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Open back rounded vowel: Wikis

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See also: IPA, Consonants
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Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i · y
ɨ · ʉ
ɯ · u
ɪ · ʏ
ɪ̈ · ʊ̈
e · ø
ɘ · ɵ
ɤ · o
ɛ · œ
ɜ · ɞ
ʌ · ɔ
a · ɶ
ɑ · ɒ
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Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents
a rounded vowel. Vowel length is indicated by appending  
ː
IPA – number 313
IPA – text ɒ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɒ
X-SAMPA Q
Kirshenbaum A.
About this sound Sound sample

The open back rounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɒ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is Q. The symbol <ɒ> is called turned script a, because it is a rotated version of script a, so-called because it lacks the extra stroke on top of a printed 'a'. Turned script a, which has its linear stroke on the left, should not be confused with script a <ɑ>, which has its linear stroke on the right and corresponds to an unrounded version of this vowel, the open back unrounded vowel. A well rounded [ɒ] is rare, though it is found in some varieties of English. In most languages with this vowel, such as English and Persian, the rounding of [ɒ] is slight. However, Assamese has an "over-rounded" [ɒ̹] with rounding as strong as that for [u].

Features

  • Its vowel height is open, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
  • Its vowel backness is back, which means the tongue is positioned as far back as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
  • Its vowel roundedness is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Afrikaans daar [dɒːr] 'there' Usually found in northern Transvaal dialects.
Assamese ? [pɒ̹t] 'to bury'
English Boston Boston [bɒːstən] 'Boston'
North American English caught [kɒt] 'caught' In the Western US, an unrounded [ɑ] is used instead.
RP hot [hɒt] 'hot' See English phonology
South African park [pɒ̟k] 'park'
Hungarian magyar [mɒɟɒr] 'Hungarian' See Hungarian phonology
Kol öle [ɒle] 'name'
Norwegian kål [kɒl] 'cabbage'
Occitan Auvergnat país [pɒˈji] 'world'
Limousin Some northern dialects
Persian نان [nɒ̜n] 'bread' See Persian phonology
Waris ov [ɒβ] 'sky'
Western Desert Language Martu Wangka waŋka [wɒŋɡɑ] 'talk'
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