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Oldenburg
Schlosswache mit Lambertikirche.jpg
Coat of arms of Oldenburg

Details
Oldenburg is located in Germany
Oldenburg
Coordinates 53°08′38″N 8°12′50″E / 53.14389°N 8.21389°E / 53.14389; 8.21389
Administration
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Urban district
City subdivisions 42 Stadtteile und 9 statistische Bezirke
Lord Mayor Gerd Schwandner (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 102.96 km2 (39.75 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m  (13 ft)
Population 160,279  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 1,557 /km2 (4,032 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate OL
Postal codes 26001–26135
Area code 0441
Website www.oldenburg.de

Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an Independent City in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the western part of the state between the cities of Bremen and Groningen, Netherlands, at the Hunte river. It has a population of 160,279 (as of 2008) which makes it the fourth biggest in Lower Saxony after Hanover, Braunschweig and Osnabrück. In German, the city is known officially as Oldenburg (Oldenburg) or Oldenburg (Oldb) to distinguish it from Oldenburg in Holstein.

Contents

History

Oldenburg - Dôme du Lappen.jpg

The town was first mentioned in 1108, at that time known under the name of Aldenburg. It became important due to its location at a ford of the navigable Hunte River. Oldenburg became the capital of the County of Oldenburg (later a Duchy, Grand Duchy and Republic), a small state in the shadow of the much more powerful Hanseatic city of Bremen.

In the 17th century, Oldenburg was a wealthy town in a time of war and turmoil and its population and power grew considerably. In 1667 the town was struck by a disastrous plague epidemic and, shortly after, a fire destroyed Oldenburg. The Danish kings, who were also counts of Oldenburg at the time, were not much interested in the condition of the town and it lost most of its former importance. In 1773, Danish rule ended. It was only then that the destroyed buildings in the city were rebuilt in a Classicist style.

In 1893 a canal connecting the Hunte and the Ems rivers was finished connecting the port of Oldenburg with the North Sea which greatly increased the city's economic importance.

In 1945 after World War II, Oldenburg grew to more than 100,000 inhabitants when refugees migrated into the city that was only sparingly bombed during World War II. In 1946, Oldenburg became part of the new German Land of Lower Saxony. This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Demography

Demographic evolution of Oldenburg between 1502 and 1900
1502 1667 1702 1769 1816 1828 1837 1855 1871 1880 1890 1900
~ 2,300 ~ 4,300 ~ 5,000 6,959 6,278 6,800 9,280 11,370 13,928 20,575 23,118 26,635

Up to 1870, the figures are estimates.

Demographic evolution of Oldenburg between 1910 and 2007
1910 1919 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1989 1995 2000 2004 2007
30,242 32,540 55,485 80,605 122,809 122,337 131,545 136,764 140,785 151,382 154,832 158,394 161,034

Points of interest

Economy and infrastructure

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Traffic

Oldenburg Castle
Oldenburg castle (used as a museum today)

The city centre of Oldenburg is surrounded by a ring of highways (Autobahnen) consisting of A28, A29 and A293. Oldenburg is part of the railway connections between Norddeich-Leer-Oldenburg-Bremen and Wilhelmshaven-Oldenburg-Osnabrück. InterCity railway connections to Berlin, Leipzig and Dresden and an InterCityExpress connection to Frankfurt and Munich Central Station exist.

Oldenburg is connected to shipping through the Küstenkanal, a ship canal connecting the rivers Ems and Weser. With 1.6 Million tons of goods annually it is the most important non-coastal harbour in Lower Saxony.

Bicycles play a very important part in personal transport.

Because of its close proximity to the city of Bremen, the city is only about half an hour drive from the Bremen Airport.

Media

  • Nordwest-Zeitung, daily newspaper for the region
  • Oldenburger Sonntagszeitung, Sunday newspaper
  • Huntereport, came out on Wednesday and Sunday
  • Mox, fortnightly information magazine
  • Oldenburger Stachel, alternative monthly newspaper
  • sisol, school information
  • Oldenburg Eins, local semi-open TV and Radio station

Education

  • Carl von Ossietzky University, founded 1973 and named after Carl von Ossietzky
  • Jade Fachhochschule (University of Applied Sciences), founded 1971 as Fachhochschule Oldenburg, 2000−2009: joined with several others Universites of Applied Sciences to the "Fachhochschule Oldenburg/Ostfriesland/Wilhelmshaven"
  • Altes Gymnasium Oldenburg (AGO)
  • RAB-Bildungszentrum für moderne Medien (University of modern Media)
  • Gymnasium Graf-Anton-Guenther School
  • Liebfrauen Schule Oldenburg

Agriculture

The city is in a largely agricultural area. There are farms near and even in the city. Common agricultural activities are the cultivation of livestock (especially dairy cows and other grazing animals) and crops such as asparagus, corn, and kale.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Oldeburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Oldenburg castle
Oldenburg castle

Oldenburg is a pleasant town with an old center of restaurant, cafes, and pedestrian streets between Bremen and Netherlands

Get in

By plane

One can get down at Bremen Airport and then take the train or a taxi to Oldenburg, it takes around hour or so to reach there.

By train

There are aproximately two connections an hour between Bremen and Oldenburg, which take you to the central station within an hour.

You could also travel from Groningen. You'd then take the train to Leer (D) and from there on to Oldenburg. Be aware of the border crossing after Nieuweschans. You can't use a dutch ticket to go to Germany.

By car

You can reach Oldenburg from the A1, A7, A27 and E22 highway.

By bus

The "PublicExpress" bus connects Oldenburg with Groningen. It can be reached in about two hours. The bus continues to Bremen.

Get around

You can walk in the pedestrian streets.

Berg St
Berg St
Cathedral
Cathedral

Eat

There are a host of eateries in the city center, including a variety of doener stands, Chinese Food, a McDonalds and a Burger King for the cash-strapped college student. On weekdays the Pferdemarkt hosts a market at which you can buy fresh baked breads, vegetables, and meats.

Mid-range

There is a good selection of small cozy places in Wallstrasse.

  • Wallwirtschaft Wallstrasse 3, tel: 0441 4086912. Good Italian-German food, beer, and wine. Outside serving
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Oldenburg

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Oldenburg

  1. Oldenburg (independent city in Lower Saxony, Germany)

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