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State of Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma State seal of Oklahoma
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Sooner State
Motto(s): Labor omnia vincit (Latin)
before statehood, known as
the Oklahoma Territory
Map of the United States with Oklahoma highlighted
Official language(s) None
Demonym Oklahoman; Okie (colloq.)
Capital Oklahoma City
Largest city Oklahoma City
Area  Ranked 20th in the US
 - Total 69,898 sq mi
(181,195 km2)
 - Width 230 miles (370 km)
 - Length 298 miles (480 km)
 - % water 1.8
 - Latitude 33°37' N to 37° N
 - Longitude 94° 26' W to 103° W
Population  Ranked 28th in the US
 - Total 3,687,050 (2009 est.)[1]
 - Density 52.7/sq mi  (20.34/km2)
Ranked 36th in the US
Elevation  
 - Highest point Black Mesa[2]
4,973 ft  (1,515 m)
 - Mean 1,296 ft  (395 m)
 - Lowest point Little River[2]
289 ft  (88 m)
Admission to Union  November 16, 1907 (46th)
Governor C. Brad Henry (D)
Lieutenant Governor Jari Askins (D)
U.S. Senators James M. Inhofe (R)
Thomas A. Coburn (R)
U.S. House delegation 4 Republicans, 1 Democrat (list)
Time zones  
 - all of the state (legally) Central: UTC-6/-5
 - Kenton (informally) Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations OK Okla. US-OK
Website http://www.ok.gov
Oklahoma (Listeni /ˌkləˈhmə/)[3] is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America. With an estimated 3,687,050 residents in 2009[4] and a land area of 68,667 square miles (177,847 km²),[5] Oklahoma is the 28th most populous and 20th-largest state. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people",[6] and is known informally by its nickname, The Sooner State. Formed by the combination of Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory on November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was the 46th state to enter the union. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
A major producer of natural gas, oil and agriculture, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, energy, telecommunications, and biotechnology.[7] It has one of the fastest growing economies in the nation, ranking among the top states in per capita income growth and gross domestic product growth.[8][9] Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly 60 percent of Oklahomans living in their metropolitan statistical areas.[10] The state holds a mixed record in education and healthcare, and its largest universities participate in the NCAA and NAIA athletic associations, with two collegiate athletic departments rated among the most successful in American history.[11][12]
With small mountain ranges, prairie, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains and the U.S. Interior Highlands—a region especially prone to severe weather.[13] In addition to having a prevalence of German, Irish, British and Native American ancestry, more than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, the most of any state.[14] It is located on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and historically served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for southern settlers, and a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans. Part of the Bible Belt, widespread belief in evangelical Christianity makes it one of the most politically conservative states, though Oklahoma has more voters registered with the Democratic Party than with any other party.[15]

Contents

Etymology

The name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla homma, literally meaning red people. Choctaw Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government regarding the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. .Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language used to describe the Native American race as a whole.^ Status of Native American language endangerment.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This goal appears to have the most urgency for Native people, because language is a core component of culture and because so many Native languages are declining in use.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas maintains some use of its language, especially among older adults, but emphasizes the importance of mastering English.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Oklahoma later became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, and it was officially approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers.[6][16][17]

Geography

The state's high plains stretch behind a greeting sign in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,898 square miles (181,035 km²), with 68,667 square miles (177847 km²) of land and 1,231 square miles (3,188 km²) of water.[18] It is one of six states on the Frontier Strip, and lies partly in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. .It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, and on the south and near-west by Texas.^ Borders : Atlantis, Old New Mexico, Kansas, Arkansas, South Park, Megatexas and excluding "Soveriegn Indian Nations" with its' own laws, money, cops, firemen, schools, liquor stores, hospitals and jails, all thanks to all those casinos (whities are dumb).
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The situation is similar for the Tiguas, who reside in far west Texas near El Paso but have roots with the Isleta Pueblo in New Mexico.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turn east on Slaughterville Road Go 14 miles to Pine Corner Road turn south .7 miles to our green gate on the west side of the road.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

Topography

Oklahoma is situated between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed,[19] generally sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary.[20][21] Its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet (1,516 m) above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle. The state's lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, OK, which dips to 289 feet (88 m) above sea level.[22]
A river carves a canyon in the Wichita Mountains.
Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders — more per square mile than in any other state.[13] Its western and eastern halves, however, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three.[13]
Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, and the Ozark Mountains.[20] Contained within the U.S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains mark the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians.[23] A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, and in the state's southeastern corner, Cavanal Hill is regarded by the Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department as the world's tallest hill; at 1,999 feet (609 m), it fails their definition of a mountain by one foot.[24]
The semi-arid high plains in the state’s northwestern corner harbor few natural forests. Oklahoma there is a rolling to flat landscape with intermittent canyons and mesa ranges like the Glass Mountains. Partial plains interrupted by small mountain ranges like the Antelope Hills and the Wichita Mountains dot southwestern Oklahoma, and transitional prairie and woodlands cover the central portion of the state. .The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains rise from west to east over the state's eastern third, gradually increasing in elevation in an eastward direction.^ The eastern third of the state has continued to dry out over similar periods.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Directions: Take highway 75 South to 221st st. Turn east for 5 miles, turn south for 1 mile, turn west 4/10 mile.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

[21][25] More than 500 named creeks and rivers make up Oklahoma's waterways, and with 200 lakes created by dams, it holds the highest number of artificial reservoirs in the nation.[24] Most of the state lies in two primary drainage basins belonging to the Red and Arkansas rivers, though the Lee and Little rivers also contain significant drainage basins.[25]

Flora and fauna

Populations of American Bison inhabit the state's prairie ecosystems.
Forests cover 24 percent of Oklahoma[24] and prairie grasslands composed of shortgrass, mixed-grass, and tallgrass prairie, harbor expansive ecosystems in the state's central and western portions, although cropland has largely replaced native grasses.[26] Where rainfall is sparse in the western regions of the state, shortgrass prairie and shrublands are the most prominent ecosystems, though pinyon pines, junipers, and ponderosa pines grow near rivers and creek beds in the far western reaches of the panhandle.[26] Marshlands, cypress forests and mixtures of shortleaf pine, loblolly pine and deciduous forests dominate the state's southeastern quarter, while mixtures of largely post oak, elm, cedar and pine forests cover northeastern Oklahoma.[25][26][27]
The state holds populations of white-tailed deer, coyotes, bobcats, elk, and birds such as quail, doves, cardinals, bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, and pheasants. In prairie ecosystems, american bison, greater prairie-chickens, badgers, and armadillo are common, and some of the nation's largest prairie dog towns inhabit shortgrass prairie in the state's panhandle. The Cross Timbers, a region transitioning from prairie to woodlands in Central Oklahoma, harbors 351 vertebrate species. The Ouachita Mountains are home to black bear, red fox, grey fox, and river otter populations, which coexist with a total of 328 vertebrate species in southeastern Oklahoma. Also, in southeastern Oklahoma lives the American Alligator.[26]

Protected lands

Mesas rise above one of Oklahoma's state parks.
Oklahoma has 50 state parks,[28] six national parks or protected regions,[29] two national protected forests or grasslands,[30] and a network of wildlife preserves and conservation areas. Six percent of the state's 10 million acres (40,000 km²) of forest is public land,[27] including the western portions of the Ouachita National Forest, the largest and oldest national forest in the southern United States.[31] With 39,000 acres (158 km²), the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in north-central Oklahoma is the largest protected area of tallgrass prairie in the world and is part of an ecosystem that encompasses only 10 percent of its former land area, once covering 14 states.[32] In addition, the Black Kettle National Grassland covers 31,300 acres (127 km²) of prairie in southwestern Oklahoma.[33] The Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge is the oldest and largest of nine national wildlife refuges in the state[34] and was founded in 1901, encompassing 59,020 acres (238.8 km²).[35] Of Oklahoma's federally protected park or recreational sites, the Chickasaw National Recreation Area is the largest, with 9,898.63 acres (18 km²).[36] Other federal protected sites include the Santa Fe and Trail of Tears national historic trails, the Fort Smith and Washita Battlefield national historic sites, and the Oklahoma City National Memorial.[29]

Climate

Oklahoma is located in a temperate region and experiences occasional extremes of temperature and precipitation typical in a continental climate.[37] Most of the state lies in an area known as Tornado Alley characterized by frequent interaction between cold and warm air masses producing severe weather.[22] An average 54 tornadoes strike the state per year—one of the highest rates in the world.[38] .Because of its position between zones of differing prevailing temperature and winds, weather patterns within the state can vary widely between relatively short distances.^ Between 3-6 inches of precipitation fell over a good portion of the state, while the Oklahoma Panhandle suffered through a couple of bouts of nasty winter weather.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
Oklahoma's climate is prime for thunderstorm development.
The humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa) of the eastern part of Oklahoma influenced heavily by southerly winds bringing moisture from the Gulf of Mexico, but transitions progressively to a semi-arid zone (Koppen BSk) in the high plains of the Panhandle and other western areas from about Lawton westward less frequently touched by southern moisture.[37] Precipitation and temperatures fall from east to west accordingly, with areas in the southeast averaging an annual temperature of 62 °F (17 °C) and an annual rainfall of 56 inches (1,420 mm), while areas of the panhandle average 58 °F (14 °C), with an annual rainfall under 17 inches (430 mm).[22] All of the state frequently experiences temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) or below 0 °F (−18 °C),[37] and snowfall ranges from an average of less than 4 inches (10 cm) in the south to just over 20 inches (51 cm) on the border of Colorado in the panhandle.[22] The state is home to the National Storm Prediction Center of the National Weather Service located at Norman.[39]
Monthly temperatures for Oklahoma's largest cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Oklahoma City 47/26 54/31 62/39 71/48 79/58 87/66 93/71 92/70 84/62 73/51 60/38 50/29
Tulsa 46/26 53/31 62/40 72/50 80/59 88/68 94/73 93/71 84/63 74/51 60/39 50/30
Lawton 50/26 56/31 65/40 73/49 82/59 90/68 96/73 95/71 86/63 76/51 62/39 52/30
Average high/low temperatures in °F[40][41]

History

Evidence exists that native peoples traveled through Oklahoma as early as the last ice age,[42] but the state's first permanent inhabitants settled in communities accentuated with mound-like structures near the Arkansas border between 850 and 1450 AD.[43][44] Spaniard Francisco Vásquez de Coronado traveled through the state in 1541,[45] but French explorers claimed the area in the 1700s[46] and it remained under French rule until 1803, when all the French territory west of the Mississippi River was purchased by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.[45]
Cowboys drove cattle across the state in the late 19th century.
During the 19th century, thousands of Native Americans were removed from their ancestral homelands from across North America and transported to the area including and surrounding present-day Oklahoma; this forced deportation was organized by the Federal government. The "Five Civilized Tribes" in the South were the most prominent nations displaced by American removal policy, a relocation that came to be known as the Trail of Tears during the Choctaw Nation's removals starting in 1831. The area, already occupied by Osage and Quapaw tribes, was designated for the Choctaw Nation until revised American policy redefined the boundaries to include other Native Americans. By 1890, more than 30 Native American nations and tribes had been allocated land within Indian Territory or "Indian Country."[47] In the period between 1866 and 1899,[45] cattle ranches in Texas strove to meet the demands for food in eastern cities, and railroads in Kansas promised to deliver in a timely manner. Cattle trails and cattle ranches developed as cowboys either drove their product north or settled illegally in Indian Territory.[45] .In 1881, four of five major cattle trails on the western frontier traveled through Indian Territory.^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, by a series of treaties from 1866 to 1883, the Indian nations were forced to cede the western half of the territory to the U.S. as a home for other Indian tribes.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] Increased presence of white settlers in Indian Territory prompted the United States Government to establish the Dawes Act in 1887, which divided the lands of individual tribes into allotments for individual families, encouraging farming and private land ownership among native Americans, but giving excess land to the federal government. .In the process, nearly half of Indian-held land within the territory was made open to outside settlers and for purchase by railroad companies.^ Oklahoma is called the Sooner State, a reference to the settlers who were here before the federal government officially opened the land to settlement.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1834 the region was established as the Indian Territory and the tribal authority of the Indian nations within the territory was assured.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]
The Dust Bowl sent thousands of farmers into poverty during the 1930s.
Major land runs, including the Land Run of 1889, were held for settlers on the hour that certain territories were opened to settlement. .Usually, land was allocated to settlers on a first come, first served basis.^ Settlers who crossed the state line before the land run started were known as "Sooners", becoming the first illegal immigrants to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] Those who broke the rules by crossing the border into the territory before it was allowed were said to have been crossing the border sooner, leading to the term sooners, which eventually became the state's official nickname.[51]
Delegations to make the territory into a state began near the turn of the 20th century, when the Curtis Act furthered the allotment of Indian tribal lands in Indian Territory. Attempts to create an all-Indian state named Oklahoma, and a later attempt to create an all-Indian state named Sequoyah failed, but the Sequoyah Statehood Convention of 1905 eventually laid the groundwork for the Oklahoma Statehood Convention, which took place two years later.[52] On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was established as the 46th state in the Union.
The bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was one of the deadliest acts of terrorism in American history.
The new state became a focal point for the emerging oil industry, as discoveries of oil pools prompted towns to grow rapidly in population and wealth. Tulsa eventually became known as the "Oil Capital of the World" for most of the 20th century, and oil investments fueled much of the state's early economy.[53] In 1927, Oklahoma businessman Cyrus Avery, known as the "Father of Route 66", began a campaign to create U.S. Route 66. Using an existing stretch of highway from Amarillo, Texas to Tulsa, Oklahoma to form the original portion of Highway 66, Avery spearheaded the creation of the U.S. Highway 66 Association to oversee the planning of Route 66, based in his hometown of Tulsa.[54]
Oklahoma also has a rich African American history. There were many black towns that thrived in the early 1900s because of black settlers moving from neighboring states, especially Kansas. Politician Edward P. McCabe started the movement of many black settlers to the then Indian Territory. This movement encouraged Edward P. McCabe to actually talk to President Theodore Roosevelt about making Oklahoma a majority-black state. Many of the all black towns are now ghost towns, however, Boley and Langston (home of the historically black university Langston University) still thrive today.
In the early 20th century, despite Jim Crow Laws and a statewide presence of the Ku Klux Klan, Tulsa was home to Greenwood, one of the most prosperous African American communities in the United States,[55] but was the site of the Tulsa Race Riot in 1921. One of the costliest acts of racial violence in American history, sixteen hours of rioting resulted in 35 city blocks destroyed, $1.8 million in property damage, and a death toll estimated to be as high as 300 people.[56] By the late 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan was reduced to negligible influence within the state.[57]
.During the 1930s, parts of the state began feeling the consequences of poor farming practices, drought, and high winds.^ Rain and Snow Visit the State January 4, 2007 Much-needed rain and snow visited the state during December, lessening drought conditions and providing welcome relief to most of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state's most notable droughts, the 1930s Dust Bowl and the 1950s, were both broken in a spectacularly wet fashion.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drought conditions have continued to worsen in that area, which never saw the rains that most of the state enjoyed during the previous year.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Known as the Dust Bowl, areas of Kansas, Texas, New Mexico, and northwestern Oklahoma were hampered by long periods of little rainfall and abnormally high temperatures, sending thousands of farmers into poverty and forcing them to relocate to more fertile areas of the western United States.[58] Over a twenty-year period ending in 1950, the state saw its only historical decline in population, dropping 6.9 percent. In response, dramatic efforts in soil and water conservation led to massive flood control systems and dams, creating hundreds of reservoirs and man-made lakes. By the 1960s, more than 200 man-made lakes had been created, the most in the nation.[13][59]
.In 1995, Oklahoma City became the scene of one of the worst acts of terrorism ever committed in American history.^ In other "football" notes, the 1980s Tulsa Roughnecks of the American Major Soccer League were the only major league team in Oklahoma's history.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Stock Forever Changed: Remembering Oklahoma City, April 19, 1995 by Marsha Kight ( 1 ) Price: $32.98 .
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Broadway Bookseller (Kentucky) See entire list of 9 items , including Historic Photos of Oklahoma City and History Firsthand - Oklahoma City...
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

The Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, in which Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols detonated an explosive outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killed 168 people, including 19 children. Timothy McVeigh was later sentenced to death and executed by lethal injection, while his partner, Terry Nichols, was convicted of 161 counts of first degree murder and received life in prison without the possibility of parole.[60]

Economy

The BOK Tower of Tulsa, Oklahoma's tallest building, serves as the world headquarters for Williams Companies.
Based in the sectors of aviation, energy, transportation equipment, food processing, electronics, and telecommunications, Oklahoma is an important producer of natural gas, aircraft, and food.[7] The state ranks second in the nation for production of natural gas,[61] and is the 27th-most agriculturally productive state, ranking 5th in production of wheat.[62] Four Fortune 500 companies and Three Fortune 1000 company are headquartered in Oklahoma,[63] and it has been rated one of the most business-friendly states in the nation,[64] with the 7th-lowest tax burden in 2007.[65] From 2000 to 2006, Oklahoma's gross domestic product grew 50 percent, the fifth-highest rate in the nation. It had the fastest-growing GDP between 2005 and 2006, increasing from $122.5 to $134.6 billion, a jump of 10.8 percent,[9] and its gross domestic product per capita grew 5.9 percent from $36,364 in 2006 to $38,516 in 2007, the third-fastest rate in the nation. Its 2007 per capita GDP ranked 41st among the states.[66] Though oil has historically dominated the state's economy, a collapse in the energy industry during the 1980s led to the loss of nearly 90,000 energy-related jobs between 1980 and 2000, severely damaging the local economy.[67] Oil accounted for 17 percent of Oklahoma's economic impact in 2005,[68] and employment in the state's oil industry was outpaced by five other industries in 2007.[69]

Industry

.In early 2007, Oklahoma had a civilian labor force of 1.7 million and total non-farm employment fluctuated around 1.6 million.^ In just the first eight days of May 2007, Oklahoma posted a statewide-averaged rainfall total of 3.53 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[69] The government sector provides the most jobs, with 326,000 in 2007, followed by the transportation and utilities sector, providing 285,000 jobs, and the sectors of education, business, and manufacturing, providing 191,000, 178,000, and 151,000 jobs, respectively.[69] Among the state's largest industries, the aerospace sector generates $11 billion annually.[64] Tulsa is home to the largest airline maintenance base in the world, which serves as the global maintenance and engineering headquarters for American Airlines.[70] In total, aerospace accounts for more than 10 percent of Oklahoma's industrial output, and it is one of the top 10 states in aerospace engine manufacturing.[7] Because of its position in the center of the United States, Oklahoma is also among the top states for logistic centers, and a major contributor to weather-related research.[64] The state is the top manufacturer of tires in North America and contains one of the fastest-growing biotechnology industries in the nation.[64] In 2005, international exports from Oklahoma's manufacturing industry totaled $4.3 billion, accounting for 3.6 percent of its economic impact.[71] Tire manufacturing, meat processing, oil and gas equipment manufacturing, and air conditioner manufacturing are the state's largest manufacturing industries.[72]

Energy

A major oil producing state, Oklahoma is the fifth-largest producer of crude oil in the nation.[73]
Oklahoma is the nation's second-largest producer of natural gas, fifth-largest producer of crude oil, has the second-greatest number of active drilling rigs,[73] and ranks fifth in crude oil reserves.[74] While the state ranked fifth for installed wind energy capacity in 2005,[75] it is at the bottom of states in usage of renewable energy, with 96 percent of its electricity being generated by non-renewable sources in 2002, including 64 percent from coal and 32 percent from natural gas.[76] Ranking 11th for total energy consumption per capita in 2006,[77] Oklahoma's energy costs were 10th lowest in the nation.[73] As a whole, the oil energy industry contributes $23 billion to Oklahoma's gross domestic product,[68] and employees of Oklahoma oil-related companies earn an average of twice the state's typical yearly income.[78] In 2004, the state had 83,750 commercial oil wells and as many as 750,000 total wells,[68][74] churning 178 thousand barrels of crude oil a day.[74] Ten percent of the nation's natural gas supply is held in Oklahoma, with 1.662 trillion cubic feet (47.1 km3).[74]
According to Forbes Magazine, Oklahoma City-based Devon Energy Corporation, Chesapeake Energy Corporation, and SandRidge Energy Corporation are the largest private oil-related companies in the nation,[79] and all of Oklahoma's Fortune 500 companies are energy-related.[63] In 2006, Tulsa-based Semgroup ranked 5th on the Forbe's list of largest private companies, Tulsa-based QuikTrip ranked 46th, and Oklahoma City-based Love's Travel Stops & Country Stores ranked 25th in 2008 report.[79] Tulsa's ONEOK and Williams Companies are the state's largest and second-largest companies respectively, also ranking as the nation's second and third-largest companies in the field of energy, according to Fortune Magazine.[80] The magazine also placed Devon Energy as the second-largest company in the mining and crude oil-producing industry in the nation, while Chesapeake Energy ranks seventh respectively in that sector and Oklahoma Gas & Electric ranks as the 25th-largest gas and electric utility company.[80]

Agriculture

.The 27th-most agriculturally productive state, Oklahoma is fifth in cattle production and fifth in production of wheat.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rain and Snow Visit the State January 4, 2007 Much-needed rain and snow visited the state during December, lessening drought conditions and providing welcome relief to most of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62][81] .Approximately 5.5 percent of American beef comes from Oklahoma, while the state produces 6.1 percent of American wheat, 4.2 percent of American pig products, and 2.2 percent of dairy products.^ Farming accounts for 4% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ November 7, 2006 KASHRUS CLARIFICATION Please be advised that CHAMBORD DAIRY PRODUCTS Produced by World of Chantilly, Brooklyn, NY Will NO longer be produced as Cholov Yisroel.
  • OK Kosher Certification — Kosher Alerts 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ok.org [Source type: General]

^ Beef cattle are the state’s leading agricultural product.
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[62] .The state had 83,500 farms in 2005, collectively producing $4.3 billion in animal products and under one billion dollars in crop output with more than $6.1 billion added to the state's gross domestic product.^ Farming accounts for 4% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma.
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^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
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^ April 19,1995 Multiple witnesses believe they heard more than one explosion.
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[62] .Poultry and swine are its second and third-largest agricultural industries.^ Oklahoma’s economy has traditionally been dominated by agriculture and mining, but by the early 1990s, service industries, government, and manufacturing had grown to become the largest economic sectors.
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[81]

Culture

Oklahoma's heritage as a pioneer state is depicted with the Pioneer Woman statue in Ponca City.
Oklahoma is placed in the South by the United States Census Bureau,[82] but lies fully or partially in the Midwest, Southwest, and southern cultural regions by varying definitions, and partially in the Upland South and Great Plains by definitions of abstract geographical-cultural regions.[83] Oklahomans have a high rate of German, Scotch-Irish, and Native American ancestry,[84] with 25 different native languages spoken, more than in any other state.[14] Six governments have claimed the area at different times,[85] and 67 Native American tribes are represented in Oklahoma,[45] including the greatest number of tribal headquarters and 39 federally recognized nations.[86] Western ranchers, native American tribes, southern settlers, and eastern oil barons have shaped the state's cultural predisposition, and its largest cities have been named among the most underrated cultural destinations in the United States.[87][88] While residents of Oklahoma are associated with stereotypical traits of southern hospitality — the Catalogue for Philanthropy ranks Oklahomans 4th in the nation for overall generosity[89] — the state has also been associated with a negative cultural stereotype first popularized by John Steinbeck's novel 'Grapes of Wrath', which described the plight of uneducated, poverty-stricken Dust Bowl-era farmers deemed "Okies".[90][91][92] However, the term is used in a positive manner by Oklahomans.[91]

Arts and theater

Philbrook Museum is one of the top 50 fine art museums in the United States.[93]
In the state's largest urban areas, pockets of jazz culture flourish,[94] and Native American, Mexican, and Asian enclaves produce music and art of their respective cultures.[95] The Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville is one of the largest classical music festivals in the southern United States,[96] and Oklahoma City's Festival of the Arts has been named one of the top fine arts festivals in the nation.[94] The state has a rich history in ballet with five Native American ballerinas attaining world wide fame; Yvonne Chouteau, sisters Marjorie and Maria Tallchief, Rosella Hightower and Moscelyne Larkin, known collectively as the Five Moons. The Tulsa Ballet, is rated as one of the top ballet companies in the United States by the New York Times.[94] The Oklahoma City Ballet and University of Oklahoma's dance program were formed by ballerina Yvonne Chouteau and husband Miguel Terekhov. The University program was founded in 1962 and was the first fully accredited program of its kind in the United States.[97][98][99] In Sand Springs, an outdoor amphitheater called "Discoveryland!" is the official performance headquarters for the musical Oklahoma![100] Historically, the state has produced musical styles such as The Tulsa Sound and Western Swing, which was popularized at Cain's Ballroom in Tulsa. The building, known as the "Carnegie Hall of Western Swing",[101] served as the performance headquarters of Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys during the 1930s.[102] Stillwater is known as the epicenter of Red Dirt music, the best-known proponent of which is the late Bob Childers.
.Oklahoma is in the nation's middle percentile in per capita spending on the arts, ranking 17th, and contains more than 300 museums.^ Remember the good ol’ days when Barack Obama promised the nation that he’d close Guantanamo Bay, end the wars, enact no new taxes for the middle class, and cut net spending rather than raise it?
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^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
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^ Southeastern Oklahoma, for instance, is having its 23rd driest winter on record thus far at more than an inch and a half below normal.
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[94] The Philbrook Museum of Tulsa is considered one of the top 50 fine art museums in the United States,[93] and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History in Norman, one of the largest university-based art and history museums in the country, documents the natural history of the region.[94] The collections of Thomas Gilcrease are housed in the Gilcrease Museum of Tulsa, which also holds the world's largest, most comprehensive collection of art and artifacts of the American West.[103] The Oklahoma City Museum of Art contains the most comprehensive collection of glass sculptures by artist Dale Chihuly in the world,[104] and Oklahoma City's National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum documents the heritage of the American Western frontier.[94] With remnants of the Holocaust and artifacts relevant to Judaism, the Sherwin Miller Museum of Jewish Art of Tulsa preserves the largest collection of Jewish art in the Southwest United States.[105]

Festivals and events

Native American cultural events like pow wows are common in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma's centennial celebration was named the top event in the United States for 2007 by the American Bus Association,[106] and consisted of multiple celebrations ending with the 100th anniversary of statehood on November 16, 2007. Annual ethnic festivals and events take place throughout the state such as Native American powwows and ceremonial events, and include festivals in Scottish, Irish, Italian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Czech, Jewish, Arab, Mexican and African-American communities depicting cultural heritage or traditions. During a 10-day run in Oklahoma City, the Oklahoma State Fair attracts close to one million people,[107] and large pow-wows, Asian festivals, and Juneteenth celebrations are held in the city each year. The Tulsa State Fair attracts over one million people during its 10-day run,[108] and the city's Mayfest festival entertained more than 375,000 people in four days during 2007.[109] In 2006, Tulsa's Oktoberfest was named one of the top 10 in the world by USA Today and one of the top German food festivals in the nation by Bon Appetit magazine.[110] Tulsa also hosts the annual music festival Dfest, a festival that highlights native Oklahoma bands and musicians. Norman plays host to the Norman Music Festival. Norman is also host to the Medieval Fair of Norman, which has been held annually since 1976 and was Oklahoma’s first medieval fair. The Fair was held first on the south oval of the University of Oklahoma campus and in the third year moved to the Duck Pond in Norman until the Fair became too big and moved to Reaves Park in 2003. The Medieval Fair of Norman is Oklahoma’s “largest weekend event and the third largest event in Oklahoma, and was selected by Events Media Network as one of the top 100 events in the nation.”[111]

Education

Oklahoma's system of public regional universities includes Northeastern State University in Tahlequah.
With an educational system made up of public school districts and independent private institutions, Oklahoma had 631,337 students enrolled in 1,849 public primary, secondary, and vocational schools in 540 school districts as of 2006.[112] Oklahoma has the highest enrollment of Native American students in the nation with 120,122 students in the 2005-06 school year.[113] Ranked near the bottom of states in expenditures per student, Oklahoma spent $6,614 for each student in 2005, 47th in the nation,[112] though its growth of total education expenditures between 1992 and 2002 ranked 22nd.[114] The state is among the best in pre-kindergarten education, and the National Institute for Early Education Research rated it first in the United States with regard to standards, quality, and access to pre-kindergarten education in 2004, calling it a model for early childhood schooling.[115] While high school dropout rates decreased 29 percent between 2005 and 2006, Oklahoma ranked in the bottom three states in the nation for retaining high school seniors,[116] with a 3.2 percent dropout rate.[112] In 2004, the state ranked 36th in the nation for the relative number of adults with high school diplomas, though at 85.2 percent, it had the highest rate among southern states.[117][118]
The University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University are the largest public institutions of higher education in Oklahoma, both operating through one primary campus and satellite campuses throughout the state. The two state universities, along with Oklahoma City University and the University of Tulsa, rank among the country's best in undergraduate business programs,[119] Oklahoma City University's School of Law and the University of Oklahoma College of Law are the state's only ABA accredited institutions. The University of Oklahoma and University of Tulsa are in the top percentage of universities nationally for academic ratings.[12] Oklahoma holds eleven public regional universities,[120] including Northeastern State University, the second-oldest institution of higher education west of the Mississippi River,[121] also containing the only College of Optometry in Oklahoma[122] and the largest enrollment of Native American students in the nation by percentage and amount.[121][123] Six of the state's universities were placed in the Princeton Review's list of best 122 regional colleges in 2007,[124] and three made the list of top colleges for best value.[125] The state has 54 post-secondary technical institutions operated by Oklahoma's CareerTech program for training in specific fields of industry or trade.[112]
In the 2007-2008 school year, there were 181,973 undergraduate students, 20,014 graduate students, and 4,395 first-professional degree students enrolled in Oklahoma colleges. Of these students, 18,892 received a bachelor's degree, 5,386 received a masters degree, and 462 received a first professional degree. This means the state of Oklahoma produces an average of 38,278 degree-holders per completions component (i.e. July 1, 2007-June 30, 2008). The national average is 68,322 total degrees awarded per completions component. [126]

Sports

Oklahoma supports popular sports, with teams in basketball, football, arena football, baseball, soccer, and hockey, located in Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Enid, Norman, and Lawton. The Oklahoma City Thunder of the National Basketball Association is the state's only major league sports franchise, but minor league sports, including minor league baseball at the AAA and AA levels, hockey in the Central Hockey League, and arena football in the AF1 league are hosted by the Oklahoma City Yard Dawgz and the Tulsa Talons. Oklahoma City also hosts the Oklahoma City Lightning playing in the National Women's Football Association, and Tulsa is the base for the Tulsa 66ers of the NBA Development League and the Tulsa Revolution, which plays in the American Indoor Soccer League.[127] Enid and Lawton host professional basketball teams in the USBL and the CBA.
The NBA's New Orleans Hornets became the first major league sports franchise based in Oklahoma when the team was forced to relocate to Oklahoma City's Ford Center for two seasons following Hurricane Katrina in 2005.[128] In July 2008, the Seattle SuperSonics, owned by a group of Oklahoma City businessmen led by Clayton Bennett, relocated to Oklahoma City and announced that play would begin at Ford Center as the Oklahoma City Thunder in 2008, becoming the state's first permanent major league franchise.[129]
Collegiate athletics are a popular draw in the state. The University of Oklahoma Sooners and the Oklahoma State University Cowboys average well over 60,000 fans attending their football games, and the University of Oklahoma's American football program ranked 13th in attendance among American colleges in 2006, with an average of 84,561 people attending its home games.[130] The two universities meet several times each year in rivalry matches known as the Bedlam Series, which are some of the greatest sporting draws to the state. Sports programs from 11 Oklahoma colleges and universities compete within the NCAA, with four participating at the association’s highest level, Division I: University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, University of Tulsa, and Oral Roberts University.[131] Sports Illustrated magazine rates the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University among the top colleges for athletics in the nation.[11][132] In addition, 12 of the state's smaller colleges or universities participate in the NAIA, mostly within the Sooner Athletic Conference.[133]
Regular LPGA tournaments are held at Cedar Ridge Country Club in Tulsa, and major championships for the PGA or LPGA have been played at Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa, Oak Tree Country Club in Oklahoma City, and Cedar Ridge Country Club in Tulsa.[134] Rated one of the top golf courses in the nation, Southern Hills has hosted four PGA Championships, including one in 2007, and three U.S. Opens, the most recent in 2001.[135] Rodeos are popular throughout the state, and Guymon, in the state's panhandle, hosts one of the largest in the nation.[136]

Health

The southwest regional facility for the Cancer Treatment Centers of America is located in Tulsa.
The state was the 21st-largest recipient of medical funding from the federal government in 2005, with health-related federal expenditures in the state totaling $75,801,364; immunizations, bioterrorism preparedness, and health education were the top three most funded medical items.[137] Instances of major diseases are near the national average in Oklahoma, and the state ranks at or slightly above the rest of the country in percentage of people with asthma, diabetes, cancer, and hypertension.[137]
.In 2000, Oklahoma ranked 45th in physicians per capita and slightly below the national average in nurses per capita, but was slightly over the national average in hospital beds per 100,000 people and above the national average in net growth of health services over a 12-year period.^ (Time , February 24,1997) 2000 federal agents interview over 20,000 people, but no agents went to Elohim City.
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^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
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^ According to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet, the year-to-date statewide average rainfall total of 37.44 inches through October 15 ranks as the 6th wettest since 1921 at more than seven inches above normal.
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[138] One of the worst states for percentage of insured people, nearly 25 percent of Oklahomans between the age of 18 and 64 did not have health insurance in 2005, the fifth-highest rate in the nation.[139] Oklahomans are in the upper half of Americans in terms of obesity prevalence, and the state is the 5th most obese in the nation, with 30.3 percent of its population at or near obesity.[140]
The OU Medical Center, Oklahoma's largest collection of hospitals, is the only hospital in the state designated a Level I trauma center by the American College of Surgeons. OU Medical Center is located on the grounds of the Oklahoma Health Center in Oklahoma City, the state's largest concentration of medical research facilities.[141][142] The Regional Medical Center of the Cancer Treatment Centers of America in Tulsa is one of four such regional facilities nationwide, offering cancer treatment to the entire southwestern United States, and is one of the largest cancer treatment hospitals in the country.[143] The largest osteopathic teaching facility in the nation, Oklahoma State University Medical Center at Tulsa, also rates as one of the largest facilities in the field of neuroscience.[144][145]

Media

The second largest newspaper in Oklahoma, the Tulsa World has a circulation of 189,789.[146]
Oklahoma City and Tulsa are the 45th and 61st-largest media markets in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research. The state's third-largest media market, Lawton-Wichita Falls, Texas, is ranked 144th nationally by the agency.[147] Broadcast television in Oklahoma began in 1949 when KFOR-TV (then WKY-TV) in Oklahoma City and KOTV-TV in Tulsa began broadcasting a few months apart.[148] Currently, all major American broadcast networks have affiliated television stations in the state.[149]
The state has two primary newspapers. The Oklahoman, based in Oklahoma City, is the largest newspaper in the state and 48th-largest in the nation by circulation, with a weekday readership of 215,102 and a Sunday readership of 287,505. The Tulsa World, the second most widely circulated newspaper in Oklahoma and 77th in the nation, holds a Sunday circulation of 189,789 and a weekday readership of 138,262.[146] Oklahoma's first newspaper was established in 1844, called the Cherokee Advocate, and was written in both Cherokee and English.[150] .In 2006, there were more than 220 newspapers located in the state, including 177 with weekly publications and 48 with daily publications.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
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^ There is more evidence to suggest there was not a Ryder truck used in the bombing than to confirm that there was such a vehicle.
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^ The Oklahoma Mesonet measures a large variety of environmental conditions at more than 100 locations statewide.
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[150]
Two large public radio networks are broadcast in Oklahoma: Oklahoma Public Radio and Public Radio International. .First launched in 1955, Oklahoma Public Radio was the first public radio network in Oklahoma, and has won 271 awards for outstanding programming.^ The state’s first radio station, WKY in Oklahoma City, was licensed in 1921.
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[151] .Public Radio International broadcasts on 10 stations throughout the state, and provides more than 400 hours of programming.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
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^ The southwest and southeast corners of the state have each experienced their second-wettest August on record with surpluses of more than three inches.
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^ January 28-30, 2002: This powerful winter storm wreaked havoc on the northwestern half of the state, and none suffered more than the state's power suppliers.
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[152] The state's first radio station, WKY in Oklahoma City, signed on in 1920, followed by KRFU in Bristow, which later moved to Tulsa and became KVOO in 1927.[153] In 2006, there were more than 500 radio stations in Oklahoma broadcasting with various local or nationally owned networks.[154]
Oklahoma has a few ethnic-oriented TV stations broadcasting in Spanish, Asian languages and sometimes have Native American programming. TBN, a Christian religious television network has a studio in Tulsa, and built their first entirely TBN-owned affiliate in Oklahoma City in 1980.[citation needed]

Transportation

One of ten major toll highways in Oklahoma, the Will Rogers Turnpike extends northeast from Tulsa.
Transportation in Oklahoma is generated by an anchor system of Interstate Highways, intercity rail lines, airports, inland ports, and mass transit networks. Situated along an integral point in the United States Interstate network, Oklahoma contains three interstate highways and four auxiliary Interstate Highways. In Oklahoma City, Interstate 35 intersects with Interstate 44 and Interstate 40, forming one of the most important intersections along the United States highway system.[155] More than 12,000 miles (19,000 km) of roads make up the state's major highway skeleton, including state-operated highways, ten turnpikes or major toll roads,[155] and the longest drivable stretch of Route 66 in the nation.[156] .In 2005, Interstate 44 in Oklahoma City was Oklahoma's busiest highway, with a daily traffic volume of 131,800 cars.^ In the early 1990s Oklahoma had 49 daily newspapers with a total daily circulation of about 744,200 including the Daily Oklahoman in Oklahoma City, and the Tulsa World, in Tulsa.
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^ Oklahoma City in particular set several precipitation records, including their All-time August rainfall total and all-time August daily rainfall total.
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^ Of Oklahoma’s 88 heliports and 322 airports, the two busiest are Tulsa International Airport and Will Rogers World Airport (Oklahoma City).
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[157] In 2007, the state had the nation's highest number of bridges classified as structurally deficient, with nearly 6,300 bridges in disrepair, including 127 along its primary highway system.[158]
Map of Oklahoma showing major roads and thoroughfares
Oklahoma's largest commercial airport is Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City, averaging a yearly passenger count of more than 3.5 million in 2005.[159] Tulsa International Airport, the state's second largest commercial airport, serves more than three million travelers annually.[160] Between the two, thirteen major airlines operate in Oklahoma.[161][162] In terms of traffic, Riverside-Jones airport in Tulsa is the state's busiest airport, with 235,039 takeoffs and landings in 2006.[163] In total, Oklahoma has over 150 public-use airports.[164]
Oklahoma is connected to the nation's rail network via Amtrak's Heartland Flyer, its only regional passenger rail line. It currently stretches from Oklahoma City to Fort Worth, Texas, though lawmakers began seeking funding in early 2007 to connect the Heartland Flyer to Tulsa.[165] Two inland ports on rivers serve Oklahoma: the Port of Muskogee and the Tulsa Port of Catoosa. .The only port handling international cargo in the state, the Tulsa Port of Catoosa is the most inland ocean-going port in the nation and ships over two million tons of cargo each year.^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
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^ With this relief, the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDCM) lowered the drought severity across most of the state by one to two categories.
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[166][167] Both ports are located on the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, which connects barge traffic from Tulsa and Muskogee to the Mississippi River via the Verdigris and Arkansas rivers, contributing to one of the busiest waterways in the world.[167]

Law and government

The Oklahoma State Capitol located in Oklahoma City.
The government of Oklahoma is a constitutional republic modeled after the Federal Government of the United States, with executive, legislative, and judicial branches.[168] The state has 77 counties with jurisdiction over most local government functions within each respective domain,[21] five congressional districts, and a voting base with a majority in the Democratic Party.[15] State officials are elected by plurality voting.

State government

The Legislature of Oklahoma consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. As the lawmaking branch of the state government, it is responsible for raising and distributing the money necessary to run the government. The Senate has 48 members serving four-year terms, while the House has 101 members with two year terms. .The state has a term limit for its legislature that restricts any one person to a total of twelve cumulative years service between both legislative branches.^ While the year-to-date total for the state stands as the 13th wettest on record, the Panhandle and far northwestern Oklahoma have recorded their 11th driest January-April period on record.
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[169][170]
Oklahoma's judicial branch consists of the Oklahoma Supreme Court, the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals, and 77 District Courts that each serves one county. The Oklahoma judiciary also contains two independent courts: a Court of Impeachment and the Oklahoma Court on the Judiciary. .Oklahoma has two courts of last resort: the state Supreme Court hears civil cases, and the state Court of Criminal Appeals hears criminal cases.^ These same documents were then put into the Federal records of an amazing case in Philadelphia Easter District of Federal Court, months after the Oklahoma City bombing happened!
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^ The state's 27 tornadoes during each of the last two years are little more than half the annual average of 53.
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^ April 17,1997 Representative Key announces the Oklahoma State Supreme Court decision to uphold the appellate court decision for an independent grand jury to investigate the bombing.
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Judges of those two courts, as well as the Court of Civil Appeals are appointed by the Governor upon the recommendation of the state Judicial Nominating Commission, and are subject to a non-partisan retention vote on a six-year rotating schedule.[169]
The Oklahoma Senate chamber houses the operations of the Oklahoma Senate.
The executive branch consists of the Governor, his staff, and other elected officials. The principal head of government, the Governor is the chief executive of the Oklahoma executive branch, serving as the ex officio Commander-in-Chief of the Oklahoma National Guard when not called into Federal use and reserving the power to veto bills passed through the Legislature. .The responsibilities of the Executive branch include submitting the budget, ensuring that state laws are enforced, and ensuring peace within the state is preserved.^ Specific responsibilities include, but not limited to: • Ensuring t ...
  • Oklahoma Jobs in Oklahoma Job Search. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC oklahoma.jobs.com [Source type: News]

[171]

Local government

The state is divided into 77 counties that govern locally, each headed by a three-member council of elected commissioners, a tax assessor, clerk, court clerk, treasurer, and sheriff.[172] While each municipality operates as a separate and independent local government with executive, legislative and judicial power, county governments maintain jurisdiction over both incorporated cities and non-incorporated areas within their boundaries, but have executive power but no legislative or judicial power. Both county and municipal governments collect taxes, employ a separate police force, hold elections, and operate emergency response services within their jurisdiction.[173][174] Other local government units include school districts, technology center districts, community college districts, rural fire departments, rural water districts, and other special use districts.
.Thirty-nine Native American tribal governments are based in Oklahoma, each holding limited powers within designated areas.^ Historically, the area was home to large numbers of nomadic Native Americans who hunted bison.
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^ Power companies estimated that power could be lost for up to two months in some rural areas of northwestern Oklahoma.
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^ It also has the third-highest percentage of Native Americans after Alaska and Oklahoma, and the fifth-highest total number of Native Americans after California, Oklahoma, Arizona, and Texas.
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While Indian reservations typical in most of the United States are not present in Oklahoma, tribal governments hold land granted during the Indian Territory era, but with limited jurisdiction and no control over state governing bodies such as municipalities and counties. .Tribal governments are recognized by the United States as quasi-sovereign entities with executive, judicial, and legislative powers over tribal members and functions, but are subject to the authority of the United States Congress to revoke or withhold certain powers.^ The city ranks as the seventh-largest city in the United States by land area which includes consolidated city-counties; it is the largest city in the United States by land area whose government is not consolidated with that of a county .
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.The tribal governments are required to submit a constitution and any subsequent amendments to the United States Congress for approval.^ They found our government malignant in its intent and charged the United States with murder!
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^ The city ranks as the seventh-largest city in the United States by land area which includes consolidated city-counties; it is the largest city in the United States by land area whose government is not consolidated with that of a county .
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^ Keyword Search: View the Agency/License List for the state government agencies included in the system and the licenses they require.
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[175][176]
Five congressional districts are located in Oklahoma.

National politics

Presidential elections results[177]
Year Republicans Democrats
2008 65.65% 960,165 34.35% 502,496
2004 65.57% 959,792 34.43% 503,966
2000 60.31% 744,337 38.43% 474,276
1996 48.26% 582,315 40.45% 488,105
1992 42.65% 592,929 34.02% 473,066
1988 57.93% 678,367 41.28% 483,423
1984 68.61% 861,530 30.67% 385,080
1980 60.50% 695,570 34.97% 402,026
1976 49.96% 545,708 48.75% 532,442
1972 73.70% 759,025 24.00% 247,147
1968 47.68% 449,697 31.99% 301,658
1964 44.25% 412,665 55.75% 519,834
1960 59.02% 533,039 40.98% 533,039
Oklahoma has a voter demographic weighted towards the Democratic Party as of 2007. Though there are 11.6 percent more registered Democrats in Oklahoma than registered Republicans,[15] the state has voted for a Republican in every presidential election from 1968 forward, and in 2004, George W. Bush carried every county in the state and 65.6 percent of the statewide vote and in 2008 Republican John McCain received 65.7 percent of the statewide vote and every county, making Oklahoma the only state whose counties voted unanimously for McCain.[178]
Following the 2000 census, the Oklahoma delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives was reduced from six to five representatives, each serving one congressional district. For the 110th Congress (2007–2009), there are no changes in party strength, and the delegation has four Republicans and one Democrat. Oklahoma's U.S. senators are Republicans Jim Inhofe and Tom Coburn, and its U.S. Representatives are John Sullivan (R-OK-1), Dan Boren (D-OK-2), Frank D. Lucas (R-OK-3), Tom Cole (R-OK-4), and Mary Fallin (R-OK-5).

Cities and towns

Oklahoma City is the state's capital and largest city by population and land area.
Oklahoma had 549 incorporated places in 2006, including three cities over 100,000 in population and 40 over 10,000. Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are located in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and 58 percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area.[10][179] Oklahoma City, the state's capital and largest city, had the largest metropolitan area in the state in 2007, with 1,269,907 people, and the metropolitan area of Tulsa had 905,755 residents.[180] Between 2005 and 2006, the Tulsa suburbs of Jenks, Bixby, and Owasso led the state in population growth, showing percentage growths of 47.9, 44.56, and 34.31, respectively.[181]
Tulsa is the state's second largest city by population and land area.
In descending order of population, Oklahoma's largest cities in 2007 were: Oklahoma City (547,274), Tulsa (384,037), Norman (106,707), Lawton (91,568), Broken Arrow (90,714), Edmond (78,226), Midwest City (55,935), Moore (51,106), Enid (47,008), and Stillwater (46,976). Of the state's ten largest cities, three are outside the metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and only Lawton has a metropolitan statistical area of its own as designated by the United States Census Bureau, though the metropolitan statistical area of Fort Smith, Arkansas extends into the state.[181]
.Under Oklahoma law, municipalities are divided into two categories: cities, defined as having more than 1,000 residents, and towns, with under 1,000 residents.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Damage from the current storm will undoubtedly soar into that territory as well as clean-up begins and the impacts become more well-defined.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southeastern Oklahoma, for instance, is having its 23rd driest winter on record thus far at more than an inch and a half below normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Both have legislative, judicial, and public power within their boundaries, but cities can choose between a mayor-council, council-manager, or strong mayor form of government, while towns operate through an elected officer system.[173]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 258,657
1900 790,391 205.6%
1910 1,657,155 109.7%
1920 2,028,283 22.4%
1930 2,396,040 18.1%
1940 2,336,434 −2.5%
1950 2,233,351 −4.4%
1960 2,328,284 4.3%
1970 2,559,229 9.9%
1980 3,025,290 18.2%
1990 3,145,585 4.0%
2000 3,450,654 9.7%
Est. 2009 3,687,050 6.9%
Oklahoma Population Density Map
As of 2007, Oklahoma had a population of 3,617,316[1] with an estimated 2005 ancestral makeup of 14.5% German, 13.1% American, 11.8% Irish, 9.6% English, 8.1% African American, and 11.4% Native American, including 7.9% Cherokee,[182][183] though the percentage of people claiming American Indian as their only race was 8.1%.[5] The state had the second highest number of Native Americans in 2002, estimated at 395,219, as well as the second highest percentage among all states.[183] As of 2006, 4.7% of Oklahoma's residents were foreign born,[184] compared to 12.4% for the nation.[185] The center of population of Oklahoma is located in Lincoln County near the town of Sparks.[186]
The state's 2006 per capita personal income ranked 37th at $32,210, though it has the third-fastest growing per capita income in the nation[8] and ranks consistently among the lowest states in cost of living index.[187] The Oklahoma City suburb Nichols Hills is first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income at $73,661, though Tulsa County holds the highest average.[181] In 2006, 6.8% of Oklahomans were under the age of 5, 25.9% under 18, and 13.2% were 65 or older. Females made up 50.9% of the population.
It is also noteworthy that there are no towns or cities in the State of Oklahoma that begin with the letters "U", "X" or "Z" according to the state's tax website: http://www.tax.ok.gov/mla/mla-index.html.

Religion

Oklahoma is part of a geographical region characterized by widespread beliefs in Biblical Christianity and Evangelical Protestantism known as the "Bible Belt". Spanning the Southeastern United States, the area is known for politically and socially conservative views. Tulsa, the state's second largest city, home to Oral Roberts University, is considered an apex of the region and is known as one of the "buckles of the Bible Belt".[188][189] According to the Pew Research Center, the majority of Oklahoma's religious adherents — 85 percent — are Christian, accounting for about 80 percent of the population. The percentage of Oklahomans affiliated with Catholicism is half of the national average, while the percentage affiliated with Evangelical Protestantism is more than twice the national average — tied with Arkansas for the largest percentage of any state.[190]
Adherents participate in 73 major affiliations spread between 5,854 congregations, ranging from the Southern Baptist Convention, with 1578 churches and 967,223 members, to the Holy Orthodox Church in North America, with 1 church and 6 members. The state's largest church memberships are in the Southern Baptist Convention, the United Methodist Church, with 322,794 members, the Roman Catholic Church, with 168,625, the Assemblies of God, with 88,301, and Churches of Christ, with 83,047.[191] In 2000, there were about 5,000 Jews and 6,000 Muslims, with 10 congregations to each group.[191]
Oklahoma religious makeup:[191][A]

State symbols

The American Bison, Oklahoma's state mammal
Oklahoma's quarter, released in 2008 as part of the state quarters series, depicts Oklahoma's state bird flying above its state wildflower.[192]
Oklahoma's state emblems and honorary positions are codified by state law;[193] the Oklahoma Senate or House of Representatives may adopt resolutions designating others for special events and to benefit organizations.
State symbols:[194]

See also

Notes

A. ^ Determined by a survey by the Pew Research Center in 2008. Percentages represent claimed religious beliefs, not necessarily membership in any particular congregation. Figures have a ±5 percent margin of error.[190]
B. ^ Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, other faiths each account for less than 1 percent. Jehovah's Witness, Mormons, Orthodox Christianity, and other Christian traditions each compose less than .5% percent. 1% refused to answer the Pew Research Center's survey.[190]

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Further reading

  • Baird, W. David; and Danney Goble (1994). The Story of Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2650-7. 
  • Dale, Edward Everett; and Morris L. Wardell (1948). History of Oklahoma. New York: Prentice-Hall. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=9570550. 
  • Gibson, Arrell Morgan (1981). Oklahoma: A History of Five Centuries (2nd ed. ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1758-3. 
  • Goble, Danney (1980). .Progressive Oklahoma: The Making of a New Kind of State.^ The eastern border of New Mexico lies along 103° W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and three miles west of 103.5° W longitude with Texas.
    • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Located in the South Central United States, Texas is bordered by Mexico to the south, New Mexico to the west, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east.
    • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1510-6.
     
  • Jones, Stephen (1974). Oklahoma Politics in State and Nation (vol. 1 (1907-62) ed.). Enid, Okla.: Haymaker Press. 
  • Joyce, Davis D. (ed.) (1994). An Oklahoma I Had Never Seen Before: Alternative Views of Oklahoma History. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2599-3. 
  • Morgan, Anne Hodges; and H. Wayne Morgan (eds.) (1982). .Oklahoma: New Views of the Forty-sixth State.^ Oklahoma Basketball News - view more .

    Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1651-X.
     
  • Morgan, David R.; Robert E. England, and George G. Humphreys (1991). .Oklahoma Politics and Policies: Governing the Sooner State.^ In Bedlam, Sooners top Oklahoma State 62-57 in OT (AP) Mon, 11 Jan 2010 20:48:59 PST - .

    ^ The Oklahoma Climatological Survey (OCS) has been mandated by the Oklahoma legislature to provide climate information and expertise which could be of value to the public, as well as to state policy- and decision-makers.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ December 24,1996 The Oklahoma Court of Appeals granted the request of Oklahoma State Representative Charles key to investigate the federal government's investigation of the bombing.
    • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-3106-7.
     
  • Morris, John W.; Charles R. Goins, and Edwin C. McReynolds (1986). Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (3rd ed. ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1991-8. 
  • Wishart, David J. (ed.) (2004). Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-4787-7. 

External links

General
Government
Tourism and recreation
Culture and history
Maps and demographics

Preceded by
Utah
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on November 16, 1907 (46th)
Succeeded by
New Mexico

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Oklahoma is a state located in the south-central region of the United States. Its nickname is the "Sooner State", and is part of a region commonly known as the American "Heartland." Oklahoma City is the state's capital and largest city. The Congressional Quarterly and Census report places Oklahoma in the Southern United States. Oklahoma became the 46th state in the Union on November 16th, 1907. Its residents are often called Okies.
Many displaced Oklahomans have expressed their desire to return to Oklahoma in song:

Sourced

  • You can call me what you want to
    But Okie is okay with me.
    • Zeke Clements, Oklahoma Blues
  • Going home to Oklahoma.
    Yes I am.
    Here's my train coming now
    I homeward bound.
    Yes, I'm going home today
    And I expect to stay.
    • Spade Cooley, All Aboard for Oklahoma
  • Got my ticket in my hand
    Gonna cross a lot of sand.
    Oklahoma here I come!
    • Paul Westmoreland, Oklahoma Bound
  • Bought a round-trip ride today,
    Throwed the come-back part away.
    Oklahoma's dear to me.
    • Paul Westmoreland, Oklahoma Bound
  • Oh, howl away you wild coyote,
    I hear your sad, your lonesome song.
    It's calling me to Oklahoma
    Back to those hills where I belong.
    • Jack Guthrie/Woody Guthrie, Oklahoma's Calling
  • Let me hear a coyote howl,
    Or a lonesome hound dog bay.
    Back to the heart of those lonesome hills
    I'm gonna be some day.
    For Oklahoma I'm yearning.
    • Jack Guthrie/Wava White, For Oklahoma, I'm Yearning
  • I'm gona settle down
    When I reach that city fair.
    I'm homeward bound
    And I Know I'll soom be there
    Where tall corn grows,
    And the black oil flows,
    In old O-K-L-A.
    • Jimmie Hall/Leon McAuliffe, Tulsa Straight Ahead
  • I want to go back to Oklahoma.
    I'm happy there
    Living next to the soil.
    • Billy Hughes, Next to the Soil
  • And now I'd like to settle down,
    In Oklahoma in my home town.
    • Leodie Jackson, Ramblin' Okie
  • But the sun in California
    Doen't shine one half as bright
    As the one Oklahoma,
    So I'm startin' back tonight.
    • Merl Lindsay, Lonesome Okie Goin' Home
  • I don't believe I ever saw an Oklahoman who wouldn't fight at the drop of a hat — and frequently drop the hat himself.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

.Oklahoma [1] is a state in the Great Plains region of the United States of America.^ In fact, every region of the state has been decidedly on the wet side of normal for the month save for north central Oklahoma which has experienced a deficit of about an inch.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Oklahoma celebrates their centennial of statehood in 2007. [2] Oklahoma became a state on November 16th, 1907.
Oklahoma Regions
Oklahoma Regions
  • Oklahoma City, State capital
  • Broken Arrow
  • Edmond an affluent suburb just north of Oklahoma City
  • Lawton Located adjacent to historic Fort Sill and the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge
  • Moore a rapidly growing suburb just south of Oklahoma City
  • Norman Home of the University of Oklahoma
  • Shawnee Birthplace of Brad Pitt.
  • Stillwater Home of Oklahoma State University
  • Tulsa
  • Great Salt Plains State Park Northwest of Enid and near Jet [3] Dig for Selenite crystals.
  • The Oklahoma Space Port at Burns Flat [4]
Oklahoma State Capitol building
Oklahoma State Capitol building
Oklahoma has a rich Native American past. .In the 1830's Oklahoma was the end of The Trail of Tears [5] and over 16,000 Cherokee Indian people were forced to move from their eastern homes by the United States government and were relocated to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma.^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remnants of the hurricane that devestated Galveston inundated eastern Indian Territory with flooding rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In addition the Five Civilized Tribes were relocated from the southeastern United States. Oklahoma's name is taken from two Choctaw words. "okla" means people and "humma" meaning red, so Oklahoma literally means "red people". Thirty nine tribes and Indian nations have their headquarters in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma has a recent pioneer past. There are people alive today in Oklahoma that remember it as a frontier. Oklahoma is most known to the outside world as the site of the tragic Oklahoma City Bombing. The cost of living is among the lowest in the US and such includes the cost of tourist related activities. Lodging, rental cars, fuel, and restaurants are lower in cost than nearly anywhere else in the US.

Talk

The Coastal Southern drawl is rare. The South Midlands accent is more common. This accent ranges from Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and into Texas. Cherokee is common in Tahlequah but English is dominant even there. The Indian tribes are completely integrated in Oklahoma and Indian languages are seldom heard outside Indian events. .It is also very common to hear a "twangy" accent in most parts of the state.^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It sounds very similar to a Texas accent, but with a flair. A trained ear can distinguish between the Texas and Oklahoma accents. There is also a difference in accent between inhabitants of the larger cities and those of the smaller towns and rural areas.

Get in

.Will Rogers World Airport located in Oklahoma City and Tulsa International Airport in Tulsa are the two major state airports for domestic and international air travel.^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Workshop Locations November 24 - Tulsa December 1 - Ada December 4 - Ardmore December 8 - Weatherford December 11 - Ponca City December 15 - Norman .
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other minor airports with limited domestic transport are located in Lawton and (sometimes) Ponca City.^ Workshop Locations November 24 - Tulsa December 1 - Ada December 4 - Ardmore December 8 - Weatherford December 11 - Ponca City December 15 - Norman .
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get around

The major interstates of Oklahoma include:
Also:
  • Historic US Route 66 closely parallel to I-44 between the Kansas state line to Oklahoma City and I-40 from Oklahoma City to the Texas state line.
  • Route 66 Oklahoma has more miles of original Route 66 road-bed left than any other state.
Oklahoma City Memorial at sunrise
.
Oklahoma City Memorial at sunrise
  • Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum in Oklahoma City.^ Friday morning's rains mark 17 consecutive days of rainfall in Oklahoma City, according to the National Weather Service.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The memorial is both one of the most visible attractions in the city as well as the saddest, which has posed some problems for the city's tourism department. .The outdoor symbolic memorial is free and open 24 hours a day, while the very well done Memorial Museum , right next door, can be visited for a small fee.
  • Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge in Indiahoma.^ A more thorough investigation shows the Burneyville event broke the 24-hour rainfall event for the Mesonet as well.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The deluge also eclipsed several return-period rain levels, such as the 500-year 1-day, 24-hour and 12-hour amounts.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .More than 50 mammal, 240 bird, 64 reptile and amphibian, 36 fish, and 806 plant species thrive on this important refuge.
  • The architect Frank Lloyd Wright designed several ...^ Bolstered by an extremely wet northeast corner, the statewide average precipitation total for Oklahoma stands at more than 36 inches, or about an inch above normal.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While ice accumulation is usually less than an inch, storms that deposit several inches can occur once or more per decade.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ More than 50,000 utility customers were left without power at the peak of the storm.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    interesting ... buildings in Oklahoma and elsewhere. .His tallest skyscraper is the Price Tower in Bartlesville.
  • National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City.^ Friday morning's rains mark 17 consecutive days of rainfall in Oklahoma City, according to the National Weather Service.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Here you can walk down the streets of Prosperity Junction, a turn-of-the-century Western town.^ Whether you are driving or walking, if you come to a flooded road, Turn Around Don't Drown.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Visit The American Cowboy Gallery, the American Rodeo Gallery, and the Western Performers Gallery. .Visit www.nationalcowboymuseum.org for information on special exhibits.
  • Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa.^ For more information about the Oklahoma Mesonet, visit http://www.mesonet.org/ .
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For additional information, please visit http://www.ok.gov/oid/Climate_Conference.html or call Jason Sutton at 405.522.4066.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Visit the Big Read website at http://www.bigreadok.com for more information, including registration, online discussions, and updates leading up to the event.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The largest collection of Western art in the world.
Talimena Drive in the fall
Talimena Drive in the fall
  • Talimena Drive [6] from Talihina, Oklahoma to Mena, Arkansas. A 54 Mile scenic drive in Oklahoma and Arkansas along the ridge of the Ouachita Mountains and the Ouachita National Forest. The drive has frequent turnouts so you can enjoy the scenery. Convenient access to the drive near the mid-point can be accessed from Poteau by taking Hwy 59 south.
  • Oral Roberts University in Tulsa is among the nation's largest collections of futuristic architecture.
  • Lake Eufaula The largest lake in Oklahoma 102,000 acres of water.

Do

Oklahoma is known as a great place to live and visit. There are a lot of things to do in Oklahoma and it has all kinds of terrain. .You will find mountains, pine woods and lakes in the eastern third of the state, plains and grasslands with rolling hills in the center of the state and in the west and panhandle it has plains and approaches more of a desert area.^ More recently, the western half of the state enjoyed above normal rainfall in August and early September, while the eastern half of the state had very little rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eastern third of the state has continued to dry out over similar periods.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ January 12-15, 2007: This storm caused catastrophic damage to the power systems in the eastern one-third Oklahoma, where ice accumulations were more than three inches in localized areas.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are all kinds of activities available from hunting, fishing, hiking, to gambling in one of the hundred or so casinos and bingo parlors, and metro activities in Tulsa and Oklahoma City.^ There is very little evidence that ENSO is responsible for shifts in spring tornado activity in Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City in particular set several precipitation records, including their All-time August rainfall total and all-time August daily rainfall total.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Oklahoma City is also home of the Cowboy Hall of Fame.
  • Oklahoma Aquarium, 300 Aquarium Drive, Jenks, (918)296-3474, [7]. .Check out more than 200 exhibits featuring thousands of salt and fresh water marine species and also mammals.^ While these cooler-than-normal pacific waters may be thousands of miles away, climate studies have shown the phenomena can still impact the weather in Oklahoma.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The aquarium also houses the Karl and Beverly White Fishing Tackle Museum, billed as "the largest and most comprehensive fishing tackle collection in the world!"  edit
  • Firelake Casino in Shawnee.
  • Remington Park Racing & Casino Oklahoma City.^ The six deaths were the most in a single day since the deadly May 3, 1999, Moore-South Oklahoma City EF-5 that killed 36.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The unveiling of the 40-station Oklahoma City Micronet represents a significant milestone in the history of weather data collection in metropolitan areas and is the first of its kind in the world in terms of data collection, quality, and availability to a variety of customers.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Horse racing and slots.
  • Blue Ribbon Downs, in Sallisaw. Horse racing.
  • Ada Gaming Center in Ada. .Bingo, off-track.
  • Ardmore Gaming Center in Ardmore.
  • Blue Star Gaming and Casino in Ponca City.
  • Cherokee Casino - Catoosa in Catoosa.
  • Cherokee Casino - Roland in Roland.
  • Cherokee Casino - Siloam, 7300 West US Highway 412, West Siloam Springs, +1 (918) 422-6301.
  • Choctaw Casino - Broken Bow in Broken Bow
  • Choctaw Casino - Durant in Durant.
  • Choctaw Casino - Pocola in Pocola.
  • Comanche Nation Games in Lawton.
  • Creek Nation Casino - Muskogee in Muskogee.
  • Creek Nation Casino - Tulsa in Tulsa.
  • Gaming Center and Thunderbird Wild Wild West Casino in Norman.
  • Grand Lake Casino in Grove.
  • Riverwind Casino in Norman.
  • The Stables and Buffalo Run Casino in Miami.
  • Winstar Casinos in Thackerville.
  • The Canebrake 40 minutes east off SH51 in Wagoner Fine dining, full bar, daily yoga, spa services, rooms & suites, conference center, ropes course.^ The Spring Full Certification Course is March 13-16, 2007 at the National Weather Center in Norman.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lake Thunderbird near Norman, which just a few weeks ago was nearly 30% below it's normal conservation level, is now nearly full.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Workshop Locations November 24 - Tulsa December 1 - Ada December 4 - Ardmore December 8 - Weatherford December 11 - Ponca City December 15 - Norman .
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    1+918-485-1810 [8]
  • The Meers Store & Restaurant, OK Highway 115, 1 1/2 miles north of the Wichita Mountain Wildlife Refuge, Meers +1 (580) 429-8051. [9]. Famous for Meersburger - 7" diameter burgers made exclusively from Texas Longhorn beef, raised on the family's ranch. Voted the Best Burgers in Oklahoma. A must see if you are near Lawton.
  • Buffalo Meat
(580) 588-2515 [10]
.
  • Nuyaka Creek Winery southeast of Bristow, OK Email: mailto:webmaster@nuyakacreek.com +1 (918) 756-8485 [11]
  • Natura Winery Beggs, OK email: mailto:info@naturawinery.com +1 (918) 756-9463 [12]
  • Tidal School Vineyards 54560 West Highway 16, Drumright, OK +1 866 258-1903 [13]
  • Sparks Vineyard & Winery Route 1, Box 15, Sparks, OK Email: mailto:sparksvineyard@aol.com +1 (918)866-2529 [14]
  • Summerside Vineyards 441251 E. Historic Route 66 Vinita, OK +1 888 508-9463 [15]
  • Canadian River Winery 15 minutes south of Norman, Oklahoma on state highway 77 at Slaughterville Road.^ The rains, which largely fell between September 10 and September 14, totaled between 4-7 inches in the northwestern half of the state and 1-4 inches in the southeastern half, according to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Since 1998, at least 11 Oklahoma children have died from heat stroke when left unattended in closed vehicles, some for as short as only a few minutes.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Central Oklahoma led the state with a surplus of more than 11 inches.
    • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Email: mailto:CRWinery@aol.com +1 (405) 872-5565 [16] open Monday - Saturday 12:00 - 5:00 pm
  • Greenfield Vineyard & Winery Rt. 2 Box 877, Chandler, OK +1 (405) 258-0525 [17]
  • Wakefield Country Inn & Winery [18] winery, spa and vineyard near Calvin, OK.
  • The Wine Village Located on SH66 Downtown Stroud, OK +1 (918) 987-0001 [19]
  • Sailing Horse Winery Located on in Eufaula, OK (918) 618-4824 [20]
  • Plain View Winery Located on in Lahoma, OK (580) 796-2902 [21]
  • Plymouth Valley Cellars Located on in Fairview, OK (580) 227-3207 [22]
  • StableRidge Vineyards Located at 2016 Route 66 West in Stroud, OK +1 (800) 359-3990 [23]
Sample some of Oklahoma's premier wines.

Wichita Mountains of Southwest Oklahoma

These mountains are older than the Rockies, now ancient and worn down, but beautiful and majestic. The Wichitas are the site of the oldest National Wildlife Refuge in the United States, the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge. It is the second most visited refuge in the national wildlife refuge system and attracts more than 2 million visitors annually. At the turn of the century, the American Buffalo was nearly extinct. President Theodore Roosevelt became concerned. Through the efforts of the American Bison Society and the New York Zoological Society, an offer was made to donate 15 bison to the Wichita National Forest and Game Preserve. Congress set aside $15,000 for this purpose, and on October 11, 1907, 15 of the finest buffalo from the New York Zoological Park were shipped by rail to Oklahoma. Seven days later, these six bulls and nine cows had safely returned to the plains and mountains. Today, The current bison herd is maintained at approximately 650 animals. Along with bison, there many other species of wildlife - more than 50 mammal (including elk and deer), 240 bird, 64 reptile and amphibian, 36 fish, and 806 plant species thrive on this important refuge. The Wichitas attract rock climbers from the entire region, particularly Texas because of it's amazing granite peaks and faces. Mt. Scott has a paved road all the way to the top, and provides a great view of southwest Oklahoma. Also in the area you can catch America's longest running passion play each Easter weekend at the Holy City of the Wichitas, hike the Charon's Garden Wilderness Area, camp alongside beautiful lakes, and be sure to try the famous Meersburger at the Meers Store north of the Refuge. The small historic town of Medicine Park is located at the main entry to the wildlife refuge on State Highway 49. It is widely known as "America's Cobblestone Community" and was Oklahoma's first planned tourism resort, founded July 4th, 1908. Today, the community is experiencing a major revitalization and attracts thousands to visit it's quaint shops, dine in restaurants, taverns, winery and stay in it's bed & breakfast inns and numerous cottages. The area of the Wichita Mountains has recently been designated as The Wichita Mountains National Scenic Byway. For more information on the area check out The Wichita Mountains Cobblestone Gazette E-Magazine at http://www.cobbelstonegazette.com

Stay safe

Oklahoma is in "Tornado Alley". Check the Tornado safety page if you are visiting Oklahoma. Oklahoma possesses state-of-the-art radar and warning systems for tracking severe weather. It is, arguably, the best system in the country. A traveler can readily obtain up-to-date weather information via television, radio, or the Internet. Being vigilant of Oklahoma weather is particularly important during the spring storm season.
Crime is not a big problem in Oklahoma. It is safe to walk in the evenings in almost all Oklahoma cities. Some care should be taken in the major cities of Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Edmond, and Lawton due to a higher crime rate in some areas of these cities. There are many areas of Oklahoma City that are not well lit at night. Travelers should exercise common sense in walking in well lit areas, staying on busy streets, removing valuables from vehicles, and locking vehicles.
Most Oklahomans will readily help anyone in need regardless of whether they are known to them or a stranger. There is very little "ice" among people in Oklahoma. A traveler in need of assistance should expect a helpful and friendly attitude.
Travelers in need of assistance on the highway may contact the Oklahoma Highway Patrol by dialing *55 on their cellphones
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Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Oklahoma
by Ernest Hemingway
All of the indians are dead
(A good indian is a dead Indian)
Or riding in motor cars,
(The oil lands, you know, they're all rich)
Smoke smarts my eyes,
Cottonwood twigs and buffalo dung
Smoke grey in the teepee-
(Or is it myopic trachoma?)

The prairies are long,
The moon rises,
Ponies
Drag at their pickets.
The grass has gone brown in the summer-
(Or is the hay crop failing?)

Pull an arrow out,
If you break it
The would closes.
Salt is good too
And wood ashes.
Pounding it throbs in the night-
(Or is it the gonorrhea?)

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.OKLAHOMA (a Choctaw Indian word meaning " red people "), a south central state of the United States of America lying between 33° 35' and 37° N. lat.^ The way Freeh “sits on things and lies to the president of the United States by not bringing it to his attention is, in my view, criminal,” Klayman stated.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drought conditions in south central Oklahoma are currently labeled “severe” by the U.S. Drought Monitor, with “moderate” drought and abnormally dry conditions in other areas.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rains, which largely fell between September 10 and September 14, totaled between 4-7 inches in the northwestern half of the state and 1-4 inches in the southeastern half, according to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

and 94° 29' and 103° W. long. It is bounded N. by Colorado and Kansas; E. by Missouri and Arkansas; S. by Texas, from which it is separated in part by the Red river; and W. by Texas and New Mexico. It has a total area of 70,057 sq. m., of which 643 sq. m. are water-surface. .Although the extreme western limit of the state is the 103rd meridian, the only portion W. of the tooth meridian is a strip of land about 35 m.^ From Norman, Oklahoma, we are about 6 minutes North on I-35 to exit 116, then 2 miles West to Western and 1/2 mile North.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ We are about the only ones publicly stating that several federal judges in the U.S. wear two hats---one as federal judge, and two, generally unknown, as FEMA official.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The moisture also delayed the progress of drought conditions which had once again begun to advance across the western and southern portions of our state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

wide in the present Beaver, Texas and Cimarron counties, and formerly designated as " No Man's Land." Physiography. - .The topographical features of the state exhibit considerable diversity, ranging fro g $ wide treeless plains in the W. to rugged and heavily wooded mountains in the E. In general terms, however, the surface may be described as a vast rolling plain having a gentle southern and eastern slope.^ The precipitation was more plentiful in west central, central, and southeastern Oklahoma, however, where amounts ranged from 2-3 inches in general.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The elevations above the sea range from 4700 ft. in the extreme N.W. to about 35 o ft. in the S.E. The southern and eastern slopes are remarkably uniform; between the northern and southern boundaries E. of the tooth meridian there is a general difference in elevation of from 200 to 300 ft., while from W. to E. there is an average decline of about 3 ft. to the mile. The state has a mean elevation of 1300 ft. with 34,930 sq. m. below loon ft; 25,400 sq. m. between 1000 and 2000 ft.; 650o sq. m. between 2000 and 3000 ft.; and 3600 sq. m. between 3000 and 5000 ft.
.The western portion of the Ozark Mountains enters Oklahoma near the centre of the eastern boundary, and extends W.S.W. half way across the state in a chain of hills gradually decreasing in height.^ March 2008 Climate Summary April 4, 2008 Remarkable rainfall totals from the eastern half of the state propelled March to the sixth wettest since 1895.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, the western portions of the Oklahoma Panhandle remains parched.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the south central part of the state is an elevated tableland known as the Arbuckle Mountains.^ Abundant rains in the north central parts of the state propelled the month to finish as the 25th wettest since 1895.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma currently leads the state with an average of 37.76 inches - the wettest on record for that part of the state, 16.65 inches above normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In its western portion this tableland attains an elevation of about 1350 ft. above the sea and lies about 400 ft. above the bordering plains. At its eastern termination, where it merges with the plains, it has an elevation of about 750 ft. Sixty miles N.W. of this plateau lie the Wichita Mountains, a straggling range of rugged peaks rising abruptly from a level plain. This range extends from Fort Sill north-westward beyond Granite, a distance of 65 m., with some breaks in the second half of this area. .The highest peaks are not more than 1500 ft.^ More than 50,000 utility customers were left without power at the peak of the storm.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

above the plain, but on account of their steep and rugged slopes they are difficult to ascend. A third group of hills, the Chautauqua Mountains, lie in the W. in Blaine and Canadian counties, their main axis being almost parallel with the North Fork of the Canadian river. .With the exception of these isolated clusters of hills the western portion of the state consists almost entirely of rolling prairie.^ The moisture also delayed the progress of drought conditions which had once again begun to advance across the western and southern portions of our state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The extreme north-western part of Oklahoma is a lofty tableland forming part of the Great Plains region E. of the Rocky Mountains.^ From Norman, Oklahoma, we are about 6 minutes North on I-35 to exit 116, then 2 miles West to Western and 1/2 mile North.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Drought conditions remained severe in parts of north central Oklahoma, which largely missed out on the heavy precipitation.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The prairies N. of the Arkansas and W. of the Neosho rivers are deeply carved by small streams, and in the western portion of this area, where the formation consists of alternating shales and sandstones, the easily eroded rocks have been carved into canyons, buttes and mesas. South of the Arkansas river these ledges of sandstone continue as far as Okmulgee, but the evidences of erosion are less noticeable. East of the Neosho river the prairies merge into a hilly woodland. In the N.W. four large salt plains form a striking physical feature. .Of these the most noted is the Big Salt Plain of the Cimarron river, in Woodward county, which varies in width from a m.^ OK; interacted with weak, stalled cold front; major flooding along much of Salt Fork of the Arkansas River in Grant and Kay Counties; flooding also occurred on Cimarron, Washita and Arkansas Rivers.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

to 2 m. and extends along the river for 8 m. The plain is almost perfectly level, covered with snowy-white saline crystals, and contains many salt springs. The other saline areas are the Little Salt Plain, which lies on the Cimarron river, near the Kansas boundary; the Salt Creek Plain, 3 m. long and loo yds. wide, in Blaine county; and the Salt Fork Plain, 6 m. wide and 8 m. long, so called from its position on the .Salt Fork of the Arkansas river.^ OK; interacted with weak, stalled cold front; major flooding along much of Salt Fork of the Arkansas River in Grant and Kay Counties; flooding also occurred on Cimarron, Washita and Arkansas Rivers.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Following the slope of the land, the important streams flow from N.W. to S.E. The Arkansas river enters the state from the N. near the 97th meridian, and after following a general south-easterly course, leaves it near the centre of the eastern boundary. .Its tributaries from the N. and E.-the Verdigris, Grand or Neosho and Illinois-are small and unimportant; but from the S. and W. it receives the waters of much larger streams-the Salt Fork, the Cimarron and the Canadian, with its numerous tributaries.^ OK; interacted with weak, stalled cold front; major flooding along much of Salt Fork of the Arkansas River in Grant and Kay Counties; flooding also occurred on Cimarron, Washita and Arkansas Rivers.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The extreme southern portion of the state is drained by the Red River, which forms the greater part of the southern boundary, and by its tributaries, the North Fork, the Washita and the Kiamichi.^ Yep, but once again, as long as you live somewhere in the southern one-half of the state, or along the extreme western border.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An outflow boundary on the 29th produced wave after wave of thunderstorms along the Red River and the Oklahoma Mesonet site at Burneyville had a front-row seat.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Fauna and Flora.-Of wild animals the most characteristic are the black bear, puma, prairie wolf, timber wolf, fox, deer, antelope, squirrel, rabbit and prairie dog. Hawks and turkey buzzards are common types of the larger birds, and the wild turkey, prairie chicken and quail are the principal game birds. The total woodland area of the state was estimated in 1900 at 24,400 sq. m., or 34.8% of the land area. The most densely wooded section is the extreme E.; among the prairies of the W. timber is seldom found beyond the banks of streams. The most common trees are the various species of the oak and cedar. The pine is confined to the more mountainous sections of the E., and the black walnut is found among the river bottom lands. These four varieties are of commercial value. Other varieties, most of which are widely distributed, are the ash, pecan, cottonwood, sycamore, elm, maple, hickory, elder, gum, locust and river birch. The prairies are covered with valuable bunch, grama and dropseed grasses; in the extreme N.W. the cactus, sagebrush and yucca, types characteristic of more arid regions, are found.
.Climate.-The climate of the state is of a continental type, with great annual variations of temperature and a rainfall which, though generally sufficient for the needs of vegetation, is considerably less than that of the Atlantic Coast or the Mississippi Valley.^ March 2008 Climate Summary April 4, 2008 Remarkable rainfall totals from the eastern half of the state propelled March to the sixth wettest since 1895.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rainfall in general was a drought-buster, and the month finished as the 17th wettest across the state since 1895.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rainfall tapered off towards the Panhandle, leaving that region in a cloud of dust where less than a quarter of an inch of rain fell on average.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The western and central portions of the state are in general cooler and dryer than the E., on account of their greater elevation and greater distance from the Gulf Coast.^ Central Oklahoma led the state with a surplus of more than 11 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The moisture also delayed the progress of drought conditions which had once again begun to advance across the western and southern portions of our state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

'Thus at Beaver, in the extreme N.W., the mean annual temperature is 57° F. and the mean annual rainfall 18.9 in.; while at Lehigh, in the S.E., these figures are respectively 62° and 35.1 in. .At Oklahoma City, in the centre of the state, the mean annual temperature is 59°; the mean for the summer (June, July and August) is 78°, with an extreme recorded of 104°; the mean for the winter (December, January and February) is 38°, with an extreme recorded of -17°.^ (Oklahoma City update by Oklahoma State Rep.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blackberries June 5th - July 15th, Peaches June 5th - August 10th, Nectarines June 25 - July 4th, and July 20th - 30th.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Crops are usually available in May, June, July, August.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

.At Mangum, in the S.W., the mean annual temperature is 61°; the mean for the summer is 81° and for the winter 41°, while the highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded are respectively 114° and -17°.^ That's a far cry from the summer's coolest high temperature of 67 degrees, recorded at Boise City way back on June 14.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The highest temperature in the state thus far has been 106 degrees recorded at the Hooker and Webbers Falls Mesonet sites on August 12 and 13, respectively.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the meager total of 0.81 inch from November 2007 - April 2008 is their lowest accumulation on record by a wide margin.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mean annual precipitation for the state is 317 in.; the variation between the E. and the W. being about 12 in.^ Between 3-6 inches of precipitation fell over a good portion of the state, while the Oklahoma Panhandle suffered through a couple of bouts of nasty winter weather.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Soils.-The prevailing type of soil is a deep dark-red loam, sometimes (especially in the east central part of the state) made up of a decomposed sandstone, and again (in the north central part) made up of shales and decomposed limestone.^ The statewide averages are made up of regional averages, of course, and they don’t adequately depict the variety of weather our state saw in 2008.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another area in east central Oklahoma, just north of I-40 near the Arkansas border, was increased to D1 "moderate drought".
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rainfall added by Erin was yet another blow to an already water-slogged state, especially for central Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Not infrequently there are a belt of red sandy loam on uplands N. of a river, a rich deposit of black alluvium on valley bottom lands, a belt of red clay loam on uplands S. of a river, and a deposit of wind-blown loess on the water parting. .Loess, often thin and always containing little humus, also covers large areas on the high, semi-arid plains in the western part of the state.^ More recently, the western half of the state enjoyed above normal rainfall in August and early September, while the eastern half of the state had very little rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Agriculture and Stock-raising.-For some time before the first opening to settlement by white men in 1899, the territory now embraced in Oklahoma was largely occupied by great herds of cattle driven in from Texas, and since then, although the opening was piecemeal, the agricultural development has been remarkably rapid.^ For the first time since WWII, a U.S.- Japan summit ended without any written agreement.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By 1900, 22,988,339 acres, or 52.1%, of the total land surface was included in farms, and 8,574,187 acres, or 37.7%, of the farm land was improved.' The farm land was divided among 108,000 farms containing an average of 212.85 acres; 26,121 of them contained less than 50 acres, but the most usual size was 160 acres; and 4 8 ,9 8 3, or 45.35%, contained from TOO to 174 acres. A considerable portion of the larger farms (there were 2390 containing 500 acres or more) were owned by Indians but leased to white men. Much land as late as 1900 was held in common by Indian tribes, but has since been allotted to the members of those tribes and most of it is leased to whites. .In 1900, 59,367 (or a little more than one-half of all) farms were worked by owners or part owners, 33,347 were worked by share tenants, and 13,903 were worked by cash tenants.^ April 19,1995 Multiple witnesses believe they heard more than one explosion.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southeastern Oklahoma, for instance, is having its 23rd driest winter on record thus far at more than an inch and a half below normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Go one half mile to farm entrance and follow signs.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

.Indian corn, wheat, cotton, oats and hay are the principal crops, but the variety of farm and garden produce is great, and includes Kafir corn, broom corn, barley, rye, buckwheat, flax, tobacco, beans, castor beans, peanuts, pecans, sorghum cane, sugar cane, and nearly all the fruits and vegetables common to the temperate zone; stock-raising, too, is a very important industry.^ S & M Seasonal Produce And Flowers - Wide variety of seasonal, locally grown fruits and vegetables, beans, beets, broccoli, corn (sweet), cucumbers, eggplant, flowers, melons, onions, peas, peppers, summer squash, winter squash, tomatoes, other vegetables, farm animals, school tours 27575 E 101st S, Coweta, OK 74429.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Farm owners love organic gardening and offer a nice variety of vegetables.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

Of the total acreage of all crops in 1900, 4,431,819 acres, or 68.64%, were of cereals; and of the cereal acreage 56.45% was of Indian corn, 34.45% was of wheat and 7.15% was of oats. The acreage of Indian corn increased from The statistics in this article were obtained by adding to those for Oklahoma those for Indian Territory, which was combined with it in 1907.
2,501,945 acres in 1900 to 5,950,000 acres in 1909; 2 between 1899 and 1909 the yield increased from 68,949,300 bushels to 101,150,000 bushels. The acreage of wheat decreased during this period from 1,704,909 acres to 1,225,000 acres, and the yield from 20,328,300 bushels to 15,680,000 bushels. The acreage of oats increased from 317,076 acres to 550,000 acres, and the yield increased from 9,5 11 ,34 0 bushels to 15,950,000 bushels. The hay crop of 1899 was grown on 1,095,706 acres and amounted to 1,617,905 tons, but nearly one-half of this was made from wild grasses; since then the amounts of fodder obtained from alfalfa, Kafir corn, sorghum cane and timothy have much increased, and that obtained from wild grasses has decreased; in 1909 the acreage was 900,000 and the crop 810,000 tons. Except in the W. section, where there is good grazing but generally an insufficient rainfall for growing crops, cattle-raising on the range has in considerable measure given way to stock-raising on the farm, and nearly everywhere the quality of the cattle has been greatly improved. .The total number of cattle decreased from 3,236,008 in 1900 to 1,992,000 in 1910, but at the same time the number of dairy cows increased from 2 7 6 ,539 to 355,000. The number of horses increased from 557,153 in 1900 to 804,000 in 1910; of mules from 117,562 to 191,000; of swine from 1,265,189 to 1,302,000; and of sheep from 88,741 to 108,000. Winter wheat is used extensively for pasturage during the winter months with little or no damage to the crop.^ (Time , February 24,1997) 2000 federal agents interview over 20,000 people, but no agents went to Elohim City.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

No other branch of agriculture in Oklahoma has advanced so rapidly as the production of cotton; the culture of this fibre was introduced in 1890, and the acreage increased from 682,743 acres in 1899 to 2,037,000 acres in 1909, and the yield increased from 227,741 bales to 617,000 bales (in 1907 it was 862,383 bales). There was only a very small crop of broom corn in 1889, but in 1899 the crop was 3,565,510 lb. The state has risen to high rank in the production of sorghum cane and castor beans also; in 1899 16 ,477 acres of the cane yielded 40,259 tons, and 14,070 acres of castor beans yielded 77,409 bushels. .Two crops of potatoes may be grown on the same ground in one year, and the acreage of potatoes increased from 15,360 acres in 1899 to 27,000 acres in 1909, and the yield from 1,191,997 bushels to 1,890,000 bushels.^ The same documents then accurately gave the details of another bombing that occurred in the Middle East on the same day of the the year ONE YEAR LATER! On the 109th day!
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Oklahoma is already producing large crops of apples, peaches, grapes, water-melons and musk-melons, and many large apple and peach orchards and vineyards have been planted.^ The rainfall added by Erin was yet another blow to an already water-slogged state, especially for central Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jantzen Orchard & Produce - peaches, and prepicked produce Route 1 Box 129B, Ringwood, OK 73768.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Livesay Orchards - apples, peaches, pumpkins, and prepicked produce, restrooms, school tours 39232 E. 231st St. S., Porter, OK 74454.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

.Pears, plums; apricots, cherries, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, currants, gooseberries, cabbages, onions, sweet potatoes, tomatoes and cucumbers are grown in considerable quantities.^ Williams & Hart Produce & Wholesale Melons - asparagus, apricots, blackberries, corn (sweet), cucumbers, herbs/spices, melons, nectarines, onions, peaches, peppers, plums, pumpkins, summer squash, tomatoes, other vegetables, Other fruit or veg, snacks and refreshment stand, picnic area 4976 highway 81, Marlow, OK 73082.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Also offer tomatoes, okra, cucumbers, squash, onions, and garlic but these items are not u-pick We follow organic methods, but are not yet certified.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ Spencer's Orchard - sweet corn, peaches, plums, vine ripened tomatoes, squash, cucumbers, potatoes, sweet onions, green beans, okra, peppers East of Choctaw, OK. Phone: 405- 454-3471.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

.The cereals and most of the fruits and vegetables are grown throughout the greater portion of the middle and E. parts of the state, although the soil of the N. middle section yields the best crops of wheat.^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Atlantic hurricanes grab our attention, it is the remnants of Pacific Hurricanes that have wrecked the most havoc on our state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cold snap early in the month damaged the state's drought-stressed wheat crop, especially in southern Oklahoma where temperatures plunged into the teens.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kafir corn and sorghum cane are the most common in the W. sections, where the climate is too dry for other crops. Some cotton is grown N. of the middle of the state, but the S.E. quarter takes in most of the cotton belt. Broom corn grows best in Woods county on the N. border, and castor beans in the central and N. central sections. .About 3000 acres (nearly one-half in the narrow extension in the N.W.) were already irrigated in 1909, and surveys had been made by the Federal Reclamation Service with a view to irrigating about 100,000 acres more-10,000 to 14,000 acres in Beaver and Woodward counties, under the Cimarron project, and 80,000 to ioo,000 acres in Kiowa and Comanche counties, under the Red River project.^ The rains, which largely fell between September 10 and September 14, totaled between 4-7 inches in the northwestern half of the state and 1-4 inches in the southeastern half, according to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 10 days between August 5 and August 14, however, those same sites have recorded temperatures of at least 100 degrees 390 times.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More than 14 inches of rain over a 3-day period is needed just to make the Top-10 list of 3-day rainfall totals, according to archives from the Oklahoma Climatological Survey.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lumber and Timber Products.-The merchantable timber is mostly in that part of the state which formerly constituted Indian Territory, and consists largely of black walnut and other valuable hard woods in the bottom lands, of black jack and post oak on the uplands and of pine on the higher elevations S. of the Arkansas river.^ The White House Security Review consisted in large part of an "analysis of the "Secret Service's Intelligence Operations.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Severe weather was absent for the most part other than a few cases of strong winds and large hail.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The manufactured forest products of Indian Territory increased in value from $189,373 in 1900 to $588,078 in 1905, or 205.78%.
Minerals.-The coal-fields extend from Kansas on the N. to Arkansas on the E., and have an area of about 20,000 sq. m. The principal mining centres are McAlester, Wilburton, Hartshorn, Coalgate and Phillips. In quality the coal varies from a low grade to a high grade bituminous, and some of the latter is good for coking. .The output increased from 446,429 short tons in 1885 to 1,922,298 short tons in 1900, and to 2,948,116 short tons in 1908, the output for the last-named year being much less than for 1906 or 1907, when it was over 3,500,000 tons.^ Boise City has recorded less than one inch of precipitation in the last 6 months.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ride the train to see over 500,000 lights with more animated scenes than any others in this area from the night after Thanksgiving to the Saturday before Christmas.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ The state's 27 tornadoes during each of the last two years are little more than half the annual average of 53.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The range of hills extending from the centre of the state N.W. to and beyond the Kansas border are composed chiefly of great deposits of rock gypsum. A similar but minor range extends parallel with it 40 to 50 m. S.W. There are also deposits in Greer county in the S.W. corner, and some gypsite in Kay county on the N. middle border. For working these extensive deposits there are, however, few mills; these are in Kay, Canadian and Blaine counties. .Some petroleum was discovered in the N. part of Indian Territory near the Oklahoma border as early as 1890, but there was little development until 1903, when several wells were drilled in the vicinity of Bartlesville.^ There is very little evidence that ENSO is responsible for shifts in spring tornado activity in Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another area in east central Oklahoma, just north of I-40 near the Arkansas border, was increased to D1 "moderate drought".
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Then wells were drilled to the W. on the Osage Reservation, and to the S., until in 1906 about 110 wells were drilled into the famous Glen Pool near Sapulpa.^ Well, until now...learn about the new polarimetric radar in this issue.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of these wells has a flow of about moo barrels a day, and the total product from the Oklahoma oil-field (which includes wells in The agricultural statistics for 1909 are taken from the Year-Book of the United States Department of Agriculture.^ In other words, it took the rainfall from the previous 676 days at Minco to match this year's total accumulated in 197 days.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rains, which largely fell between September 10 and September 14, totaled between 4-7 inches in the northwestern half of the state and 1-4 inches in the southeastern half, according to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Statewide rainfall totals place Oklahoma as the 7th wettest on record over the past 30 and 60 days and the 13th wettest year-to-date (through May 8).
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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oo o a. a. ' ! Y; o d t. v%11 C o G a a4 1 ¢t'?Ct .:1,t c. ? yr Cr ii ? r s .C Longitude West 9 8 ofGreenwich Willowbar C, Marella o ('alrnty Scale, 1:x,450,00° English what was Indian Territory) increased from 10,000 barrels in 1901 to 138,911 in 1903, 1,366,748 in 1904 and 45,798,765 in 1908, when it was valued at $17,694,843. Natural gas abounds in the same region, and several strong wells were developed in 1906, and immediately afterwards gas began to be used largely for industrial purposes for which in 1908 the price was from 1 z to 15 cents per moo ft.^ The 2005 price is $2.00 per pound.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

Pipe lines have been constructed. The value of the output increased from $360 in 1902 to $130,137 in 1905 and to $860,159 in 1908. In the central part of the state S. of the Canadian river are extensive deposits of asphaltum, but their development has been undertaken only on a small scale: in 1908, 2402 short tons were put on the market, the value being $23,820. Lead and zinc are found in the Miami district, the Peoria district and the Quapaw district; and in 1908 the lead (1409 tons) was valued at $118,356 and the zinc (2235 tons) at $210,090. The total value of the mineral products in 1908 was $26,586,751.
Table of contents

Manufactures

The manufactures in 1905 were still largely such as are closely related to agriculture. Measured by the value of the products, 61 8% were represented by flour and grist mill products and cottonseed oil and cake. Among the manufacturing centres are Oklahoma City and Guthrie, and the combined value of their factory products increased from $1,493,998 in 1900 to $4,871,392 in 1905.

Transportation and Commerce

.The navigable waters in Oklahoma are of little importance, and the state is almost wholly dependent on railways as a means of transportation.^ State Agencies ADA/504 Coordinators Skip repetitive navigation Office of Disability Concerns - State of Oklahoma .
  • State Agencies ADA/504 Coordinators 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.odc.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The first railway was that of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, which completed a line across the territory to Denison, Texas, in 1872. The railway mileage was slowly increased to 1260 m. in 1890, and on the 1st of January 1909 was 5829 m. .The Missouri, Kansas & Texas railway crosses the E. part of the state, and somewhat parallel with this to the westward are the St Louis & San Francisco, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, two lines of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific, and the Kansas City, Mexico & Orient railways.^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific also crosses the middle of the state from E. to W. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and the Chicago, Rock Island & Gulf cross the N.W. part. The St Louis & San Fiancisco crosses the S.E. quarter. A line of the Frisco system extends along the S. border from the Arkansas line to the middle of the state, and with these main lines numerous branches form an extensive network.

Population

The population of the territory now embraced within the state increased from 258,657 in 1890, when the first census was taken, to 790,391 in 1900, or 205.6%, to 1,414,177 in 1907, and to 1,657,155 in 1910. Of the total population in 1900, 7 6 9, 8 53, or 97.4%, were native-born. The white population increased from 172,554 in 1890 to 1,054,376 in 1907, or 611%, the negro population during the same period from 21,609 to 112,160, or 419%, and the Indian population from 64,456 to 75,012, or 16.3%. In 1890 the Indians and negroes constituted 33-3% of the total population, but in 1907 they (with the Mongolians, who numbered 75) constituted only 13.2% of the total. The only Indians who are natives of this region are a few members of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache tribes. The others are the remnants of a number of tribes collected here from various parts of the country: Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, Osages, Kaws, Poncas, Otoes, Cheyennes, Iowas, Kickapoos, Sauk and Foxes, Sioux, Miamis, Shawnees, Pawnees, Ottawas and several others. Until 1906 the Osages lived on a reservation touching Kansas on the N. and the Arkansas river on the W. (since then almost all allotted); but to the greater portion of the Indians the government has made individual allotments. Only about one-fourth of the socalled Indians are full bloods. .A large portion are one-half or more white blood and the Creeks and some others have more or less negro blood.^ Now anybody who deals with Oklahoma weather knows that things are rarely average - some places get more and some get less.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1906 there were 257,100 communicants of various churches in Oklahoma and Indian Territory, the Methodist Episcopalians being the most numerous, and next to them the Baptists. The population in places having 4000 inhabitants or more increased from 29,978 in 1900 to 140,579 in 1907, or 368.9%, while the population outside of such places increased from 760,413 to 1,273,598, or only 67.5%. The principal cities in 1907 were Oklahoma City, Muskogee, Guthrie (the capital), Shawnee, Enid, Ardmore, McAlester and Chickasha.

Administration

.The constitution now in operation was adopted in September 1907, and is that with which the state was admitted into the Union in November of the same year.^ The ridge has effectively stifled the widespread rains that the state saw for much of the summer and at the same time allowed temperatures to soar into the 100s with increasing frequency.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Amendments may be submitted through a majority of the members elected to both houses of the legislature or through a petition signed by 15% of the electorate, and a proposed amendment becomes a part of the constitution if the majority of the votes cast at a popular election are in favour of it. The legislature may also at any time propose a convention for amending or revising the constitution, but no such convention can be called without first obtaining the approval of the electorate. .An elector must be able to read or write (unless he or an ancestor was a voter in 1866 or then lived in some foreign nation) and must be 21 years old, and a resident of the state for one year, in the county six months, and in the election precinct 30 days, and women have the privilege of voting at school meetings.^ Oklahoma's last tornado fatality occurred four miles east of Coalgate in Coal County a little after 4:30 pm on April 21, 2001, after a mobile home was thrown 200 yards and disintegrated, killing one.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Fred V. Brock Standards Lab - named in honor of one of the early pioneers of the Oklahoma Mesonet, the state's weather network - was dedicated in a reception on Tuesday, June 30, at the National Weather Center, 120 David L. Boren Blvd.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Statewide rainfall totals place Oklahoma as the 7th wettest on record over the past 30 and 60 days and the 13th wettest year-to-date (through May 8).
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.General elections are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in odd-numbered years and party candidates for state, district, county and municipal offices and for the United States Senate are chosen at primary elections held on the first Tuesday in August.^ In about 1 out of 10 years, most places in Oklahoma have already seen their first freeze, while there is about a 1 out of 10 chance for most places to make it to mid-November without a freeze.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Massachusetts ballot which had been in use in1897-1899was again adopted in 1 9 00. Oklahoma has put into its constitution many things which in the older states were left to legislative enactment.^ A cold snap early in the month damaged the state's drought-stressed wheat crop, especially in southern Oklahoma where temperatures plunged into the teens.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The governor is elected for a term of four years but is ineligible for the next succeeding term. The number of officers whom he appoints is rather limited and for most of his appointments the confirmation of the Senate is required. He is not permitted to pardon a criminal until he has obtained the advice of the board of pardons which is composed of the state superintendent of public instruction, the president of the board of agriculture and the state auditor. He is a member of some important administrative boards, his veto power extends to items in appropriation bills, and to pass a bill over his veto a vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each house is required. .A lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, treasurer, auditor, examiner, and inspector, commissioner of labour, commissioner of insurance, chief mine inspector, commissioner of charities and corrections, and president of the board of agriculture are elected each for a term of four years, and the secretary of state, auditor and treasurer are, like the governor, ineligible for the next succeeding term.^ Auditor & Inspector, State .
  • State Agencies ADA/504 Coordinators 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.odc.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Osteopathic Examiners, State Board of .
  • State Agencies ADA/504 Coordinators 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.odc.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The law-making bodies are a Senate and a House of Representatives. .One-half the senators and all the representatives are elected every two years, senators by districts and representatives by counties.^ The state's 27 tornadoes during each of the last two years are little more than half the annual average of 53.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The project will include a series of in-country visits to all parts of Croatia and is expected to require approximately one year to complete.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Directions: From the Pioneer Woman Statue: One mile east, two and a half miles north, east on Fieldstone Trail...last house on the right.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

Sessions are held biennially in evennumbered years and begin the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January. The constitution reserves to the people the privilege of rejecting any act or any item of any act whenever 5% of the legal voters ask that the matter be voted upon at a general election; and the people may initiate legislation by a petition signed by 8% of the electorate.
.For the administration of justice there have been established a supreme court composed of six justices elected for a term of six years; a criminal court of appeals composed of three justices appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate; twenty-one district courts each with one or more justices elected for a term of four years; a county court in each county with one justice elected for a term of two years; a court of a justice of the peace, elected for a term of two years, in each of six districts of each county, and police courts in the cities.^ This year's June-July period ranks as the wettest on record for the state with a surplus of more than six inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state's 27 tornadoes during each of the last two years are little more than half the annual average of 53.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This breaks the old record of 52.03 inches set in 1908 with more than two months left in the year.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The supreme court has appellate jurisdiction in all civil cases, but its original jurisdiction is restricted to a general control of the lower courts. The criminal court of appeals has jurisdiction in all criminal cases appealed from the district and county courts. The district courts have exclusive jurisdiction in civil actions for sums exceeding $1000, concurrent jurisdiction with the county courts in civil actions for sums greater than $500 and not exceeding $1000, and original or appellate in criminal cases. .The county courts have, besides the concurrent jurisdiction above stated, original jurisdiction in all probate matters, original jurisdiction in civil actions for sums greater than $200 and not exceeding $500, concurrent jurisdiction with the justices of the peace in misdemeanour cases, and appellate jurisdiction in all cases brought from a justice of the peace or a police court.^ The convention attracts thousands of students from all counties in the state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Local Government

The general management of county affairs is intrusted to three commissioners elected by districts, but these commissioners are not permitted to incur extraordinary expenses or levy a tax exceeding five mills on a dollar without first obtaining the consent of the people at a general or special election. The other county officers are a treasurer, clerk, register of deeds, attorney, surveyor, sheriff, assessor and superintendent of public instruction. .' The counties have been divided into municipal townships, each of which elects a trustee, a clerk and a treasurer, who together constitute a board of directors for the management of township affairs.^ According to the Oklahoma Water Resources Board , Oklahoma currently boasts 376 NFIP member communities, which consist of municipalities, counties, and tribes.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The trustee is also the assessor. Cities or towns having a population of 2000 or more may become cities of the first class whenever a favourable majority vote is obtained at a general or special election held in that city or town, and this question must be submitted at such an election whenever 35% of the legal voters petition for it.
Miscellaneous Laws. - The property rights of husband and wife are practically equal, and either may buy, sell or mortgage real estate, other than the homestead, without the consent of the other. Among the grounds for a divorce are adultery, extreme cruelty, habitual drunkenness, gross neglect of duty and imprisonment for felony. .Article XII. of the constitution exempts from forced sale the homestead of any family in the state to the extent of 160 acres of land in the country, or I acre in a city, town or village, provided the value of the same does not exceed $5000 and that the claims against it are not for purchase money, improvements or taxes.^ We have provided family friendly hayrides to the Tulsa area since 1989 on our 40 acre property along the banks of Rock Creek.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ The Oklahoma Climatological Survey (OCS) has been mandated by the Oklahoma legislature to provide climate information and expertise which could be of value to the public, as well as to state policy- and decision-makers.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A corporation commission of three members, elected for a term of six years, is intrusted with the necessary powers for a rigid control of public service corporations. A state board of arbitration, composed of two farmers, two employers and two employes is authorized to investigate the causes of any strike affecting the public interests, and publish what it finds to be the facts in the case, together with recommendations for settlement. .Labour laws, passed by the first legislature (1908), were amended and made more radical by the legislature of 1909: a child labour law forbids the employment of children under 14 in factories, workshops, theatres, bowling-alleys, pool-halls, steam-laundries or other dangerous places (to be defined by the commissioner of labour), and no child under 16 is to be employed in such places unless able to read and write simple English sentences or without having attended school during the previous year; no child under 16 is to be employed in any of several (enumerated) dangerous occupations; no child under 16 is to be employed more than 8 hours in any one day, or more than 48 hours in any one week in any gainful occupation other than agriculture or domestic service; age and schooling certificates are required of children between 14 and 16 in certain occupations.^ OKCNET was developed during a 5-year collaboration between the Oklahoma Climatological Survey (OCS), the Oklahoma Mesonet, the University of Oklahoma (OU), and the City of Oklahoma City.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As spring came in 1978, folks were probably grateful to have that winter put behind them, but they had no idea that it could get worse just one year later.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That continues a pattern seen during the previous couple months of 2009, and the first three months of the year now rank as the 19th warmest such period since 1895, and the 33rd driest.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A state dispensary system for the sale of intoxicating liquors was authorized by the constitution, but the popular vote in 1908 was unfavourable to the continuance of the system, the sentiment seeming to be for rigid prohibition of the sale of intoxicating liquors. A law passed in May 1908 against nepotism (closely following the Texas law of 1907) forbids public officers to appoint (or vote for) any person related to them by affinity or consanguinity within the third degree to any position in the government of which they are a part; makes persons thus related to public officers ineligible to positions in the branch in which their relative is an official; and renders any official making such an appointment liable to fine and removal from office.

Education

The common school system is administered by a state superintendent of public instruction, a state board of education, county superintendents and district boards. The state board is composed of the state superintendent, who is president of the board; the secretary of state, who is secretary of the board; the attorneygeneral and the governor. Each district board is composed of three members elected for a term of three years, one each year. .Each district school must be open at least three months each year, and children between the ages of eight and sixteen are required to attend either a public or a private school, unless excused because of physical or mental infirmity.^ A full-fledged La Niña “episode” has not occurred unless those conditions exist for at least five consecutive overlapping three-month seasons.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children are especially vulnerable, because their body temperatures rise at a rate of three to five times faster than an adult's.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are separate schools for whites and negroes. In addition to instruction in the ordinary branches, the teaching in the district schools of the elementary principles of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, stock-feeding, forestry, building country roads and domestic science is required. A law of 1908 requires that an agricultural school of secondary grade be established in each of the five supreme court judicial districts, and that an experimental farm be operated in connexion with each; and in 1909 the number of these districts was increased to six. There is a state industrial school for girls, teaching domestic science and the fine arts. .The higher institutions of learning established by the state are the Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College, a land grant college with an agricultural experiment station at Stillwater; the Oklahoma School of Mines at Wilburton; the Colored Agricultural and Normal University at Langston; the Central Normal School at Edmond; the North-western Normal School at Alva; the South-western Normal School at Weatherford, Custer county; the South-eastern Normal School at Durant, Bryan county; the East Central Normal School at Ada; the Northeastern Normal School at Tahlequah, Cherokee county; and the University of Oklahoma at Norman.^ Central Oklahoma sits at more than 17 inches above normal for the January 1-October 15 period with an average total of 47.94 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Northeastern Oklahoma is experiencing its wettest year-to-date on record with 48.39 inches, on average, nearly 18 inches above normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma led the state with a surplus of more than 11 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The State University (established in 1892, opened in 1893) embraces a college of arts and sciences, and schools of fine arts, applied science, medicine, mines and pharmacy.^ The reception included remarks from Crawford; John Snow, OU College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences dean; and Charles Doswell, OU School of Meteorology adjunct professor.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Staff from the National Weather Center partner agencies and University of Oklahoma students will form two panels to discuss their high school, college and/or work experiences.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In1907-1908it had 40 instructors and 790 students. There is a University Preparatory School (1901) at Tonkawa in Kay county, and there are state schools of agriculture at Tishomingo and at Warner. .The common schools are in large part maintained out of the proceeds of the school lands (about 1,200,000 acres), which are sections 16 and 36 in each township of that portion of the state which formerly constituted Oklahoma Territory, and a Congressional appropriation of $5,000,000 in lieu of these sections in what was formerly Indian Territory.^ The rains, which largely fell between September 10 and September 14, totaled between 4-7 inches in the northwestern half of the state and 1-4 inches in the southeastern half, according to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drought conditions remained severe in parts of north central Oklahoma, which largely missed out on the heavy precipitation.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The university, agricultural and mechanical college and normal schools also are maintained to a considerable extent out of the proceeds of section 13 in several townships.^ Staff from the National Weather Center partner agencies and University of Oklahoma students will form two panels to discuss their high school, college and/or work experiences.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The selection of the University of Oklahoma to carry out this feasibility study is further evidence of the high international regard for the several University weather and climate programs involved," said John Snow, Dean of the College of Atmospheric and Geographic Sciences.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The university owns land valued at $3,670,000. Among the institutions of learning, neither maintained nor controlled by the state, are Epworth University (Methodist Episcopal, 1901) at Oklahoma City, and Kingfisher College at Kingfisher.

Charities and Correctional Institutions

The state has a hospital for the insane at Fort Supply, the Whitaker Orphans' Home at Pryor Creek, the Oklahoma School for the Blind at Fort Gibson and the Oklahoma School for the Deaf at Sulphur; and the legislature of 1908 appropriated money for the East Oklahoma Hospital for the Insane at Vinita, a School for the Feeble-Minded at Enid, a State Training School for Boys at Wynnewood and a State Reformatory (at Granite, Greer county) for first-time convicts between the ages of sixteen and twenty-five. Under the constitution the supervision and inspection of charities and institutions of correction is in the hands of a State Commissioner of Charities and Corrections, elected by the people. The commissioner must inspect once each year all penal, correctional and eleemosynary institutions, including public hospitals, jails, poorhouses and corporations and organizations doing charitable work; and the commissioner appears as next friend in cases affecting the property of orphan minors, and has power to investigate complaints against public and private institutions whose charters may be revoked for cause by the commissioner. By act of legislature a State Board of Public Affairs was created; it is made of five members appointed by the governor, with charge of the fiscal affairs of all state institutions. Convicts were sent to the state penitentiary of Kansas until January 1909, when it was charged that they were treated cruelly there; in 1909 work was begun on a penitentiary at McAlester.

Banking and Finance

The unique feature of the banking system (with amendments adopted by the second legislature becoming effective on the 11th of June 1909) is a fund for the guaranty of deposits. The state banking board, which is composed of the governor, lieutenant-governor, president of the board of agriculture, state treasurer and state auditor, levies against the capital stock of each state bank and trust company, organized or existing, under the laws of the state to create a fund equal to 5% of average daily deposits other than the deposits of state funds properly secured. One-fifth of this fund is payable the first year and one-twentieth each year thereafter; 1% of the increase in average deposits is collected each year. Emergency assessments, not to exceed 2%, may be made whenever necessary to pay in full the depositors in an insolvent bank; if the guaranty fund is impaired to such a degree that it is not made up by the 2% emergency assessment, the state banking board issues certificates of indebtedness which draw 6% interest and which are paid out of the assessment. Any national bank may secure its depositors in this manner if it so desires. The bank guarantee law was held to be valid by the United States Supreme Court in 7908 after the attorney-general of the United States had decided that it was illegal.
The revenue for state and local purposes is derived chiefly from taxes. The constitutional limit on the state tax levy is 31 mills on a dollar, and legislation has fixed the limit of the county levy at 5 mills, of the levy in cities at 7, in incorporated towns at 5, in townships at 3, and in school districts at 5. There is a tax on the gross receipts of corporations, a graduated land tax on all holdings exceeding 640 acres, a tax on income exceeding $3500, and a tax on gifts and inheritances. The aggregate amount of indebtedness which the state may have at any time is limited by the constitution to $400,000, save when borrowing is necessary to repel an invasion, suppress an insurrection or defend the state in war.

History

With the exception of the narrow strip N. of the most N. section of Texas the territory comprising the present state of Oklahoma was set apart by Congress in 1834, under the name of Indian Territory, for the possession of the five southern tribes (Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, Choctaws and Chickasaws) and the Quapaw Agency. Early in 1809 some Cherokees in the south-eastern states made known to President Jefferson their desire to remove to hunting grounds W. of the Mississippi, and at first they were allowed to occupy lands in what is now Arkansas, but by a new arrangement first entered into in 1828 they received instead, in 1838, a patent for a wide strip extending along the entire N. border of Indian Territory with the exception of the small section in the N.E. corner which was reserved to the Quapaw Agency. By treaties negotiated in 1820, 1825, 1830 and 1842 the Choctaws received for themselves and the Chickasaws a patent for all that portion of the territory which lies S. of the Canadian and Arkansas rivers, and by treaties negotiated in 1824, 1833 and 1851 the Creeks received for themselves and the Seminoles a patent for the remaining or middle portion. Many of the Indians of these tribes brought slaves with them from the Southern states and during the Civil War they supported the Confederacy, but when that war was over the Federal government demanded not only the liberation of the slaves but new treaties, partly on the ground that the tribal lands must be divided with the freedmen. By these treaties, negotiated in 1866, the Cherokees gave the United States permission to settle other Indians on what was approximately the western half of their domain; the Seminoles, to whom the Creeks in 1855 had granted as their portion the strip between the Canadian river and its North Fork, ceded all of theirs, and the Creeks, Choctaws and Chickasaws ceded the western half of theirs back to the United States for occupancy by freedmen or other Indians. In the E. portion of the lands thus placed at its disposal by the Cherokees and the Creeks the Federal government within the next seventeen years made a number of small grants as follows: to the Seminoles in 1866, to the Sauk and Foxes in 1867, to the Osages, Kansas, Pottawatomies, Absentee Shawnees and Wichitas in 1871-1872, to the Pawnees in 1876, to the Poncas and Nez Perces in 1878, to the Otoes and Missouris in 1881, and to the Iowas and Kickapoos in 1883; in the S.W. quarter of the Territory, also, the Kiowas, Comanches and Apaches were located in 1867 and the Cheyennes and Arapahoes in 1869. There still remained unassigned the greater part of the Cherokee Strip besides a tract embracing 1,887,800 acres of choice land in the centre of the Territory, and the agitation for the opening of this to settlement by white people increased until in 1889 a complete title to the central tract was purchased from the Creeks and Seminoles. Soon after the purchase President Benjamin Harrison issued a proclamation announcing that this land would be opened to homestead settlement at twelve o'clock noon, on the 22nd of April 1889. At that hour no less than 20,000 people were on the border, and when the signal was given there ensued a remarkably spectacular race for homes. In the next year that portion of Indian Territory which lay S. of the Cherokee Strip and W. of the lands occupied by the five tribes, together with the narrow strip N. of Texas which had been denied to that state in 1850, was organized as the Territory of Oklahoma. In the meantime negotiations were begun for acquiring a clear title to the unoccupied portion of the Cherokee Strip, for individual allotments to the members of the several small tribes who had received tribal allotments since 1866, and for the purchase of what remained after such individual allotments had been made. As these negotiations were successful most of the land between the tract first opened and that of the Creeks was opened to settlement in 1891, a large tract to the W. of the centre was opened in 1892, a tract S. of the Canadian river and W. of the Chickasaws was opened in 1902, and by 1904 the entire Territory had been opened to settlement with the exception of a tract in the N.E. which was occupied by the Osages, Kaws, Poncas and Otoes. By the treaties with the five southern tribes they were to be permitted to make their own laws so long as they preserved their tribal relations, but since the Civil War many whites had mingled with these Indians, gained control for their own selfish ends of such government as there was, and made the country a refuge for fugitives from justice. Consequently, in 1893, Congress appointed the Dawes Commission to induce the tribes to consent to individual allotments as well as to a government administered from Washington, and in 1898 the Curtis Act was passed for making such allotments and for the establishment of a territorial government. When the allotments were nearly all made Congress in 1906 authorized Oklahoma and Indian Territories to qualify for admission to the Union as one state. As both Territories approved, a constitutional convention (composed of zoo Democrats and 12 Republicans) met at Guthrie on the 20th of November 1906. The constitution framed by this body was approved by the electorate on the 17th of September 1907, and the state was admitted to the Union on the 16th of November.
George W. Steele .
1890-1891
Robert Martin (acting) .
1891-1892
Abraham J. Seay. .
1892-1893
William Cary Renfrow .
18 93 -1897
Cassius McDonald Barnes
18 97 -1901
William M. Jenkins .
1901
Thompson B. Ferguson
1901-1906
Frank Frantz.. .
1906-1907
State.
Charles Nathaniel Haskell, Democrat.
. 1907 -191 1
Lee Cruce, Democrat
. 1911 -

Governors of Oklahom

Territorial. Bibliography. - See the Biennial Reports (Guthrie, 1904 sqq.) of the Oklahoma Department of Geology and Natural History; the Oklahoma Geological Survey, Bulletin No. .1: Preliminary Report on the Mineral Resources of Oklahoma (Norman, 1908); C. N. Gould, Geology and Water Resources of Oklahoma (Washington, 1905), being Water Supply and Irrigation Paper, No.^ Fortunately, most water supplies were replenished during the intervening wet years so widespread and severe impacts have not yet been reported.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Water management is a critical issue for Oklahoma, both in managing excess to limit damages and preserving sufficient resources for the dry times.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to the Oklahoma Water Resources Board , Oklahoma currently boasts 376 NFIP member communities, which consist of municipalities, counties, and tribes.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

148 of the United States Geological Survey; A. J. Henry,
Climatology of the United States, pp. 442-453 (Washington, 1906), being Bulletin Q of the Weather Bureau of the United States Department of Agriculture; Mineral Resources of the United States, annual reports published by the United States Geological Survey (Washington, 1883 sqq.); Charles Evans and C. O. Bunn, Oklahoma Civil Government (Ardmore, 1908); C. A. Beard, " Constitution of Oklahoma," in the Political Science Quarterly, vol. 24 (Boston, 1909); R. L. Owen, " Comments on the Constitution of Oklahoma," in the Proceedings of the American Political Science Association, vol. 5 (Baltimore, 1909); S. J. Buck, The Settlement of Oklahoma (Madison, 1907), reprinted from the Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters; and D. C. Gideon, Indian Territory, Descriptive, Biographical and Genealogical ... with a General History of the Territory (New York, 1901).

<< Oki

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Contents

English

Map of US highlighting Oklahoma

Etymology

From Choctaw okla (people), + homa (red).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Oklahoma
Plural
-
Oklahoma
  1. A state of the United States of America. Capital and largest city: Oklahoma City.
  2. A county in the State of Oklahoma.

Derived terms

Translations

See also


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

State of Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma State seal of Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma SealImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Nickname(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Sooner State
Motto(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Labor omnia vincit (Latin: Labor conquers all things)
Map of the United States with Oklahoma highlighted
Official language(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif None
CapitalImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Oklahoma City
Largest cityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Oklahoma City
AreaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 20thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total 69,898 sq miImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
(181,196 km²Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Width 230 miles (370 kmImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Length 298 miles (480 km)
 - % water 1.8
 - Latitude 33°37' N to 37° N
 - Longitude 94° 26' W to 103° W
PopulationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 28thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total (2000Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif) 3,579,212[1]
 - DensityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif 50.3[1]/sq mi 
30.5/km² (35th)
ElevationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - Highest point Black Mesa[2]
4,973 ft  (1,515 m)
 - Mean 1,296 ft  (395 m)
 - Lowest point Little River[2]
289 ft  (88 m)
Admission to UnionImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  November 16, 1907 (46th)
GovernorImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif C. Brad Henry (D)
U.S. SenatorsImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif James M. Inhofe (R)
Thomas A. Coburn (R)
Congressional DelegationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif ListImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Time zonesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - Kenton Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations OKImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Okla.Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif US-OKImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Web site www.ok.gov
.Oklahoma (pronouncedImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif /ˌoʊkləˈhoʊmə/)[3] is a state located in the South Central region of the United States of America.^ Anastasia Pittman; Annie C. Kirk, president of the central Oklahoma chapter of Top Ladies of Distinction and sponsor for the Teens of America Inc; Traveno Carter, president of the Langston College chapter of the NAACP and of the state conference for the youth and college division; [...
  • BlogNetNews.com » Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.blognetnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Cite This Source Cultural Dictionary Oklahoma State in the southwestern United States, bordered by Colorado and Kansas to the north, Missouri and Arkansas to the east, Texas to the south, and New Mexico to the west.
  • Ok Definition | Definition of Ok at Dictionary.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By Barbara Hoberock, Tulsa World At least three of Oklahoma's gubernatorial candidates do not support a state question to increase per-pupil spending to the regional average.
  • Oklahoma daily news roundup 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.stateline.org [Source type: News]

.With 3,579,212 residents in 2006, it is the 28th most populous and 20th-largest state by land area.^ Taken together, the 90,000-square-mile disaster area would be the twelfth largest state.
  • Oklahoma (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma, with an area of 181,049 sq km (69,903 sq mi), is the 20th largest state in the U.S.; 2% of the land area is owned by the federal government.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people," and is known informally by its nickname, The Sooner State.^ His explanation was that the word had its derivation from the Choctaw language, the word "Okla" meaning people and "humma" or "huma" meaning red.

^ The name of the state is derived from two Choctaw Indian words meaning “red people” and was originally proposed by a Choctaw chief in the 1860s.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their name derived from cultivators of the state's main cash crop, marijuana.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Formed from Indian Territory on November 16, 1907, it was the 46th state to enter the union.^ Oklahoma statehood occurred November 16, 1907, by joining Oklahoma Territory and the Indian Territory.

^ November 16, 1907; 46th state .
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Union as the 46th state.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its people are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.^ Oklahoma City : This is the state capital?
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City .
  • Ok Definition | Definition of Ok at Dictionary.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state’s two largest cities were Oklahoma City (the capital) and Tulsa.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A major producer of natural gas, oil and food, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, energy, telecommunications, and biotechnology.^ The real question is, "Can my oil and gas be produced economically?"
  • Oklahoma Geological Survey 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ogs.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many geological formations in Oklahoma produce oil and gas.
  • Oklahoma Geological Survey 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ogs.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How much oil and gas has been produced in Oklahoma, and how much is left?
  • Oklahoma Geological Survey 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ogs.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .It has one of the fastest growing economies in the nation, leading states in gross domestic product growth and ranking third in per capita income growth.^ The state has some 70,000 farms, which average 191 ha (471 acres) in size; most of the state’s smaller farms are located in the SE. Livestock and livestock products make up about two-thirds of Oklahoma’s yearly farm income.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Farming accounts for 4% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Crops account for the remaining one-third of Oklahoma’s annual agricultural income.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6][7] .Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly 60 percent of Oklahomans living in their metropolitan statistical areas.^ Bosco Hauling - (Oklahoma city area) .

^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Duncan The Daily Oklahoman (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) - February 28, 1992 page 27 Daniel C. Clover , age 41, passed away Feb.

[8] .The state holds a mixed record in education and healthcare, and its largest universities participate in the NCAA and NAIA athletic associations, while two house athletic departments rated among the most successful in American history.^ Read: 61 times Last updated: 4/16/09 Rated: Not rated yet Tags: american history , buffalo , childrens...
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Since the records cover several states, I have put them all on the Native American page on the following page.

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9][10]
.With small mountain ranges, prairie, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains and the U.S. Interior Highlands—a region especially prone to severe weather.^ The Ouachita Mts., in the SE, constitute the most rugged region of Oklahoma.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ June 2008 Climate Summary July 10, 2008 June was a very active weather month in Oklahoma with a large number of severe storm reports.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Severe weather for the month was widespread at times with high winds being the most-reported culprit - no tornado touchdowns were reported, however.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .With a prevalence of German, Irish, British and Native American ancestry, more than 25 native languages are spoken in Oklahoma, the most of any state.^ Oklahoma has 25 Native languages--more than any other state in the nation.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jobs 1 to 25 of more than 1000 .
  • Oklahoma Jobs in Oklahoma Job Search. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC oklahoma.jobs.com [Source type: News]

^ Status of Native American language endangerment.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .It is located on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and historically served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for southern settlers, and a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans.^ Don also served as vice president of the Oklahoma Centennial Chisholm Trail Cattle Drive Association and a member of the Pond Creek-Hunter Young Farmers, Quail Unlimited, National Rifle Association, and the American Chuck-wagon Association.

^ "One of the ten national goals for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN), which resemble the national goals established in 1989 by the Bush administration, is to maintain Native languages and cultures.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Part of the Bible Belt, widespread beliefs in evangelical Christianity make Oklahoma one of the most politically conservative states, though voter registration is largest in the Democratic Party.^ In state and local politics, Oklahoma was, until the 1960s, a stronghold of the Democratic party.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since that time Republican candidates for governor and the U.S. Congress have been increasingly successful, although the Democrats retain a large lead in voter registration.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The moral character of Oklahoma can best be determined by the fact most people in jail are innocent of the crime they supposedly committed, aside from the ones with tattoos.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]

Contents

Etymology

.The name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma, literally meaning red people.^ His explanation was that the word had its derivation from the Choctaw language, the word "Okla" meaning people and "humma" or "huma" meaning red.

^ It is most curious that the well-armed belligerent peoples of Texas and Oklahoma are saved from mutual annihilation by something as insignificant as the Red River.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Choctaw : Named after an Indian tribe (like half the cities of Oklahoma), but has a large German populous and an Oktoberfest festival.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Choctaw Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government regarding the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs.^ NIC provides eGovernment solutions for more than 3,000 federal, state, and local agencies that serve 97 million people in the United States.
  • Get and Share Oklahoma Government on Social Platforms at http://Widgets.OK.gov - news from CBS MoneyWatch.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC finance.bnet.com [Source type: News]

^ Eufaula : Hometown to the only Black Republican congressman, J.C. Watts in a state full of White (all) Republicans and Indians (non) Republicans, after Bush signed a bill to disband all the tribes.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some states do not allow credit history to be used for insurance purposes or have regulations regarding how the information can be used.
  • State Of Oklahoma Pay Day Loan Payment Plan :: Lenders Rating 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC invest.union.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

.Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language used to describe the Native American race as a whole.^ Status of Native American language endangerment.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This goal appears to have the most urgency for Native people, because language is a core component of culture and because so many Native languages are declining in use.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas maintains some use of its language, especially among older adults, but emphasizes the importance of mastering English.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Oklahoma later became the de-facto name for Oklahoma Territory, and it was officially approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers.^ During the inceptive days of our War of the Revolution, William Fry, a white man from Kentucky ventured into the Choctaw country which many years later became the State of Mississippi, where he effected his permanent home.

^ Announcement # 2009-10 MCA Registered Nurse II – Bachelor’s in Nursing and possession of a valid permanent Oklahoma license as a registered nurse as approved by the Oklahoma Board of Nursing; or Associate in Nursing and one year of professional nursing experience; or Associate in Nursing and two years of LPN experience in psychiatric nursing.
  • OPM - Unclassified Postings 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Purcell, Oklahoma , a man named Kevin Ray Underwood was arrested for killing a 10-year-old girl named Jamie Rose Bolin.
  • Oklahoma (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

[4][14][15]

Geography

The state's high plains stretch behind a greeting sign in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
.Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,898 square miles (181,196 km²), with 68,667 square miles (110,508.8 km²) of land and 1,231 square miles (1,981.1 km²) of water.^ Taken together, the 90,000-square-mile disaster area would be the twelfth largest state.
  • Oklahoma (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Even in the State's peak year of oil production, 1927, when Oklahoma was the largest oil producing entity in the world, we could have met less than 4% of current U.S. demand.
  • Oklahoma Geological Survey 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ogs.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before its induction into the United States, Andrew Jackson forced the Cherokee tribe from their lands in the southeast to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .It is one of six states on the Frontier Strip, and lies partly in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states.^ With this relief, the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDCM) lowered the drought severity across most of the state by one to two categories.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, and on the south and near-west by Texas.^ Borders : Atlantis, Old New Mexico, Kansas, Arkansas, South Park, Megatexas and excluding "Soveriegn Indian Nations" with its' own laws, money, cops, firemen, schools, liquor stores, hospitals and jails, all thanks to all those casinos (whities are dumb).
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The situation is similar for the Tiguas, who reside in far west Texas near El Paso but have roots with the Isleta Pueblo in New Mexico.
  • Profiles of Native Language Education ProgramsEducation Programs 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.sedl.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turn east on Slaughterville Road Go 14 miles to Pine Corner Road turn south .7 miles to our green gate on the west side of the road.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

Topography

See also: Lakes in Oklahoma
Oklahoma is situated between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed,[17]
A river carves a canyon in the Wichita Mountains.
The state has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, and the Ozark Mountains.[18] .The U.S. Interior Highlands Region, which contains the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, is the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians.^ Our eNewsletter features articles on the Old West , travel destinations , ghostly legends , and subscriber only specials from our Rocky Mountain General Store .

[19] .More than 500 named creeks and rivers make up Oklahoma's waterways, and with 200 lakes created by dams, it holds the highest number of artificial resevoirs in the nation.^ Comments 79 Haitians piled bodies along the devastated streets of their capital today after the strongest earthquake to hit the poor Caribbean nation in more than 200 years.
  • Oklahoma News, Weather Satellite, Business Market Watch, Sports, Sooners, Basketball, Thunder, Entertainment, Travel Deals, Classifieds, Obituaries | NewsOK.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.newsok.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Oklahoma News, Weather Satellite, Business Market Watch, Sports, Sooners, Basketball, Thunder, Entertainment, Travel Deals, Classifieds, Obituaries | NewsOK.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC newsok.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A massive renovation project of more than 180 acres in downtown Oklahoma City is slated to begin in May 2010.
  • City of Oklahoma City | News 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.okc.gov [Source type: News]

^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]
.Among the most ecologically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, containing eleven within its borders, more per square mile than in any other state.^ Oklahoma has more miles of the original Route 66 than any other state.

^ The state’s housing sector weathered the recession much better than many regions, and rising commodity prices also should boost the state’s agricultural sector in 2010.
  • Chickashanews.com - Oklahoma recovery slower than U.S. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.chickashanews.com [Source type: News]

^ The S part of the state is drained by the Red R. and its principal tributary, the Washita R. The natural lakes of Oklahoma are small; numerous federal and state dam-building projects have, however, created more than 200 artificial lakes, some of which are extensive.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Marked by differences in geographical diversity between its western and eastern halves, eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions, while its western half holds three.^ More recently, the western half of the state enjoyed above normal rainfall in August and early September, while the eastern half of the state had very little rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remnants of Tropical Storm Lowell crossed western Oklahoma and merged with a cold front to inundate that part of the state while the remnants of Hurricane Ike struck eastern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Most of the state lies in two primary drainage basins belonging to the Red and Arkansas rivers, though the Lee and Little rivers also contain significant drainage basins.^ It is most curious that the well-armed belligerent peoples of Texas and Oklahoma are saved from mutual annihilation by something as insignificant as the Red River.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With this relief, the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDCM) lowered the drought severity across most of the state by one to two categories.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state's 27 tornadoes during each of the last two years are little more than half the annual average of 53.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] In the state’s northwestern corner, semi-arid high plains harbor few natural forests and rolling to flat landscape with intermittent canyons and mesa ranges like the Glass Mountains. .Partial plains interrupted by small mountain ranges like the Antelope Hills and the Wichita Mountains dot southwestern Oklahoma, and transitional prairie and woodlands cover the central portion of the state.^ This is a gently rolling region, interrupted only by the Wichita and Arbuckle mountains in the SW and the Gypsum Hills in the W. Much of this region is underlain with sandstone and shale, which has formed a reddish soil of moderate fertility.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma led the state with a surplus of more than 11 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains rise from west to east over the state's eastern third, gradually increasing in elevation in an eastward direction.^ The eastern third of the state has continued to dry out over similar periods.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Directions: Take highway 75 South to 221st st. Turn east for 5 miles, turn south for 1 mile, turn west 4/10 mile.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

[21][22]

Flora and fauna

Populations of American Bison inhabit the state's prairie ecosystems.
.Forests cover 24 percent of Oklahoma,[20] and prairie grasslands, composed of shortgrass, mixed-grass, and tallgrass prairie, harbor expansive ecosystems in the state's central and western portions.^ Unfortunately, the western portions of the Oklahoma Panhandle remains parched.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma led the state with a surplus of more than 11 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma is 14.45 inches above normal for the June 1-August 20 period with 23.23 inches of rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Where rainfall is sparse in the western regions of the state, shortgrass prairie and shrublands are the most prominent ecosystems, though pinyon pines, junipers, and ponderosa pines grow near rivers and creek beds in the far western reaches of the panhandle.^ Rainfall tapered off towards the Panhandle, leaving that region in a cloud of dust where less than a quarter of an inch of rain fell on average.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1832 his father removed to the vicinity of his parents on the Ta-lu-buchcha (now called Talobucha) creek, a western branch of the Pearl River.

^ More recently, the western half of the state enjoyed above normal rainfall in August and early September, while the eastern half of the state had very little rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .Marshlands, cypress forests and mixtures of southern pine and deciduous forests dominate the state's southeastern quarter, while mixtures of largely post oak, elm, cedar and pine forests cover the Ozark Mountains in northeastern Oklahoma.^ Therefore, Oklahoma seems to have dominated Oklahoma State.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Commercial forests, located primarily in the E, yield quantities of shortleaf and loblolly pines, sweet gum, various oaks, cottonwood, pecan, and walnut.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southern pine is the principal commercial tree and is found primarily in the SE. Commercially valuable hardwoods include walnut, pecan, hickory, elm, ash, and oak.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21][24]
The state holds large populations of white-tailed deer, coyotes, bobcats, elk, and migrating birds such as quail, doves, cardinals, bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, and pheasants. .In prairie ecosystems, american bison, greater prairie-chickens, badgers, and armadillo are common, and some of the nation's largest prairie dog towns inhabit shortgrass prairie in the state's panhandle.^ The Chickasaw National Recreation Area is a popular tourist spot, as are some 57 state parks.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rabbit, gopher, prairie dog, and coyote are common in the grasslands.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ States of the nation In the first of an ongoing series, MASSEY looks at some of the ways New Zealand is changing.
  • State Of Oklahoma Pay Day Loan Payment Plan :: Lenders Rating 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC invest.union.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

.In the Ouachita Mountains, the state's most biologically diverse ecosystem, black bear, red fox, grey fox, and river otter populations coexist with nearly 330 other vertebrate species.^ Other Tropicana Ruby Red Grapefruit juices are NOT kosher and do NOT bear the OK symbol on the label.
  • OK Kosher Certification — Kosher Alerts 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ok.org [Source type: General]

[23]

Protected lands

Mesas rise above one of Oklahoma's state parks.
.Oklahoma has 50 state parks,[25] six national parks or protected regions,[26] two national protected forests or grasslands,[27] Other federal protected sites include the Santa Fe and Trail of Tears national historic trails, the Fort Smith and Washita Battlefield national historic sites, and the Oklahoma City National Memorial.^ (Oklahoma City update by Oklahoma State Rep.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City : This is the state capital?
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City federal building bombing.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]

Climate

.Oklahoma is located in a temperate region and experiences occasional extremes of temperature and precipitation typical in a continental climate.^ Bolstered by an extremely wet northeast corner, the statewide average precipitation total for Oklahoma stands at more than 36 inches, or about an inch above normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of those extreme temperatures have occurred in extreme western Oklahoma and the Panhandle, which have been drier than points east.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .Most of the state lies in an area known as Tornado Alley characterized by frequent interaction between cold and warm air masses producing severe weather.^ Summers are hot throughout the state; winters are frequently mild but severe weather does occur, often without warning.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We will end our discussions on severe weather by looking back at the Union City Tornado of 1973 and Tropical Storm Erin from 2007.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
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[29] .An average 54 tornadoes strike the state per year—one of the highest rates in the world.^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breaking those numbers down, 65 of those twisters were weak EF0-1 tornadoes, 10 were rated as EF2, and one each rated EF3 and EF4.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even in the State's peak year of oil production, 1927, when Oklahoma was the largest oil producing entity in the world, we could have met less than 4% of current U.S. demand.
  • Oklahoma Geological Survey 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ogs.ou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] .Because of its position between zones of differing prevailing temperature and winds, weather patterns within the state can vary widely between relatively short distances.^ Between 3-6 inches of precipitation fell over a good portion of the state, while the Oklahoma Panhandle suffered through a couple of bouts of nasty winter weather.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .A humid subtropical zone along the state's southeastern border is influenced heavily by southerly winds bringing moisture from the Gulf of Mexico, but transitions progressively to a semi-arid zone in the high plains of the panhandle rarely touched by southern moisture.^ The state’s major waterway, the McClellan-Kerr Navigation System, provides E Oklahoma with access to the Gulf of Mexico by way of the Verdigris, Arkansas, and Mississippi rivers.
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^ Yep, but once again, as long as you live somewhere in the southern one-half of the state, or along the extreme western border.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The dryness varied across the state, but the southern tier of counties along with the Panhandle was hit the hardest, with drought designations from the National Drought Mitigation Center returning to the state for the first time since late March.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .Precipitation and temperatures fall from east to west accordingly, with areas near the Texas border averaging an annual temperature of 62°F (17°C) and an annual rainfall of 56 inches (142 cm), while areas of the panhandle average 58°F (14°C), with an annual rainfall under 17 inches (43 cm).^ Average annual precipitation .
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^ Average annual temperature .
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drought conditions lessened somewhat in the Oklahoma Panhandle with 2-4 inches of much-needed rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .All of the state frequently experiences temperatures above 100°F (38°C) or below 0°F (−18°C),[28] and snowfall ranges from an average of less than 4 inches (10 cm) near the Texas border to just over 20 inches (51 cm) on the border of Colorado in the panhandle.^ Average July temperature range .
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is 51% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
  • Tribbey, Oklahoma (OK 74878) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Average January temperature range .
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .The state is home to the National Storm Prediction Center of the National Weather Service located at Norman.^ A panel featuring members of the media and National Weather Service will discuss effective communication in a weather crisis.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Fred V. Brock Standards Lab - named in honor of one of the early pioneers of the Oklahoma Mesonet, the state's weather network - was dedicated in a reception on Tuesday, June 30, at the National Weather Center, 120 David L. Boren Blvd.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US National Weather Service considers an ice storm with greater than 0.25 inches (0.63 cm) of ice accumulation a significant episode that would trigger an ice storm warning.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
Oklahoma is located in a climate prime for thunderstorm development.
Monthly temperatures for Oklahoma's largest cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Oklahoma City 47/26 54/31 62/39 71/48 79/58 87/66 93/71 92/70 84/62 73/51 60/38 50/29
Tulsa 46/26 53/31 62/40 72/50 80/59 88/68 94/73 93/71 84/63 74/51 60/39 50/30
Lawton 50/26 56/31 65/40 73/49 82/59 90/68 96/73 95/41 86/63 76/51 62/39 52/30
Average high/low temperatures in °F [32][33]

History

Main article: History of Oklahoma
File:LandRun.jpeg
Land runs opened much of the state to white settlers.
.Evidence exists that native peoples traveled through Oklahoma as early as the last ice age,[34] but the state's first permanent inhabitants settled in communities accentuated with mound-like structures near the Arkansas border between 850 and 1450 AD.[35][36] Spaniard Francisco Vásquez de Coronado traveled through the state in 1541,[37] but French explorers claimed the area in the 1700s[38] and it remained under French rule until 1803, when all the French territory west of the Mississippi River was purchased by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.^ Cash Advance is headquartered in Arkansas with approximately 150 employees working in 44 stores located in the states of Arkansas, Missouri, and Louisiana.
  • State Of Oklahoma Pay Day Loan Payment Plan :: Lenders Rating 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC invest.union.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

^ The strangest occurrence in state history was the Land Run of 1889, where people willingly inhabited the state instead of moving out.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is most curious that the well-armed belligerent peoples of Texas and Oklahoma are saved from mutual annihilation by something as insignificant as the Red River.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37]
Cowboys drove cattle across the state in the late 19th century.
.Thousands of Native Americans, including those making up the "Five Civilized Tribes", were removed from their lands in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee and transported to Oklahoma in the 1830s.^ The Oklahoma Business Registration & Licensing System answers those questions and links you to the appropriate state agencies and forms that can get you up and running in record time.
  • Business Licensing - New & Existing Businesses - Oklahoma Department of Commerce 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.okcommerce.gov [Source type: News]

^ Most of the Clovers with Native American blood lived in Arkansas and later Oklahoma.

^ Before its induction into the United States, Andrew Jackson forced the Cherokee tribe from their lands in the southeast to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] The area, already occupied by Osage and Quapaw tribes, was designated Indian Territory by the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834.[37] Fifteen tribes were given land within the territory in 1830,[40]
.In the period between 1866 and 1899,[37] cattle ranches in Texas strived to meet the demands for food in eastern cities, and railroads in Kansas promised to deliver in a timely manner.^ Those same 117 stations have recorded temperatures of more than 100 degrees 37 times between August 5 and August 8.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cattle trails and cattle ranches developed as cowboys either drove their product north or settled illegally in Indian Territory.[37] .In 1881, four of five major cattle trails on the western frontier traveled through Indian Territory.^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
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^ After the war, by a series of treaties from 1866 to 1883, the Indian nations were forced to cede the western half of the territory to the U.S. as a home for other Indian tribes.
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[41] .Increased presence of white settlers in Indian Territory prompted the United States Government to establish the Dawes Act in 1887, which divided the lands of individual tribes into allotments for individual families, encouraging farming and private land ownership, but giving excess land to the federal government.^ It began in 1902 in the Indian Territory with the allotment of lands by the Dawes Commission.

^ Oklahoma is called the Sooner State, a reference to the settlers who were here before the federal government officially opened the land to settlement.
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^ Present day Oklahoma has been turned into a giant Indian casino run by illegal immigrants posing as the ancient Indian tribe, the "taco bells".
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the process, nearly half of Indian-held land within the territory was made open to outside settlers and for purchase by railroad companies.^ Oklahoma is called the Sooner State, a reference to the settlers who were here before the federal government officially opened the land to settlement.
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^ In 1834 the region was established as the Indian Territory and the tribal authority of the Indian nations within the territory was assured.
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^ On March 2, 1890, the federal government established the territory of Oklahoma, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western portion of the Indian Territory, in addition to the Panhandle.
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[42]
The Dust Bowl ravaged parts of the state in the 1930s.
.Major land runs, including the Land Run of 1889, were held for settlers on the hour that certain territories were opened to settlement.^ The strangest occurrence in state history was the Land Run of 1889, where people willingly inhabited the state instead of moving out.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Settlers who crossed the state line before the land run started were known as "Sooners", becoming the first illegal immigrants to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Usually, land was allocated to settlers on a first come, first served basis.^ Settlers who crossed the state line before the land run started were known as "Sooners", becoming the first illegal immigrants to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .Those who broke the rules by crossing the border into the territory before it was allowed were said to have been crossing the border sooner, leading to the term sooners, which eventually became the state's official nickname.^ The ridge has effectively stifled the widespread rains that the state saw for much of the summer and at the same time allowed temperatures to soar into the 100s with increasing frequency.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before you sign a loan or lease contract for a car, know what you're getting into with our glossary of terms about auto loans and leasing.
  • State Of Oklahoma Pay Day Loan Payment Plan :: Lenders Rating 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC invest.union.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

^ Before its induction into the United States, Andrew Jackson forced the Cherokee tribe from their lands in the southeast to Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .Delegations to make the territory into a state began near the turn of the 20th century, when the Curius Act abolished all tribal jurisdiction in Indian Territory.^ Eufaula : Hometown to the only Black Republican congressman, J.C. Watts in a state full of White (all) Republicans and Indians (non) Republicans, after Bush signed a bill to disband all the tribes.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1834 the region was established as the Indian Territory and the tribal authority of the Indian nations within the territory was assured.
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^ Part of the Missouri Territory was admitted into the union as the 24th state in August 10, 1821.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Failed attempts to create an all-Indian state named Oklahoma, and a later attempt to create an all-Indian state named Sequoyah failed, but the Sequoyah Statehood Convention of 1905 eventually laid the groundwork for the Oklahoma Statehood Convention, which took place two years later.^ Eufaula : Hometown to the only Black Republican congressman, J.C. Watts in a state full of White (all) Republicans and Indians (non) Republicans, after Bush signed a bill to disband all the tribes.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Choctaw : Named after an Indian tribe (like half the cities of Oklahoma), but has a large German populous and an Oktoberfest festival.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Statewide rainfall totals place Oklahoma as the 7th wettest on record over the past 30 and 60 days and the 13th wettest year-to-date (through May 8).
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .On November 16, 1907, Oklahoma was established as the 46th state in the Union.^ Oklahoma statehood occurred November 16, 1907, by joining Oklahoma Territory and the Indian Territory.

^ Central Oklahoma currently leads the state with an average of 37.76 inches - the wettest on record for that part of the state, 16.65 inches above normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was one of the deadliest acts of terrorism in American history.
.The new state became a focal point for the emerging oil industry, as discoveries of oil pools prompted towns to grow rapidly in population and wealth.^ The discovery of petroleum in the 1920s added a new dimension to the economy, encouraging the growth of commercial activity and related industry.
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.Tulsa eventually became known as the "Oil Capital of the World" for most of the 20th century, and oil investments fueled much of the state's early economy.^ OKLAHOMA STATE ECONOMY (early 1990s) .
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^ While oil production became increasingly important, farm prices fell until the demand for farm and fuel products during World War I, and again in World War II, stabilized the economy.
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^ Until the mid-20th century Oklahoma’s economy seesawed dramatically.
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[46] .In 1927, Oklahoma businessman Cyrus Avery, known the "Father of Route 66," began a campaign to create Route 66.^ Ghostly Tales of Oklahoma's Route 66 .
  • Ghostly Legends & Mysteries - Ghosts, Hauntings and Mysteries 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.legendsofamerica.com [Source type: General]

^ Oklahoma grew by leaps and bounds as many settlers passed through en route to Hell , on the River Styx (also known as the Red River).
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Using an existing stretch of highway from Amarillo to Tulsa, Oklahoma to form the original portion of Highway 66, Avery spearheaded the creation of the U.S. Highway 66 Association to oversee the planning of Route 66, based in his hometown of Tulsa.^ Ghostly Tales of Oklahoma's Route 66 .
  • Ghostly Legends & Mysteries - Ghosts, Hauntings and Mysteries 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC www.legendsofamerica.com [Source type: General]

^ Tulsa writer and Route 66 guru Michael Wallis provides the voice of the sheriff and served as Pixar's guide along the Mother Road.

[47]
.During the 1930s, parts of the state began feeling the consequences of poor farming practices, drought, and high winds.^ Rain and Snow Visit the State January 4, 2007 Much-needed rain and snow visited the state during December, lessening drought conditions and providing welcome relief to most of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state's most notable droughts, the 1930s Dust Bowl and the 1950s, were both broken in a spectacularly wet fashion.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drought conditions have continued to worsen in that area, which never saw the rains that most of the state enjoyed during the previous year.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Known as the Dust Bowl, areas of Kansas, Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma were hampered by long periods of little rainfall and abnormally high temperatures, sending thousands of farmers into poverty.^ The statewide average high temperature, which has been creeping up daily, was 96.1 degrees for the same time period.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central Oklahoma is 14.45 inches above normal for the June 1-August 20 period with 23.23 inches of rainfall.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the 100-degree temperatures ramped up in earnest on August 5, Oklahoma has recorded a measly 0.05 inches of rainfall on average statewide.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11][48]
.In 1995, Oklahoma City became the scene of one of the worst acts of terrorism ever committed in American history.^ In other "football" notes, the 1980s Tulsa Roughnecks of the American Major Soccer League were the only major league team in Oklahoma's history.
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Stock Forever Changed: Remembering Oklahoma City, April 19, 1995 by Marsha Kight ( 1 ) Price: $32.98 .
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Broadway Bookseller (Kentucky) See entire list of 9 items , including Historic Photos of Oklahoma City and History Firsthand - Oklahoma City...
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.The Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, in which Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols detonated an explosive outside of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killed 168 people, including 19 children.^ Murrah federal Building experienced on April 19, 1995.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City federal building bombing.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This site was created to centralize information concerning the strange events surrounding the April 19, 1995 bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Timothy McVeigh was later sentenced to death by lethal injection, while his partner, Terry Nichols, was convicted of 161 counts of first degree murder and received life in prison without the possibility of parole.^ Life insurance companies generally try to pay claims in a timely manner, often within 30 days of receiving a death certificate.
  • State Of Oklahoma Pay Day Loan Payment Plan :: Lenders Rating 15 September 2009 3:03 UTC invest.union.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

^ The documents were also delivered to the attorney for Terry Nichols, McVeigh's former army buddy who is now serving a life sentence for planning the bombing.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Timothy McVeigh Convicted but Jury is Still Out http://web.archive.org/web/20010630070454/http://www.apfn.org/thewinds/archive/war/oklahoma6-97.html .
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]

Economy

The BOK Tower of Tulsa, Oklahoma's tallest building, serves as the world headquarters for Williams Companies.
.Based in the sectors of aviation, energy, transportation equipment, food processing, electronics, and telecommunications, Oklahoma is an important producer of natural gas, aircraft, and food.^ Shepherd's Cross is a working sheep farm; a Made in Oklahoma Farm; an Accredited State Agritourism Facility; an Oklahoma Food Cooperative Producer and a working mini-wool mill.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

[5] .The state ranks second in the nation for production of natural gas,[50] and is the 27th-most agriculturally productive state, ranking 5th in production of wheat.^ This region has fertile soils and is one of the state’s most important agricultural areas.
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^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
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^ Petroleum and natural gas are found in all sections of the state, but most coal is concentrated in the NE and the Arkansas Valley.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] Oil accounted for 17 percent of Oklahoma's economic impact in 2005,[52] and employment in the state's oil industry was outpaced by five other industries in 2007.[53]

Industry

.In early 2007, Oklahoma had a civilian labor force of 1.7 million and total non-farm employment fluctuated around 1.6 million.^ In just the first eight days of May 2007, Oklahoma posted a statewide-averaged rainfall total of 3.53 inches.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .The government sector provides the most jobs, with 326,000 in 2007, followed by the transportation and utilities sector, providing 285,000 jobs, and the sectors of education, business, and manufacturing, providing 191,000, 178,000, and 151,000 jobs, respectively.^ Rain and Snow Visit the State January 4, 2007 Much-needed rain and snow visited the state during December, lessening drought conditions and providing welcome relief to most of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]

Energy

.
A major oil producing state, Oklahoma is the fifth-largest producer of crude oil in the nation.
^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City Population: 537,734 County: Oklahoma County Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shepherd's Cross is a working sheep farm; a Made in Oklahoma Farm; an Accredited State Agritourism Facility; an Oklahoma Food Cooperative Producer and a working mini-wool mill.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Oklahoma for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

[54]
.Oklahoma is the nation's second-largest producer of natural gas, fifth-largest producer of crude oil, has the second-greatest number of active drilling rigs,[54] In 2004, the state had 83,750 commercial oil wells and as many as 750,000 total wells,[52][55] churning 178 thousand barrels of crude oil a day.^ June 2008 Climate Summary July 10, 2008 June was a very active weather month in Oklahoma with a large number of severe storm reports.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Friday morning's rains mark 17 consecutive days of rainfall in Oklahoma City, according to the National Weather Service.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Oklahoma Mesonet site at Minco has recorded 54.20 inches of rainfall since the beginning of the year to lead the state.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[55] Ten percent of the nation's natural gas supply is held in Oklahoma, with 1.662 trillion cubic feet.[55]
Three of the largest private oil companies in the nation are located in the state,[56]

Agriculture

.The 27th-most agriculturally productive state, Oklahoma is fifth in cattle production and fifth in production of wheat.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 2008 Climate Summary September 5, 2008 August was a wet month for most of the state as record-setting precipitation fell over parts of central and southern Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rain and Snow Visit the State January 4, 2007 Much-needed rain and snow visited the state during December, lessening drought conditions and providing welcome relief to most of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51][57] .Approximately 5.5 percent of American beef comes from Oklahoma, while the state produces 6.1 percent of American wheat, 4.2 percent of American pig products, and 2.2 percent of dairy products.^ Farming accounts for 4% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma.
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^ November 7, 2006 KASHRUS CLARIFICATION Please be advised that CHAMBORD DAIRY PRODUCTS Produced by World of Chantilly, Brooklyn, NY Will NO longer be produced as Cholov Yisroel.
  • OK Kosher Certification — Kosher Alerts 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.ok.org [Source type: General]

^ Beef cattle are the state’s leading agricultural product.
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[51] .The state had 83,500 farms in 2005, collectively producing $4.3 billion in animal products and under one billion dollars in crop output with more than $6.1 billion added to the state's gross domestic product.^ Farming accounts for 4% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma.
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^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 19,1995 Multiple witnesses believe they heard more than one explosion.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .Poultry and swine are its second and third-largest agricultural industries.^ Oklahoma’s economy has traditionally been dominated by agriculture and mining, but by the early 1990s, service industries, government, and manufacturing had grown to become the largest economic sectors.
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[57]

Culture

Oklahoma's heritage as a pioneer state is depicted with the Pioneer Woman statue in Ponca City.
Oklahoma is placed geographically in the Southeastern United States by the United States Census Bureau,[58]
Philbrook Museum is one of the top 50 fine art museums in the United States.[59]

Arts and theater

.In the state's largest urban areas, pockets of jazz culture flourish,[60] and Native American, Mexican, and Asian enclaves produce music and art of their respective cultures.^ Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while Dallas–Fort Worth and Houston are the 4th and 6th largest United States metropolitan areas.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historically, the area was home to large numbers of nomadic Native Americans who hunted bison.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The four largest urban areas are Columbia, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61] .The Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville is one of the largest classical music festivals in the southern United States,[62] and Oklahoma City's Festival of the Arts has been named one of the top fine arts festivals in the nation.^ (Oklahoma City update by Oklahoma State Rep.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma City : This is the state capital?
  • Oklahoma - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oklahoma 62 - Oklahoma State 57 .

[60] .The Tulsa Ballet, one of the state's five major city ballet companies, is rated as one of the top ballet companies in the United States by the New York Times.^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
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^ Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while Dallas–Fort Worth and Houston are the 4th and 6th largest United States metropolitan areas.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (New York Times Sunday, April 16, 1995 section f pg.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] In Sand Springs, an outdoor amphitheater called "Discoveryland!" is the official performance headquarters for the musical Oklahoma![63] Historically, the state has produced musical styles such as The Tulsa Sound and Western Swing, which was popularized at Cain's Ballroom in Tulsa. The building, known as the "Carnegie Hall of Western Swing,"[64]
.Oklahoma is in the nation's middle percentile in per capita spending on the arts, ranking 17th, and contains more than 300 museums.^ Remember the good ol’ days when Barack Obama promised the nation that he’d close Guantanamo Bay, end the wars, enact no new taxes for the middle class, and cut net spending rather than raise it?
  • BlogNetNews.com » Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.blognetnews.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southeastern Oklahoma, for instance, is having its 23rd driest winter on record thus far at more than an inch and a half below normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .The Philbrook Museum of Tulsa is considered one of the top 50 fine art museums in the United States,[59] and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History in Norman, one of the largest university-based art and history museums in the country, documents the natural history of the region.^ University of Tulsa Founded: 1894 Enrollment: 4,165 Oklahoma Baptist University Founded: 1910 Southern Nazarene University Founded: 1899 St. Gregory's University Founded: 1875 University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma Founded: 1908 Western Oklahoma State College Founded: 1926 Famous residents of Oklahoma .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among these schools were the University of Oklahoma, in Norman; Oklahoma State University (1890), in Stillwater; Central State University (1890), in Edmond; Southwestern Oklahoma State University (1901), in Weatherford; Phillips University (1906), in Enid; the University of Tulsa (1894) and Oral Roberts University (1965), in Tulsa; Oklahoma City University (1904); Saint Gregory’s College (1875), in Shawnee; and the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma (1908), in Chickasha.
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^ Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while Dallas–Fort Worth and Houston are the 4th and 6th largest United States metropolitan areas.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .The collections of Thomas Gilcrease are housed in the Gilcrease Museum of Tulsa, which also holds the world's largest, most comprehensive collection of art and artifacts of the American West.^ Many of the state’s museums exhibit collections of historical material on the American Indian and the western pioneer.
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^ Blog Oklahoma CircleCinema The Edmond Sun Jim Chastain NewsOK The Norman Transcript Oklahoma City Museum of Art Oklahoma Film and Music Commission Oklahoma Film Society The Oklahoma Gazette The Other Film Club (OU) The Tulsa World Urban Tulsa Weekly .

^ Included among these are the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art and the Philbrook Art Center, both in Tulsa; the Oklahoma Historical Society Museum and the Oklahoma Art Center, both in Oklahoma City; and the Cherokee National Historical Society museum, in Tahlequah.
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[65] .The Oklahoma City Museum of Art contains the most comprehensive collection of glass sculptures by artist Dale Chihuly in the world,[66] and Oklahoma City's National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum documents the heritage of the American Western frontier.^ The Oklahoma City National Memorial was established in 1995; it contains the Symbolic Memorial (built in 2000), the Memorial Center (dedicated in 2001), and the Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism.
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^ Jimmy Rushing Musical Artist James Andrew Rushing known as Jimmy Rushing, was an American blues shouter and swing jazz singer from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, best known as the featured vocalist of Count Basie's Orchestra from 1935 to 1948.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early 1990s Oklahoma had 49 daily newspapers with a total daily circulation of about 744,200 including the Daily Oklahoman in Oklahoma City, and the Tulsa World, in Tulsa.
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[60] .With remnants of the Holocaust and artifacts relevant to Judaism, the Sherwin Miller Museum of Jewish Art of Tulsa preserves the largest collection of Jewish art in the Southwest United States.^ Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the United States, while Dallas–Fort Worth and Houston are the 4th and 6th largest United States metropolitan areas.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The city is the largest city and metro area in population of the traditional 'plains states' as well as the South Central United States outside of Texas.
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^ The state’s two largest cities were Oklahoma City (the capital) and Tulsa.
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[67]
Native American cultural events like pow wows are common in Oklahoma.

Festivals and events

Oklahoma's centennial celebration was named the top event in the United States for 2007 by the American Bus Association,[68]

Education

See also: List of School Districts in Oklahoma and List of Colleges and Universities in Oklahoma
Oklahoma State University operates a system of campuses with a main location in Stillwater.
.With an educational system made up of public school districts and independent private institutions, Oklahoma had 631,337 students enrolled in 1,849 public primary, secondary, and vocational schools in 540 school districts as of 2006.[69] Ranked near the bottom of states in expenditures per student, Oklahoma spent $6,614 for each student in 2005, 47th in the nation,[69] though its growth of total education expenditures between 1992 and 2002 ranked 22nd.^ The statewide averages are made up of regional averages, of course, and they don’t adequately depict the variety of weather our state saw in 2008.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because Oklahoma is a relatively sparsely populated state, many of its educational and cultural institutions are concentrated in its major cities, particularly in Oklahoma City and Tulsa.
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^ Internal Auditor (CPA) Oklahoma Teachers Retirement System Salary: Commensurate with education and experience.
  • OPM - Unclassified Postings 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70]
.The University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University are the largest public institutions of higher education in Oklahoma, both operating through one primary campus and satellite campuses throughout the state.^ Brooks has enjoyed one of the most successful careers in popular music history, breaking records for both sales and concert attendance throughout the 1990s.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The University of Oklahoma is proud to have supported the development, deployment, and operation of the Oklahoma City Micronet," said Dr. Paul G. Risser, Chair of the University of Oklahoma Research Cabinet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you have questions about the evaluation, please contact Tom James, Institute for Public Affairs, University of Oklahoma, tjames@ou.edu , (405) 325-6622.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two colleges, along with the University of Tulsa, rank among the country's best in undergraduate business programs,[71] and the University of Oklahoma and University of Tulsa are in the top percentage of universities nationally for academic ratings.^ University of Tulsa Founded: 1894 Enrollment: 4,165 Oklahoma Baptist University Founded: 1910 Southern Nazarene University Founded: 1899 St. Gregory's University Founded: 1875 University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma Founded: 1908 Western Oklahoma State College Founded: 1926 Famous residents of Oklahoma .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Staff from the National Weather Center partner agencies and University of Oklahoma students will form two panels to discuss their high school, college and/or work experiences.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The National Collegiate Inventors Competition recognizes and rewards innovations, discoveries and research by college and university students and their faculty advisers.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] The state has 54 post-secondary technical institutions for training in specific fields of industry or trade.[69]

Sports

.Oklahoma has minor league professional sports teams in basketball, football, arena football, baseball, soccer, and hockey, located in Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Enid, and Lawton.^ Prev Next » Professional sports teams in Oklahoma .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then again, maybe we're just trying to convince the Seattle Supersonics basketball team to move to Oklahoma City.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keep in mind that the state's major metropolitan areas of Oklahoma City and Tulsa have largely received only glancing blows from the previous icing events.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Minor league baseball at the AAA and AA levels, hockey in the Central Hockey League, and arena football in the AF2 league are hosted by Oklahoma City and Tulsa.^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
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^ In the early 1990s Oklahoma had 49 daily newspapers with a total daily circulation of about 744,200 including the Daily Oklahoman in Oklahoma City, and the Tulsa World, in Tulsa.
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^ WKY-TV in Oklahoma City and KOTV in Tulsa, Oklahoma’s first commercial television stations, began operations in 1949.
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.Oklahoma City also hosts the Oklahoma City Lightning playing in the National Women's Football Association, and Tulsa serves as the base for the Tulsa 66ers of the NBA Development League and the Tulsa Revolution, playing in the American Indoor Soccer League.^ C. Maxwell says: With Oklahoma about to play for another National Championship, I thought I would let everyone know which Oklahoma Football books and DVDs are worth the purchase, Enjoy!!!
  • Lists & Guides tagged with oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Don also served as vice president of the Oklahoma Centennial Chisholm Trail Cattle Drive Association and a member of the Pond Creek-Hunter Young Farmers, Quail Unlimited, National Rifle Association, and the American Chuck-wagon Association.

^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
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[64] Enid and Lawton host professional basketball teams in the USBL and the ABA.
.The NBA's New Orleans Hornets became the first major sports franchise based in Oklahoma when it was forced to relocate to Oklahoma City's Ford Center for two seasons following Hurricane Katrina in 2005.[72] Though the team returned to New Orleans in 2007, Oklahoma has been named one of the prime locations for any future permanent relocation of a NBA team.^ Major cities in Oklahoma .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dorothy fought a short but brave battle of cancer at OU Medical Center in Oklahoma City.

^ Number of comments: 7 On Monday night, while most of you were probably watching the Bedlam (so-called) basketball game on “Big Monday,” the Oklahoma City Thunder were busy trouncing the New York Knicks at the Ford Center.
  • BlogNetNews.com » Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.blognetnews.com [Source type: General]

[72]
.In July 2006, a group of Oklahoma City businessmen, led by Clay Bennett, purchased the Seattle SuperSonics.^ June 29, 2007 Oklahoma City might be considering changing its name to Seattle, given how much rain we've had recently.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet, the statewide average rainfall through July 16 has already eclipsed the yearly rainfall amounts of both 2005 and 2006.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then again, maybe we're just trying to convince the Seattle Supersonics basketball team to move to Oklahoma City.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When a year of negotiations for a new arena in the Seattle area did not produce results, the group requested permission from the NBA to move the team to Oklahoma City.^ OKCNET was developed during a 5-year collaboration between the Oklahoma Climatological Survey (OCS), the Oklahoma Mesonet, the University of Oklahoma (OU), and the City of Oklahoma City.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ June 29, 2007 Oklahoma City might be considering changing its name to Seattle, given how much rain we've had recently.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With about 20 poles per mile on an average electrical supply line, that results in over 1,550 miles of destroyed power supply capabilities, enough to stretch from Oklahoma City to New York City.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73] .The request has yet to be reviewed by the NBA and the ownership group has left open the possibility of the team remaining in the Seattle area if financing for a new arena can be arranged before completion of the relocation process.^ With more rainfall in the forecast in the next few days, hopefully we will be able to show improvement in the remaining areas that did not receive much rain yet.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the positive side, a large area of D0 in southern Oklahoma was removed this week, where rains had already fallen before the new analysis was published.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73]
Collegiate athletics are a popular draw in the state. .The University of Oklahoma Sooners and the Oklahoma State University Cowboys average well over 60,000 fans attending their football games, and the University of Oklahoma's football program ranked 13th in attendance among American colleges in 2006, with an average of 84,561 people attending its home games.^ Oklahoma is called the Sooner State, a reference to the settlers who were here before the federal government officially opened the land to settlement.
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^ University of Tulsa Founded: 1894 Enrollment: 4,165 Oklahoma Baptist University Founded: 1910 Southern Nazarene University Founded: 1899 St. Gregory's University Founded: 1875 University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma Founded: 1908 Western Oklahoma State College Founded: 1926 Famous residents of Oklahoma .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state has some 70,000 farms, which average 191 ha (471 acres) in size; most of the state’s smaller farms are located in the SE. Livestock and livestock products make up about two-thirds of Oklahoma’s yearly farm income.
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[74]
.Regular LPGA tournaments are held at Cedar Ridge Country Club in Tulsa, and major championships for the PGA or LPGA have been played at Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa, Oak Tree Country Club in Oklahoma City, and Cedar Ridge Country Club in Tulsa.^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
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^ Southern pine is the principal commercial tree and is found primarily in the SE. Commercially valuable hardwoods include walnut, pecan, hickory, elm, ash, and oak.
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^ In the early 1990s Oklahoma had 49 daily newspapers with a total daily circulation of about 744,200 including the Daily Oklahoman in Oklahoma City, and the Tulsa World, in Tulsa.
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[75] Rated one of the top golf courses in the nation, Southern Hills has hosted four PGA Championships, including one in 2007, and three U.S. Opens, the most recent in 2001.[76]

Health

The southwest regional facility for the Cancer Treatment Centers of America is located in Tulsa.
.The state was the 21st-largest recipient of medical funding from the federal government in 2005, with health-related federal expenditures in the state totaling $75,801,364; immunizations, bioterrorism preparedness, and health education were the top three most funded medical items.^ The initial news coverage, supported by statements from state, federal and local government officials, described the removal of multiple unexploded bombs from inside in the Murrah Federal building.
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^ Job Posting: 200907 Posting Date: April 16, 2009 This is a full time position in STATE GOVERNMENT and will be eligible for a generous total rewards package.
  • OPM - Unclassified Postings 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The northern half of the state saw the most rain and accounted for the bulk of the near-normal total while the southeast went thirsty.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .Instances of major diseases are near the national average in Oklahoma, and the state ranks at or slightly above the rest of the country in percentage of people with asthma, diabetes, cancer, and hypertension.^ The state’s major waterway, the McClellan-Kerr Navigation System, provides E Oklahoma with access to the Gulf of Mexico by way of the Verdigris, Arkansas, and Mississippi rivers.
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^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
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^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77]
.In 2000, Oklahoma ranked 45th in physicians per capita and slightly below the national average in nurses per capita, but was slightly over the national average in hospital beds per 100,000 people and above the national average in net growth of health services over a 12-year period.^ (Time , February 24,1997) 2000 federal agents interview over 20,000 people, but no agents went to Elohim City.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2000 the average population density was 50.3 people per sq mi of land area; most of the population was concentrated in the E half of the state.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to data from the Oklahoma Mesonet, the year-to-date statewide average rainfall total of 37.44 inches through October 15 ranks as the 6th wettest since 1921 at more than seven inches above normal.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .It ranks 16th in terms of teenage obesity, with 11.1 percent of high school students at or near obesity, and is one of two states that do not have requirements for physical education in public schools.^ Education and Experience: High school education is required.
  • OPM - Unclassified Postings 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An addict school teacher and one of his culturally-challenged students become fast friends, in spite of life.

^ We are about the only ones publicly stating that several federal judges in the U.S. wear two hats---one as federal judge, and two, generally unknown, as FEMA official.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[79]
.The OU Medical Center, Oklahoma's largest hospital, is the only hospital in the state designated a Level I trauma center by the American College of Surgeons, and is located on the grounds of the Oklahoma Health Center, the state's largest concentration of medical research facilities.^ The network was designed and implemented by scientists at OU and Oklahoma State University.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dorothy fought a short but brave battle of cancer at OU Medical Center in Oklahoma City.

^ Wheat is grown mainly in the N and SW parts of the state; cotton raising is concentrated in the SW. In the more humid E part of Oklahoma, soybeans, pecans, corn, and vegetables are grown.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[80]

Media

The second largest newspaper in Oklahoma, the Tulsa World has a circulation of 189,789.[81]
.Oklahoma City and Tulsa are the 45th and 61st-largest media markets in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research.^ (Oklahoma City update by Oklahoma State Rep.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state’s two largest cities were Oklahoma City (the capital) and Tulsa.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state's third-largest media market, Lawton-Wichita Falls, is ranked 144th nationally by the agency.^ The mining industry accounts for 7% of the annual gross state product in Oklahoma, and the state ranks among the nation’s leading mineral producers.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coach Dobbs retired after that season, and McGraw transferred to Midwestern State University in Wichita Falls, Texas.
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The city ranks as the seventh-largest city in the United States by land area which includes consolidated city-counties; it is the largest city in the United States by land area whose government is not consolidated with that of a county .
  • Oklahoma - US State | Juggle.com 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[82] .Broadcast television in Oklahoma began in 1949 when KFOR-TV (then WKY-TV) in Oklahoma City and KOTV-TV in Tulsa began broadcasting a few months apart.^ WKY-TV in Oklahoma City and KOTV in Tulsa, Oklahoma’s first commercial television stations, began operations in 1949.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early 1990s Oklahoma had 49 daily newspapers with a total daily circulation of about 744,200 including the Daily Oklahoman in Oklahoma City, and the Tulsa World, in Tulsa.
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[83] .Currently, all major American broadcast networks have affiliated television stations in the state.^ Tulsa and Oklahoma City are major hubs in a network of about 179,870 km (about 111,765 mi) of federal, state, and local roads.
  • http://www.worldalmanacforkids.com/WAKI-ViewArticle.aspx?pin=wwwwak-426&article_id=774&chapter_id=15&chapter_title=United_States&article_title=Oklahoma 28 January 2010 0:36 UTC www.worldalmanacforkids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the records cover several states, I have put them all on the Native American page on the following page.

^ He also states "that a weak dollar causes all major industrial plants to become located in the U.S." The weak dollar causes increases in capital return and a decrease in Europe and Japan.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[84]
The state has two primary newspapers. .The Oklahoman, based in Oklahoma City, is the largest newspaper in the state and 48th-largest in the nation by circulation, with a weekday readership of 215,102 and a Sunday readership of 287,505. The Tulsa World, the second most widely circulated newspaper in Oklahoma and 77th in the nation, holds a Sunday circulation of 189,789 and a weekday readership of 138,262.[81] Oklahoma's first newspaper was established in 1844, called the Cherokee Advocate, and was written in both Cherokee and English.^ The Cherokee Advocate, the state’s first newspaper, was initially published in Tahlequah in 1844.
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^ (Oklahoma City update by Oklahoma State Rep.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The state’s two largest cities were Oklahoma City (the capital) and Tulsa.
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[85] .In 2006, there were more than 220 newspapers located in the state, including 177 with weekly publications and 48 with daily publications.^ Most of the state saw more than an inch of liquid precipitation with 94 of 118 Oklahoma Mesonet sites hitting that mark.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is more evidence to suggest there was not a Ryder truck used in the bombing than to confirm that there was such a vehicle.
  • Oklahoma City Bombing 18 September 2009 7:53 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Oklahoma Mesonet measures a large variety of environmental conditions at more than 100 locations statewide.
  • Oklahoma Climatological Survey 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC climate.ok.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[85]
.Two large public radio networks are broadcast in Oklahoma: Oklahoma Public Radio and Public Radio International.^ Of Oklahoma’s 88 heliports and 322 airports, the two busiest are Tulsa International Airport and Will Rogers World Airport (Oklahoma City).
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