Orange (colour): Wikis

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Orange
Color icon orange.svg
 — Spectral coordinates —
Wavelength 585–620 nm
 — Common connotations —
desire, excitement, warning, autumn, fire, Halloween, conservatism (Northern Ireland), Royalism (Netherlands), Indian religions, Engineering
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF7F00
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 127, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (30°, 100%, 100%)
Source HTML Colour Chart @30
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Orange (web colour)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FFA500
sRGBB (r, g, b) (255, 165, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (39°, 100%, 100%)
Source CSS/X11/SVG[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Dark orange (web colour)
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF8C00
sRGBB (r, g, b) (255, 140, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (34°, 100%, 100%)
Source X11/SVG[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Orange peel
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #FF9F00
RGBB (r, g, b) (255, 159, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (38°, 100%, 100%)
Source Internet
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Burnt orange
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #CC5500
RGBB (r, g, b) (204, 85, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (25°, 100%, 80%)
Source University of Texas at Austin[2]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Brown
About these coordinates About these coordinates
— Colour coordinates —
Hex triplet #964B00
RGBB (r, g, b) (150, 75, 0)
HSV (h, s, v) (30°, 100%, 59%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
TNT post sign in the Netherlands
A field of orange California poppies.
Citi Field's left field foul pole used in the sport of baseball.

The colour orange occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum at a wavelength of about 585–620 nm, and has a hue of 30° in HSV colour space. It is numerically halfway between red and yellow in a gamma-compressed RGB colour space, the expression of which is the RGB color wheel. The complementary colour of orange is azure, a slightly greenish blue. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

Contents

Etymology

The colour is named after the orange fruit, introduced to English via the Spanish word naranja[3] which came from the Sanskrit word नारङ्ग (nāraṅga). Before this was introduced to the English-speaking world, the colour was referred to (in Old English) as geoluhread, which translates into Modern English as yellow-red.

The first recorded use of orange as a colour name in English was in 1512,[4] in the court of King Henry VIII.

Variations

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Orange (web colour)

Web colour orange, defined as FFA500, is the only named colour defined in CSS that is not also defined in HTML 4.01

Dark orange (web colour)

The web colour called dark orange is displayed at right.

Orange peel

Orange fruit and cross section

Displayed at right is the actual colour of the outer skin of a usual orange. This colour is called orange peel. It is the same colour as the fruit for which it was named.

A discussion of the difference between the colour orange (the colour halfway between red and yellow, i.e. , colour wheel orange [Colour#FF7F00], shown at the top of this article) and the colour orange peel (the actual colour of the outer skin of an orange), may be found in Maerz and Paul.[5]

The first recorded use of orange peel as a colour name in English was in 1839.[6]

Burnt orange

Burnt orange has been in use as a colour name for this deep shade of orange since 1915.[7]

This colour is one variation that is used as a school colour of the University of Texas at Austin, Clemson University, Virginia Tech, and Auburn University.

This variation of orange is one of the primary colours for the American Football team the Cleveland Browns.

Burnt orange was popular in interior design during the 1970s, and in often associated by the media with this period.

Redheads usually have hair that is more accurately a burnt orange colour.

Brown

Brown is actually derived from the orange part (orange + grey) of the colour spectrum. It can be described as dark orange.

The first recorded use of brown as a colour name in English was in 1000.[8]

Symbolism

Academia

Geography and history

  • Orange is the national colour of the Netherlands, because its royal family of Orange-Nassau used to own the principality of Orange (the title is still used for the Dutch heir apparent). There is no etymological connection between orange (the fruit and colour) and Orange (the name of the principality), and the similarity is fortuitous. (See the page on Orange (word) for more information.) In modern Dutch society however, the Dutch word oranje, 'orange' is often associated with the reigning royal house of the Netherlands. Oranjezonnetje ('Orange Sun') designates good weather on the Queen's birthday, April 30. Orange is the colour of choice for many of the national sports teams and their supporters. The nickname of the Dutch national football team is Oranje, the Dutch word for orange. Oranjegekte ('Orange Craze') signifies the inclination of many Dutchmen to dress up in orange colours during soccer matches. In the modern flag of the Netherlands, red substitutes the original orange, but on birthdays, the flag has an additional orange banner. Most geographical usages of the word orange can be traced back to Dutch maritime power in the 17th century.

Linguistically

  • Orange is often quoted (along with Purple and Silver) as a word that doesn't rhyme with any other word in the English language. This is debatable - see Orange (word)#Rhyme. However, the Oxford Rhyming Dictionary does show both these words as having half-rhymes (such as lozenge with orange and salver with silver).
    In Christina Rossetti's poem What is Pink?[10] there are these lines:
What is red? a poppy's red, in its barley bed.
What is orange? Why, an orange--just an orange!

Politically

An Orange ribbon, a symbol of the Ukrainian Orange Revolution
Orange heraldic tincture, in colour and monochrome representations

Religious and metaphysical

  • Orange in general represents Hinduism. Hindu swamis traditionally wear orange robes. The significance of orange as the colour for Hindu swamis is commonly thought to be connected to the idea that orange symbolizes fire. Renunciates' fiery ochre robes display outwardly the inner transformation that is happening - the burning of ego, their former selves, and their personal wants. Also, the saffron stripe in the Indian flag signifies courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation. Hindu and Sikh flags atop mandirs and gurdwaras, respectively, are typically a saffron coloured pennant[11]. Orange is also used to denote hinduism in the flag of Sri Lanka.
  • Orange is used to symbolically represent the second (Swadhisthana) chakra.[12]

Social

  • In English heraldry, orange is considered synonymous with the tincture tenne. However, its use as a heraldic tincture is relatively rare, as it is considered a "stain" (a deprecated tincture) by some. In continental heraldry, tenne is more often deemed to denote a burnt orange colour.
  • The colours orange and black represent the holiday Halloween (31 October) because orange is the colour of pumpkins and black is the colour of night and is associated with doom, despair and darkness.
  • The colours orange and brown represent the United States holiday Thanksgiving.
  • Orange is the contrasting colour of blue and is highly visible against a clear sky. Therefore, shades of orange such as safety orange are often used in high visibility clothing and other safety equipment and objects.
  • Due to its brightness, orange is used in the construction industry on road signs and safety jackets to warn passers-by of the pending dangers ahead.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-color/. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Visual Guidelines - Graphics - Colors". University of Texas at Austin. 2007-06-06. http://www.utexas.edu/visualguidelines/vg_colors.html. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  3. ^ Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 280, ISBN 1854183753, OCLC 60411025 
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930--McGraw-Hill--Discussion of color Orange, Page 170
  6. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200; Colour Sample: Orange Peel Page 43 Plate 10 Color Sample L10.
  7. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930--McGraw-Hill Page 191 ; Color sample of Burnt Orange: Page 29 Plate 3 Color Sample E12
  8. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191
  9. ^ Sullivan. The Academic Costume Code, Hoods;Linings
  10. ^ Daily Poetry By Carol Simpson ISBN 0673361721, 9780673361721]
  11. ^ "Hinduism". Fotw.net. http://www.fotw.net/flags/hindu.html#saffron. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  12. ^ Stevens, Samantha. The Seven Rays: a Universal Guide to the Archangels. City: Insomniac Press, 2004. ISBN 1894663497 pg. 24

External links


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