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The following tables list only the verified oldest people in world in ordinal rank, such as oldest person or oldest man. A supercentenarian is considered verified if their claim has been accepted by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group or the Guinness Book of World Records. The longest unambiguously documented lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of France (1875–1997), who died at age 122 years and 164 days. She met Vincent van Gogh at age 12 or 13.[1] This led to her being noticed by the media in 1985, at age 110. Subsequent investigation found that her life was documented in the records of her native city of Arles beyond reasonable question.[2] More evidence for the Calment case has been produced than for any other supercentenarian case, which makes her case a standard among the oldest people recordholders.[citation needed] This is contrasted with the now-disputed claim of age 120 for the oldest man ever, Shigechiyo Izumi. While this case is still recognized by Guinness World Records,[3] the Japanese authorities have hinted that his age was not certain.[4] The oldest undisputed male is Christian Mortensen, who lived to be 115 years and 252 days.

Since the death of Gertrude Baines on 11 September 2009, the oldest documented living person is 114-year old Kama Chinen of Japan, who was born on 10 May 1895. The oldest living man since the death of Henry Allingham, on 18 July 2009, is 113-year old Walter Breuning, who is from the United States and was born on 21 September 1896.[5]

The living recordholders in their respective categories are highlighted in green in the tables below, except when they appear in tables specifically about living recordholders.

Contents

Ten oldest people ever

Rank Name Sex Age Birth Death Notes
1 Jeanne Calment F 122 years, 164 days 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 France Oldest person ever verified. French.
2 Shigechiyo Izumi
(disputed)
M 120 years, 237 days? 29 June 1865? 21 February 1986 Japan Oldest male and Asian person ever verified. Japanese. (Disputed: may have been 105).
3 Sarah Knauss F 119 years, 97 days 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 United States Oldest person from Americas ever verified and oldest verified living person 1998–1999.
4 Lucy Hannah F 117 years, 248 days 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 United States Oldest African American ever verified.
5 Marie-Louise Meilleur F 117 years, 230 days 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 Canada Oldest verified Canadian ever and oldest verified living person 1997–1998.
6 María Capovilla F 116 years, 347 days 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 Ecuador Oldest South American ever verified and oldest verified living person 2004–2006. Ecuadorian.
7 Tane Ikai F 116 years, 175 days 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 Japan Oldest Japanese woman ever verified.
8 Elizabeth Bolden F 116 years, 118 days 15 August 1890 11 December 2006 United States Oldest verified living person 2006. American.
9 Carrie White
(disputed)
F 116 years, 88 days? 18 November 1874? 14 February 1991 United States Oldest verified living person 1988–1991. American. (Disputed: may have been 102).
10 Kamato Hongo
(disputed)
F 116 years, 45 days? 16 September 1887? 31 October 2003 Japan Oldest verified living person 2002–2003. Japanese. (Disputed: may have been 115 or 110).

Three claims are disputed; accordingly, an addendum of proven claims is included:

Name Sex Age Born Died Notes
Maggie Barnes F 115 years, 319 days 6 March 1882 19 January 1998 United States American. (Challenged: may have been 116 or 117).
Christian Mortensen M 115 years, 252 days 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 Denmark-United States Oldest undisputed male ever verified. Danish immigrant to United States.
Charlotte Hughes F 115 years, 228 days 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 United Kingdom Oldest Briton ever verified.

Ten oldest people currently living

Rank Name Sex Birth Age as of March 15, 2010 Residence
1 Kama Chinen F 10 May 1895 &0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000309.000000309 days Oldest person in the world (since 11 September 2009).
Japan Okinawa, Japan
2 Neva Morris F 3 August 1895 &0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000224.000000224 days United States Iowa, United States
3 Eugénie Blanchard F 16 February 1896 &0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000027.00000027 days France Saint Barthélemy, France
4 Florrie Baldwin F 31 March 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000349.000000349 days United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
5 Eunice Sanborn F 20 July 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000238.000000238 days United States Texas, United States
6 Besse Cooper F 26 August 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000201.000000201 days United States Georgia, United States
7 Walter Breuning M 21 September 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000175.000000175 days United States Montana, United States
8 Chiyono Hasegawa F 20 November 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000115.000000115 days Japan Saga, Japan
9 Venere Pizzinato F 23 November 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000112.000000112 days Italy Veneto, Italy
10 Shige Hirooka F 16 January 1897 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000058.00000058 days Japan Osaka, Japan

Ten oldest men ever

Rank Name Age Birth Death Notes
1 Shigechiyo Izumi
(disputed)
120 years, 237 days? 29 June 1865? 21 February 1986 Japan Oldest male ever verified. Japanese. (Disputed: may have been 105).
2 Christian Mortensen 115 years, 252 days 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 Denmark-United States Oldest undisputed verified male. Danish immigrant to United States.
3 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 115 years, 156 days 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 Puerto Rico Oldest Puerto Rican verified and oldest verified living person 2006–2007.
4 Mathew Beard
(disputed)[6]
114 years, 222 days? 9 July 1870? 16 February 1985 United States Oldest American man recognized by The Social Security Administration.(Disputed)[6]
5 Yukichi Chuganji 114 years, 189 days 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 Japan Oldest undisputed verified Japanese man, and oldest verified living man 2002–2003.
6 Joan Riudavets 114 years, 81 days 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 Spain Oldest Spaniard verified and oldest verified living man 2003–2004.
7 Fred H. Hale, Sr. 113 years, 354 days 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 United States Oldest verified living man 2004. American.
8 Moses Hardy
(disputed)
113 years, 335 days? 6 January 1893? 7 December 2006 United States American. (Disputed: may have been 112)[7][8]
9 Johnson Parks 113 years, 275 days 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 United States American. Oldest verified living man 1998.
10 Tomoji Tanabe 113 years, 274 days 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 Japan Oldest verified living man 2007–2009. Japanese.

Three claims are disputed; accordingly, an addendum of proven claims is included:

Name Age Born Died Notes
John Ingram McMorran 113 years, 250 days 19 June 1889 24 February 2003 United States American.
Walter Breuning &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000175.000000175 days 21 September 1896 Living United States Oldest living man verified since July 18, 2009. American.
Frederick L. Frazier 113 years, 138 days 27 January 1880 14 June 1993 United States Oldest verified living man 1991–1993. American.

Men currently living aged over 110 years

At the present time, there are three men in the world verified as being 110 years of age or older.

Rank Name Birth Age as of March 15, 2010 Residence
1 Walter Breuning 21 September 1896 &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000175.000000175 days Oldest man in the world (since 18 July 2009).
United States Montana, United States
2 Jiroemon Kimura 19 April 1897 &0000000000000112.000000112 years, &0000000000000330.000000330 days Japan Kyōto, Japan
3 Stanley Lucas 15 January 1900 &0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000059.00000059 days United Kingdom England, United Kingdom

Oldest living people since 1955

Held record from To Name Sex Age when oldest Lived Country
Title began in 1955 24 October 1955 Betsy Baker F  ? – 113 20 August 1842 – 24 October 1955
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000065.00000065 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom (born)
United States Nebraska, United States (died)
24 October 1955 25 June 1959
(&0000000000000003.0000003 years, &0000000000000244.000000244 days)
Martha Graham F 110–114 December 1844[9] – 25 June 1959.
114 years, c.180 days
United States North Carolina,United States
25 June 1959 10 February 1961
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000230.000000230 days)
James Brett, Jr.
(disputed)
M 109–111 25 July 1849 – 10 February 1961
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000200.000000200 days
United States Texas, United States
10 February 1961 16 March 1962
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000034.00000034 days)
Joseph Saint-Amour M 108–110 26 February 1852 – 16 March 1962,
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000018.00000018 days
Canada Quebec, Canada
16 March 1962 19 September 1962
(187 days)
Ella Ille Rentel F 109–110 19 May 1852 – 19 September 1962,
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000123.000000123 days
Russian Empire Russian Empire (now Lithuania Lithuania) (born)
West Germany West Germany (died)
19 September 1962 17 February 1963
(151 days)
Lovisa Svensson F 108–109 20 November 1853 – 17 February 1963,
&0000000000000109.000000109 years, &0000000000000089.00000089 days
Sweden Sweden
17 February 1963 8 October 1963
(233 days)
Ellen Dart[10][11] F 108 1 November 1854 – 8 October 1963.
&0000000000000108.000000108 years, &0000000000000341.000000341 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
8 October 1963 6 March 1965
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000149.000000149 days)
Elizabeth Kensley F 108–109 12 May 1855 – 6 March 1965.
&0000000000000109.000000109 years, &0000000000000298.000000298 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
6 March 1965 24 July 1965
(140 days)
Auguste Pahl F 109 23 November 1855 – 24 July 1965.
&0000000000000109.000000109 years, &0000000000000243.000000243 days
Germany Germany
24 July 1965 10 January 1966
(170 days)
Hannah Smith F 109–110 7 January 1856 – 10 January 1966.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000003.0000003 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
10 January 1966 21 March 1968
(&0000000000000002.0000002 years, &0000000000000071.00000071 days)
John Turner M 109–111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968.
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000280.000000280 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
21 March 1968 16 June 1968
(87 days)
Johanna Booyson F 111 17 January 1857 – 16 June 1968.
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000151.000000151 days
South Africa Transvaal, South Africa
16 June 1968  ? October 1968
c.
Marie Bernátková[12] F 110 – 111? 22 October 1857 – fl. October 1968.
111 years, 0+ days
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
 ? October 1968 11 January 1970
c.
Ada Roe F 110? – 111 6 February 1858 – 11 January 1970.
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000339.000000339 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
11 January 1970 27 February 1973
(&0000000000000003.0000003 years, &0000000000000047.00000047 days)
Josefa Salas Mateo F 109–112 14 July 1860 – 27 February 1973.
&0000000000000112.000000112 years, &0000000000000228.000000228 days
Spain Spain
27 February 1973 18 August 1973
(172 days)
Alice Stevenson F 111–112 10 July 1861 – 18 August 1973.
&0000000000000112.000000112 years, &0000000000000039.00000039 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
18 August 1973 31 October 1973
(74 days)
Elizabeth Watkins F 110 10 March 1863 – 31 October 1973.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000235.000000235 days
United Kingdom Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
31 October 1973 31 May 1975
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000212.000000212 days)
Mito Umeta F 110–112 27 March 1863 – 31 May 1975.
&0000000000000112.000000112 years, &0000000000000065.00000065 days
Japan Kyūshū, Japan
31 May 1975 16 November 1976
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000169.000000169 days)
Niwa Kawamoto F 111–113 5 August 1863 – 16 November 1976.
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000103.000000103 days
Japan Kansai, Japan
16 November 1976 21 February 1986
(&0000000000000009.0000009 years, &0000000000000097.00000097 days)
Shigechiyo Izumi
(disputed)
M 111 – 120? 29 June 1865? – 21 February 1986.
&0000000000000120.000000120 years, &0000000000000237.000000237 days?
Japan Kagoshima, Japan
21 February 1986 20 September 1986
(212 days)
Mamie Eva Keith F 112–113 22 March 1873 – 20 September 1986.
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000182.000000182 days
United States Illinois, United States
20 September 1986 2 February 1987
(135 days)
Mary McKinney F 113 30 May 1873 – 2 February 1987.
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000248.000000248 days
United States California, United States
2 February 1987 27 December 1987
(328 days)
Anna Eliza Williams F 113–114 2 June 1873 – 27 December 1987.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000208.000000208 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom (born)
United Kingdom Wales, United Kingdom (died)
27 December 1987 11 January 1988
(15 days)
Florence Knapp F 114 10 October 1873 – 11 January 1988.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000093.00000093 days
United States Pennsylvania, United States
11 January 1988 14 February 1991
(&0000000000000003.0000003 years, &0000000000000034.00000034 days)
Carrie C. White
(disputed)
F 113 – 116? 18 November 1874? – 14 February 1991.
&0000000000000116.000000116 years, &0000000000000088.00000088 days?
United States Florida, United States
14 February 1991 4 August 1997
(&0000000000000006.0000006 years, &0000000000000171.000000171 days)
Jeanne Calment F 115–122 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997.
&0000000000000122.000000122 years, &0000000000000164.000000164 days
France Provence, France
4 August 1997 16 April 1998
(255 days)
Marie-Louise Meilleur F 116–117 29 August 1880 – 16 April 1998.
&0000000000000117.000000117 years, &0000000000000230.000000230 days
Canada Ontario, Canada
16 April 1998 30 December 1999
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000258.000000258 days)
Sarah Knauss F 117–119 24 September 1880 – 30 December 1999.
&0000000000000119.000000119 years, &0000000000000097.00000097 days
United States Pennsylvania, United States
30 December 1999 2 November 2000
(308 days)
Eva Morris F 114 8 November 1885 – 2 November 2000.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000360.000000360 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
2 November 2000 6 June 2001
(216 days)
Marie Brémont F 114–115 25 April 1886 – 6 June 2001.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000042.00000042 days
France Anjou, France
5 June 2001 18 March 2002
(286 days)
Maude Farris-Luse F 114–115 21 January 1887 – 18 March 2002.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000056.00000056 days
United States Michigan, United States
18 March 2002 31 October 2003
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000226.000000226 days)
Kamato Hongo
(disputed)
F 114 – 116? 16 September 1887? – 31 October 2003.
&0000000000000116.000000116 years, &0000000000000045.00000045 days?
Japan Kagoshima, Japan
31 October 2003 13 November 2003
(13 days)
Mitoyo Kawate F 114 15 May 1889 – 13 November 2003.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000182.000000182 days
Japan Hiroshima, Japan
13 November 2003 29 May 2004
(198 days)
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan F 114 31 August 1889 – 29 May 2004.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000272.000000272 days
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
29 May 2004 27 August 2006
(&0000000000000002.0000002 years, &0000000000000090.00000090 days)
María Capovilla F 114–116 14 September 1889 – 27 August 2006.
&0000000000000116.000000116 years, &0000000000000347.000000347 days
Ecuador Ecuador
27 August 2006 11 December 2006
(106 days)
Elizabeth Bolden F 116 15 August 1890 – 11 December 2006.
&0000000000000116.000000116 years, &0000000000000118.000000118 days
United States Tennessee, United States
11 December 2006 24 January 2007
(44 days)
Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000156.000000156 days
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
24 January 2007 28 January 2007
(4 days)
Emma Tillman F 114 22 November 1892 – 28 January 2007.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000067.00000067 days
United States Connecticut, United States
29 January 2007 13 August 2007
(196 days)
Yone Minagawa F 114 4 January 1893 – 13 August 2007.
&0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000221.000000221 days
Japan Fukuoka, Japan
13 August 2007 26 November 2008
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000105.000000105 days)
Edna Parker F 114–115 20 April 1893 – 26 November 2008.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000220.000000220 days
United States Indiana, United States
26 November 2008 2 January 2009
(37 days)
Maria de Jesus F 115 10 September 1893 – 2 January 2009.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000114.000000114 days
Portugal Portugal
2 January 2009 11 September 2009
(252 days)
Gertrude Baines F 114–115 6 April 1894 – 11 September 2009.
&0000000000000115.000000115 years, &0000000000000158.000000158 days
United States California, United States
11 September 2009 Present
(185 days)
Kama Chinen F 114[13] born 10 May 1895
aged &0000000000000114.000000114 years, &0000000000000309.000000309 days
Japan Okinawa, Japan

Oldest living men since 1961

Held record from To Name Age when oldest Lived Country
10 February 1961 16 March 1962
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000034.00000034 days)
Joseph Saint-Amour 108–110 26 February 1852 – 16 March 1962.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000018.00000018 days
Canada Quebec, Canada
16 March 1962 21 March 1968
(&0000000000000006.0000006 years, &0000000000000005.0000005 days)
John Turner 105–111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968.
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000280.000000280 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
21 March 1968  ? August 1970
c.
Khasako Dzugayev 107–110 7 August 1860 – fl. August 1970.
110 years, 0+ days[14]
Soviet Union USSR
 ? August 1970 5 May 1973
c.
Friedrich Wedeking 107–110 10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000207.000000207 days
Germany Germany
5 May 1973 9 March 1974
(308 days)
Frederick Butterfield 109–110 28 February 1864 – 9 March 1974.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000009.0000009 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
9 March 1974 21 February 1986
(&0000000000000011.00000011 years, &0000000000000349.000000349 days)
Shigechiyo Izumi
(disputed)
108–120? 29 June 1865? – 21 February 1986.
120 years, 237 days?
Japan Kagoshima, Japan
20 February 1986 14 December 1986
(297 days)
Joe Thomas 110–111 1 May 1875 – 14 December 1986.
&0000000000000111.000000111 years, &0000000000000227.000000227 days
United States Louisiana, United States
14 December 1986 5 January 1987
(22 days)
Herman Smith-Johannsen 111 15 June 1875 – 5 January 1987.
111 years, 204 days
Norway Norway
5 January 1987 25 November 1988
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000325.000000325 days)
Alphaeus Philemon Cole 110–112 12 July 1876 – 25 November 1988.
112 years, 136 days
United States New Jersey, United States
25 November 1988 10 June 1990
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000197.000000197 days)
John Evans 111–112 19 August 1877 – 10 June 1990.
112 years, 295 days
United Kingdom Wales, United Kingdom
10 June 1990 18 June 1990
(8 days)
Henri Pérignon 110 14 October 1879 – 18 June 1990.
&0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000247.000000247 days
France Normandy, France
18 June 1990 16 October 1991
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000120.000000120 days)
James Wiggins 110–112 15 October 1879 – 16 October 1991.
112 years, 1 day
United States Arkansas, United States
16 October 1991 14 June 1993
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000241.000000241 days)
Frederick L. Frazier 111–113 27 January 1880 – 14 June 1993.
113 years, 138 days
United States Alabama, United States
14 June 1993 20 January 1994
(220 days)
Josep Armengol Jover 111–112 23 July 1881 – 20 January 1994.
112 years, 181 days
Spain Spain
20 January 1994 25 April 1998
(&0000000000000004.0000004 years, &0000000000000095.00000095 days)
Christian Mortensen 111–115 16 August 1882 – 25 April 1998.
115 years, 252 days
Denmark Denmark (born)
United States California, United States (died)
25 April 1998 17 July 1998
(83 days)
Johnson Parks 113 15 October 1884 – 17 July 1998.
113 years, 275 days
United States Florida, United States
17 July 1998 25 December 1998
(161 days)
Walter Richardson 112–113 7 November 1885 – 25 December 1998.
113 years, 48 days
United States Illinois, United States
25 December 1998 29 April 1999
(125 days)
Denzo Ishisaki 112 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999.
112 years, 191 days
Japan Ibaraki, Japan
29 April 1999 15 November 1999
(200 days)
Antonio Urrea-Hernández 111 16 February 1888 – 15 November 1999.
111 years, 272 days
Spain Spain
15 November 1999 1 March 2001
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000106.000000106 days)
John Painter 111–112 20 September 1888 – 1 March 2001.
112 years, 162 days
United States Tennessee, United States
1 March 2001 3 January 2002
(308 days)
Antonio Todde 112 22 January 1889 – 3 January 2002.
112 years, 346 days
Italy Sardinia, Italy
3 January 2002 28 September 2003
(&0000000000000001.0000001 year, &0000000000000268.000000268 days)
Yukichi Chuganji 112–114 23 March 1889 – 28 September 2003.
114 years, 189 days
Japan Fukuoka, Japan
28 September 2003 5 March 2004
(159 days)
Joan Riudavets 113–114 15 December 1889 – 5 March 2004.
114 years, 81 days
Spain Minorca, Spain
5 March 2004 19 November 2004
(259 days)
Fred H. Hale, Sr. 113 1 December 1890 – 19 November 2004.
113 years, 354 days
United States Maine, United States
19 November 2004 24 January 2007
(&0000000000000002.0000002 years, &0000000000000066.00000066 days)
Emiliano Mercado del Toro 113–115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007.
115 years, 156 days
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
24 January 2007 19 June 2009
(&0000000000000002.0000002 years, &0000000000000146.000000146 days)
Tomoji Tanabe 111–113 18 September 1895 – 19 June 2009
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000274.000000274 days
Japan Miyazaki, Japan
19 June 2009 18 July 2009
(29 days)
Henry Allingham 113 6 June 1896 – 18 July 2009
&0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000042.00000042 days
United Kingdom England, United Kingdom
18 July 2009 Present
(240 days)
Walter Breuning 112–113[13] 21 September 1896
aged &0000000000000113.000000113 years, &0000000000000175.000000175 days
United States Montana, United States

Supercentenarians who died before 1955

Name Sex Birth Death Age Country
Thomas Peters
(disputed)
M 6 April 1745? 26 March 1857 111 years, 354 days? Netherlands Netherlands
Geert Boomgaard M 21 September 1788 3 February 1899 110 years, 135 days Netherlands Netherlands
Margaret Neve F 18 May 1792 4 April 1903 110 years, 321 days Guernsey Guernsey, Channel Islands
Ann Pouder F 8 April 1807 10 July 1917 110 years, 93 days United Kingdom Born England, UK
United States Died Nebraska, U.S.
Louisa Thiers F 2 October 1814 17 February 1926 111 years, 138 days United States Born New York, U.S. Died Wisconsin, U.S.
Delina Filkins F 4 May 1815 4 December 1928 113 years, 214 days United States New York, U.S.
Miriam Bannister F 19 March 1817 9 April 1928 111 years, 21 days United Kingdom Born England, UK
United States Died Missouri, U.S.
Demetrius Philipovitch M 9 March 1818 fl.. August 1928 110 years, 150+ days Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Katherine Plunket F 22 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days Republic of Ireland Ireland
Valgjer Svien F 10 October 1842 23 January 1953 110 years, 105 days Norway Born Norway
United States Died Minnesota, U.S.

National records

Country Name Sex Age Born Died
 France Jeanne Calment F 122 years, 164 days 21 February 1875 4 August 1997
 Japan Shigechiyo Izumi
(disputed)
M 120 years, 237 days? 29 June 1865? 21 February 1986
 United States Sarah Knauss F 119 years, 97 days 24 September 1880 30 December 1999
 Canada Marie-Louise Meilleur F 117 years, 230 days 29 August 1880 16 April 1998
 Ecuador María Capovilla F 116 years, 347 days 14 September 1889 27 August 2006
 United Kingdom Charlotte Hughes F 115 years, 228 days 1 August 1877 17 March 1993
 Romania Aniţica Butariu
(disputed)
F 115 years, 157 days? 17 June 1882? 21 November 1997
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 115 years, 156 days 21 August 1891 24 January 2007
 Portugal Maria de Jesus F 115 years, 114 days 10 September 1893 2 January 2009
 Netherlands Henny van Andel F 115 years, 62 days 29 June 1890 30 August 2005
 Australia Christina Cock F 114 years, 148 days 25 December 1887 22 May 2002
 Spain Joan Riudavets M 114 years, 81 days 15 December 1889 5 March 2004
 Italy Virginia Dighero F 114 years, 4 days 24 December 1891 28 December 2005
 New Zealand Florence Finch F 113 years, 109 days 22 December 1893 10 April 2007
 Sweden Astrid Zachrison F 113 years, 0 days 15 May 1895 15 May 2008
 Germany Maria Laqua F 112 years, 362 days 12 February 1889 9 February 2002
 Switzerland Rosa Rein F 112 years, 327 days 24 March 1897 14 February 2010
 Finland Lempi Maria Rothovius F 112 years, 259 days 2 October 1887 17 June 2000
 Belgium Joanna Deroover F 112 years, 186 days 3 June 1890 6 December 2002
 Austria Maria Mika F 112 years, 178 days 23 May 1882 17 November 1994
 Norway Maren Bolette Torp F 112 years, 61 days 21 December 1876 20 February 1989
 Ireland Katherine Plunket F 111 years, 327 days 22 November 1820 14 October 1932
 Israel Maria Pogonowska F 111 years, 258 days 30 October 1897 15 July 2009
 South Africa Johanna Booyson F 111 years, 151 days 17 January 1857 16 June 1968
 Denmark Anne Matthiesen F 111 years, 114 days 26 November 1884 19 March 1996
Uruguay Uruguay Manolita Pina F 111 years, 107 days 24 February 1883 11 June 1994
Colombia Colombia Daniel Guzmán-García M 111 years, 105 days 6 February 1897 21 May 2008

Emigrant records

Country of birth Name Sex Age Birth Death Country of death
 Denmark Christian Mortensen M 115 years, 252 days 16 August 1882 25 April 1998  United States
Portugal Cape Verde (Portugal) Adelina Domingues F 114 years, 183 days 19 February 1888 21 August 2002  United States
German Empire Germany Charlotte Benkner F 114 years, 180 days 17 November 1889 14 May 2004  United States
France French Algeria (now  Algeria) Anne Primout F 114 years, 172 days 5 October 1890 26 March 2005  France
India British India (now  India) Lucy d'Abreu F 113 years, 197 days 24 May 1892 7 December 2005  United Kingdom
Austria–Hungary Austria-Hungary (Hungarian part, now  Romania) Elizabeth Stefan F 112 years, 332 days 13 May 1895 9 April 2008  United States
Morocco Consuelo Moreno-López F 111 years, 282 days 5 February 1893 13 November 2004  United States
Congress Poland (Russian Empire, now Poland) Maria Pogonowska F 111 years, 258 days 30 October 1897 15 July 2009  Israel
 Greece Gregory Pandazes M 110 years, 341 days 15 January 1873 22 December 1983  United States
 Mexico Soledad Mexia F &0000000000000110.000000110 years, &0000000000000214.000000214 days 13 August 1899 Living  United States
Russian Empire Russian Empire (now Lithuania Lithuania) Ella Ille Rentel F 110 years, 123 days 19 May 1852 19 September 1962  West Germany
Russian Empire Russian Empire (now Russia Russia) Lina Elisabeth Alma von Veh F 110 years, 123 days 17 February 1898 19 June 2008  Germany [15]
Croatia Croatia (Austria–Hungary Austria-Hungary) Hermina Dunz F 110 years, 111 days 24 February 1898 14 June 2008  Austria
Peru Peru Julia Dougherty F 110 years, 106 days 20 August 1893 4 December 2003  United States

Gerontology and the verification of age claims

Gerontology involves the tracking of the longest-lived proven individuals as the bio-markers of the human life span. The study of gerontology is usually credited to Michel Eugène Chevreul, a French chemist who died in 1889, aged 102. In the early years of the twenty first century gerontology is benefiting from the improvements in record-keeping in the industrialized world from the latter part of the nineteenth century. As a result, verification standards have evolved and multiple independent documentary confirmations of birth-date are now required to substantiate a claim, rather than evidence deriving only from the claimant. For claims that have not been satisfactorily confirmed by Guinness World Records, considered the authority, see longevity claims.

Current trends in the lifespans of the oldest humans

The population and lifespans of the world's oldest people are continually increasing with improvements in health care and lifestyle during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the increasing world population. Additionally, better record-keeping, both 100+ years ago and today, is increasing the percentage of the world's population whose age can be tracked and verified. This increase has been matched by efforts to harness these data. While in 1837 the oldest verified person was aged 108 years, it is now no longer unheard of for individuals, especially females, to have lived 110 years and more; the term supercentenarian has been coined to describe this emerging population group.

References

  1. ^ Craig R. Whitney (1997-08-05). "Jeanne Calment, World's Elder, Dies at 122". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C01E7D7113DF936A3575BC0A961958260. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. ""Validation of Exceptional Longevity — Jeanne Calment: Validation of the Duration ofHer Life"". http://www.demogr.mpg.de/books/odense/6/09.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  3. ^ Douglas Martin (2004-04-21). "Norris McWhirter, 78, Dies; A Matchless Record Keeper". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990DE3DA1F3BF932A15757C0A9629C8B63&sec=&spon=&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ http://supercentenarian.com/oldest/izumi.html The Shigechiyo Izumi Case
  5. ^ Coles, Stephen (2008-08-07). "Validated Living Supercentenarians". Table E. Gerontology Research Group. http://grg.org/Adams/E.HTM. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  6. ^ a b The Social Security Administration (USA) recognizes Beard's claim, based on census information, but that census match is not universally accepted.
  7. ^ Hardy may have been born in 1894 and aged 112 at the time of his death.
  8. ^ Hoffman, Lisa (2006-11-15). "Meet the remaining WWI vets". ScrippsNews. http://www.scrippsnews.com/node/16168. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  9. ^ Graham's age at death is an estimate as her month of birth is known, but not her date of birth.
  10. ^ Research by Andrew Walton and others at the Gerontology Research Group validated her case in September 2007[citation needed]. The original birth and death documents were located for Dart, who never married. Her death was covered by local newspapers, including page 5 of the 9 October 1963 Herald Express and page 12 of the 12 October 1963 Paignton Observer.
  11. ^ The reference in the Office for National Statistics index of births is December quarter 1854; Dart, Ellen; Crediton district; vol. 5b; page 351.
  12. ^ Bernátková was first included in the 1970 Guinness Book of Records. She was reportedly alive in October 1968, but the exact date of her death is not known.
  13. ^ a b Currently living
  14. ^ His grandson claims he lived until 115. See Dzugayev, K.G. (2006). "Южная Осетия в контексте российско-грузинских отношений (South Ossetia in the context of Russian-Georgian relations)" (in Russian). Bulletin of the Vladivkaz Institute of Management (19). http://www.viu-online.ru/science/publ/bulleten19/page3.html. "До 115 лет дожил и наш дед Хасако Дзугаев, также рассказывавший немало интересного и, как правило, поддающегося проверке исторической наукой.". 
  15. ^ http://www.recordholders.org/en/list/oldest.html

External links

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