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Joint NATO & U.S. AWACS service badge for Noble Eagle & Eagle Assist

Operation Noble Eagle (ONE) is the name given to military operations related to homeland security and support to federal, state, and local agencies and the ongoing operation began September 14, 2001, in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks.[1]

Contents

History

Operation Noble Eagle began with the mobilization of thousands of National Guard and Reserve personnel to perform security missions on military installations, airports and other potential targets such as bridges, power plants, and port facilities. These reservists were called to active duty under a mobilization authority known as a Partial Mobilization (10 USC 12302). In time of a national emergency declared by the President, Partial Mobilization authorizes the President to order members of the Ready Reserve to active duty for a period not to exceed 24 consecutive months. Additionally, in 2001 and 2002, thousands of members of the National Guard were activated at the order of their respective governors to provide additional security at airports. They were called up under Title 32 of the U.S. Code, which means they were under state control, but with federal pay and benefits.[1] Canadian Forces Air Force assisted in providing defense of the northern border of the United States.

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Requirement

The United States civilian and military leaders are beginning to regard the costly air defense operation above North American cities as a permanent defense requirement demanding significant attention from the combined NORAD Air Force. The current focus is on improving command and control of the homeland air defense mission.[2]

Equipment

This operation also marks the first combat mission of the F-22 Raptor. The United States Department of Defense provided F-15 Eagles[3] and F-16 Fighting Falcons to this operation, and the Canadian Forces provided CF-18s.[4]

F-15, 71st Fighter Squadron, in flight.JPG

Canadian NORAD Region

As the Canadian geographical component of NORAD, CANR provides airspace surveillance and control, and directs all air sovereignty activities for the Canadian NORAD Region. CANR and its assigned Air Force assets throughout the country ensure air safety and security against potential air threats and have supported special events such as the G-8 Summit and the visits of foreign dignitaries.[5]

The Canadian NORAD Region (CANR) flew Operation Noble Eagle (ONE) air defense protection missions in the Windsor, Ontario/Detroit, Michigan area on February 5, 2006, in support of Super Bowl XL at Ford Field. These types of missions had become more common at organized entertainment such as the Super Bowl.[5]

References

See also


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