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Turkey-PKK conflict
Part of the Turkey-PKK conflict
Date 20 March - 4 May 1995
Location North of Iraq
Result Turkey claims victory
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey PKK.svg Kurdistan Workers Party
Casualties and losses
64 killed, 185 wounded[1] 555 killed, 13 captured[1]

Operation Steel (Turkish: Çelik Harekâtı) was a cross-border operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into North of Iraq between 20 March and 4 May 1995 against the Kurdistan Workers Party which is listed as a terrorist organization internationally by a number of states and organizations, including the USA, NATO and the EU.[2] More than 37.000 people have been killed in the Turkish-PKK conflict since 1984.[3]


More than 35,000 troops took part in the operation.[4] Turkey announced fatalities at a total of 64 personnel made out of 4 commissioned officers, 5 noncommissioned officers and 55 soldiers. Turkey announced the injured at a total of 185 personnel made out of 13 commissioned officers 8 noncommissioned officers and 164 soldiers. Turkey announced the total number of militants neutralized at a total of 568 with 555 being killed and 13 being captured live or injured.[1]

See also



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