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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Olympic boycotts occur when nations eligible to participate in the Olympic Games refuse to do so in order to illustrate a political point such as a protest of the policies of the host country. In many Olympics, at least a handful of eligible countries have boycotted the event. In some cases, boycotts have been much larger. The two largest boycotts, in 1980 and 1984, were closely connected with the Cold War.

Boycotts carried out

Notable Olympic boycotts have included:

  • A boycott by 28 African nations in the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal, in protest of a tour of South Africa by the New Zealand All Blacks rugby union team early in the year. South Africa was banned from the Olympics between 1962 and 1990 due to its policy of Apartheid. Congo's official Jean Claude Ganga led the boycott after the IOC refused to ban the New Zealand team. Some nations (including Morocco, Cameroon and Egypt) had already participated, however, as the teams withdrew only after the first day. From Southern and Central Africa, only Senegal and Ivory Coast took part. Iraq and Guyana also opted to join the Congolese-led boycott. It was also used to protest the Racism in Canada against those of African descent, whom at the time had difficulty obtaining jobs in the Canadian job market.
  • The 1980 Summer Olympics boycott, in which 45-50 nations refused to participate in the Olympics held in Moscow in protest of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The exact number of boycotting nations is difficult to determine, as a total of 62 eligible countries failed to participate, but some of those countries withdrew due to financial hardships, only claiming to join the boycott to avoid embarrassment. A substitute event titled the "Liberty Bell Classic" but recognized as the Olympic Boycott Games was held at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia by 29 of the boycotting countries.
  • In the 1980 Winter Olympics held in Lake Placid, New York, the Republic of China (Taiwan) refused to compete under the name of Chinese Taipei, and thus became the only nation to boycott the Olympic Winter Games.
  • The 1984 Summer Olympics boycott, in which 14 Eastern Bloc countries and allies including the Soviet Union, Cuba and East Germany (but not Romania) refused to participate in the Olympics held in Los Angeles in protest of U.S. sentiments towards the Soviet Union. For differing reasons, Iran and Libya also boycotted. The USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984, citing security concerns and "chauvinistic sentiments and an anti-Soviet hysteria being whipped up in the United States"[1].

Olympic boycotts 1976 1980 1984.PNG

Threatened boycotts

Threatened boycotts include:

References

  1. ^ Burns, John F (9 May 1984). "Protests are Issue: Russians Charge 'Gross Flouting' of the Ideals of the Competition". New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Seoul 1988". www.olympic.org. http://www.olympic.org/en/content/Olympic-Games/All-Past-Olympic-Games/Summer/Seoul-1988/. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  3. ^ a b Newman, Saul. "Why Grandpa boycotted the Olympics". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1009630.html. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  4. ^ Kosyrev, Dmitry (2008-08-06). "Beijing Olympics as a diplomatic convention". RIA Novosti. http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20080806/115849259.html. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  5. ^ Weir, Fred (July 11, 2008). "Putin Faces Green Olympic Challenge". Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0711/p06s01-woeu.html. Retrieved August 18, 2008. 
  6. ^ Hefling, Kimberly (August 15, 2008). "Lawmakers want Olympics out of Russia". Associated Press. USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/2008-08-15-3534495582_x.htm?csp=34. 
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