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Battle of the Treasury Islands
Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II
Date 27 October[1] – 12 November 1943[2]
Location Treasury Islands in the Solomon Islands
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
 New Zealand
 United States
 Empire of Japan
Commanders
R. A. Row
George Fort
Strength
6,574 troops[nb 1]
6 destroyers[1]
32 aircraft[1]
231+ troops[nb 2]
49 planes[4]
Casualties and losses
226 casualties[nb 3] 231 casualties[nb 4]

The Battle of the Treasury Islands was a diversionary battle fought between 27 October[1] and 12 November 1943[2] between Allied and Japanese forces on the Treasury Islands; part of the Solomon Islands.[5] The invasion of the islands was codenamed Operation Goodtime.[6]

The New Zealand 8th Infantry Brigade Group[6], assigned to the United States' I Marine Amphibious Corps, launched the invasion of the Treasury Islands at 06:06 hours on 27 October.[1] 3,795 men landed in the assault wave with the remainder of the Allied force landing in four waves during the following 20 days.[3] The operation was the first amphibious assault launched by New Zealand troops since the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915.[7]

On 1 November the flag was raised over the ruins of Falamae, the islands' capital, and civil administration restored. 11 days later the islands were declared clear of Japanese forces; although Japanese holdouts were sighted in the jungles into January 1944.[2]

The operation, in conjunction with Operation Blissful, served to divert the attention of the Japanese 17th Army from the next major Allied target in the Solomon Islands campaign.[6] The success of the operation helped to improve the planning of subsequent landings in the Pacific.[2]

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ 4,608 New Zealanders and 1,966 Americans[3]
  2. ^ Strength is based on the Japanese casualty figure however occasional Japanese holdouts were sighted within the island's jungles though to December and January leaving a definite figure unknown.[2]
  3. ^ New Zealand casualties: 40 killed and 145 wounded. United States casualties: 12 killed and 29 wounded.[2]
  4. ^ 205 Japanese soldiers were killed by 12 November, the figure rising to 223 by the end of the month. 8 Japanese soldiers were taken prisoner.[2]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e Gillespie, p. 149
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gillespie, p. 158
  3. ^ a b Gillespie, p. 145
  4. ^ Gillespie, p. 154
  5. ^ Gillespie, Chapter 5
  6. ^ a b c Chant, p. 66
  7. ^ Gillespie, p. 144

References

External links

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