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Ohio's At-large congressional district: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Ohio's At-large congressional district existed from 1803 to 1813, from 1943 to 1953 and from 1963 to 1967 when it was banned by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

From statehood in 1803 until the 1813 redistricting following the 1810 census, Ohio had only one member of the United States House of Representatives: Jeremiah Morrow.

List of representatives

Congresses Dates Representative Party District home Notes
8th12th October 17, 1803 – March 3, 1813 Jeremiah Morrow Democratic-Republican Montgomery

After the 1810 census, the at-large seat was eliminated. It was reinstated after the 1910 census.

Congresses Dates Representative Party District home Notes
63rd March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 Robert Crosser Democratic Cleveland

From the 1930 census to the 1940 census, there were two seats elected at-large, on a general ticket.

Seat one Seat two
Dates Representative Party District home Note Years Representative Party District home Note
March 4, 1933 – August 9, 1935 Charles V. Truax Democratic Bucyrus Died March 4, 1933– January 3, 1937 Stephen M. Young Democratic Cleveland Retired to run for Governor
August 9, 1935 – November 3, 1936 Vacant  
November 3, 1936 – January 3, 1937 Daniel S. Earhart Democratic Columbus Retired
January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 John McSweeney Democratic Wooster Lost re-election January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 Harold G. Mosier Democratic Cleveland Lost renomination
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1949 George H. Bender Republican Cleveland Heights   January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1941 L. L. Marshall Republican Euclid  
January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1943 Stephen M. Young Democratic Cleveland Seat eliminated
Lost re-election Seat two was eliminated after the 1940 census.
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951 Stephen M. Young Democratic Cleveland  
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953 George H. Bender Republican Chagrin Falls Redistricted to 23rd district

In 1953, the seat was eliminated. It was restored in 1963.

Years Representative Party District home Note
January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965 Robert Taft, Jr. Republican Indian Hill  
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1967 Robert E. Sweeney Democratic Bay Village Seat eliminated

In 1967, the seat was eliminated.

Election results

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
From 1933 to 1941, there were two seats elected at large, on a general ticket. All the candidates ran in one race and the top two vote-getters won the two seats.
1932 Charles V. Truax: 1,206,631
Stephen M. Young: 1,200,946
George H. Bender: 1,109,562
L. T. Palmer: 1,102,567
Edward R. Stafford (P): 24,625
Alfred H. Stratton (P): 17,844
John Rehms (C): 7,050
William Hughey (C): 6,010
1934 Charles V. Truax[1]: 1,061,857
Stephen M. Young: 1,050,089
George H. Bender: 905,233
L. L. Marshall: 871,432
Ben Atkins (C): 13,972
John Marshall (C): 13,808
1936 John McSweeney: 1,553,059
Harold G. Mosier: 1,493,152
George H. Bender: 1,226,147
L. L. Marshall: 1,121,370
William C. Sandberg (C): 8,947
1938 John McSweeney: 1,068,916
Stephen M. Young: 1,015,041
George H. Bender: 1,177,982
L. L. Marshall: 1,101,193
 
1940 Stephen M. Young: 1,483,879
Francis W. Durbin: 1,384,745
George H. Bender: 1,519,559
L. L. Marshall: 1,386,627
 
From 1943 through 1953 there was one member of the House from Ohio elected at large.
1942 Stephen M. Young[2]: 717,692 George H. Bender: 945,995  
1944 William Glass: 1,362,843 George H. Bender: 1,542,422  
1946 William M. Boyd: 871,660 George H. Bender: 1,281,864  
1948 Stephen M. Young: 1,455,972 George H. Bender: 1,342,388  
1950 Stephen M. Young: 1,237,409 George H. Bender: 1,447,154  
From 1953 through 1963 , the at-large seat became the 23rd district. The at-large seat was created again after the 1960 census.
1962 Richard D. Kennedy: 1,164,628 Robert Taft (Jr.): 1,786,018  
1964 Robert E. Sweeney: 1,872,351 Oliver P. Bolton: 1,716,480  

References

  1. ^ Truax died in office in 1936. In a 1936 special election, Daniel S. Earhart was elected to fill out the remainder of Truax's term. Earhart did not run for re-election in 1936 for the full term beginning in 1937.
  2. ^ Young held an incumbency in the second at-large seat, which was eliminated for the 1942 election . Thus, there were two incumbents vying for this seat.

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