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Ophiopogon japonicus
Fruit, close-up
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Ophiopogon
Species: O. japonicus
Binomial name
Ophiopogon japonicus
(L.f.) Ker Gawl.

Ophiopogon japonicus (Mondo grass, Fountain plant, monkey grass; Japanese: ryu-no-hige ("dragon's beard") or ja-no-hige ("snake's beard")) is a species of Ophiopogon native to Japan.

Contents

Growth

It is an evergreen, sod-forming perennial plant. The leaves are linear, 20–40 cm long. The flowers are white to pale lilac, borne in a short raceme on a 5–10 cm stem. The fruit is a blue berry 5 mm diameter.[1]

Medicinal uses

In Chinese medicine Ophiopogon japonicus tuber, known as mai men dong (Chinese: 麥門冬), is the cardinal herb for yin deficiency. According to the Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica, the herb is sweet, slightly bitter and slightly cold, enters the Heart, Lung and Stomach channels and nourishes the yin of the Stomach, Spleen, Heart and Lungs and clears heat and quiets irritability. It is used for hacking dry coughs, dry tongue and mouth and constipation. Liriope spicata is used as a substitute.[2]

Characteristics

It is also grown as an ornamental plant, providing an excellent groundcover. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Albus' (white flowers), 'Compactus' and 'Kyoto Dwarf' (dwarf forms, not over 4–5 cm tall), and 'Silver Dragon' (variegated, with white-striped leaves). It is often sold as a decorative plant for freshwater aquaria, but because it is not a true aquatic plant, it may flourish for a few months and then die. While hardy to temperatures of about -20 °C when dormant in winter outdoors in normal soil, when kept fully submerged it requires water temperatures of 18-25 °C. It grows well in full sun or partial shade. Propagation is from side shoots.[1][3]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  2. ^ Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Medica Third Edition by Daniel Bensky, Steven Clavey, Erich Stoger and Andrew Gamble. Eastland Press, 2004
  3. ^ Hiscock, P. (2003). Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. Interpret Press.
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Ophiopogon japonicus

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Ruscaceae
Tribus: Ophiopogonae
Genus: Ophiopogon
Species: Ophiopogon japonicus

Name

Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.

References

  • Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed ... London 27: t. 1063. 1807
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 25788
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ophiopogon japonicus on Wikimedia Commons.

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