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Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction & Stabilization
Seal of the Department of State
Established: August 15, 2004
Coordinator: John E. Herbst: May 25, 2006 (1)
Budget: $249 Million FY 2009 Request
Employees: 90+ permanent positions, detailees, and contractors; 11 are in the Active Response Corps

ABOUT S/CRS:

Mission: To lead, coordinate and institutionalize U.S. Government civilian capacity to prevent or prepare for post-conflict situations, and to help stabilize and reconstruct societies in transition from conflict or civil strife, so they can reach a sustainable path toward peace, democracy and a market economy.

To create a more robust capability within the U.S. Government to prevent conflict when possible, and if necessary manage stabilization and reconstruction operations in countries emerging from conflict or civil strife, the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) was created in 2004. The President signed NSPD-44 [1] in Dec. 2005 to outline responsibilities of the office. Title XVI of Public Law 110-447 [2] - The Reconstruction and Stabilization Civilian Management Act of 2008 - codified these responsibilities and authorized the creation of a Civilian Response Corps [3]. The current Coordinator is John E. Herbst, and in his capacity reports directly to the Secretary of State.

Failing and post-conflict states pose one of the greatest national and international security challenges of our day, threatening vulnerable populations, their neighbors, our allies, and ourselves. Struggling states can provide breeding grounds for terrorism, crime, trafficking, and humanitarian catastrophes, and can destabilize an entire region. Experience shows that managing conflict, particularly internal conflict, is not a passing phenomenon. It has become a mainstream part of our foreign policy.

Core Objectives:

S/CRS works across the U.S. Government and with the world community to anticipate state failure, avert it when possible, and help post-conflict states lay a foundation for lasting peace, good governance and sustainable development.

Monitor and Plan: Develop clear policy options concerning states and regions of greatest risk and importance, and lead U.S. planning focused on these priorities to avert crises, when possible, to prepare for them as necessary.

Mobilize and Deploy: Coordinate the deployment of U.S. resources and implementation of programs in cooperation with international and local partners to accelerate transitions from conflict to peace.

Prepare Skills and Resources: Establish and manage an interagency capability to deploy personnel and resources in an immediate surge response and the capacity to sustain assistance until traditional support mechanisms can operate effectively.

Learn From Experience: Incorporate best practices and lessons learned into functional changes in training, planning, exercises, and operational capabilities that support improved performance.

Coordinate With International Partners: Work with international and multilateral organizations, individual states, and NGOs to plan, accelerate deployment, and increase interoperability of personnel and equipment in multilateral operations.(9)

Notes and references

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