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Oran Es-Sénia Airport
مطار السانية وهران
IATA: ORNICAO: DAOO
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator EGSA Alger
Serves Oran, Algeria
Location Es Sénia, Algeria
Elevation AMSL 90 m / 295 ft
Coordinates 35°37′38″N 000°36′41″W / 35.62722°N 0.61139°W / 35.62722; -0.61139
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
Sources: Algerian AIP [1] and DAFIF [2][3]
Oran Es Sénia Airport is located in Algeria
Oran Es Sénia Airport
Location of Oran Es Sénia Airport, Algeria

Oran Es Sénia Airport (Arabic: مطار السانية / وهران‎) (IATA: ORNICAO: DAOO) is an airport located 4.7 nm (8.7 km) south of Oran, near Es Sénia, in Algeria.

Contents

History

During World War II La Sénia Airport was first used by the French Air Force as a military airfiled, first by the Armée de l'Air, and after June 1940, by the Armistice Air Force (French: Armée de l'Air de Vichy) of the Vichy Government

During the Operation Torch landings in 1942, La Sénia was one of the primary objectives of the assault on Oran on 9 November. A paratroop task force was to be directly seize La Sénia, with an armored task force to thrust inland to insure the capture of the field. Just after daylight eight Albacore dive bombers from H.M.S. Furious and six Hurricane fighter escorts from each of the two auxiliary carriers swung back over La Sénia airfield in broad daylight to be greeted by strong antiaircraft fire and Vichy fighters. The airfield was attacked in response by six 250-pound general-purpose bombs with which it accurately struck and wrecked the empty hangars on the northwestern side of the airdrome, inflicting destruction which was later to be regretted. In the ensuing dogfights, five Dewoitine 520 French fighters were claimed shot down and others damaged. A second attack on La Sénia airfield were delivered a few minutes later by ten Seafires from H.M.S. Furious in low-level strafing runs against grounded planes and antiaircraft batteries. Again Vichy French fighters contested the action. The Vichy Fighters, however only defended the airfield vicinity and did not oppose the ground forces landing at Oran Harbor. The planned air assault against the airfield was redirected, and the airfield was captured by Company B, of the 1st Armored Regiment about 1000, after many Vichy Aircraft already flown off, presumably to French Morocco. A few remained dispersed on the ground or in the hangars.[4]

After its capture, the airport was used by the United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force as a combat airfield during the North African Campaign. The following units were assigned to the base in 1942 and 1943:[5][6]

Once the combat units moved east to other airfields in Algeria and Tunisia during the late spring of 1943, the airfield came under the control of Air Transport Command, under which it functioned as a stopover en-route to Algiers airport or to Port Lyautey Airfield, in French Morocco on the North African Cairo-Dakar transport route for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel.[7][6]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Aigle Azur Marseille, Lyon, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Toulouse
Air Algérie Algiers, Alicante, Bechar, Bordeaux [seasonal], Brussels, Casablanca, Constantine, Geneva, Ghardaia, Hassi Messaoud, In Amenas, Jeddah, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier [seasonal], Paris-Orly, Ouargla, Timimoun, Toulouse
Air Méditerranée Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly
Spanair Alicante
Tassili Airlines Algiers
Tunisair Tunis

Project 2007

Andrade Gutierrez, a Brazilian company has won a contract to construct a new runway in Oran Airport, located in the second largest city in Algeria. The construction work is estimated to be EUR 20 million. Oran has a population of around 650,000. Being the second largest city of the country, Oran is an important industrial, educational and cultural centre. The construction work at Oran airport is the second contract won by the company in Algeria. The new 9843 feet long runway 07R/25L is operational FROM 12 Feb 2009 according to http://www.sia-enna.dz/PDF/AMDT/NONAIRAC/AMDT01-09.pdf.

Incident

A passenger on a flight from Oran, Algeria to Paris, France sparked panic when he threatened to blow up the jet with more than 150 people on board over Paris. He was overpowered by the crew and the flight landed safely.

References

  1. ^ AIP and Chart from Service d'Information Aéronautique - Algerie (French)
  2. ^ Airport information for DAOO at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.. Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for ORN / DAOO at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  4. ^ Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiate in the West, Chapter XII: The Siezure of Oran.
  5. ^ PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
  6. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  7. ^ [1]

External links

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