Old Bethpage, New York: Wikis

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Old Bethpage, New York
—  CDP  —
Old Bethpage, New York is located in New York
Old Bethpage, New York
Coordinates: 40°45′43″N 73°27′16″W / 40.76194°N 73.45444°W / 40.76194; -73.45444
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Area
 - Total 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 - Land 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 174 ft (53 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,400
 - Density 1,311.4/sq mi (506.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11804
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-54551
GNIS feature ID 0959252

Old Bethpage is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located in the Town of Oyster Bay, Nassau County, New York, USA. The population was 5,400 at the 2000 census. Its ZIP code is 11804.

Old Bethpage and its neighboring hamlet, Plainview, share a school system, library, fire department and water district. Law enforcement for the community is provided by the Nassau County Police Department's Eighth Precinct.

Contents

History

In 1695, Thomas Powell bought about 10,000 acres (40 km2) from local Indian tribes, including the Marsapeque, Matinecoc, and Sacatogue, for 140 English pounds. This land, which includes present day Bethpage, East Farmingdale, Farmingdale, Old Bethpage, Plainedge, Plainview, South Farmingdale, and part of Melville, is known as the Bethpage Purchase and is approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) east to west and 5 miles (8.0 km) north to south.

Powell called his land Bethphage, because it was situated between two other places on Long Island, Jericho and Jerusalem, just as the biblical town of Bethphage (meaning "house of figs") was situated between Jericho and Jerusalem in Israel. Today, the Long Island place formerly called Jerusalem is known as Wantagh and Island Trees, while the placename Jericho is unaltered. Over time, Bethpage was spelled without the second "H". Powell's 14 children split up his purchase and it evolved into several farming communities, and the one in this mostly central part of the purchase retained the name "Bethpage".

A railroad spur completed in 1873, known as the Bethpage Branch of the Central Railroad of Long Island,[1] ran to a brickworks plant which had opened in Old Bethpage in the 1860s. The railway was built to transport bricks for the construction of Alexander Stewart's Garden City.[2][3] For a few years, regularly-scheduled passenger traffic also appeared in timetables, with the station being called Bethpage. The line was abandoned in 1942. Remnants of a locomotive turntable can be found in the woods of Bethpage State Park on the east side of Round Swamp Road.[4][5]

In 1908, William Kissam Vanderbilt II began construction of the Long Island Motor Parkway, one of the country's first highways. Eventually stretching 45 miles (72 km) from Queens, New York to Lake Ronkonkoma, New York, a portion of the parkway ran through Old Bethpage. Street names such as "Vanderbilt Lane", "Motor Parkway" and "Toll Place" serve as reminders. Segments of the old roadbed and some bridges can still be seen in some places, including Battle Row Campground, Bethpage State Park, and the Old Bethpage Village Restoration.[6]

In 1932, under the auspices of Long Island State Parks Commissioner, Robert Moses, Bethpage State Park, was opened. The park and its 1,400 acres (5.7 km2) is almost entirely within the hamlet of Old Bethpage. In 1936, the adjacent hamlet of Central Park changed its name to Bethpage.[7] Following this name change, the hamlet originally called Bethpage resisted suggestions that it merge with the new Bethpage, and got approval from the post office to change its name to Old Bethpage, though it did not have its own post office until 1965.[8] Bethpage State Park remained so named, leading some to mistakenly believe that the park is located mostly in Bethpage.

Old Bethpage was home to at least two grand estates, the Benjamin Franklin Yoakum Estate and the Taliaferro Estate.

  • The former estate of railroad tycoon Benjamin F. Yoakum included land in both Old Bethpage and the Lenox Hills neighborhood of Farmingdale Village. It was this estate that was transformed into Bethpage State Park.
  • The Taliaferro Estate is now the site of the Nassau County Office Complex, located between the split of Old Country Road and Round Swamp Road, and was once home to the Nassau County Sanitarium, a tuberculosis ward. The sanitarium was authorized by the Nassau County Board of Supervisors in 1930, and was completed in the early part of the same decade.[9][10]

As tuberculosis was brought under control, the complex of Georgian style buildings was closed in the 1960s.[11] Following its closure, the facility was given over to mixed use, including the establishment of a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in 1976, and a branch of the Cornell Cooperative Extension.[11][12] In 1999, Charles Wang, founder of Computer Associates purchased the 144-acre (0.58 km2) property from the county for $23 million.[13] Included in the purchase was 1535 Old Country Road, which now houses the corporate offices of the New York Islanders and New York Dragons, both of which are owned by Wang. In addition, the building is home to the Wang-created, Plainview Chinese Cultural Center.[14]

In 1960, responding to Nassau County's rapid suburban expansion, the county announced plans for the development of the Nassau County Fire Service Academy. Located on Winding Road, the academy provides provides training to all Nassau County fire departments.[15]

Geography

Old Bethpage is located at 40°45′43″N 73°27′16″W / 40.76194°N 73.45444°W / 40.76194; -73.45444 (40.761819, -73.454544)[16].

According to the United States Census Bureau, Old Bethpage has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.7 km²). Although Plainview, at 5.7 square miles (15 km2) is 40% larger, its population is appoximately five times that of Old Bethpage because significant portions of Old Bethpage consist of parks and undeveloped property, including, Bethpage State Park, the Old Bethpage Village Restoration and Battle Row Campground.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census,[17] there were 5,400 people, 1,834 households, and 1,557 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,311.4 per square mile (506.1/km²). There were 1,843 housing units at an average density of 447.6/sq mi (172.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.57% White, 1.19% African American, 0.04% Native American, 2.94% Asian, 0.35% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population.

There were 1,834 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.1% were non-families. 13.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $89,771, and the median income for a family was $100,325. Males had a median income of $67,917 versus $40,353 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,666. About 2.4% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

School System

Old Bethpage's school system is the Plainview-Old Bethpage Central School District. This school district contains one high school, two middle schools, four elementary schools and a kindergarten center. Of these schools, the only one located in Old Bethpage proper is Old Bethpage Elementary School.

Old Bethpage also had its own one room school house named the Little Red Schoolhouse. This building, which stood until the 1970s, was located on Schoolhouse Road, just off of Round Swamp Road. The building was torn down and the property developed into several houses.

Recreation

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Parks

Old Bethpage has a number of community parks tucked in between its homes. For residents, the primary park is the Old Bethpage Park, located on Haypath Road. This park features two tennis courts, baseball and softball fields, a basketball court, playgrounds and a community center. For out-of-towners, the town is also home to the Battle Row Campground, which provides accommodations for trailers and tent camping on its 44 acres (180,000 m2). [8]

Entertainment

Old Bethpage is home to the Old Bethpage Village Restoration[18]. Opened in 1963, on a former Powell family farm, the restoration is an authentic recreation of a mid-19th century Long Island village, complete with farmhouses, a blacksmith, general store, cobbler, school house and church. [19][20][21] In 2009, the restoration became one of six Nassau County museums slated to be closed as a result of its impending budget shortfall. However, the museum opened on April 1, 2009 due to the immense amount of positive feedback the county received after news of the closing got out to the public.[22]

Old Bethpage was home to one movie theater, located in the Tru-Value Shopping Center. This theater initially showed first or second run movies. However, in the 1970s it began to show pornographic movies until community protests forced the theater to revert to its original general commercial offerings. [23] The theater eventually closed and remained vacant for a number of years until it was reopened as a live action theater known as the Plaza Playhouse.

Sports

Old Bethpage is home to "Skate Safe of America", which provides facilities for roller hockey and other indoor sports.

Miscellany

  • Author, critic, and professor Daniel Mendelsohn and brother film maker Eric Mendelsohn (Judy Berlin, 1999 which was shot in Old Bethpage) grew up in Old Bethpage.
  • Emmy Award winning producer Art Dryce grew up in Old Bethpage.
  • Prior to its development as a suburb, the area that is now Lark Avenue roughly between Belair Drive and Lee Place, was once a shooting range.
  • The stretch of undeveloped land which starts in Bethpage State Park and crosses Haypath Road, Old Bethpage Road and Old Country Road, was originally purchased as a right of way by the State of New York, for a proposed extension of the Bethpage State Parkway to the Long Island Expressway. The intersection of these two roads would have been Exit 47 on the Expressway. There is still no Exit 47, with the LIE skipping from Exit 46 to Exit 48. This land is currently set aside by New York State as permanent park land and is now designated as Trailview State Park.
  • Most people, including people who live in Old Bethpage, don't realize that Bethpage State Park is actually located mostly in Old Bethpage, not Bethpage, with small parts of its "Black Course" located in Melville and East Farmingdale. Since the Farmingdale post office served the offices of the original golf course, ever since the park opened it has used Farmingdale as its postal address.

References

Bibliography

  • "Our Town: Life in Plainview-Old Bethpage 1600 Through Tomorrow", by Richard Koubek, published in 1987

Notes

  1. ^ "Railroad Extension". NY Times. 1873-08-01. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D07E3DE1239EF34BC4953DFBE668388669FDE. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  
  2. ^ "Plainview-Old Bethpage Chamber of Commerce". http://www.plainview-oldbethpage.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=history.  
  3. ^ "Stewart Line and Stewart Brick Works". http://arrts-arrchives.com/about.html.  
  4. ^ "Central Railroad of Long Island- Bethpage Turntable". http://home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/lirrcrr1.html#bethpgbr.  
  5. ^ "Long Island Motor Parkway Exploration Continuation Page 2". http://home.att.net/~Berliner-Ultrasonics/limpxpl2.html.  
  6. ^ "Long Island Motor Parkway Page 7". http://home.att.net/~berliner-ultrasonics/limpkwy7.html.  
  7. ^ "Metropolitan Area Loses One of Its Central Parks" ($ PDF $). NY Times. 1936-10-03. http://select.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F00F14F6345B1B7B93C1A9178BD95F428385F9.  
  8. ^ a b "A Hop, Skip and Jump to Life's Amenities". NY Times. 1996-08-18. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A07E0D71431F93BA2575BC0A960958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  
  9. ^ Encyclopedia of the Unincorporated Village of Bethpage
  10. ^ Unknown (1932-04-14). "$5,000,000 Bonds For Nassau County". NY Times. http://select.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FB0911F83C5A13738DDDAC0994DC405B828FF1D3. Retrieved 2008-03-31.  
  11. ^ a b McMorrow, Fred (1976-11-07). "Beyond the Drunk Tank". NY Times. http://select.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FB0911F83C5A13738DDDAC0994DC405B828FF1D3. Retrieved 2008-04-03.  
  12. ^ "NY Camping Review". http://www.ny-camping-review.com/?id=302775&n=nassau+county+ofcs+%26+institutions+-+cornell+cooperative+extension+of+nassau+county&t=hotel.  
  13. ^ "Newsday article on Wang purchase". http://www.newsday.com/topic/ny-bzwang0601,0,6017383.story.  
  14. ^ "Charles Wang Foundation Donates Plainview Chinese School to Enrich Asian Cultural Offerings For Long Islanders". http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/01-18-2001/0001406814&EDATE=.  
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  18. ^ Old Bethpage Village Restoration
  19. ^ Field Trip.com
  20. ^ "Nassau Is Planning 19th-Century Town on Tract For Park". NY Times. 1963-05-08. http://select.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F30E16FC3B5D117B93CAA9178ED85F478685F9. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  21. ^ Silver, Roy R. (1970-05-07). "Person With Skills of the 1800s Sought For The Restoration In Nassau". NY Times. http://select.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F40C17FB3E5C1A7493C5A9178ED85F448785F9. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  22. ^ Murphy, William; Bleyer, Bill (2009-02-09). "Person Nassau union heads to testify on county layoff bill". Newsday. http://www.newsday.com/services/newspaper/printedition/monday/longisland/ny-ponass096029881feb09,0,2760263.story. Retrieved 2009-02-09.  
  23. ^ Court document

External links


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