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Oregon County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Oregon County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Seat Alton
Largest city Thayer
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

792 sq mi (2,050 km²)
791 sq mi (2,050 km²)
0 sq mi (0 km²), 0.02%
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

10,264
13/sq mi (5/km²)
Founded 1845
Named for Oregon Territory
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Oregon County is a county located in South Central Missouri in the United States. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the county's population was 10,344. A 2008 estimate, however, showed the population to be 10,264. Its county seat is Alton[1]. The county was officially organized on February 14, 1845, and was named for the Oregon Territory in the northwestern United States.

Home to a large area of the Mark Twain National Forest, Oregon County contains more National Forest land than any other county in Missouri. It also contains the Irish Wilderness, the largest federally protected wilderness area in the state. Hiking and backpacking opportunities abound on the Ozark Trail and the White's Creek Trail. Canoeing and fishing are popular on the Eleven Point River, which is Missouri's only National Wild and Scenic River.

Grand Gulf State Park is a Missouri state park just west of Thayer which includes a collapsed karst canyon.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 792 square miles (2,050 km²), of which, 791 square miles (2,050 km²) of it is land and 0 square miles (0 km²) of it (0.02%) is water.

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Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

History

During the American Civil War, men from Oregon County marched off to fight for the Confederate States of America on three separate occasions.

In July 1861, the Second Infantry Regiment of McBride's Seventh Division, Missouri State Guard was formed. Oregon County men made up Companies A, D, F, and G. On August 10, 1861 they fought at the Battle of Wilson's Creek near Springfield and were victorious.

In early 1862 the Missouri State Guard was disbanded and regular Confederate Army units were formed. During February and March 1862, Oregon County men were mustered into companies D and I of the Fourth Missouri Infantry. The Fourth Missouri was sent to Mississippi where they engaged in the Battle of Corinth on October 3-4, 1862. The valiant Oregon County men suffered heavy losses to disease and battle causalities and finally surrendered with 30,000 other Confederates at the Siege of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.

In the late winter and spring of 1864, Major Matthew G. Norman began organizing another regiment of troops. These men would join Northern Arkansas men led by Lt. Colonel James H. Tracy to form Fristoe's Regiment in the Missouri Cavalry. Colonel Edward T. Fristoe of Rappahannock, Virginia would lead his command on the ill-fated Missouri Invasion of General Sterling Price in the fall of 1864.

Other units that Oregon County men joined were the Freeman's Regiment, the Missouri Cavalry, and the Fifteenth Missouri Cavalry Regiment from neighboring Ripley County. Only a handful of Oregon County men joined the Union Army. The county suffered greatly during the war from raids of Union troops as well as the atrocities of bushwhackers.

Education

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Oregon County, 72.0% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 9.1% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Public Schools

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 10,344 people, 4,263 households, and 3,018 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,997 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.61% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 2.88% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Approximately 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Oregon County were 29.7% American, 13.4% English, 13.1% Irish, and 13.0% German, according to Census 2000.

There were 4,263 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,119, and the median income for a family was $31,637. Males had a median income of $22,304 versus $16,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,043. About 16.30% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Politics

Local

Politics at the local level in Oregon County is predominantly controlled by the Democratic Party. In fact, all but two of Oregon County's elected officeholders is Democrats.

Office Incumbent Party
Assessor Charles Lon Alford Democratic
Circuit Clerk & Ex Officio Recorder Dorothy Barton Democratic
Clerk Gary Hensley Democratic
Collector Jerry Richardson Democratic
Commissioner – District 1 Johnny D. Wrenfrow Democratic
Commissioner – District 2 Edward Casey Republican
Coroner Tom Clary Democratic
Presiding Commissioner Leo Warren Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Fred O’Neill Democratic
Public Administrator Mike Crawford Republican
Sheriff George Underwood Democratic
Surveyor Scott Simer Democratic
Treasurer Kim Hollis Democratic

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 38.07% 1,742 59.22% 2,710 2.71% 124
2004 55.76% 2,579 42.16% 1,950 2.08% 96
2000 45.82% 1,938 51.70% 2,187 2.48% 105
1996 38.02% 1,466 59.23% 2,284 2.75% 106

Oregon County is represented in the Missouri House of Representatives by Rep. Mike Dethrow (R-Alton). In 2008, Dethrow ran unopposed and was reelected with 100% of the vote.

Oregon County is also a part of Missouri's 33rd Senatorial District and is currently represented by State Senator Chuck Purgason (R-Caulfield). In 2008, Purgason defeated Eric Reeve (D) 67.31-32.69 percent. Oregon County backed Purgason with 61.03 percent while Reeve received 38.97 percent. The 33rd Senatorial District consists of Camden, Howell, Laclede, Oregon, Shannon, Texas, and Wright counties.

In Missouri's gubernatorial election of 2008, Governor of Missouri Jay Nixon (D) defeated former U.S. Representative Kenny Hulshof (R) with 58.40 percent of the total statewide vote. Nixon performed extremely well and won many of the rural counties in the state, including Oregon County. The former attorney general Nixon carried Oregon County by a wide margin with 59.22 percent of the vote to Hulshof’s 38.07 percent.

Federal

In the U.S. House of Representatives, Oregon County is represented by Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau) who represents all of Southeast Missouri as part of Missouri's 8th Congressional District.

Political Culture

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 57.77% 2,652 39.45% 1,811 2.78% 128
2004 59.26% 2,769 39.01% 1,823 1.73% 81
2000 59.56% 2,521 37.04% 1,568 3.40% 144
1996 39.10% 1,502 46.73% 1,795 14.16% 544

At the presidential level, Oregon County is a fairly independent-leaning or battleground county. While George W. Bush carried Oregon County in 2000 and 2004, the margins of victory were smaller than in many of the other rural areas. Bill Clinton also carried Oregon County both times in 1992 and 1996. Like most of the other rural counties in Missouri, Oregon County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.

Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Oregon County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Oregon County with 87.09 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Oregon County with 56.78 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Oregon County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Oregon County with 73.14 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primary, voters in Oregon County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

Republican

Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) won Oregon County with 58.88 percent of the vote. U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) finished in second place in Oregon County with 20.47 percent. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts) came in third place, receiving 11.34 percent of the vote while libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished fourth with 8.54 percent in Oregon County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis where McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.

Democratic

Former U.S. Senator and now Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) won Oregon County by an almost three-to-one margin over now President Barack Obama (D-Illinois). Clinton carried Oregon County with 71.77 percent of the vote while Obama received 24.09 percent of the vote. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 3.05 percent of the vote in Oregon County.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 989, than any candidate from either party in Oregon County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries.

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Coordinates: 36°41′N 91°24′W / 36.69°N 91.40°W / 36.69; -91.40


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Oregon County, Missouri
Map
File:Map of Missouri highlighting Oregon County.png
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1845
Seat Alton
Largest City Thayer
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.02%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

10344
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Named for: Oregon Territory

Oregon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. The county was organized in 1845 and named for the Oregon Territory in the northwestern United States. As of 2000, the population is 10,344. Its county seat is Alton6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,050 km² (792 sq mi). 2,050 km² (791 sq mi) of it is land and 0 km² (0 sq mi) of it (0.02%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 10,344 people, 4,263 households, and 3,018 families residing in the county. The population density was 5/km² (13/sq mi). There were 4,997 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (6/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.61% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 2.88% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.7% were of American, 13.4% English, 13.1% Irish and 13.0% German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 4,263 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,359, and the median income for a family was $26,727. Males had a median income of $22,304 versus $16,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,812. About 16.30% of families and 22.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns


Coordinates: 36°41′N 91°24′W / 36.69, -91.40

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oregon County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Oregon County, MissouriRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Missouri  +
Short name Oregon County  +

This article uses material from the "Oregon County, Missouri" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Oregon County, Missouri
Map

Location in the state of Missouri

Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1845
Seat Alton
Largest City Thayer
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

792 sq mi (2,050 km²)
791 sq mi (2,050 km²)
0 sq mi (0 km²), 0.02%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

10,344
13/sq mi (5/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Oregon Territory

Oregon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. It was organized in 1845 and named for the Oregon Territory. As of 2000, the population is 10,344. Its county seat is Alton.



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