Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: Wikis

  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
     Founder States      Other Member States
Secretariat Paris, France
Membership 20 Founder States
10 Participating States
Leaders
 -  Secretary General Mexico José Ángel Gurría
Establishment
 -  as the OEEC1 16 April 1948 
 -  renamed as the OECD 30 September 1961 
Website
www.oecd.org
1 .Organisation for European Economic Co-operation.^ Subscribe Topics related to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) began in 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - duties 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.referenceforbusiness.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1989 .
  • Horizon Information Portal 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC hip.jcu.edu.au [Source type: Reference]

.The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD, in French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is a Paris-based international economic organisation of 30 countries.^ Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate.
  • Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Subscribe Topics related to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ Organisation-for-economic-co-operation-development - Professional Pensions Site search sponsored by .
  • Organisation-for-economic-co-operation-development - Professional Pensions 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.professionalpensions.com [Source type: News]

.Most OECD members are high-income economies with a high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries.^ Members of the Committee are delegates from OECD member countries.
  • OECD — OECD Watch 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC oecdwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

^ OECD member countries are: .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | Office of the Government of the RS for Development and European Affairs 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.svrez.gov.si [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It originated in 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), led by Robert Marjolin of France, to help administer the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II.^ The Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) was created after World War II to manage American and Canadian aid for Europe's reconstruction.
  • OECD — OECD Watch 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC oecdwatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) began in 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - duties 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.referenceforbusiness.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Energy production and environment / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

.Later, its membership was extended to non-European states.^ Later, its membership was extended to non-European states.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Facts 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.karr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It originated in 1948, as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), led by Robert Marjolin, to help administer the Marshall Plan, for the reconstruction of Europe, after World War II. Later, its membership was extended to non-European states and, in 1961, it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development or OECD. .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikigender.org 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC classic.wikigender.org [Source type: Reference]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikigender.org 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC classic.wikigender.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Later, its membership was extended to non-European states and, in 1961 , it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development or OECD by the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1961, it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development by the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.^ Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate.
  • Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1961, it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development by the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development The Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is the 1960 treaty that transitioned the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Facts 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.karr.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subscribe Topics related to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

.The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris, France.^ Since 1949, it was headquartered in the Chateau de la Muette in Paris, France.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris , France .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD headquarters are in Paris, France.
  • Glossary of International Trade Terms 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.tradeport.org [Source type: Reference]

Contents

History

Organisation for European Economic Co-operation

.The Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), was formed in 1948 to administer American and Canadian aid in the framework of the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II.^ Subscribe Topics related to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Topics Page - USATODAY.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC content.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ Energy production and environment / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

^ Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[1] .It started its operations on 16 April 1948. Since 1949, it was headquartered in the Chateau de la Muette in Paris, France.^ The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1949, it was headquartered in the Chateau de la Muette in Paris, France.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It started its operations on 16 April 1948.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the Marshall Plan's ending, the OEEC focused on economic questions.^ After the Marshall Plan's ending, the OEEC focused on economic questions.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OEEC was established by 16 Western European nations to coordinate policy, make recommendations, and manage aid received through the Marshall Plan.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: Encyclopedia of Business 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.enotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - duties 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.referenceforbusiness.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The forerunner of the OECD was the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), which was formed to administer American and Canadian aid for reconstruction of Europe after World War II under the Marshall Plan.
  • Australia and the OECD - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.dfat.gov.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.In the 1950s the OEEC provided the framework for negotiations aimed at determining conditions for setting up a European Free Trade Area, to bring the European Economic Community of the six and the other OEEC members together on a multilateral basis.^ Trading up : economic perspectives on development issues in the multilateral trading system.

^ In the 1950s the OEEC provided the framework for negotiations aimed at determining conditions for setting up a European Free Trade Area , to bring the European Economic Community of the six and the other OEEC members together on a multilateral basis.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National policies and agricultural trade : Study on the European Economic Community .

In 1958, a European Nuclear Energy Agency was set up under the OEEC.

Foundation of the OECD

.Following the 1957 Rome Treaties to launch the European Economic Community, the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development was drawn up to reform the OEEC. The Convention was signed in December 1960 and the OECD officially superseded the OEEC in September 1961. It consisted of the European founder countries of the OEEC plus the United States and Canada, with Japan joining three years later.^ Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate.
  • Organisation economic co operation development Business & Economics Books - Browse Books & Magazines at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Source : Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Health Data 2005 .
  • Health Care Cost Comparison of the United States and Canada 25 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.cga.ct.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ State of the higher civil service after reform : Britain, Canada and the United States.

.During the next 12 years Finland, Australia, and New Zealand also joined the organisation.^ During the next 12 years Finland, Australia, and New Zealand also joined the organisation.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Amounts are from previous years for 10 countries: data for Australia, Canada, Denmark (for specialists and nurses), Finland (for nurses), and the Netherlands are from 2003; data for Belgium (for specialists), Denmark (for general practitioners), New Zealand (for nurses), and Sweden are from 2002; data for Switzerland and the United States (for specialists and general practitioners) are from 2001; and data for Belgium (for general practitioners) and the United States (for nurses) are from 2000.
  • ORGANIZATION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT - Economix Blog - NYTimes.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC economix.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Cayman Islands’ maintains 12 bilateral tax information arrangements with the following countries: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States.
  • » organisation for economic cooperation and development » Hedge Fund News From HedgeCo.Net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.hedgeco.net [Source type: News]
  • » economic cooperation » Hedge Fund News From HedgeCo.Net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.hedgeco.net [Source type: News]

.Yugoslavia had observer status in the organisation starting the establishment of the OECD until its dissolution.^ Yugoslavia had observer status in the organisation starting the establishment of the OECD until its dissolution.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) was established in 1961 with the aim of fostering policies to encourage healthy economic growth and the expansion of multilateral trade.
  • Bank of Italy - The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.bancaditalia.it [Source type: Academic]

^ Reviewing other aspects of the OECD, he urged the Assembly to consolidate links between the two bodies by granting it observer status.
  • [15 Oct 1998] GA/9480 : ASSEMBLY GRANTS OBSERVER STATUS TO ASSOCIATION OF CARIBBEAN STATES AND ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.un.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.More than just increasing its internal structure, OECD progressively created agencies: the Development Centre (1961), International Energy Agency (IEA, 1974), and Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering.^ See also the black list of the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Energy policies of Romania / International Energy Agency.

^ Energy policies of Slovenia / International Energy Agency.

Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe

.In 1989, after the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe, the OECD started to assist these countries to prepare market economy reforms.^ National accounts : Central and Eastern Europe.

^ Services in Central and Eastern European countries.

^ The OECD is an organization of over 100 countries committed to democracy in the market economy.

.In 1990, the Centre for Co-operation with European Economies in Transition (now succeeded by the Centre for Cooperation with Non-Members) was established, and in 1991, the Programme "Partners in Transition" was launched for the cooperation with Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.^ Poland / Centre for Co- operation with the Economies in Transition.

^ Investment guide for Kazakhstan / OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members.

^ Review of agricultural policies : Slovenia / OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non-member.

[3][4] .This programme also included a membership option for these countries .^ This programme also included a membership option for these countries .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) answers these questions and more, through its surveys of 15-year-olds in the principal industrialised countries.

^ Based on these recommendations work, the meeting adopted an agreement on operationalisation of the proposed guidelines and on the drafting of a list of countries suitable as potential candidates for membership.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .As a result of this, in 1994–2000 Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia as well as Mexico and the Republic of Korea became members of the organisation.^ The World Bank has categorized Czech Republic, Hungary, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Slovakia, and Turkey as “middle income” countries (World Bank 1993).
  • The Contribution of Primary Care Systems to Health Outcomes within Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Countries, 1970–1998 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Latest enlargements : in 1996 South Korea, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, and in 2000 the Slovak Republic.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | Office of the Government of the RS for Development and European Affairs 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.svrez.gov.si [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following countries and international organisations have been granted observer status: Austria, Belarus, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany Israel, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Tunisia, the US, as well as the International Black Sea Club and the Energy Charter Secretariat Black Sea Commission.
  • The Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.greekembassy.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Reform and further enlargement

.In 2003, the OECD established a working group headed by Japan's Ambassador to the OECD Seiichiro Noboru to work out a strategy for the enlargement and co-operation with non-members.^ Investment guide for Kazakhstan / OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members.

^ Review of agricultural policies : Slovenia / OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non-member.

^ OECD working papers / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

.The working group proposed that the selection of candidate countries to be based on four criteria: "like-mindedness", "significant player", "mutual benefit" and "global considerations". The working group's recommendations were presented at the OECD Ministerial Council Meeting on 13 and 14 May 2004. Based on these recommendations work, the meeting adopted an agreement on operationalisation of the proposed guidelines and on the drafting of a list of countries suitable as potential candidates for membership.^ Poverty dynamics in four OECD countries.

^ OECD working groups meet regularly to manage the MAD system.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Countries were scored based on each of the 10 criteria listed in Table 1 .
  • The Contribution of Primary Care Systems to Health Outcomes within Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Countries, 1970–1998 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

[3] .As a result of this work, on 16 May 2007, the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile, Estonia, Israel, the Russian Federation and Slovenia and to strengthen co-operation with Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa through a process of enhanced engagement.^ On 16 May 2007 , the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile , Estonia , Israel , the Russian Federation and Slovenia .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In May 2007, the OECD Council at Ministerial Level decided to develop an OECD Innovation Strategy .
  • BMBF: OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.bmbf.de [Source type: Academic]
  • PT: OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.internationales-buero.de [Source type: Academic]

^ It was also decided to strengthen OECD’s co-operation with Brazil , China [3] , India , Indonesia and South Africa , through a process of enhanced engagement or as full members.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]

Objectives and activities

One of a number of posters created by the Economic Cooperation Administration to promote the Marshall Plan in Europe

Aim

.The OECD defines itself as a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a setting to compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practices, and co-ordinate domestic and international policies.^ The organization provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and co-ordinate domestic and international policies.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD defines itself as a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a setting to compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practices, and co-ordinate domestic and international policies.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It provides a forum in which governments can share policy experiences, identify good practices, and coordinate domestic and international policies addressing economic, environmental and social issues.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - BioPolicyWiki 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.biopolicywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

[6] .Its mandate covers economic, environmental, and social issues.^ The mandate of the OECD is very broad, as it covers all economic, environmental and social issues.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its mandate covers economic, environmental, and social issues.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It provides a forum in which governments can share policy experiences, identify good practices, and coordinate domestic and international policies addressing economic, environmental and social issues.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - BioPolicyWiki 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.biopolicywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

.It acts by peer pressure to improve policy and implement "soft law"—non-binding instruments that can occasionally lead to binding treaties.^ It is a forum where peer pressure can act as a powerful incentive to improve policy and implement “ soft law ” — non-binding instruments that can occasionally lead to binding treaties.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Wikipedia, it is a forum 'where peer pressure can act as a powerful incentive to improve policy and implement 'soft law' — non-binding instruments that can occasionally lead to binding treaties."
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - BioPolicyWiki 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.biopolicywiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It acts by peer pressure to improve policy and implement " soft law "—non-binding instruments that can occasionally lead to binding treaties.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this work, the OECD cooperates with businesses, trade unions and other representatives of civil society.^ In this work, the OECD cooperates with with businesses, trade unions and other representatives of civil society.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD and civil society Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD OECD Observer magazine .
  • newsbox : Message: OECD Civil Society Newsletter, January 2010 - 11/01/2010 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC finance.groups.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jive, the Social Business Software leader, announced that The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) is piloting use of Jive to extend outreach and deepen engagement with external partners in government agencies, international organisations, civil society and other institutions with help from Jive Social Business Software.
  • The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Improves External Interaction and Collaboration With Jive - news from Boston.com 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC finance.boston.com [Source type: News]

.Collaboration at the OECD regarding taxation, for example, has fostered the growth of a global web of bilateral tax treaties.^ Collaboration at the OECD regarding taxation, for example, has fostered the growth of a global web of bilateral tax treaties .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is conducting a Global Forum in Melbourne, Australia, on November 15-16 as part of its "harmful tax competition" project.
  • Prosperitas, November 2005 -- The OECD's Anti-Tax Competition Campaign: An Update …Hypocritical Effort to Prop Up Big Government 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.freedomandprosperity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also: FATF Blacklist The OECD publishes and updates a model tax convention which serves as a template for bilateral negotiations regarding tax coordination and cooperation.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The OECD promotes policies designed:
  • to achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and a rising standard of living in Member countries, while maintaining financial stability, and thus to contribute to the development of the world economy;
  • to contribute to sound economic expansion in Member as well as nonmember countries in the process of economic development; and
  • to contribute to the expansion of world trade on a multilateral, nondiscriminatory basis in accordance with international obligations.

International investments and multinational enterprises

.Between 1995 and 1998, the OECD designed the Multilateral Agreement on Investment, which was abandoned because of a widespread criticism from civil society groups and developing countries.^ The OECD has been critised by several civil society groups and developing countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Developing international rules for foreign investment: OECD's multilateral...
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development – Dictionary definition of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1997–1998, the draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment was heavily criticized by several non-governmental organisations and developing countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 1976, the OECD adopted the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, which was rewritten and annexed by the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises in 2000.
.Among other areas, the OECD has taken a role in co-ordinating international action on corruption and bribery, creating the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which came into effect in February 1999. It has been ratified by thirty-eight countries.^ It has been ratified by thirty-eight countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among other areas, the OECD has taken a role in co-ordinating international action on corruption and bribery , creating the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention , which came into effect in February 1999.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among other areas, the OECD has taken a role in co-ordinating international action on corruption and bribery , creating the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention , which came into effect in February 1999 .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.The OECD has also constituted an anti-spam task force, which submitted a detailed report, with several quite useful background papers on spam problems in developing countries, best practices for ISPs, e-mail marketers, etc., appended.^ Regional problems and policies in OECD countries.

^ Food problem of developing countries.

^ The OECD has also constituted a task force on spam [1] , which submitted a detailed report, with several quite useful background papers on spam problems in developing countries , best practices for ISPs and email marketers etc appended.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It works on the information economy[8] and the future of the Internet economy.^ It works on the information economy 8 and the future of the Internet economy.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With these, information on the mplementation of trade and investment liberalization and facilitation of each APEC member economy is uploaded onto the Internet.
  • Glossary - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.apec.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Working party on the information economy : use of information and communication technologies at work.

[9]

PISA

.The OECD publishes the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) which is an assessment that allows for a comparison of educational performances between countries.^ Education in OECD countries.

^ Further information: Programme for International Student Assessment The OECD publishes the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) which is an assessment that allows for a comparison of educational performances between countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Performance budgeting in OECD countries.

Taxation

.The OECD publishes and updates a model tax convention which serves as a template for bilateral negotiations regarding tax coordination and cooperation.^ See also: FATF Blacklist The OECD publishes and updates a model tax convention which serves as a template for bilateral negotiations regarding tax coordination and cooperation.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Application of the OECD model tax convention to partnerships.

^ The OECD is also responsible for the Model Tax Convention or the OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, two continually-updated documents which are de facto standards.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This model is accompanied by a set of commentaries which reflect OECD-level interpretation of the content of the model convention provisions.^ This model is accompanied by a set of commentaries which reflect OECD-level interpretation of the content of the model convention provisions.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD is also responsible for the Model Tax Convention or the OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, two continually-updated documents which are de facto standards.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See also: FATF Blacklist The OECD publishes and updates a model tax convention which serves as a template for bilateral negotiations regarding tax coordination and cooperation.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This model generally allocates the primary right to tax to the country from which capital investment originates (i.e., the home, or resident country) rather than the country in which the investment is made (the host, or source country).^ This model generally allocates the primary right to tax to the country from which capital investment originates (i.e., the home, or resident country) rather than the country in which the investment is made (the host, or source country).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This site contains data on the investment climate in 58 countries, based on surveys of more than 28,000 firms.
  • ICC - The world business organization 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iccwbo.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Overseas investment arising from an offset agreement involves capital contribution toward the establishment or expansion of a subsidiary or joint venture in a foreign country.
  • Glossary of International Trade Terms 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.tradeport.org [Source type: Reference]

.As a result, it is most effective as between two countries with reciprocal investment flows (such as among the OECD member countries), but can be very unbalanced when one of the signatory countries is economically weaker than the other (such as between OECD and non-OECD pairings).^ As a result, it is most effective as between two countries with reciprocal investment flows (such as among the OECD member countries), but can be very unbalanced when one of the signatory countries is economically weaker than the other (such as between OECD and non-OECD pairings).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

^ OECD member countries are: .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | Office of the Government of the RS for Development and European Affairs 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.svrez.gov.si [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since 1998, the OECD has led a charge against harmful tax practices, principally targeting the activities of tax havens (while principally accepting the policies of its member countries which would tend to encourage tax competition).^ Review of agricultural policies in OECD member countries.

^ Competition policy in OECD countries.

^ Agricultural policies in OECD countries.

.These efforts have been met with mixed reaction: the primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.^ The primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These efforts have been met with mixed reaction: the primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These partnerships must be applauded but they must be extended to poorer countries who are often the victims of organised efforts to undermine their tax bases.
  • SA: Manuel: Meeting of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Forum on Tax Administration (10/01/2008) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.polity.org.za [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .The OECD maintains a 'blacklist' of countries it considers uncooperative in the drive for transparency of tax affairs and the effective exchange of information, officially called "The List of Uncooperative Tax Havens".[11] In May 2009, all remaining countries were removed from the list.^ In May 2009, all remaining countries were removed from the list.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD removes tax havens from blacklist .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development | News 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.thisislondon.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ "List of Unco-operative Tax Havens" .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.On 22 October 2008, at an OECD meeting in Paris, 17 countries led by France and Germany decided to draw up a new blacklist of tax havens.^ OECD removes tax havens from blacklist .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development | News 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.thisislondon.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ OECD headquarters are in Paris, France.
  • Glossary of International Trade Terms 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.tradeport.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The last step is for the Chilean Congress to ratify accession to the OECD - which group's the world's industrialised countries - by this South American nation of nearly 17 million people.
  • DEVELOPMENT: Chile Pins Its Hopes on the OECD - IPS ipsnews.net 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.ipsnews.net [Source type: News]

.The OECD has been asked to investigate around 40 new tax havens in the world where undeclared revenue is hidden and which host many of the non-regulated hedge funds that have come under fire during the 2008 financial crisis.^ The OECD has been asked to investigate around 40 new tax havens in the world where undeclared revenue is hidden and which host many of the non-regulated hedge funds that have come under fire during the 2008 financial crisis .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following G20 OECD delivers on tax pledge 02-Apr-2009 - Following the G20 meeting and communiqué , the OECD Secretariat has provided a detailed report on progress by financial centres around the world towards implementation of an internationally agreed standard on exchange of information for tax purposes.
  • OECD Washington Center 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC oecdwash.org [Source type: General]

^ In the spring of 1996, after major investigations, the OECD announced that it would tackle the dilemma of money laundering in what they called "tax havens."

.Germany, France and other countries called on the OECD to specifically add Switzerland to a blacklist of countries which encourage tax fraud.^ In the spring of 1996, after major investigations, the OECD announced that it would tackle the dilemma of money laundering in what they called "tax havens."

^ The OECD has released its Science, Technology and Industry ’scoreboard’ which also includes individual country notes for seven countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK, and US).
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development « FrogHeart 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.frogheart.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD jobs strategy : progress report on implementation of country-specific recommendations.

[13]

Publishing

.The OECD publishes books, reports, statistics, working papers and reference materials.^ The OECD publishes books, statistics, working papers and reference materials.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD publishes books, reports, statistics, working papers and reference materials.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD reference works .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Books

.The OECD releases between 300 and 500 books each year.^ The OECD releases between 300 and 500 books each year.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inflation is not at bay, according to the latest OECD release: Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.9% in the year to ...
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development News - Banking Industry Today 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC banking.einnews.com [Source type: News]

.Most books are published in English and French.^ Most books are published in English and French.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The magazine is published quarterly in English, French and Spanish.
  • BERA: Issue 7/8 International Economics & Trade: International Organizations and Economic Development (Business Reference Services, Library of Congress) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

The OECD flagship titles include:
.
  • The OECD Economic Outlook, published twice a year.^ OECD economic outlook [electronic resource].

    ^ The OECD Economic Outlook, published twice a year.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The OECD Economic Outlook , published twice a year.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It contains forecast and analysis of the economic situation of the OECD member countries.
  • The Main Economic Indicators, published monthly.^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

    ^ OECD member countries are: .
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | Office of the Government of the RS for Development and European Affairs 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.svrez.gov.si [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

    .It contains a large selection of timely statistical indicators.
  • The OECD Factbook, published yearly and available online, as an iPhone app and in print.^ A selected few are available online at this site.
    • Scholarly Internet Resources: Search Results 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC infomine.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Each also contains selected World Development Indicators.
    • Economic & Political Development: Information Resources 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The OECD Factbook , published yearly.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Factbook contains more than 100 economic, environmental and social indicators, each presented with a clear definition, tables and graphs.^ The Factbook contains more than 100 economic, environmental and social indicators, each presented with a clear definition, tables and graphs.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ OECD factbook : economic, environmental and social statistics.

    ^ Text of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises OECD page on OEEC OECD's Factbook presenting comparative economic, environmental and social data from the world's largest economies Wikigender, a project initiated by the OECD Development Centre to facilitate the exchange and improve the knowledge about gender-related issues around the world.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is freely accessible online and delivers all the data in Excel format via Statlinks.
  • OECD in Figures, published yearly.^ The OECD Factbook , published yearly.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is freely accessible online.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is freely accessible online and delivers all the data in Excel format via Statlinks.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A pocket-sized book full of the latest OECD statistics.
  • OECD Observer, an award-winning magazine with six issues a year.^ OECD's original, simple to use, pocket-sized data book.
    • newsbox : Message: OECD Civil Society Newsletter, January 2010 - 11/01/2010 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC finance.groups.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ OECD Observer , an award-winning magazine with six issues a year.
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ OECD Observer, an award-winning magazine with six issues a year.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .News, analysis, commentaries and data on global economic, social and environmental challenges.^ News, analysis, commentaries and data on global economic, social and environmental challenges.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "As a middle-income South American country, we will bring a new perspective to the OECD's debate on global economic and social development," says Chile's Finance Minister Andres Velasco.
    • DEVELOPMENT: Chile to Join the "Rich Man's Club" - IPS ipsnews.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ipsnews.net [Source type: News]

    ^ Work or support, an economic and social analysis of substitute permanent employment / [by] Bent Andersen.

    .Contains book reviews and special section listing the latest OECD books, plus ordering information.
  • The OECD Communications Outlook and OECD Information Technology Outlook, which rotate every year.^ OECD information technology outlook [electronic resource].

    ^ OECD Communications Outlook 1999 .
    • Browse Books and Journals - Brookings Institution 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Information and communications technologies are diffusing rapidly .
    • ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.uwosh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They contain forecasts and analysis of the communications and information technology industries in OECD member countries and non-member economies.
  • In 2007 the OECD published Human Capital: How what you know shapes your life, the first book in the OECD Insights series.^ Venture capital in information technology.

    ^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

    ^ OECD member countries are: .
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | Office of the Government of the RS for Development and European Affairs 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.svrez.gov.si [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This series uses OECD analysis and data to introduce important social and economic issues to non-specialist readers.^ This series uses OECD analysis and data to introduce important social and economic issues to non-specialist readers.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD provides a forum for discussion of common economic and social issues facing the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand.
    • Glossary of International Trade Terms 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.tradeport.org [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Best known for its publications and its statistics, its work covers economic and social issues from macroeconomics, to trade, education, development and science and innovation.
    • http://www.decipher.biz/default.aspx?page_id=4&supplier_id=TDFRQy5rRFE%3d 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.decipher.biz [Source type: Academic]

    Other books in the series cover sustainable development, international trade and international migration.
.All OECD books are available on the OECD iLibrary and on the OECD online bookshop.^ All OECD books are available on the OECD iLibrary and on the OECD online bookshop.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Buy books and CDs from the OECD's online bookshop .

^ All OECD books are available on SourceOECD and on the OECD online bookshop .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Statistics

.The OECD is known as a premium statistical agency, as it publishes comparable statistics on a wide number of subjects.^ The OECD is also known as a premium statistical agency , as it publishes highly-comparable statistics on a very wide number of subjects.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD is known as a premium statistical agency , as it publishes comparable statistics on a wide number of subjects.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Canada has a low number of patents (21 per million inhabitants in 2005-07) compared to the OECD (33) and the G7 average (48).
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development « FrogHeart 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.frogheart.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

OECD statistics are available in several forms:
  • as interactive databases on OECD iLibrary,
  • as static files or dynamic database views on the OECD Statistics portal,
  • and as StatLinks (in most OECD books, there is a URL which links to the underlying data).

Working papers

.There are 15 working papers series published by the various directorates of the OECD Secretariat.^ There are 15 working papers series published by the various directorates of the OECD Secretariat.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD working papers .
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD publishes books, statistics, working papers and reference materials.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are available on SourceOECD, as well as on many specialised portals.^ They are available on SourceOECD , as well as on many specialised portals.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are available on SourceOECD as well as on many specialised portals.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because they are available soon after the end of the month or quarter to which they refer, the numbers of registered unemployed are treated as the "headline" unemployment figures by many countries.
  • OECD iLibrary: OECD Factbook 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.oecdilibrary.org [Source type: Academic]

Reference works

.The OECD is responsible for the OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, a continually updated document which is a de facto standard (i.e., soft law).^ The OECD is also responsible for the Model Tax Convention or the OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, two continually-updated documents which are de facto standards.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD is responsible for the OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, a continually updated document which is a de facto standard (i.e., soft law).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While the OECD creates standards and, on rare occasions, makes law, most of the time it shapes ideas and marshals facts operating as a powerful consulting firm.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has published the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030, which shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today—including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity, and the health impacts of pollution—is both achievable and affordable.^ OECD environmental outlook.

^ OECD environmental outlook to 2030.

^ It has published the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 , which shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today—including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity, and the health impacts of pollution—is both achievable and affordable.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Structure

The OECD's structure revolves around three major bodies:
.
  • The OECD member countries, each represented by a delegation led by an ambassador.^ The OECD member countries , each represented by a delegation led by an ambassador.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ OECD member countries .
    • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

    ^ OECD member countries and 8 OECD non-member countries .
    • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

    .Together, they form the OECD Council.^ Together, they form the council .
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are formed by common chemistry and transported together in the atmosphere.
    • NSTC 1998 ANNUAL REPORT 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC clinton3.nara.gov [Source type: Academic]

    .Member countries acts through the meetings.
  • The OECD Secretariat, led by the Secretary-General (currently Angel Gurria).^ Annual report of the OECD : report by the Secretary-General.

    ^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

    ^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

    .The Secretariat is organised in directorates.^ The secretariat is organised in Directorates: .
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Secretariat is organised in directorates.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .There are some 2,500 agents in the OECD Secretariat.
  • The OECD committees, one for each work area of the OECD. Committee members are typically subject-matter experts from member and non-member countries.^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

    ^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

    ^ Review of fisheries in OECD member countries.

    .The committees commission all the work on each theme (publications, task forces, conferences, and so on).^ The committees commission all the work on each theme (publications, task forces, conferences, and so on).
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Recall that the OECD's committees, working groups, expert groups and conferences bring together approximately 40,000 government officials and experts annually.
    • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In 2007, the Health Task Force was transformed into the Health Working Group (HWG) upon recommendation of the Senior Officials' Steering Committee on ECOTECH (SCE).
    • Glossary - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.apec.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The committee members then relay the conclusions to their capitals.

Meetings

.Delegates from the member countries attend committees' and other meetings, principally organised by the secretariat.^ Delegates from the member countries attend committees' and other meetings, principally organised by the secretariat.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Member countries acts through the meetings.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Representatives of the 30 OECD member countries meet in specialised committees to advance ideas and review progress in specific policy areas, such as economics, trade, science, employment, education or financial markets.
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Former Deputy-Secretary General Pierre Vinde estimated in 1997 that the cost borne by the member countries, such as sending their officials to OECD meetings and maintaining permanent delegations, is equivalent to the cost of running the secretariat.^ Annual report of the OECD : report by the Secretary-General.

^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

[14] .This ratio is unique among inter-governmental organisations.^ This ratio is unique among inter-governmental organisations.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other words, the OECD is more a persistent forum or network of officials and experts than an administration.^ In other words, the OECD is more a persistent forum or network of officials and experts than an administration.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recall that the OECD's committees, working groups, expert groups and conferences bring together approximately 40,000 government officials and experts annually.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other professors, staff and more than thirty voluntary students .
  • The Second Non-governmental Organization 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ifce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Noteworthy meetings include:
.
  • The yearly Ministerial Council Meeting, with the Ministers of Economy of all member countries and the candidates for enhanced engagement among the countries.
  • The annual OECD Forum, which brings together leaders from business, government, labour, civil society and international organisations.^ The OECD has been critised by several civil society groups and developing countries.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

    ^ The annual OECD Forum, which brings together leaders from business, government, labour, civil society and international organisations.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This takes the form of conferences and discussions and is open to public participation.
  • Thematic Ministerial Meetings, held among Ministers of a given domain (ie.^ This takes the form of conferences and discussions and is open to public participation.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Thematic Ministerial Meetings, held among Ministers of a given domain (ie.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On 16 May 2007 , the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile , Estonia , Israel , the Russian Federation and Slovenia .
    • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - Wikinfo 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC wikinfo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    all .Ministers of Labour, all Ministers of Environment, etc.^ Ministers of Labour, all Ministers of Environment, etc.
    • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ).
  • The bi-annual World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policies, which does not usually take place in the OECD. This series of meetings has the ambition to measure and foster progress in societies.

Secretariat

.Exchanges between OECD governments flow from information and analysis provided by the OECD Secretariat.^ Exchanges between OECD governments flow from information and analysis provided by the OECD Secretariat.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following G20 OECD delivers on tax pledge 02-Apr-2009 - Following the G20 meeting and communiqué , the OECD Secretariat has provided a detailed report on progress by financial centres around the world towards implementation of an internationally agreed standard on exchange of information for tax purposes.
  • OECD Washington Center 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC oecdwash.org [Source type: General]

^ Owens, director of the OECD's Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, told the conference audience that automatic information exchange would not work, because, "For developing countries, it would be very hard for them to manage an enormous flow of information."
  • FINANCE: OECD Tax Havens Deal Falls Short, Critics Say - IPS ipsnews.net 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.ipsnews.net [Source type: News]

.The secretariat collects data, monitors trends, and analyses and forecasts economic developments.^ The secretariat collects data, monitors trends, and analyses and forecasts economic developments.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The organization's more than 1,800 employees (many of whom are economists) collect data, monitor trends, forecast economic developments, and develop policy options for consideration by member countries.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ China, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development maintained its November forecast of an acceleration ...
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development News - U.S. Politics Today 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC uspolitics.einnews.com [Source type: News]

.It also researches social changes or evolving patterns in trade, environment, education, agriculture, technology, taxation and other areas.^ Agriculture, trade, and the environment : the pig sector.

^ Taxation and social security in agriculture.

^ It also researches social changes or evolving patterns in trade, environment, education, agriculture , technology, taxation and other areas.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The secretariat is organised in Directorates:
  • Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development
  • Centre for Tax Policy and Administration
  • Development Co-operation Directorate
  • Directorate for Education
  • Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
  • Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
  • Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry
  • Economics Department
  • Environment Directorate
  • Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate
  • Statistics Directorate
  • Trade and Agriculture Directorate
  • General Secretariat
  • Executive Directorate
  • Public Affairs and Communication Directorate
.The work of the secretariat is financed from the OECD's annual budget, currently around USD $510 million (EUR 342.9 million).^ Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development Centre for Tax Policy and Administration Development Co-operation Directorate Directorate for Education Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry Economics Department Environment Directorate Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate Statistics Directorate Trade and Agriculture Directorate General Secretariat Executive Directorate Public Affairs and Communication Directorate The work of the secretariat is financed from the OECD's annual budget, currently around USD $510 million (EUR 342.9 million).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recall that the OECD's committees, working groups, expert groups and conferences bring together approximately 40,000 government officials and experts annually.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Current OECD crude oil stocks are 22 million barrels higher than the five year average of 962 million barrels.
  • The Oil Drum: Europe | Oilwatch Monthly January 2010 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC europe.theoildrum.com [Source type: General]

.The budget is funded by the member countries based on a formula related to the size of each member's gross national product.^ O.E.E.C. member countries, production and exports by overseas territories = Statistiques des bois tropicaux : importations par les pays de l'O.E.C.E., production et exportations des territoires d'outre-me .

^ ISO is a non-governmental organization of which members are national standard institutions of 161 countries (these institutions are either formed by governments or private industrial associations).
  • Glossary - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.apec.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Member countries are pledged to work together to promote their economies, to extend aid to underdeveloped nations, and to contribute to the expansion of world trade.
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[15] .The largest contributor is the United States, which contributes about one quarter of the budget, followed by Japan with 16%, Germany with 9% and the U.K. and France with 7%.^ Part-time farming : Germany, Japan, Norway, United States.

^ The United States accounted for about 35%, .
  • ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.uwosh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The largest contributor is the United States, which contributes about one quarter of the budget, followed by Japan with 16%, Germany with 9% and the U.K. and France with 7%.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The OECD governing council sets the budget and scope of work on a two-yearly basis.^ The OECD governing council sets the budget and scope of work on a two-yearly basis.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recall that the OECD's committees, working groups, expert groups and conferences bring together approximately 40,000 government officials and experts annually.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Key elements of OECD's work on governance issues : special dialogue between members of the ECSS and non-members.

.As an international organisation the terms of employment of the OECD Secretariat staff are not governed by the laws of the country in which their offices are located.^ As an international organisation the terms of employment of the OECD Secretariat staff are not governed by the laws of the country in which their offices are located.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD groups 30 member countries sharing a commitment to democratic government and the market economy.
  • http://www.decipher.biz/default.aspx?page_id=4&supplier_id=TDFRQy5rRFE%3d 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.decipher.biz [Source type: Academic]

^ Interviews with the OECD secretariat staff indicate they were well aware of this outside scrutiny.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Agreements with the host country safeguard the organisation's impartiality with regard to the host and member countries.^ Agreements with the host country safeguard the organisation's impartiality with regard to the host and member countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the BIE General Assembly of 31 March 2008 the majority of member countries voted in favour of Milan as host for the 2015 Expo.
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Economic Cooperation 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.esteri.it [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Investing in developing countries : OECD/DAC member countries' policies with regard to private direct investment in developing countries.

.Hiring and firing practices, working hours and environment, holiday time, pension plans, health insurance and life insurance, salaries, expatriation benefits and general conditions of employment are managed according to rules and regulations associated with the OECD. In order to maintain working conditions which are similar to similarly structured organisations, the OECD participates as an independent organisation in the system of co-ordinated European organisations, whose other members include NATO, the Western European Union and the European Patent Organisation.^ OECD working groups meet regularly to manage the MAD system.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD working papers / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

^ Organisation for European Economic Co-operation .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Secretaries General

Committees

.Representatives of the 30 OECD member countries and a number of observer countries meet in specialised committees on specific policy areas, such as economics, trade, science, employment, education or financial markets.^ Review of agricultural policies in OECD member countries.

^ Competition policy in OECD countries.

^ Agricultural policies in OECD countries.

.There are about 200 committees, working groups and expert groups.^ There are about 200 committees, working groups and expert groups.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These standing committees, along with ad hoc working groups within the NSTC, provide an effective forum to resolve cross-cutting issues.
  • NSTC 1998 ANNUAL REPORT 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC clinton3.nara.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Recall that the OECD's committees, working groups, expert groups and conferences bring together approximately 40,000 government officials and experts annually.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Committees discuss policies and review progress in the given policy area.^ Committees discuss policies and review progress in the given policy area.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Environmental policies in New Zealand : a review / by the OECD and its Environment Committee undertaken in 1980 at the request of the Government of New Zealand.

^ So, the Commission had to conduct regular (twice a year) reflective debates, show progress or justify its actions in a given sectoral area (action on poverty, microfinance, etc.
  • Discussion Paper 46: The New Organization of the Council of the European Union: Setback or Opportunity for EU Development Cooperation? 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ecdpm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

OECD External Link to Committees: [1]

Special bodies

Member countries

.There are currently 30 full members of the OECD. Of these, Mexico, Poland and Turkey (marked with *) are described as upper middle-income economies by the World Bank.^ There are currently 30 full members of the OECD. Of these, Mexico , Poland and Turkey (marked with *) are described as upper middle-income economies by the World Bank .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The World Bank has categorized Czech Republic, Hungary, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Slovakia, and Turkey as “middle income” countries (World Bank 1993).
  • The Contribution of Primary Care Systems to Health Outcomes within Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Countries, 1970–1998 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ High-income OECD members" .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The remaining 27 members are described as high-income economies.^ High-income OECD members" .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remaining 27 members are described as high-income economies .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are currently 30 full members of the OECD. Of these, Mexico , Poland and Turkey (marked with *) are described as upper middle-income economies by the World Bank .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
Founding members (1961):
Admitted later (listed chronologically with year of admission):
.The European Commission participates in the work of the OECD alongside the EU Member States.^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

^ Consular protection by EU Member-States .
  • BSEC 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www2.mfa.gr [Source type: Reference]

^ Japan (1964) Finland (1969) Australia (1971) New Zealand (1973) Mexico * (1994) Czech Republic (1995) Hungary (1996) Poland * (1996) Republic of Korea (1996) Slovakia (2000) The European Commission participates in the work of the OECD alongside the EU Member States.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.OECD officially invited Chile as a new member country on 15 December 2009.[18][19] The accession agreement was signed on 11 January 2010 and ratified by Chile's National Congress on March 10, 2010.[20] Chile will become the first country in South America to join the organisation[21] following the deposition of an instrument of accession (ratification letter) with the depositary Government (Government of France).^ Meat balances in OECD member countries.

^ "Chile signs up as first OECD member in South America" .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ State of the environment in OECD member countries.

[22]

Relations with non-members

     OECD members     Accession candidate countries     Enhanced engagement countries
.Currently, 25 non-members participate as regular observers or full participants in OECD Committees.^ OECD member countries and 8 OECD non-member countries .
  • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ OECD member countries and 6 non-member countries .
  • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ OECD members Accession candidate countries Enhanced engagement countries Currently, 25 non-members participate as regular observers or full participants in OECD Committees.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About 50 non-members are engaged in OECD working parties, schemes or programmes.^ About 50 non-members are engaged in OECD working parties, schemes or programmes.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD member countries and 8 OECD non-member countries .
  • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ OECD member countries and 6 non-member countries .
  • Dataset descriptions and access to the data 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.esds.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

.The OECD conducts a policy dialogue and capacity building activities with non-members (Country Programmes, Regional Approaches and Global Forums) to share their views on best policy practices and to bear on OECD's policy debate.^ Review of agricultural policies in OECD member countries.

^ Competition policy in OECD countries.

^ Agricultural policies in OECD countries.

.The OECD's Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members develops and oversees the strategic orientations of the relations with non-members.^ The OECD's Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members develops and oversees the strategic orientations of the relations with non-members.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Investment guide for Kazakhstan / OECD Centre for Co-operation with Non-Members.

^ Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.On 16 May 2007, the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile, Estonia, Israel, the Russian Federation and Slovenia.^ As a result of this work, on 16 May 2007, the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile , Estonia , Israel , the Russian Federation and Slovenia and to strengthen co-operation with Brazil , China , India , Indonesia and South Africa through a process of enhanced engagement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OECD (16 May 2007).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 16 May 2007, the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile , Estonia , Israel , the Russian Federation and Slovenia .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.The OECD Ministerial Council of 2007 also decided to strengthen OECD's co-operation with Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Indonesia, through a process of enhanced engagement or as full members.^ The OECD Ministerial Council of 2007 also decided to strengthen OECD's co-operation with Brazil , China , India , South Africa and Indonesia , through a process of enhanced engagement or as full members.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Eastern Europe / Centre for Co-operation with Non-members.

^ As a result of this work, on 16 May 2007, the OECD Ministerial Council decided to open accession discussions with Chile , Estonia , Israel , the Russian Federation and Slovenia and to strengthen co-operation with Brazil , China , India , Indonesia and South Africa through a process of enhanced engagement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.The OECD will also explore the possibilities for enhanced co-operation with selected countries and regions of strategic interest to the OECD, giving priority to South East Asia with a view to identifying countries for possible membership.^ Regional integration and developing countries / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

^ Regional problems and policies in OECD countries.

^ Regional policy developments in OECD countries / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Criticism

.The OECD has been criticised by several civil society groups and developing countries.^ The OECD has been critised by several civil society groups and developing countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD has also constituted an anti- spam task force, which submitted a detailed report, with several quite useful background papers on spam problems in developing countries , best practices for ISPs , e-mail marketers, etc., appended.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD consists of 30 member countries sharing a commitment to democratic government and the market economy with active relationships with some 70 other countries, NGOs and civil society.
  • BERA: Issue 7/8 International Economics & Trade: International Organizations and Economic Development (Business Reference Services, Library of Congress) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Academic]

The main criticism has been the narrowness of the OECD because of its limited membership.[23] .In 1997–1998, the draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment was heavily criticized by several non-governmental organisations and developing countries.^ Multilateral agreement on investment state of play as of February 1997.

^ In 1997–1998, the draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment was heavily criticized by several non-governmental organisations and developing countries.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Voluntary aid for development : the role of non-governmental organisations.

.Many critics argued that the agreement would threaten protection of human rights, labor and environmental standards, and the least developed countries.^ Many critics argued that the agreement would threaten protection of human rights, labor and environmental standards, and the least developed countries .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A particular concern was that the MAI would result in a 'race to the bottom' among countries willing to lower their labor and environmental standards to attract foreign investment.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Agriculture Agreement in the Uruguay Round of WTO includes non-trading concerns such as food security, environmental protection, rural development and employment, and hunger elimination and poverty alleviation.
  • Glossary - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.apec.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A particular concern was that the MAI would result in a 'race to the bottom' among countries willing to lower their labor and environmental standards to attract foreign investment.^ A particular concern was that the MAI would result in a 'race to the bottom' among countries willing to lower their labor and environmental standards to attract foreign investment.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite earlier protestations by some member countries, text was inserted to prohibit the lowering of social and environmental standards to attract FDI, to ensure that treaty obligations would not prevent governments from maintaining (or heightening) protective social and environmental standards, and to ban claims by foreign investors for compensation for losses caused by non-discriminatory regulatory actions.
  • Law & Contemporary Problems: James Salzman, Decentralized Administrative Law In TheOrganization For Economic Cooperation And Development, 68 Law &Contemp. Probs. 189 (summerautumn2005) 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.law.duke.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many critics argued that the agreement would threaten protection of human rights, labor and environmental standards, and the least developed countries .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also the OECD's actions against the harmful tax practices has raised criticism.^ Also the OECD's actions against the harmful tax practices has raised criticism.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1998, the OECD has led a charge against harmful tax practices , principally targeting the activities of tax havens (while principally accepting the policies of its member countries which would tend to encourage tax competition ).
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The OECD deserves harsh criticism for its anti-tax competition project.
  • Prosperitas, November 2005 -- The OECD's Anti-Tax Competition Campaign: An Update …Hypocritical Effort to Prop Up Big Government 22 January 2010 13:33 UTC www.freedomandprosperity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.^ The primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These efforts have been met with mixed reaction: the primary objection is the sanctity of tax policy as a matter of sovereign entitlement.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 3 February 2010 17:17 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Christopher, Warren (1998). In the stream of history: shaping foreign policy for a new era. Stanford University Press. p. 165. ISBN 9780804734684. http://books.google.com/books?id=YipOlJqr6msC&pg=PA165. 
  2. ^ "Organisation for European Economic Co-operation". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/document/48/0,2340,en_2649_201185_1876912_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  3. ^ a b c "Slovenia and the OECD". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia. http://www.mzz.gov.si/en/economy_and_business/slovenia_and_the_oecd/. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  4. ^ a b "The Czech Republic in the OECD". Permanent Delegation of the Czech Republic to the OECD. http://www.mzv.cz/oecd.paris/en/the_czech_republic_in_the_oecd. 
  5. ^ a b c OECD (16 May 2007). "Chair's summary of the OECD Council at Ministerial Level, Paris, 15–16 May 2007 – Innovation: Advancing the OECD Agenda for Growth and Equity". Press release. http://www.oecd.org/document/22/0,2340,en_21571361_38379933_38604566_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  6. ^ "About OECD". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/pages/0,3417,en_36734052_36734103_1_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  7. ^ "OECD Anti-Bribery Convention". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/department/0,2688,en_2649_34859_1_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  8. ^ "Information and Communications Policy". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/department/0,3355,en_2649_34223_1_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  9. ^ "Shaping Policies for a Digital World". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/site/0,3407,en_21571361_38415463_1_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  10. ^ a b Christians, Allison (August 29, 2008). "Sovereignty, Taxation, and Social Contract". Minnesota Journal of International Law 18. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1259975. 
  11. ^ "Sanctions threat to 'tax havens'". BBC News. 2000-06-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/806236.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  12. ^ "List of Unco-operative Tax Havens". OECD. http://www.oecd.org/document/57/0,3343,en_2649_33745_30578809_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  13. ^ "17 countries call for new 'tax haven blacklist'". EuroNews. 2008-10-22. http://www.euronews.net/en/article/21/10/2008/calls-from-17-countries-for-new-tax-haven-blacklist/. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  14. ^ "The Power of Peer-Learning, chapter 3: OECD's Basic Rules of Conduct – A Sociology of its Institutional Culture". IRDC. 2007. http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-114358-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  15. ^ OECD.org
  16. ^ "Country Groups. High-income OECD members". The World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20421402~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html#OECD_members. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  17. ^ Member Countries
  18. ^ Chile invited to become a member of the OECD
  19. ^ Carolina Pica (2009-12-15). "Chile Officially Invited To Join OECD". The Wall Street Journal (Dow Jones & Company, Inc). http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20091215-710267.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  20. ^ Senado ratifica el ingreso de Chile a la Ocde
  21. ^ "Chile signs up as first OECD member in South America". 2010-01-11. http://www.oecd.org/document/26/0,3343,en_2649_34487_44365210_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  22. ^ "Bachelet confirma inminente ingreso de Chile a la Ocde como miembro pleno". La Tercera. 2 December 2009. http://www.tercera.com/contenido/655_205961_9.shtml. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  23. ^ Jorma Julin (December 2003). "The OECD: Securing the future". The OECD Observer (OECD) (240/241). http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/1197/The_OECD:_Securing_the_future.html. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 

External links

Video clips


Simple English

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of thirty three countries. Member countries of OECD accept a democratic system of governments. They also accept the principle of free economy. A country has a free economy, when its government does not control the economic activities of its citizens and companies. OECD had originated in 1948 as the Organization for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). The Second World War had just ended three years before in 1945. Some countries of Europe came together to form OEEC to make easy re-building of industry and other things destroyed in the Second World War. Later on, some non-European countries also joined this organization. In 1960, OEEC changed its name, and it became OECD: the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

The OECD's headquarters are at the Château de la Muette in Paris.

At present, OECD has thirty three countries as its members. Twenty countries became members of OECD in 1960. These countries are:

  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Canada
  4. Denmark
  5. France
  6. Germany
  7. Greece
  8. Iceland
  9. Ireland
  10. Italy
  11. Luxembourg
  12. Netherlands
  13. Norway
  14. Portugal
  15. Spain
  16. Sweden
  17. Switzerland
  18. Turkey
  19. United Kingdom
  20. United States


13 countries joined OECD after 1960. The names of these countries (with the year of joining within brackets), are:

  1. Japan (1964)
  2. Finland (1969)
  3. Australia (1971)
  4. New Zealand (1973)
  5. Mexico (1994)
  6. Czech Republic (1995)
  7. Hungary (1996)
  8. South Korea (1996)
  9. Poland(1996)
  10. Slovakia (2000)
  11. Chile (2010)
  12. Slovenia (2010)
  13. Israel (2010)


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 23, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message