Applicable to the scenario where one terminal of a link is inside foliage and the other end is free.
Frequency: Below 5 GHz Depth of Foliage: Unspecified
The mathematical formulation of the model is:
Av = Attenuation due to Vegetation. Unit: Decibel (dB)
d = Depth of Foliage along the path. Unit: Meter(m)
= Specific Attenuation for short vegetations. Unit: Decibel / meter (dB/m)
The value of γ is dependent on frequency and is an empirical constant.
The model assumes that exactly one of the terminals is located inside some forest or plantation and the term depth applies to the distance from the terminal inside the plantation to the end of plantation along the link.