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Oleni
Ωλένη
Location
Oleni is located in Greece
Oleni
Coordinates 37°44′N 21°33′E / 37.733°N 21.55°E / 37.733; 21.55Coordinates: 37°44′N 21°33′E / 37.733°N 21.55°E / 37.733; 21.55
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: West Greece
Prefecture: Elis
Population statistics (as of 2001[1])
City
 - Population: 9,026
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 240 m (787 ft)
Postal: 270 64
Telephone: 26210
Auto: ΗΑ

Oleni (Greek: Ωλένη) is a village and a municipality in the northcentral part of the prefecture of Ilia. The seat of the municipality is in Karatoulas. It is located about 20 km S of Simopoulo, NE of Pyrgos, SE of Amaliada, E of Vounargo and NW of Olympia. The largest community is Goumero. In the 19th century, the municipality was known as Olenas.

Contents

Municipal districts

  • Agia Anna
  • Arvaniti
  • Charia
  • Cheimadio
  • Goumero
  • Karatoula (Karatoula, Kleidereika, Marmara)
  • Karya (Karya, Varvarina, Sitochori)
  • Klindia
  • Koutsochera
  • Lanthi (Lanthi, Moni Kremastis)
  • Latzoi (Latzoi, Agios Georgios, Almyriki, Grammatikos)
  • Magoula (Magoula, Katsomaliareika)
  • Mouzaki
  • Oleni
  • Pefki
  • Sopi

Historical population

Year Village population Municipality population
1981 594 -
1991 964 7,560
2001 981 9,026

Mayors

  • Dimosthenos Dogkas (1875-1881)
  • Dimisthenos Dogkas 1887-several years later
  • There were no mayors between 1912 and the mid to late 1990s.

History

The place dates back to the ancient times like a town which called "Amphidolis".

Strabo's Geography

Str. 8.3.10 (Weight: 0.2) _ [ 10 ] τὸ δ' Ἀλείσιον ἔστι τὸ νῦν Ἀλεσιαῖον, χώρα περὶ τὴν Ἀμφιδολίδα, ἐν ᾗ καὶ κατὰ μῆνα ἀγορὰν συνάγουσιν οἱ περίοικοι: κεῖται δὲ ἐπὶ τῆς ὀρεινῆς ὁδοῦ τῆς ἐξ Ἤλιδος εἰς Ὀλυμπίαν: πρότερον δ' ἦν πόλις τῆς Πισάτιδος, ἄλλοτ' ἄλλως τῶν ὅρων ἐπαλλαττόντων διὰ τὰς τῶν ἡγεμόνων μεταβολάς:

<<... Aleisium is the present Alesiaeum, a territory in the neighbourhood of Amphidolis, in which the people of the surrounding country hold a monthly market. It is situated on the mountain-road that runs from Elis to Olympia. In earlier times it was a city of Pisatis, for the boundaries have varied at different times on account of the change of rulers. The poet also calls Aleisium "Hill of Aleisium," when he says: "until we caused our horses to set foot on Buprasium, rich in wheat, and on the Olenian Rock, and of Aleisium where is the place called Hill" (we must interpret the words as a case of hyperbole, that is, as equivalent to "and where is the place called Hill of Aleisium"). Some writers point also to a river Aleisius... >>

The Aleisius River is near Karatoula and much of the area and the municipality are forested while the remainder of the land has some farmland, rivers, and streams.

References

External links

North: Pineia
West: Iardanos
Oleni East: Foloi?
South: Pyrgos

See also

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