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Open-mid central unrounded vowel: Wikis

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See also: IPA, Consonants
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Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i · y
ɨ · ʉ
ɯ · u
ɪ · ʏ
ɪ̈ · ʊ̈
e · ø
ɘ · ɵ
ɤ · o
ɛ · œ
ɜ · ɞ
ʌ · ɔ
a · ɶ
ɑ · ɒ
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Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
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Open
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents
a rounded vowel. Vowel length is indicated by appending  
ː
IPA – number 326
IPA – text ɜ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɜ
X-SAMPA 3
Kirshenbaum V"
About this sound Sound sample

The open-mid central unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɜ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 3. Note that the IPA symbol is not the number "3", but a reversed epsilon.

Contents

Features

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English RP[1] bird [bɜːd] 'bird' In (non-RP) rhotic dialects, [ɜː] occurs in a rhotacized form in stressed syllables.
Ohio[2] bust [bɜst] 'bust' The most common realization of the vowel transcribed as < ʌ > in American English.[2][1]
most of Texas[2]
Paicĩ [mbʷɜ̄] 'remainder'

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ladefoged (1993: 82)
  2. ^ a b c Johnson (2001:27-28)

Bibliography

  • Ladefoged, Peter. (1993). A course in phonetics (3rd ed.). Fort Worth: Harcourt College Publishers.
  • Roach, Peter (2004), "British English: Received Pronunciation", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (2): 239-245
  • Thomas, Erik R. (2001), An acoustic analysis of vowel variation in New World English, Publication of the American Dialect Society, 85, Duke University Press for the American Dialect Society, ISSN 0002-8207  
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