The Full Wiki

Old Firm: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Old Firm

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old Firm
Oldfirm.jpg
Fans kept apart at a match between the clubs
City or region Glasgow, Scotland
First contested 28 May 1888
Teams involved Celtic and Rangers

The Old Firm is a common collective name for the association football clubs Celtic and Rangers, both based in Glasgow, Scotland.

The origin of the term is unclear. One theory has it that the expression derives from Celtic's first game in 1888, which was played against Rangers. A newspaper report stated that both sets of players "got on so well that you would believe that they were old firm friends."[citation needed] However, William J. Murray states that the term derives from the commercial benefits of the two clubs' rivalry, which were viewed with distaste in some quarters in the early days of the game.[1]

Another theory is that the term "The Old Firm " occured during the early 20th century when the two clubs began to dominate the Scottish football competitions.

The two clubs are the most successful in Scotland, having won between them 67 Scottish Cups and 94 Scottish League championships (as of May 2009). Interruptions to their ascendancy have occurred infrequently, most recently with the challenge of the New Firm of Aberdeen and Dundee United in the first half of the 1980s and other times happening in the 1890s and 1950s. Starting with the 1995–96 season, the Old Firm clubs finished in the top two places in every season until 2005–06, when Heart of Midlothian finished second ahead of Rangers. As of 28 February 2010, Rangers and Celtic had played each other 387 times, with Rangers winning 155 matches, Celtic 139 matches and 93 draws.[2] The two clubs normally compete four times a year in the SPL and are regularly drawn against each other in the two Scottish cup competitions.

The clubs have large support bases around Glasgow, but also have supporters clubs in most towns throughout Scotland and in many cities around the world. The presence of Rangers and Celtic has been estimated to be worth £120 million to the Scottish economy.[3]

Contents

Rivalry and sectarianism

Rangers fans aligning their club with the Union Flag

The competition between the two clubs has roots in more than just a simple sporting rivalry. It is infused with a series of complex disputes, sometimes centred on religion (Catholic and Protestant) and Northern Ireland-related politics (Loyalist and Republican). The result has been an enduring enmity between fans that has been manifested in a history laden with sectarian violence.

Rangers' traditional support was largely, but by no means exclusively, from the Protestant community, while Celtic's was mostly, but by no means exclusively, from those of Irish extraction. Celtic have had a historic association with the Catholic peoples of Ireland, and some Celtic fans sing Irish Republican songs. Rangers fans are traditionally loyalists, with terraces chants that reflect that point of view. One effect is that Scottish flags are rare among Celtic supporters; Celtic fans are more likely to wave the Irish tricolour while Rangers fans tend to wave the Union Flag and the Scottish Flag.

The ferocity of the rivalry has made it rare for a player to represent both teams during his career. Players who have played for both sides of the Old Firm include Alex Bennett, Scott Duncan, Robert Campbell, George Livingstone - these players played before the intensity of the rivalry had started/before 1912 - Alfie Conn, Maurice Johnston, Kenny Miller, Steven Pressley and Mark Brown. Rangers' signing of Johnston caused particular controversy because, although he was not the first Catholic to play for Rangers,[4] he was by far the highest-profile openly Catholic player to do so since World War I. In addition to this, it was announced weeks prior that Johnston would re-sign for Celtic and at the same time Johnston was paraded in a Celtic jersey. The reasons for the breakdown in Johnston's transfer to Celtic are pure speculation.[5][6] Until Graeme Souness signed Johnston in 1989, Rangers were said by him to have had an "unwritten policy" of not signing any player who was Catholic.[7][8][9]

Both Rangers and Celtic now accept that they have a problem with sectarianism, and both admit that a proportion of their supporters have been, and continue to be, guilty of perpetuating partisan, sectarian and cultural intolerance. Working alongside the Scottish Parliament, church groups and community organisations such as Nil by Mouth, the Old Firm clubs have clamped down on sectarian songs, inflammatory flag-waving, and troublesome supporters; using increased levels of policing and surveillance.[10][11][12] However, disagreements about what constitutes sectarian behaviour have undermined progress in these matters, and consensus over what types of songs and flags are acceptable remains difficult to achieve. In 1996, Celtic launched their Bhoys Against Bigotry campaign, later followed by Youth Against Bigotry which, according to then chief executive Ian McLeod was meant to "educate the young on having ... respect for all aspects of the community - all races, all colours, all creeds."[13] Rangers launched their anti-sectarian campaign Pride Over Prejudice in 2003, which has since been renamed Follow With Pride.[14][15]

In 2006, Rangers were ordered by UEFA to make a public announcement at all of their home games prohibiting the chanting of the song "Billy Boys".[16] Celtic club chairman Brian Quinn dismissed calls to institute a list of what songs are unacceptable at Celtic Park, and chief executive Peter Lawwell defended the singing of Irish ballads at matches.[17]

On 12 April 2006, following an investigation into the conduct of Rangers supporters at both legs of their UEFA Champions League tie against Villarreal C.F., the Control and Disciplinary Body of UEFA imposed a fine of £8,800 on Rangers following the improper conduct of some of their supporters, notably the smashing of a window of the Villarreal C.F. team bus at the second-leg match in Spain on 7 March.[18] However, UEFA declared the Rangers fans not guilty of alleged discriminatory chants.[18] UEFA challenged the ruling, and their Appeals Body partially upheld it,[19] fining the Ibrox club £13,500 and warning them as to their responsibility for any future misconduct.

On 9 June 2006, Rangers, in conjunction with representatives from several supporters clubs, announced that they would comply with three UEFA directives. The club was "ordered to announce measurable targets in order to reduce sectarian behaviour amongst its supporters". The club was "to control their anti-sectarian activities by producing comprehensive statistics that are communicated to the public". The club was "to make a public address announcement at every official fixture, be it international or domestic, stating that any sectarian chanting and any form of the song 'Billy Boys' is strictly prohibited".[20]

Despite these measures, UEFA indicated that they would launch another investigation after Rangers fans clashed with riot police and were filmed making sectarian chants during the defeat by Osasuna in their UEFA Cup match in 2007. The Rangers Supporters Association secretary indicated his belief that a small minority of fans are to blame, suggesting "it doesn't matter how often they are told [to stop sectarian chanting], some people will just not listen."[21] In September 2007, UEFA praised Rangers for the measures the club has taken against sectarianism.[22]

Head to head record

An Old Firm clash in 2008
Competition Played Rangers Draw Celtic
Scottish League 295 116 83 96
Scottish Cup 46 16 8 22
League Cup 46 23 2 21
Totals 387 155 93 139

Note: League championship statistics include play-off match for the 1904–05 title which Celtic won 2–1.

1888–1999 statistics obtained from RSSSF. Remaining stats obtained from Soccerbase

Players who played for both clubs

Transfers between both Old Firm clubs are rare, only seven in over 110 years. Players have joined both clubs throughout there career but only two players have played for a club more then once, Tom Dunbar and Kenny Miller.[23]

  • Scotland Tom Dunbar (Celtic 1888-1891, Rangers 1891-1892, Celtic 1892-1898)
  • Scotland Allan Martin (Rangers 1891-1892, Celtic 1895-1896)
  • Scotland George Livingstone (Celtic 1901-1902, Rangers 1906-1909)
  • Scotland Alex Bennett (Celtic 1903-1908, Rangers 1908-1918)
  • Scotland Tom Sinclair (Rangers 1904-1906, Celtic 1906-1907)
  • Scotland Robert Campbell (Celtic 1905-1906, Rangers 1906-1914)
  • Scotland Hugh Shaw (Rangers 1905-1906, Celtic 1906-1907)
  • Scotland Willie Kivlichan (Rangers 1905-1907, Celtic 1907-1911)
  • Scotland David Taylor (Rangers 1906-1911, Celtic 1918-1919 wartime guest)
  • Scotland Davie McLean (Celtic 1907-1909, Rangers 1918-1919)
  • Scotland Scott Duncan (Rangers 1913-1918, Celtic 1918-1919 wartime guest)
  • Scotland James Young (Celtic 1917-1918, Rangers 1917-1918)
  • Scotland Tully Craig (Celtic 1919-1922, Rangers 1923-1935)
  • Scotland Alfie Conn (Rangers 1968-1974, Celtic 1977-1979)
  • Scotland Maurice Johnston (Celtic 1984-1987, Rangers 1989-1992)
  • Scotland Steven Pressley (Rangers 1990-1994, Celtic 2006-2008)
  • Scotland Mark Brown (Rangers 1999-2001, Celtic 2007-2010)
  • Scotland Kenny Miller (Rangers 2000-2001, Celtic 2006-2007, Rangers 2008-present)

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Murray, William J. (1984). The Old Firm: sectarianism, sport, and society in Scotland. Edinburgh: J. Donald Publishers; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.. ISBN 0-85976-121-5.
  2. ^ "Old Firm". Rangers official website. 5 September 2006. http://www.rangers.premiumtv.co.uk/page/oldfirm/0,,5,00.html. 
  3. ^ "Old Firm on the ball for economy". BBC Sport. 29 June 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4635535.stm. Retrieved 29 June 2005. 
  4. ^ Bill Murray, "The Old Firm - Sectarianism, Sport and Society in Scotland (John Donald Publishers, 1984) pp 64-5, notes Catholics who signed for Rangers before Johnston include: Pat Lafferty (1886), Tom Dunbar (1891–1892), J. Tutty (1899–1900), Archie Kyle (1904–1908), Willie Kivlichan (1906–1907), Colin Mainds (1906–1907), Tom Murray (1907–1908), William Brown (1912), Joe Donnachie (circa.1914–1918) and John Jackson (1917), Laurie Blyth (1951–1952), Don Kitchenbrand (1955–1956), Hugh O'Neill (1976) and John Spencer (1985–1992).
  5. ^ Murray, Bill (1984). The Old Firm - Sectarianism, Sport and Society in Scotland. John Donald Publishers. p. 64. ISBN 0859765423. 
  6. ^ Kuper, Simon (1996). Football Against the Enemy. Orion. p. 3. ISBN 0-7528-4877-1. 
  7. ^ "For years Rangers have been pilloried for what the majority of people saw as discrimination against one section of the population. Now we have shown that this unwritten policy at Ibrox is over. It's finished. Done with." (Graeme Souness: A Manager's Diary (Mainstream, 1989); p17
  8. ^ Daily Record
  9. ^ Darryl Broadfoot, Rangers try to avert title ‘nightmare’, The Herald, 27 July 2007.
  10. ^ BBC SPORT | Football | My Club | Celtic | Quinn warns on offensive chants
  11. ^ BBC SPORT | Football | My Club | Rangers | Murray sends sectarianism warning
  12. ^ "Who's getting cuffed today?". Sunday Herald. 24 April 2005. http://www.sundayherald.com/49302. 
  13. ^ BBC News | SCOTLAND | Bigotry puzzle for Old Firm
  14. ^ Proud To Follow The Blue Guide | Rangers | Pride And Prejudice
  15. ^ Follow With Pride | Rangers | Follow With Pride
  16. ^ Rangers told to axe 'Billy Boys', BBC Sport, 9 June 2006
  17. ^ http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/sport.cfm?id=1587672006 'Vile' sectarian songs embarrass Celtic, The Scotsman
  18. ^ a b "Rangers handed fine". UEFA Website. 12 April 2006. http://www.uefa.com/uefa/Keytopics/kind=512/newsId=413276.html. 
  19. ^ "Rangers appeal upheld". UEFA Website. 24 May 2006. http://www.uefa.com/uefa/Keytopics/kind=512/newsId=424237.html. 
  20. ^ "Joint Supporter/Club Statement". Rangers FC Website. http://www.rangers.premiumtv.co.uk/page/Headlines/0,,5~838110,00.html. 
  21. ^ "Uefa set to probe Gers Euro tie". BBC Sport website. 20 March 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/r/rangers/6458473.stm. 
  22. ^ Uefa praises Rangers for action on bigotry | Scotland - Times Online
  23. ^ "Players who played for both Celtic and Rangers in their career". http://www.scottishleague.net/archive/archive120.htm. 

Further reading

External links

Advertisements

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|300px|Both sets of fans at an Old Firm match at Celtic Park.]]

The Old Firm is the name given to the relationship between two football teams in Scotland, Rangers F.C. and Celtic F.C.

Contents

Head to head record

Competition Played Rangers Draw Celtic
Scottish League 288 112 82 94
Scottish Cup 46 16 8 22
League Cup 45 23 2 20
Totals 379 151 92 136

1888-1999 statistics obtained from RSSSF. Remaining stats obtained from Soccerbase

History

[[File:|thumb|right|An Old Firm clash in 2008]] The Old Firm have a lot of history, possibly dating back to around 1888, Celtic's first match, which was against Rangers, when a newspaper report stated that both sets of players "got on so well that you would believe that they were old firm friends." However, William J. Murray states that the term comes from the commercial benefits of the two clubs' rivalry, which were viewed with distaste in some parts in the early days of the game [1]

The two clubs are the most successful in Scotland, having won between them 63 Scottish Cups and 93 Scottish Premier League championships (as of 2007).[2] The two clubs normally compete four times a year in the SPL and are regularly drawn against each other in the two Scottish cup competitions.

The clubs' have large support bases around Glasgow, but also have supporters clubs in most towns throughout Scotland and in many cities around the world. The presence of Rangers and Celtic has been estimated to be worth £120 million to the Scottish economy.[3]

The two clubs' fan bases have historically been divided on religious lines. Celtic are supported by Catholics, while Rangers are supported by Protestants.

Players

There have been many high profile players to play for both sides of the Old Firm. The most recent players to do so are Kenny Miller, Maurice Johnston, Steven Pressley, Mark Brown and Barry Robson. Kenny Miller is the first player in the modern era to cross the Old Firm divide twice, having played for Rangers then Celtic, then moving back to Rangers.[4]

References

  1. Murray, William J. (1984). The Old Firm: sectarianism, sport, and society in Scotland. Edinburgh: J. Donald Publishers; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.. ISBN 0-85976-121-5.
  2. "Old Firm". Rangers official website. http://www.rangers.premiumtv.co.uk/page/OldFirm/0,,5,00.html. Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  3. "Old Firm on the ball for economy". BBC News Online. 29 June 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4635535.stm. Retrieved 2005-06-29. 
  4. "Miller delight at Rangers return". BBC News. 13 June 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/r/rangers/7422674.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message