Olympic Stadium: Wikis

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The Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the big centrepiece stadium of the Summer Olympic Games. Traditionally, the opening and closing ceremonies and the track & field competitions are held in the Olympic Stadium. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their name. The Winter Olympic Games do not have a central Olympic Stadium, however some edifices are designated as the Olympic Stadium, which usually hosts the opening and closing ceremonies.

Contents

Summer Olympic stadiums

Map of Summer Olympics locations. Countries that have hosted one Summer Olympics are shaded green, while countries that have hosted two or more are shaded blue.
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Comprehensive list

The following is a list of all Summer Olympics stadiums.

Olympics Stadium City Country Capacity
1896 Panathinaiko Stadio Athens  Greece 80,000
1900 Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris  France 50,000
1904 Francis Field St. Louis  United States 19,000
1908 White City Stadium London  United Kingdom 68,000
1912 Stockholms Olympiastadion Stockholm  Sweden 20,000
1920 Olympisch Stadion Antwerp  Belgium 12,771
1924 Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Paris  France 45,000
1928 Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam  Netherlands 31,600
1932 Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles  United States 101,574
1936 Olympiastadion Berlin  Germany 110,000
1948 Wembley Stadium London  United Kingdom 82,000
1952 Olympiastadion Helsinki  Finland 40,000
1956 Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne  Australia 100,000
1960 Stadio Olimpico Rome  Italy 72,700
1964 Kokuritsu Kasumigaoka Rikujō Kyōgijō Tokyo  Japan 57,363
1968 Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City  Mexico 62,700
1972 Olympiastadion Munich  Germany 69,250
1976 Olympic Stadium/Stade Olympique Montreal  Canada 66,308
1980 Tsentral'niy stadion imeni V.I. Lenina Moscow  Soviet Union 103,000
1984 Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles  United States 93,607
1988 Seoul Olympic Stadium Seoul  South Korea 69,950
1992 Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc Barcelona  Spain 55,926
1996 Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta  United States 85,000
2000 Stadium Australia Sydney  Australia 114,714
2004 Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis' Athens  Greece 71,030
2008 Beijing National Stadium Beijing  China 91,000
2012 Olympic Stadium London  United Kingdom 80,000
2016 Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 88,992

Some of the Olympic stadiums have usually been built specifically to host the Olympics, as opposed to being an already existing facility. Others have been already completed when their city has been awarded the Olympics, and have had the title added:

Specially built

The 1928 Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam, designed by Jan Wils, won the gold medal in architecture at the 1928 Olympics.

Already constructed

[1]

There have been a number of other stadia that have been used as the main stadium for the Olympics, but which have not incorporated the words Olympic Stadium into their name - again, some of these were specially built for the games, while others were already existing:

Specially built

Already built

In addition to these, there are other stadia called Olympic Stadium around the world, which have been built as part of a prospective bid for the Games:

Not associated with the Olympics

The term "Olympic Stadium" may also be used to describe any stadia that contain an athletic track with the official measures adopted by the IAAF and IOC. Some stadia have simply been named that way, even though they were neither part of an Olympic bid, nor host to any Olympic events:

At least one facility bearing the Olympic name has absolutely no relation to the Olympic Games. Olympic Stadium in Hoquiam, Washington, is named for the nearby Olympic Peninsula and Olympic Mountains. Built in 1937, this 9,000 seat stadium is used primarily for baseball, but can also be used for other field sports including American Football. It has no athletic track.

Used twice

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games twice. While only one (the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum) has been the main stadium twice, both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. Wembley Stadium will also be used again at the 2012 Games, although that stadium is a completely rebuilt structure on the same site as the 1948 stadium. The only stadium to have been used twice but only host one Olympics is the Melbourne Cricket Ground which was the venue in 1956 and hosted the first game of the Sydney 2000 football tournament.

Other major events

Winter Olympic stadiums

Map of Winter Olympics locations. Countries that have hosted one Winter Olympics are shaded green, while countries that have hosted two or more are shaded blue.

Comprehensive list

The following is a list of all main Winter Olympics stadiums.

Olympics Stadium City Country
1924 Stade Olympique de Chamonix Chamonix  France
1928 St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink St. Moritz  Switzerland
1932 Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Lake Placid, New York  United States
1936 Olympia Skistadion Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany
1948 St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink St. Moritz  Switzerland
1952 Bislett stadion Oslo  Norway
1956 Stadio Olimpico Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy
1960 Blyth Arena Squaw Valley, California  United States
1964 Bergisel Innsbruck  Austria
1968 Stade Lesdiguières Grenoble  France
1972 Makomanai Open Stadium Sapporo  Japan
1976 Bergisel Innsbruck  Austria
1980 Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium Lake Placid, New York  United States
1984 Asim Ferhatović Hase Stadium Sarajevo  Yugoslavia
1988 McMahon Stadium Calgary  Canada
1992 Théâtre des Cérémonies Albertville  France
1994 Lysgårdsbakken Lillehammer  Norway
1998 Nagano Olympic Stadium Nagano  Japan
2002 Rice-Eccles Stadium Salt Lake City, Utah  United States
2006 Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin (Torino)  Italy
2010 BC Place Stadium Vancouver  Canada
2014 Sochi Olympic Stadium Sochi  Russia

Purpose built stadiums

Existing stadia renamed for the Games

Existing stadia used for the Games

Picture gallery (summer)

Picture gallery (winter)

See also

References

  1. ^ stadium was built for a bid for the 1996 Centennial Olympics

External links


Simple English


Olympic Stadium is a Olympic Games Main Stadium.

Summer Olympics Stadias

Winter Olympics Stadias

Date City Stadium Other use during the Olympics
2010 Vancouver BC Place Stadium BC Lions of the CFL
2006 Torino Stadio Olimpico Not used for any other purpose.
2002 Salt Lake City Rice-Eccles Stadium University of Utah football stadium
1998 Nagano Minami Sports Park Stadium Not used for any other purpose.
1994Lillehammer Lysgårdsbakkene Stadion Ski Jumping stadium.
1992Albertville Théâtre des Cérémonies
temp stadium next to the speed skating oval.
Temporary - dismantled after the Games.
1988 Calgary McMahon Stadium Calgary Stampeders of the CFL
1984 Sarajevo Koševo Stadium
Closing in the Olympic Hall Zetra.
Koševo - Not used for any other purpose
Zetra - Figure Skating.
1980 Lake Placid Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium
Closing in the Indoor Rink of the Olympic Centre.
Equestrian Stadium - Not used for any other purpose.
Indoor Rink - Figure Skating/ Ice Hockey.
1976 Innsbruck Olympic Ski Jump (Bergisel Stadium) Ski jumping stadium.
1972 Sapporo Makomanai Open Stadium Speed Skating venue.
1968 Grenoble Stade Lesdiguières Opening Stadium
(temporary seating at existing football ground)
Not used for any other purpose.
1964 Innsbruck Olympic Ski Jump (Bergisel Stadium) Ski jumping stadium.
1960 Squaw Valley Blyth Arena and surrounds Ice Hockey / Figure Skating venue.
1956 Cortina Cortina Olympic Ice Stadium Speed Skating venue.
1952 Oslo Bislett stadion Speed Skating venue.
1948 St. Moritz St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Speed skating oval
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Olympia Skistadion Ski jumping stadium.
1932 Lake Placid Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Speed Skating venue
1928 St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Multi use skating venue (Figure, speed etc)
1924 Chamonix Stade Olympique de Chamonix Multi use skating venue


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