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Orange County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Orange County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Paoli
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

408 sq mi (1,057 km²)
400 sq mi (1,036 km²)
9 sq mi (23 km²), 2.13%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

19,306
49/sq mi (19/km²)
Founded 1816
Congressional district 9th
Orange county indiana courthouse 08 2007.jpg
The Orange County courthouse in Paoli, Indiana.
Website www.orangecountyindiana.info

Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 19,306. The county seat is Paoli[1].

Contents

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[2][3]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[2][3]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[3]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.[3] Orange County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 408 square miles (1,057 km²), of which 400 square miles (1,035 km²) is land and 9 square miles (22 km²) (2.13%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Hoosier National Forest in Jackson Township

National protected area

History

Orange County was formed from parts of Knox, Gibson and Washington Counties in 1816. The County Seat is at Paoli.

The early settlers were mostly Quakers fleeing the institution of slavery in Orange County, North Carolina. Jonathan Lindley brought his group of Quakers from North Carolina to the area in 1811. Under Lindley’s leadership, they were the first to build a religious structure, the Lick Creek Meeting House in 1813. It was from this group that Orange County got its name. [1][5]

(See List of Indiana county name etymologies). The name Orange derives from the Dutch Protestant House of Orange, which acquired the English throne with the accession of King William III in 1689, following the Glorious Revolution.

In the early 1800s when the Quakers came from North Carolina to settle in Orange County, Indiana, they came to escape slavery. They brought with them a number of freed slaves. These free men were deeded 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land in the heart of a dense forest. Word of mouth soon spread the news, and this land became part of the "underground railroad" for runaway slaves.

For many years, the freed slaves in this area farmed, traded, and sold their labor to others while living in this settlement. A church was built and a cemetery was provided for their loved ones.

All that remains today is the cemetery. Some of the stones were broken or vandalized over the years. Several years ago, a troop of Boy Scouts came in and restored the cemetery, replacing the lost or broken stones with wooden crosses designating a grave. The name of "Little Africa" came about because of the black settlement, but "Paddy's Garden" was the name those early residents called it.

Demographics

The Orange County Courthouse in the center of the Paoli, Indiana town square
Orange County
Population by year

2000 19,306
1990 18,409
1980 18,677
1970 16,968
1960 16,877
1950 16,879
1940 17,311
1930 17,459
1920 16,974
1910 17,192
1900 16,854
1890 14,678
1880 14,363
1870 13,497
1860 12,076
1850 10,809
1840 9,602
1830 7,901
1820 5,368

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 19,306 people, 7,621 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 8,348 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.90% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.0% were of American, 18.1% German, 11.8% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,621 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,564, and the median income for a family was $38,505. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $20,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,717. About 9.00% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The county is served by 4 school districts[7]:

  • Lost River Career Cooperative
  • Orleans Community Schools
  • Paoli Community School Corporation
  • Springs Valley Community School Corporation.

Orleans Community Schools (Superintendent:James Terrell[8]) includes[8]:

  • Orleans Elementary School (Principal:Roy Kline[8])
  • Orleans Jr./Sr. High School (Principal:Gary McClintic[8]).

Paoli Community Schools (Superintendent:Dr. Alva L. Sibbitt, Jr.)includes:

  • Throop Elementary School (Principal:Sharon R. Tucker)
  • Paoli Jr./Sr. High School (Principal:Jerry Stroud).

Springs Valley School Corporation (Superintendent: Todd Pritchett) includes:

  • Springs Valley Elementary School (Principal:Tony Whitaker)
  • Springs Valley Jr./Sr. High School (Principal: Troy Pritchett)

Cities and towns

Townships

External links

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8.  

Coordinates: 38°32′N 86°30′W / 38.54°N 86.50°W / 38.54; -86.50


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Orange County, Indiana
Map
File:Map of Indiana highlighting Orange County.png
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1816
Seat Paoli
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.13%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

19306


Orange County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 19,306. The county seat is Paoli6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,057 km² (408 sq mi). 1,035 km² (400 sq mi) of it is land and 22 km² (9 sq mi) of it (2.13%) is water.

Adjacent counties

History

Orange County was formed from parts of Knox, Gibson and Washington Counties in 1816. The County Seat is at Paoli.

The early settlers were mostly Quakers fleeing the institution of slavery in Orange County. Jonathan Lindley brought his group of Quakers from North Carolina to the area in 1811. Under Lindley’s leadership, they were the first to build a religious structure, the Lick Creek Meeting House in 1813. It was from this group that Orange County got its name. [1]

(See List of Indiana county name etymologies). The name Orange derives from the Dutch Protestant House of Orange, which acquired the English throne with the accession of King William III in 1689, following the Glorious Revolution.

In the early 1800s when the Quakers came from North Carolina to settle in Orange County, Indiana, they came to escape slavery. They brought with them a number of freed slaves. These free men were deeded 200 acres of land in the heart of a dense forest. Word of mouth soon spread the news, and this land became part of the "underground railroad" for runaway slaves.

For many years, the freed slaves in this area farmed, traded, and sold their labor to others while living in this settlement. A church was built and a cemetery was provided for their loved ones.

All that remains today is the cemetery. Some of the stones were broken or vandalized over the years. Several years ago, a troop of Boy Scouts came in and restored the cemetery, replacing the lost or broken stones with wooden crosses designating a grave. The name of "Little Africa" came about because of the black settlement, but "Paddy's Garden" was the name those early residents called it.

Demographics

The Orange County courthouse in the center of the Paoli town square
Orange County
Population by year

2000 19,306
1990 18,409
1980 18,677
1970 16,968
1960 16,877
1950 16,879
1940 17,311
1930 17,459
1920 16,974
1910 17,192
1900 16,854
1890 14,678
1880 14,363
1870 13,497
1860 12,076
1850 10,809
1840 9,602
1830 7,901
1820 5,368

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 19,306 people, 7,621 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (48/sq mi). There were 8,348 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (21/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.90% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.0% were of American, 18.1% German, 11.8% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,621 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,564, and the median income for a family was $38,505. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $20,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,717. About 9.00% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Townships

External links

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

Coordinates: 38°32′N 86°30′W / 38.54, -86.50

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Orange County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Orange County, IndianaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Indiana  +
Short name Orange County  +

This article uses material from the "Orange County, Indiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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