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Open-mid front unrounded vowel: Wikis


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See also: IPA, Consonants
  Front Near- front Central Near- back Back
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i · y
ɨ · ʉ
ɯ · u
ɪ · ʏ
ɪ̈ · ʊ̈
e · ø
ɘ · ɵ
ɤ · o
ɛ · œ
ɜ · ɞ
ʌ · ɔ
a · ɶ
ɑ · ɒ
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents
a rounded vowel. Vowel length is indicated by appending  
IPA – number 303
IPA – text ɛ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɛ
Kirshenbaum E
About this sound Sound sample

The open-mid front unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɛ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is E.




Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Albanian tre [tɾɛ] 'three'
Chinese Cantonese /se4 [sɛː˩] 'snake' See Standard Cantonese
Mandarin /xié [ɕjɛ˧˥] 'tilted' See Standard Mandarin
Catalan[1] sec [sɛk] 'dry' See Catalan phonology
Czech Amerika [amɛrɪka] 'America' See Czech phonology
Dutch bed [bɛt] 'bed' See Dutch phonology
English GA bed [bɛd] 'bed' See English phonology
New Zealand fat [fɛ̝t] 'fat'
Faroese elska [ɛlska] 'love'
French[2] bête [bɛt] 'animal' See French phonology
Georgian[3] გედი [ɡɛdi] 'swan'
German Bett [bɛt] 'bed' See German phonology
Hungarian nem [nɛm] 'no' See Hungarian phonology
Icelandic ég [jɛɣ] 'I'
Italian[4] bene [ˈbɛːne] 'good' See Italian phonology
Kabardian Iэ [ʔɛ] 'to tell'
Ngwe Njoagwi dialect [lɛ̀rɛ́] 'eye'
Norwegian nett [nɛt] 'net' See Norwegian phonology
Polish[5] ten Pl-ten.ogg [tɛn] 'this one' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[6] café [kɐˈfɛ] 'coffee' See Portuguese phonology
Russian[7] это [ˈɛtə] 'this' See Russian phonology
Scottish Gaelic aig [ɛk] 'at'
Serbian mleko/млеко [mlɛko] 'milk'
Seri me [mɛ] 'you'
Swedish ät [ɛːt] 'eat' (imperative) See Swedish phonology
Vietnamese e [ɛ] 'to fear' See Vietnamese phonology
Yoruba sẹ̀ [ɛ̄sɛ] 'leg/foot'

See also



  • Carbonell, Joan F. & Joaquim Llisterri (1992), "Catalan", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22 (1-2): 53-56
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90-94
  • Fougeron, Cecile & Caroline L Smith (1993), "Illustrations of the IPA:French", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (2): 73-76
  • Jones, Daniel & Ward Dennis (1969), The Phonetics of Russian, Cambridge University Press
  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103-107
  • Rogers, Derek & Luciana d'Arcangeli (2004), "Italian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (1): 117-121
  • Shosted, Ryan K. & Chikovani Vakhtang (2006), "Standard Georgian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 36 (2): 255-264


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