
Cardinal Eudes de Châteauroux (1190?-1273) et son reflet dans sa
prédication, Rev. Hist. Égl. France 86 (2000), 5-37
Odo of Tusculum, Odon de Tusculum, Otho de Tusculum, Odo de
Châteauroux, Odon de Châteauroux, Eudes de Châteauroux, Odo de
Castroradulpho, Odo de Castro Radulphi, Odo Gallus, Ottone , de
Castro Rodolfi, Oddone di Castro Radulfi, Ottone de Castel Ridolfi,
Ottone di Tuscolo.
(PDF), p. 3.
Nicole Bériou, La prédication de croisade de Philippe le
Chancelier et d'Eudes de Châteauroux en 1226, in La
prédication en pays d'Oc (XIIe-début XVe siècle), Toulouse, Privat,
1997, p. 85-109.
Charles H. Haskins, The University of
Paris in the Sermons of the Thirteenth Century, The American
Historical Review, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Oct., 1904), pp. 1-27.
, French. Odo of
Ourscamp is a different figure, of the twelfth century. However,
several sources deny, doubt or ignore that he was a monk .
After the disputation a tribunal was appointed to pass judgment
upon the Talmud, among its members being Eudes de Chateauroux,
Chancellor of the University of Paris; Guillaume d'Auvergne, Bishop of Paris; and
the Inquisitor Henri de Cologne. After the same rabbis had been
heard a second time, the Talmud was condemned to be burned. Two
years after (in the middle of 1242) twenty-four cartloads of Hebrew
books were solemnly burned at Paris. [...] A little later, while at
Lyons, the pope listened to the complaints of the Jews, and in 1247
he asked Eudes de Chateauroux to examine the Talmud from the Jewish
standpoint, and to ascertain whether it might not be tolerated as
harmless to the Christian faith, and whether the copies which had
been confiscated might not be returned to their owners. The rabbis
had represented to him that without the aid of the Talmud they
could not understand the Bible or the rest of their statutes. Eudes
informed the pope that the change of attitude involved in such a
decision would be wrongly interpreted; and on May 15, 1248, the
Talmud was condemned for the second time. (From 1906 Jewish
Encyclopedia, article France); A long list of errors and
blasphemies contained the Talmud was compiled by Eudes de
Chateauroux, much in the same manner as philosophical errors would
also be condemned.
. He is given
also as bishop of Toulouse and bishop of Maguelonne.
Runciman, A History of the Crusades III p. 256.
The Cardinals of the Holy
Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of May 28,
cathedrale-tournai.be - La
. Odo had
dedicated an altar in 1246 at the Basilique Saint-Etienne, in
Neuvy. La légende du
Old book page, in Latin
(Otho de Castro-Rodolphi)
S Richard of Chichester:
25 août Saint Louis
Autorenliste – Autoren
Potthast: Regesta Pontificum Romanorum - Testversion