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Oricon Inc.
株式会社オリコン
Type Holding company, owner of Oricon Entertainment Inc.[1]
Founded November 1967 (as Original Confidence)[1]
October 1, 1999 (as Oricon Direct Digital)[2]
June 2001 (as Oricon Global Entertainment)
July 2002[2]
Headquarters Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo, Japan
Key people Ko Koike: CEO
Industry Broadcast of music entertainment
Employees 222 (except part time workers, As of March 31, 2007)[2]
Parent Oricon Entertainment Inc. (October 1999–June 2001)
Subsidiaries Oricon Entertainment Inc. (June 2001–present)
Website Official Site of Oricon Inc.
Official Site of Oricon Charts
This article contains Japanese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of kanji and kana.

Oricon Inc. (株式会社オリコン Kabushiki-gaisha Orikon ?) (Hercules: 4800), established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan. It started as Original Confidence Inc. (株式会社オリジナルコンフィデンス Kabushiki-gaisha Orijinaru Konfidensu ?), which was founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts.[1] Oricon Inc. was originally set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter’s Oricon record charts in April 2002.

They are compiled using data drawn from some 25,120 retail outlets (as of December 2009) and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, and other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations.[3] Results are announced every Tuesday and published in Oricon Style by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc. The group also lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website.[3]

Contents

History

Original Confidence Inc., the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967. That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental basis. Entitled Sōgō Geinō Shijō Chōsa (総合芸能市場調査 ?) (it means "surveys of total entertainment markets"), this went official on January 4, 1968.

Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report which was started in 1962[4], early Original Confidence was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts on the multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 70's.

The company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder’s relatives.

Policy

Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, and entertainment content in several other formats; manga and book sales were also formerly covered. Charts are published every Tuesday in Oricon Style and on Oricon’s official website. Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, and its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not completely accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops.

Controversy

In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a Cyzo magazine article suggesting that Oricon was fiddling its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels.[5]

Charts

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Current charts

  • Singles Chart (1968-01-04–)
  • Albums Chart (1987-10-05–)
  • Karaoke Chart (1987-12-26–)
  • Tracks Chart (2004-06-06–)
  • DVD Chart (1999-04-05–)
  • Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart (2001-04-02–)

Past charts

  • LP Chart (1970-01-05–1989-11-27)
  • CT Chart (1974-12-02–1989-11-27)
  • MD Chart (Unknown)
  • LD Chart (Unknown–2000-02-07)
  • VHD Chart (Unknown–1989-11-27)
  • Cartridges Chart (1974-12-02–1978-04-24)
  • Sell-Video Chart (1974-02-06–2005-05-30)
  • All-Genre Formats Ranking (1984-05-24–2001-04-02)
  • Game Soft Chart (1995-02-20–2005-11-28)
  • Comics Chart (1995-02-06–2001-03-26)
  • New Media Chart (January 2004–2005)

Best Selling Singles Of All Time

Rank Year Title Artist Sales
1 1975 Oyoge! Taiyaki-kun Masato Shimon 4.547m
2 1972 Onna no Michi Shiro Miya and Pinkara Trio 3.256m
3 2000 Tsunami Southern All Stars 2.934m
4 1999 Dango 3 Kyodai Kentarō Hayami, Ayumi Shigemori,
Himawari Kids, Dango Gasshōdan
2.918m
5 1992 Kimi ga Iru Dake de Kome Kome Club 2.895m
6 1991 Say Yes Chage & Aska 2.822m
7 1994 Tomorrow Never Knows Mr. Children 2.766m
8 1991 Oh! Yeah!/Love Story wa Totsuzen ni Kazumasa Oda 2.587m
9 2003 Sekai ni Hitotsu dake no Hana SMAP 2.573m
10 1995 Love Love Love/Arashi ga Kuru Dreams Come True 2.488m

Number-one Singles by Non-Japanese Artists

Date Weeks
at #1
Artist Title Sales Nationality
April 1, 1968 1 Bee Gees "Massachusetts" 500,000 Isle of Man
September 1, 1968 2 Simon & Garfunkel "The Sounds of Silence" 810,000 United States
January 1, 1969 1 Mary Hopkin "Those Were the Days" 470,000 United Kingdom
November 2, 1970 3 Jerry Wallace "Otoko no Sekai (Lovers of the World)" 828,953 United States
January 11, 1971 2 Mashmakhan "As the Years Go By" 400,000 Canada
April 19, 1971 4 Hedva and David "Ani Holem Al Naomi (I Dream of Naomi)" 670,000 Israel
November 11, 1971 9 Ou Yang Fei Fei "Ame no Midosuji" Republic of China
April 10, 1972 1 The New Seekers "I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing" 300,000 Australia
December 17, 1973 1 Agnes Chan "Chiisana Koi no Monogatari" Hong Kong
March 22, 1976 15 Daniel Boone "Beautiful Sunday" 1,930,000 United Kingdom
April 16, 1979 9 Judy Ongg "Miserarete" Republic of China
November 17, 1980 2 The Nolans "I'm In the Mood for Dancing" 670,000 Republic of Ireland
September 5, 1983 2 Irene Cara "Flashdance... What a Feeling" 700,000 United States
December 19, 1983 2 Ou Yang Fei Fei "Love Is Over" Republic of China
December 4, 1995 5 Céline Dion feat Kryzler & Kompany "To Love You More" 1,000,000 Canada
July 1, 1996 1 Toshi Kubota feat Naomi Campbell "La La La Love Song" 1,856,000 Japan/United Kingdom
October 6, 1997 2 Elton John "Candle in the Wind 1997"/
"Something About the Way You Look Tonight"
630,000 United Kingdom
April 12, 2005 1 BoA "Do the Motion" 170,000 South Korea
January 28, 2008 1 Tohoshinki "Purple Line" 47,000 South Korea
May 5, 2008 1 Tohoshinki "Beautiful You/Sennen Koi Uta" 119,000 South Korea
July 28, 2008 1 Tohoshinki "Dōshite Kimi o Suki ni Natte Shimattandarō" 117,000 South Korea
October 27, 2008 1 Tohoshinki "Jumon: Mirotic" 91,000 South Korea
February 2, 2009 1 Tohoshinki "Bolero/Kiss the Baby Sky/Wasurenaide" 111,000 South Korea
May 4, 2009 1 Tohoshinki "Share the World/We Are!" 130,000 South Korea
October 12, 2009 1 Jejung & Yuchun from Tohoshinki "Colors: Melody and Harmony/Shelter" 166,000 South Korea

Best Selling Albums of All Time

Rank Year Title Artist Sales
1 1999 First Love Hikaru Utada 7,650,215
2 1998 B'z The Best "Pleasure" B'z 5,135,922
3 1997 Review Glay 4,875,980
4 2001 Distance Hikaru Utada 4,469,135
5 1998 B'z The Best "Treasure" B'z 4,438,742
6 2001 A Best Ayumi Hamasaki 4,301,353
7 1996 Globe Globe 4,136,460
8 2002 Deep River Hikaru Utada 3,604,588
9 2000 Delicious Way Mai Kuraki 3,530,000
10 1998 Time to Destination Every Little Thing 3,520,330

Best Selling Artists Of All Time

Rank Artist Sales
1 B'z 76 Million
2 Mr. Children 51,635,000
3 Ayumi Hamasaki 50,453,743
4 Dreams Come True 49,893,000
5 Southern All Stars 47,083,000
6 Yumi Matsutoya 42,790,000
7 GLAY 37,800,000
8 Hikaru Utada 37,489,081
9 ZARD 35,450,000
10 Namie Amuro 31,933,946

Source: [6][7]

See also

References

External links


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