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Oregon Caves Chateau
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark
The Chateau at Oregon Caves
Location: Oregon Caves National Monument, Oregon
Coordinates: 42°5′57.86″N 123°24′27.15″W / 42.0994056°N 123.4075417°W / 42.0994056; -123.4075417Coordinates: 42°5′57.86″N 123°24′27.15″W / 42.0994056°N 123.4075417°W / 42.0994056; -123.4075417
Built/Founded: 1934
Architect: Gust Lium
Governing body: National Park Service
Added to NRHP: May 28, 1987[1]
Designated NHL: May 28, 1987[2]
NRHP Reference#: 87001346

The Oregon Caves Chateau is a historic American hotel that opened in 1934. It is located in Oregon Caves National Monument in southern Oregon, near Cave Junction. The Chateau was designed and built by Gust Lium, a local contractor. Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987, the Chateau building is architecturally significant because of its construction and design.[2][3][4]

The Chateau is six stories high and is built across a steep ravine. All floor levels except the top two have ground level entrances because of the steep slope. From the main front entrance the building appears to be only three stories high, but from the creek bed below the hotel, all six floors can be seen. The lowest two floors house storage and building systems. The third floor contains the dining room, coffee shop and kitchen. The fourth floor, at the level of the driveway, houses the lobby and some guest rooms, while the fifth and sixth floors have guest rooms and the manager's quarters.[5]

Front side of the Chateau over the pond

Contents

Exterior architecture

The architecture of the Chateau building, as well as several other buildings nearby of the same age, is rustic. The building exterior is sheathed with cedar bark, giving it a shaggy appearance. Both shed and dormer style roofs mimic the surrounding mountains. Extensive rock work was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps under the direction of the Plans and Design branch of the Park Service, headed by Thomas Chalmers Vint, creating a bond between the building and the landscape[5]. A small trout pond with waterfall is in the courtyard.

Interior architecture

Inside the Chateau the rustic architecture continues. Thirty-inch diameter log posts support the open beam ceilings. A large, rustic-marble double-sided fireplace dominates the lobby. Dark paneled walls create a cavelike feel and allow one's attention to be drawn to the view outside the large picture windows. Since the lobby is four floors above the creek bed, the lobby windows look out into the trees of the surrounding forest. A grand staircase made of pine log stringers, maple steps, and balustrades of madrone, continue the rustic style.[6] The gray wood in the lobby is tinted by cement, which came from the cement bags that the workers beat against the wood to loosen the contents[5].

A 1930s-style coffee shop on the courtyard level of the Chateau is still in original condition, with original maple counters and chrome and vinyl swivel stools. Part of the flow from nearby Cave Creek is diverted into an artificial stream bed inside the building; the stream flows through the dining room[5].

Monterey furniture

The Chateau still contains most of the original furniture, which is primarily Monterey furniture made by the Mason Furniture Company in Los Angeles, California. The Chateau is believed to have the largest collection of Monterey furniture in the world.

Current

The Chateau is in almost original condition. The rooms remain almost exactly as they were in 1934. There are no phones or televisions, and steam radiator heating. The Chateau is open to guests spring through fall, dates vary.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  2. ^ a b "Oregon Caves Chateau". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=2010&ResourceType=Building. Retrieved 2007-11-18.  
  3. ^ Historic American Buildings Survey, Oregon Caves Chateau. HABS No. OR-145, prepared by Stephen R. Mark, Historian, NPS, Aug. 25, 1989.
  4. ^ Laura Soullière Harrison (, 1985), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Oregon Caves ChateauPDF (415 KB), National Park Service   and Accompanying 19 photos, exterior and interior, from 1985.PDF (3.50 MB)
  5. ^ a b c d Kaiser, Harvey (1997). "Landmarks in the Landscape", San Francisco: Chronicle Books ISBN 0-8118-1854-3, pp. 86-89
  6. ^ ""Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Oregon Caves Chateau", by Laura Soullière Harrison". National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/harrison/harrison24.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-18.  
  7. ^ Virtual Tour of The Chateau at Oregon Caves.

External links

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