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Offenbach
Satellite view of Offenbach and Eastern Frankfurt
Satellite view of Offenbach and Eastern Frankfurt
Coat of arms of Offenbach
Offenbach am Main is located in Germany
Offenbach am Main
Coordinates 50°6′0″N 8°48′0″E / 50.1°N 8.8°E / 50.1; 8.8
Administration
Country Germany
State Hesse
Admin. region Darmstadt
District Urban district
Mayor Horst Schneider (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 44.90 km2 (17.34 sq mi)
Elevation 62 m  (203 ft)
Population 117,546  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 2,618 /km2 (6,780 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate OF
Postal codes 63001 - 63075
Area code 069
Website www.offenbach.de

Offenbach am Main is a city in Hesse, Germany, located on southside of the river Main. In 2006 it had a population of 116,923. The city is part of the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main metropolitan area.

Offenbach was a center of the leather industry, which has however declined in the last decades. It is still the seat of the Deutsches Leder Museum (German Leather Museum), and also of the international leather fair.

Contents

History

The 120-meter high "City-Tower".

The first documented reference to Offenbach appears in 977. In 1486 the Isenburg Family took control of city, and 1556 Count Reinhard of Isenburg relocated his Residence to Offenbach, building a palace, the Isenburger Schloß, which was completed in 1559. It was destroyed by fire in 1564 and rebuilt in 1578.

In the mid 1600s Offenbach passed into the possession of the Landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt who ruled it until 1815 when the Congress of Vienna gave the city to the Austrian Emperor, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. A year later it was returned to the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt. The city was ruled by Grand Dukes of Hesse and by Rhine until the monarchy was abolished in 1918.

During the Second World War a third of the city was destroyed by Allied bombing which claimed 467 lives.

With the new district Lauterborn the city was expanded to south in the 1960s.

Offenbach is also the seat of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (German weather service) and home to the soccer club "Kickers Offenbach" and their stadium "Bieberer Berg".

Offenbach is part of the S-Bahn Rhein-Main-System with six S-Bahn stations: Offenbach-Kaiserlei, Offenbach-Ledermuseum, Offenbach-Marktplatz, Offenbach-Ost, Offenbach-Bieber, Bieber-Waldhof.

Boroughs of Offenbach

  • Bürgel (incorporated 1908)
  • Bieber (incorporated April 1, 1938)
  • Lauterborn
  • Rumpenheim (incorporated April 4, 1942)
  • Waldheim
  • Lohwald
  • Tempelsee
  • Rosenhöhe

Economy

S-Bahn station: Marktplatz

Until the early 1970s Offenbach was dominated by the machine-building and leather industries. The city hosts the German Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies to this day.

Offenbach was also the European center of typography, with Gebr. Klingspor and Linotype (inventors of Optima or Palatino typeface) moving to nearby Eschborn in the 1970s and MAN Roland printing machines still a major employer today. Typography and design still remain important with a cluster of graphic design and industrial design companies, as well as the university level HfG Offenbach design school and the Klingspor Museum.

In recent years Offenbach has become a popular location for a wide array of services, especially from the transport sectors. Offenbach host to the European headquarters of Honda, Hyundai Motors and Kumho Tires.[1]

Economy of Offenbach

Main sights

home to the soccer club Kickers Offenbach stadium "Bieberer Berg"
Klingspor Museum

Edifices

Museums

Main sights of Offenbach

Population history

Year Population
1540 480
1685 600
1718 1.500
1800 5.000
1816 6.210
1825 7.147
1828 7.466
1830 7.498
December 01, 1834 9.433
December 01, 1840 9.597
December 03, 1843 9.883
December 03, 1846 11.565
December 03, 1852 11.087
December 03, 1855 13.724
December 03, 1861 16.708
December 03, 1864 19.390
Year Population
December 03, 1867 20.322
December 01, 1871 22.689
December 01, 1875 26.012
December 01, 1880 28.597
December 01, 1885 31.704
December 01, 1890 35.064
December 02, 1895 39.388
December 01, 1900 50.468
December 01, 1905 59.765
December 01, 1910 75.583
December 01, 1916 67.197
December 05, 1917 67.483
October 08, 1919 75.380
June 16, 1925 79.362
June 16, 1933 81.329
May 17, 1939 85.140
Year Population
December 31, 1945 70.600 June 16, 1925
October 29, 1946 75.479
September 13, 1950 89.030
September 25, 1956 104.283
June 06, 1961 116.195
December 31, 1965 117.893
May 27, 1970 117.306
December 31, 1975 115.251
December 31, 1980 110.993
December 31, 1985 107.090
May 25, 1987 111.386
December 31, 1990 114.992
December 31, 1995 116.533
December 31, 2000 117.535
September 30, 2005 119.833
March 31, 2007 117.224

Offenbach has the highest percentage of foreign people throughout Germany.

Mayors from 1824 - 2009

Horst Schneider
  • 1824–1826: Peter Georg d'Orville
  • 1826–1834: Heinrich Philipp Schwaner
  • 1834–1837: Peter Georg d'Orville
  • 1837–1849: Jonas Budden
  • 1849–1859: Friedrich August Schäfer
  • 1859–1867: Johann Heinrich Dick
  • 1867–1874: Johann Martin Hirschmann
  • 1874–1882: Hermann Stölting
  • 1883–1907: Wilhelm Brink
  • 1907–1919: Andreas Dullo
  • 1919–1933: Max Granzin
  • 1947–1949: Johannes Rebholz
  • 1950–1957: Hans Klüber
  • 1957–1974: Georg Dietrich
  • 1974–1980: Walter Buckpesch
  • 1980–1986: Walter Suermann
  • 1986–1994: Wolfgang Reuter
  • 1994–2006: Gerhard Grandtke
  • 2006–: Horst Schneider

People

People from Offenbach

Twinned cities

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Offenbach am Main

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Proper noun

Offenbach am Main

  1. Offenbach am Main (independent city in Hesse, Germany, next to the river Main)







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