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Marseille
Olympique Marseille logo
Full name Olympique de Marseille
Nickname(s) l'OM, l'Ohème, Marseillais, Les Phocéens
Founded 1899
Ground Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
(Capacity: 60,031[1])
Owner Russia Margarita Louis-Dreyfus
Chairman France Jean-Claude Dassier
Manager France Didier Deschamps
League Ligue 1
2008–09 Ligue 1, 2nd
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours
Current season

Olympique de Marseille (also known as l'OM; French pronunciation: [loˈɛmə]) is a French professional football club based in Marseille. Founded in 1899, they play in Ligue 1 and have spent most of their history in the top tier of French football. Marseille have been French champions eight times, and have won the Coupe de France ten times (a record) and became the first and only French club to win the UEFA Champions League in 1993.

Olympique de Marseille's home is the 60,031-person-capacity[1] Stade Vélodrome football stadium in the south of the city, where they have played since 1937[1]. In 1997, they were bought by Franco-Swiss businessman Robert Louis-Dreyfus.

Marseille's traditional kit colours are white shirts and shorts with white socks. The current badge was adopted in 2004. The club's motto Droit Au But (French for "Straight to the Goal") appears under the badge and a star representing the victory in the Champions League is featured on the top. The club enjoys a large fan base, with the highest average all-time attendance in French football. Their average home gate for the 2008–09 season was 52,276, the highest in the Ligue 1.[2]

Contents

History

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Beginnings of the team

Olympique de Marseille was founded by René Dufaure de Montmirail, a French sport official, in 1892, as an omnisport club. Known as Sporting Club, US Phocéenne, and Football Club de Marseille in the first five years after its founding, the club adopted the name Olympique de Marseille in 1899. At first, Rugby union was the most important team sport of the club, the motto Droit au but coming from rugby. Affiliated with USFSA since 1898, it was only in 1902, thanks to English and German (still according to André Gascard), that football began to be played by Olympique de Marseille. Richer and better organized than other football teams of Marseille (Sporting, Stade, Phocéenne. ..), Olympique de Marseille, playing at the Stade de l'Huveaune, took the leadership in the city. In 1904, Olympique de Marseille won the first Championnat du Littoral, opposing teams from Marseille and its suburbs, and took part in the final rounds of the eleventh French championship. At that time, the word "football" applied to rugby, and people used the word "Association" (which would be soccer in North America) for football.

During the twenties, Olympique de Marseille became an important team in France, winning the Coupe de France in 1924, 1926 and 1927. The team won the French championship in 1929, defeating Club Français. The Coupe de France in 1924 was the club's first major title, won against FC Sète which dominated French football at the time. In the twenties, numerous French internationals such as Jules Dewaquez, Jean Boyer or Joseph Alcazar played for Marseille.[3] In 1930, Marseille lost against Sète, which would be the winner, in the semi-final round. In 1931, the team became champion of the South-East, with victories against rivals such as Sète. In Coupe de France, l'OM lost in 5 matches to Club Français, winning the second match which was canceled due to the disqualification of the Marseille striker Vernicke. Even though the 1931-32 season was less successful, Marseille easily entered professionalism. In 1932, the team became a member of the union of professional clubs. On 13 January 1932 at 9:15 PM, at the Brasserie des Sports, Mr. Dard, Mr. Bison, Dr. Rollenstein, Mr. Etchepare, Mr. Leblanc, Mr. Mille, Mr. Anfosso, Mr. Sabatier, Mr. Seze, Mr. Bazat, Mr. Molteroj, and Mr. Pollack elected the following committee:

Honour Presidents: Paul Le Cesne et Fernand Bouisson President: M. Dard Vice-Presidents: Mr. Leblanc, Mr. Bison, Mr. Etchepare, Dr. Rollenstein et Mr. Anfosso General Secretary: Mr. Possel-Daydier Treasurer: Mr Bison (assisted by Mr Ribel).

For the first championship, Division 1 was divided into two pools. Marseille finished second in the first, behind Lille OSC. For its first match of the championship, Marseille defeated the future champion, Lille.

In 1937, Marseille won its first professional French championship thanks to goal average (+30 for Marseille, +17 for FC Sochaux-Montbéliard). The arrival of Vasconcellos made the defence stronger, whereas former goalkeeper Laurent Di Lorto shone with Sochaux and France. In the meantime, Marseille won the Coupe de France in 1935 and 1938 but failed a double success in 1934, due to FC Sète.

In 1938, Larbi Ben Barek signed with Marseille and became "the black pearl" for the team. World War II would cut his career short. The 1942-43 season was full of records: 100 goals in 30 matches, including 20 in one match (20-2 against Avignon), in which Aznar scored 9 goals, including the first 8 (Marseille was leading 8-0), playing only 70 minutes. Aznar scored 45 goals in 30 matches, plus 11 in cup games, for a record of 56 goals in 38 matches. With the minots (young players) of the moment (Scotti, Robin, Dard, Pironti), Marseille won the cup in two matches against FC Girondins de Bordeaux (4-0).

In 1948, thanks to a draw against Sochaux, Marseille became the champions of France. The two last victories at the Stade Vélodrome against Roubaix (6-0) and FC Metz (6-3) were important, as Aznar and Robin's returned in spring.

In 1952, Marseille was about to be relegated, but Gunnar Andersson saved his team, finishing as best scorer with 31 goals. The team won (5-3) on aggregate against US Valenciennes.The same year, Marseille lost at the Stade Vélodrome against AS Saint-Étienne 10-3, but Liberati was injured. In 1953, Gunnar Andersson would take the record of goals scored in one season with 35. Marseille was runner-up in the Coupe de France (OGC Nice won 2-1) in 1954 and the Coupe Drago in 1957 to (RC Lens which won 3-1). Marseille were struggling at the time and were relegated for the first time in 1959. From 1959 to 1965, the team played in the second division, except during the 1962/63 season, finishing 20th out of 20 in the first division. In 1965, Marcel Leclerc became president.

Marcel Leclerc era and crisis

Ajax-Marseille

The first period of Olympique de Marseille's domination of the French League started in the early 70's under Marcel Leclerc's presidency (1965–1972). His ambition allowed Marseille to return to the First division in 1965-66. They went on to win the Coupe de France in 1969 as well as the First division in 1971 with a record of 44 goals by Josip Skoblar, helped by Roger Magnusson. The arrival of Georges Carnus and Bernard Bosquier from Saint-Étienne helped them to win the Ligue 1 and the Coupe de France in 1972. Marseille played in the European Cup in 1971-72 and 1972-73 but were defeated by AFC Ajax of Johan Cruijff and Juventus. However, success was not to last. Marcel Leclerc was forced to leave the club on 19 July 1972. The president was a stubborn man, and he threatened the whole league by threatening to withdraw his professional team from Ligue 1 because the federation refused to accept three foreign players in one team (Leclerc wanted to acquire the Hungarian star Zoltán Varga but he had already the maximum number of two foreigners in his team). But Marseille decided, instead of following Leclerc against the league, to fire him.[4] Then followed an era of crisis with Marseille only winning a Coupe de France in 1976 and being relegated to the second division, where they played with a bunch of young local players: the Minots who allowed the team to return back to First division in 1984. Éric Di Meco was one of them.

Bernard Tapie era and OM/VA bribery scandal

Didier Deschamps led l'OM to victory at the UEFA Champions League 1992-93

On 12 April 1986, Bernard Tapie became president, thanks to Marseille mayor Gaston Defferre, and promptly built the greatest team ever seen in France. His first signings were Karl-Heinz Forster and Alain Giresse, who were bought after the 1986 FIFA World Cup. Tapie signed a large number of highly regarded players over the next few years in his pursuit of the European Cup, such as Jean-Pierre Papin, Chris Waddle, Klaus Allofs, Enzo Francescoli, Abedi Pelé, Didier Deschamps, Basile Boli, Marcel Desailly, Rudi Völler and Eric Cantona as well as appointing high-profile coaches like Franz Beckenbauer, Gérard Gili and Raymond Goethals. Between 1989 and 1992, Olympique de Marseille won 4 League titles in a row and the French Cup. The highlight of the club's history is winning the new format Champions League in 1993. Basile Boli scored the only goal against Italy's A.C. Milan in the final held in Munich's Olympic Stadium. That triumph was the first time ever for a french club and it made Didier Deschamps and Fabien Barthez the youngest captain and goalkeeper, respectively, to capture the title.

This, however, was followed by a decade of decline. In 1994, due to financial irregularities and a match fixing scandal involving then president Bernard Tapie, they suffered forced relegation to the second division, where Marseille stayed two years before coming back to First division. Moreover, they lost their 1992-93 Division 1 title and the right to play in the UEFA Champions League 1993-94 , the 1993 European Super Cup and the 1993 Intercontinental Cup. This scandal, called l'affaire VA-OM (VA for Union Sportive Valenciennes-Anzin and OM for Olympique de Marseille), was denounced by Valenciennes, whose players Jacques Glassmann[5], Jorge Burruchaga[6] and Christophe Robert[6] were contacted by Marseille player Jean-Jacques Eydelie[7], in order to let OM win and, more importantly, not to injure any OM player ahead of the UEFA Champions League final.

Return to success?

Marseille returned to the top flight in 1996 with backing from Adidas's owner Robert Louis-Dreyfus. He chose Rolland Courbis as coach, signed Fabrizio Ravanelli, Laurent Blanc, and Andreas Köpke, and Marseille finished 11th for his return. For the 1998-99 season, the team celebrated his centenary and built a team of stars: Robert Pirès, Florian Maurice, and Christophe Dugarry, culminating in a second place finish in the French championship, behind Bordeaux and an appearance in the UEFA Cup Final in 1999, losing to Parma. Courbis left the team in November 1999, after a poor start to the season. The closest Marseille to get another trophy was when they reached the UEFA Cup Final in 2004, impressively beating Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Internazionale, Liverpool, and Newcastle United along the way. But they were beaten in the final by newly-crowned Spanish champions Valencia CF and once again fans were forced to continue waiting for the next trophy to come along.

Recently, Marseille succeeded in winning the 2005 Intertoto Cup, beating the likes of Lazio and Deportivo La Coruña in doing so, and earning another shot at the UEFA Cup.

In January 2007, there was negotiation between Dreyfus and Jack Kachkar, a Canadian doctor and businessman (CEO of pharmaceutical company Inyx), about the selling of the club. As Jack Kachkar took too much time to buy the team, Robert Louis-Dreyfus decided on 22 March 2007 not to sell to the Canadian businessman.[8]

Another close call to glory was in the French Cup final against Sochaux in May 2007. However, they lost on penalties after a 2-2 draw after extra time, to the disappointment of everyone linked with the club, but they soon wiped all that disappointment away by qualifying for the 2007-08 UEFA Champions League group stage, after securing 2nd place with a game to go.

In the Champions League, Marseille shocked Europe by becoming the first French team to win at Anfield when they beat 2007 runners-up Liverpool 1-0, and the team took 6 out of 6 points from their opening two games. However, they only drew one more match, and in a winner takes all final group game they lost 4-0 to Liverpool, who became the first English team to win at the Stade Vélodrome. Marseille, coming third in the Champions League Group A, resulted in qualification for the UEFA Cup.[9]

Marseille finished the 2008-09 season with a second place finish in Ligue 1, following a tight race with Girondins de Bordeaux for the title. This earned them a direct entry into the group stages of the UEFA Champions League, their third consecutive season in the Champions League.

Rivalries

Le Classique

PSG 1-3 OM (15-03-2009)

PSG-OM or OM-PSG, often referred to as Le Classique (The Classic) is a football match that is contested between French clubs Paris Saint-Germain and Olympique de Marseille. The term Classique is modeled on the El Clásico, which is contested between Real Madrid and Barcelona. Like all the game's major rivalries, the antipathy between Paris Saint-Germain and Marseille extends outside the pitch. The so-called French clásico has a historical, cultural and social importance that makes it more than a simple football game, facing capital against province and the chosen ones of French football against its enfants terribles (terrible boys).[10][11] With PSG being located up north in the French capital, Paris, the rivalry is often referred to as the North versus the South due to Olympique Marseille playing in the southern coast city Marseille.

PSG and Marseille are the only French clubs to have won European trophies, having won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1996 and the UEFA Champions League in 1993 respectively, and were the two dominant forces before the appearance of Lyon at the beginning of the 21st century. However, despite their recent ups and downs, PSG and l'OM remain, along with Saint-Étienne, the only French clubs with a truly, faithful and passionate fan base, giving the country's biggest match a special atmosphere.[10][12]

Stadium

Stade Vélodrome

From 1904 to 1937, Marseille played at the Stade de l'Huveaune. The club was the owner of the venue, contrary to its current stadium. L'Huveaune, a time named "Stade Fernand Buisson" in honour of a former rugby player of the club who became deputee was renovated at the beginning of the twenties, thanks to supporter's financial help. It had a capacity of 15,000. After 1937, l'OM used this venue under Marcel Leclerc's presidency in order to compel the city of Marseille to lower the rent of Stade Vélodrome and during the renovation of Vélodrome for Euro 1984, during the 1982/83 season. The stadium again underwent redevelopment in time for the 1998 World Cup and was transformed into an immense ground composed of two Curva ends (Virage Nord and Virage Sud - North Curve and South Curve) which house the supporters groups as well as the main stand, Jean Bouin, and the imposing Ganay stand. Today, the team regularly fills their impressive home, the Stade Vélodrome, which seats 60,013.

Supporters hope the municipality will cover the stadium and increase its capacity.

Before the start of each home game the song Jump by Van Halen is heard. When a goal is scored by Marseille in their home matches the song Come with Me by Puff Daddy is played.

Badge

Club founder René Dufaure de Montmirail drew inspiration from his personal seal, which featured interlaced letters "D" and "M", to create the club's first badge. The club's motto, "Droit au but", dates from the days when the club's main sport was rugby, under the name "Football Club de Marseille". The original badge featured an ornate letter "M" superimposed over an "O", with the club motto draped across the glyph. The logo persisted for three decades, until 1935, when an art deco shield was adopted, with a simple "M" encased within the "O". In 1972, Olympique redesigned its logo, this time preferring a kitschy aesthetic, with a complex "M" letterform. In 1986, the club re-adopted its first badge; the logo evolved slightly over the next few decades, gaining a star in 1993 to commemorate the club's UEFA Champions League trophy. To commemorate the club's 100th anniversary in 1999, a variant featuring a golden "O" and a turquoise "M" was used; a similar 110th anniversary logo was used during the 2009-2010 season.

The most recent form was revealed on February 17, 2004; the "O" and "M" are rendered as a single unit in turquoise without shading or borders, and the logo is capped by the golden star and sits above the club motto, also rendered in gold.

Supporters

The atmosphere in the Stade Vélodrome is created by the dominance of OM's own supporters who are housed in the Curva style ends behind the goals.

Virage Nord-Patrice de Peretti

The North Curve is home to the Yankee Nord Marseille, Marseille Trop Puissant, Fanatics, and Dodgers supporters associations who buy up the tickets at the start of each season and sell them on to their members. The Virage Nord is situated next to the away enclosure which is protected by high fences. In 2002, the Virage Nord was officially given the name of Patrice de Peretti (1972–2000), the late founder and leader of the supporters group Marseille Trop Puissant.

Virage Sud

As with the Virage Nord, the South Curve is controlled by supporter's associations with the Commando Ultras 1984 and the South Winners dominating the central section and Amis de l'OM and Club Central des Supporteurs filling the remaining sections of the stand.

Livorno - AEK - Marseille

There is a strong relationship between AS Livorno, AEK Athens, and Olympique Marseille. Marseille fans often lift banners and create choreography in support of the fellow teams.

Olympique de Marseille seasons

Records

  • Only French team ever to have won the Champions League/European Cup : 1993
  • Most French Cup Titles: 10 (1924, 1926, 1927, 1935, 1938, 1943, 1969, 1972, 1976, 1989).
  • Fewest number of goals allowed during one season : 21 goals allowed (1991–1992).
  • Most away victories in one Season: 12 (1971–1972, 2008–2009). (record shared with Saint-Etienne and Lyon).
  • Most Goals during one season : Josip Skoblar, 44 league goals and European Golden Boot in 1970-1971.

Honours

Marseille's tally of eight Championships is the second highest in French football, after AS Saint-Étienne,[13] while the total of ten Cups is the highest.[14] Marseille have achieved two Championship and Cup "Doubles" (in 1972 and 1989)[15]. They were also the first French club to win the UEFA Champions League, in 1993.[16]

International titles

National titles

Regional titles

  • South-East DH Championship
    • Winners (4) : 1927, 1929, 1930, 1931
    • Runners-up (4) : 1921, 1922, 1924, 1925
  • Coastline USFSA Championship
    • Winners (6) : 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1919
    • Runners-up (6) : 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914

Reserve titles

  • South-East DH Championship
    • Winners (2) : 1958, 1966
    • Runners-up (1) : 1962
  • Coastline USFSA Championship 3
    • Winners (1) : 1910
  • Coastline USFSA Championship 4
    • Winners (1) : 1910

Youth titles

  • French Under 16 championship
    • Winners (3) : 1979, 2008, 2009

Players

Current squad

As of 10 February 2010.[19] Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 France GK Rudy Riou
3 Nigeria DF Taye Taiwo
4 France DF Julien Rodríguez
5 Brazil DF Hilton
6 France MF Édouard Cissé
7 France MF Benoît Cheyrou
8 Argentina MF Lucho González
9 Brazil FW Brandão
10 France MF Hatem Ben Arfa
11 Senegal FW Mamadou Niang (captain)
12 Burkina Faso MF Charles Kaboré
14 Côte d'Ivoire FW Bakari Koné
15 Ghana FW Jordan Ayew
17 Cameroon MF Stéphane M'Bia
No. Position Player
18 France MF Fabrice Abriel
19 Argentina DF Gabriel Heinze
20 Cameroon DF Charley Fomen
21 Senegal DF Souleymane Diawara
22 France DF Cyril Rool
23 Spain FW Fernando Morientes
24 France DF Laurent Bonnart
27 Senegal DF Pape M'Bow
28 France MF Mathieu Valbuena
30 France GK Steve Mandanda
31 France FW Guy Gnabouyou
34 Ghana MF Kevin Osei
40 Brazil GK Elinton Andrade

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
13 Senegal DF Leyti N'Diaye (at Ajaccio until end of the 2009–10 season)
26 France DF Jean-Philippe Sabo (at Ajaccio until end of the 2009–10 season)
Mali FW Mamadou Samassa (at Valenciennes until end of the 2009–10 season)
Ghana FW André Ayew (at Arles-Avignon until end of the 2009–10 season)

Notable players

Ballon d'Or

The following players have won the Ballon d'Or whilst playing for Olympique de Marseille:

George Weah, Ballon d'or 1995, also played for Marseille at the end of his career in 2000/2001.

European Golden Shoe

The following players have won the European Golden Shoe whilst playing for Olympique de Marseille:

Other players

Reserve Squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Morocco GK Samir Kouakbi
Slovenia GK Brice Krizman
France DF Fabien Barrillon
Armenia DF Varanth Bezdikian
France DF Sébastien Bregand
Argentina DF Sébastien Fischetti
Cape Verde DF Raphaël Lopes
Togo DF Senah Mango
Guadeloupe DF Thierry Rodríguez
France MF Landing Bodian
France MF Olivier Cano
Argentina MF Gaëtan D'Acunto
Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Mathias Guedj
No. Position Player
Algeria MF Cédric Hachani
Senegal MF Daouda Haidari
Croatia MF Niko Maričić
France MF Anthony Marin
Iran MF Ahmad Nouri
Tunisia MF Driss Sahraoui
Ghana FW Jordan Ayew
France FW Thierry Batret
Cape Verde FW Nicolas Crus
Cape Verde FW Riad Dob
France FW Chris Gadi
France FW Noël Sciortino

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c "Velodrome Stadium". om.net. http://www.om.net/en/Club/502001/Stade_Velodrome. Retrieved 13 January 2008. 
  2. ^ "Attendances 2008/09". ligue1.com. http://www.ligue1.com/ligue1/stat/affluence_club.asp?saison=2008/2009. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  3. ^ "History of l'OM". OM official site. 08/04/2006. http://www.om.net/fr/Club/501002/Histoire_de_l_OM/25675/Historique_de_l_OM. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  4. ^ France Football, N°2936 bis, PP 28-29 La nuit des longs couteaux à l'OM
  5. ^ "Tapie Directly Implicated As Marseille Trial Opens". International Herald Tribute. 1995-03-14. http://www.iht.com/articles/1995/03/14/tapie.php. Retrieved 2007-03-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Argentine Charged in Marseille case". New York Times. 1993-07-02. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7D61F3DF931A35754C0A965958260. Retrieved 2007-03-12. 
  7. ^ "Wenger slams former Marseille Chairman". Eurosport. 2006-01-23. http://www.eurosport.com/football/sport_sto817893.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-12. 
  8. ^ "Kachkar, It's over now". RTL. 2007-03-29. http://www.rtl.fr/sports/article.asp?dicid=523798. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  9. ^ Marseille 0-4 Liverpool BBC Sport - 11 December 2007
  10. ^ a b http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/stories/classicderby/news/newsid=1037223.html#frances+passion+play
  11. ^ http://www.ligue1.com/ligue1/lireArticle.asp?idArticle=14341
  12. ^ http://www.iss.europa.eu/nc/actualites/actualite/browse/41/article/european-football-cultures-and-their-integration-theshort-twentieth-century/?tx_ttnews[page]=2&cHash=f0de756510
  13. ^ François Mazet and Frédéric Pauron. "France - List of Champions". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/franchamp.html#summ. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  14. ^ François Mazet and Frédéric Pauron. "France - List of Cup Finals". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/francuphist.html. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  15. ^ Stokkermans, Karel. "Doing the Double: Total Number of Domestic Doubles". RSSSF. http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/doublerec.html#tnd. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  16. ^ "1992/93: French first for Marseille". uefa.com. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/ucl/history/season=1992/intro.html. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  17. ^ Until 2002, when the Ligue 1 was formed, the top tier of French football was known as Division 1.
  18. ^ The trophy was known as Challenge des champions until 1995, and as Trophée des Champions ever since.
  19. ^ OM.net | Site officiel de l'Olympique de Marseille

References

  • Alain Pécheral (2007). La grande histoire de l'OM. L'Équipe. ISBN 2916400079. 
  • Thierry Agnello (2008). Droit au but : l'histoire de l'Olympique de Marseille. Hugo Sport. ISBN 9782755601831. 

External links


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