Orly Airport: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Paris-Orly Airport article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paris-Orly Airport
Aéroport de Paris - Orly
Paris Orly Landsat.png
IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aéroports de Paris
Serves Paris
Location 9 cities in Essonne and Val-de-Marne
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 291 ft / 89 m
Coordinates 48°43′24″N 002°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944 (Paris-Orly Airport)Coordinates: 48°43′24″N 002°22′46″E / 48.72333°N 2.37944°E / 48.72333; 2.37944 (Paris-Orly Airport)
Website http://www.aeroportsdeparis.fr/ADP/en-gb/passagers/home/
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02/20 2,400 7,874 Concrete
06/24 3,650 11,975 Bituminous concrete
08/26 3,320 10,892 Concrete
Source: French AIP[1]
French AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Paris - Orly Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris - Orly) (IATA: ORYICAO: LFPO) is an airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south[2] of Paris, France. It has flights to cities in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Caribbean, and North America. Prior to the construction of Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly was the main airport of Paris. Even with the shift of most international traffic to Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly remains the busiest French airport for domestic traffic and the second busiest French airport overall in terms of passenger boardings with 26,441,000 in 2007.

Orly Airport extends over 15.3 km² (5.9 sq. miles) of land. It straddles two départements and seven communes:

Management of the airport, however, is solely under the authority of Aéroports de Paris, which also manages Charles de Gaulle Airport, Le Bourget Airport, and several smaller airports in the suburbs of Paris.

Contents

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Orly Airport has two terminals: West and South.

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aigle Azur Agadir, Algiers, Annaba, Bamako, Batna, Bejaia, Biskra, Constantine, Djanet, Djerba, Funchal, Lisbon, Oran, Porto, Setif, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen South
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Bejaia, Biskra, Constantine, Oran, Tamanrasset, Tlemcen South
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf South
Air Caraïbes Atlantique Cayenne, Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Martin, Port-au-Prince South
Air Europa Alicante, Madrid, Palma de Mallorca West
Air France Ajaccio, Basel/Mulhouse, Bastia, Biarritz, Bordeaux, Brest, Calvi, Cayenne, Figari, Fort-de-France, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Nice, Pau, Perpignan, Pointe-à-Pitre, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Strasbourg, Toulon, Toulouse West
Air France operated by Airlinair Annecy, Berne, Limoges, Lyon, Southampton West
Air France operated by Brit Air Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Biarritz, Brest, Clermont-Ferrand, Lorient, Lourdes/Tarbes, Montpellier, Pau, Perpignan, Quimper, Rodez, Strasbourg West
Air France operated by CCM Airlines Ajaccio, Bastia, Calvi, Figari West
Air France operated by CityJet London-City West
Air Ivoire Abidjan South
Airlinair Agen, Aurillac, Brive, Castres, Lannion South
Airlinair operated by Chalair Aviation Caen South
Air Mali Bamako South
Air Malta Malta, Reggio Calabria West
Air Méditerranée Oran, Palma de Mallorca, Tunis South
Alitalia Milan-Linate West
Atlas Blue Agadir, Al-Hoceima [begins 18 December], Errachidia [begins 20 December], Essaouira, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat [seasonal], Tangier South
Corsairfly Antananarivo, Cancún, Dakar, Dzaoudzi [seasonal], Fort-de-France, Halifax [seasonal], Havana, Mauritius, Miami [begins 11 June; seasonal], Montréal-Trudeau [seasonal], Nosy Be, Puerto Plata, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Quebec City [seasonal], Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Saint-Martin, Tel Aviv South
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba South
EasyJet Athens, Berlin-Schönefeld, Dubrovnik, Faro, Milan-Linate, Mykonos [begins 10 July][9], Naples, Nice, Olbia [begins 10 July], Palermo [begins 11 July], Pisa, Rome-Ciampino, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo [begins 28 March] South
EasyJet operated by EasyJet Switzerland Budapest, Geneva South
Europe Airpost Almeria, Banjul, Barcelona, Hurghada, Ibiza, La Rochelle, Lampedusa, Malta, Marseille, Mulhouse, Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm-El-Sheikh, Tangier, Vienna, Zurich South
Hex'Air Le Puy South
Iberia Madrid West
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Badajoz, Burgos, Ibiza, León, Salamanca, Valladolid, Zaragoza West
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini South
Jet4you Agadir, Casablanca, Fez, Marrakech, Oujda, Rabat South
Karthago Airlines Djerba South
Mauritania Airways Nouakchott South
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger South
OpenSkies Newark, Washington-Dulles [begins 3 May][10] South
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen [begins 28 March] South
Royal Air Maroc Agadir, Casablanca, Essaouira, Fez, Marrakech, Ouarzazate, Rabat, Tangier South
Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus South
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto West
Transavia.com France Agadir, Antalya, Arrecife, Catania [begins 29 June], Djerba, Féz [begins 13 May], Funchal, Heraklion, Hurghada, Krakow, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luxor, Marrakech, Monastir, Oujda, Palermo, Porto, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Seville, Tangier [begins 25 June], Tenerife-South, Tozeur[11] South
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Sfax, Tozeur, Tunis South
Twin Jet Bergerac, Périgueux West
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Ibiza, Lleida [ends 26 March], Malaga, Rome-Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia West

Transportation

Road

Orly Airport is connected to the A6 autoroute.

Rail
Buses to Paris include

History

Originally known as Villeneuve-Orly Airport, the facility was opened in the southern suburbs of Paris in 1932 as a secondary airport to Le Bourget. Before this two huge airship hangars had been built there by the famous engineer Eugène Freyssinet from 1923 on.

Advertisements

Military use

As a result of the Battle of France in 1940, Orly Airport was used by the occupying German Luftwaffe as a combat airfield, stationing various figher and bomber units at the airport throughout the occupation.[12] As a result, Orly was repeatedly attacked by the Royal Air Force and United States Army Air Force (USAAF), destroying much of its infrastructure, and leaving its runways with numerous bomb craters to limit its usefulness by the Germans.

After the Battle of Normandy and the retreat of German forces from the Paris area in August 1944, Orly was partially repaired by USAAF combat engineers and was used by Ninth Air Force as tactical airfield A-47. The 50th Fighter Group flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bomber aircraft from the airport until September, then liaison squadrons used the airfield until October 1945.[13]

Until March 1947 the American United States Army Air Force 1408th Army Air Force Base Unit was the primary operator at Orly Field, when control was returned to the French Government. Orly was reactivated as a commercial airport on 1 January 1948, however the United States Air Force leased a small portion of the Airport as an air transport facility primarily supporting Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) at Rocquencourt. The Americans left in 1967 as a result of France's withdrawal from NATO's integrated military command, and all non-French NATO forces were asked to leave France. [14]

Accidents and attacks

On 3 June 1962, Air France Flight F-BHSM, a chartered Boeing 707 named the Chateau de Sully, bound for Atlanta, Georgia crashed on take off with 132 people on-board; 130 of them were killed. The only survivors were two stewardesses seated in the rear of the plane. The charter flight was carrying home Atlanta's civic and cultural leaders of the day. At the time, this was the highest recorded death toll for an incident involving a single aircraft.

On 11 July 1973, Varig Flight 820, a Boeing 707, made a forced landing due to fire in a rear lavatory, incoming from Rio de Janeiro. The aircraft landed 5 kilometers short of the runway, in a full-flap and gear down configuration. However, due mainly to smoke inhalation, there were 123 deaths. Eleven people survived (10 crew, 1 passenger).

On 3 March 1974, Turkish Airlines Flight 981, otherwise known as the Ermenonville air disaster crashed in the Ermenonville forest after take-off from Orly on a flight to London's Heathrow Airport when an improperly closed cargo door burst open and explosive decompression brought down the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and killed all 346 onboard.

On 13 January 1975, several men, including Ilich Ramírez Sánchez AKA Carlos the Jackal, made an unsuccessful bazooka attack on an El Al airliner. The Boeing 707 was taking off for New York City with 136 passengers. They missed the aircraft, but damaged a Jugoslovenski Aerotransport McDonnell Douglas DC-9 which had just disembarked passengers from Zagreb. The men tried again on January 19, again without success when police spotted the terrorists and opened fire with a submachine gun.

On 15 July 1983, the Armenian underground organisation ASALA bombed a Turkish airline counter in the airport, killing eight people and wounding over 50. The ASALA member Varoujan Garabedian was convicted to life imprisonment for perpetrating the bombing.

Gallery

See also

Note

  1. ^ LFPO – PARIS ORLY (PDF). AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 11 Mar 2010.
  2. ^ a b EAD Basic
  3. ^ "Plan de Wissous." Wissous. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  4. ^ "Plans, cartes et vue aérienne." Athis-Mons. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  5. ^ "Plan interactif." Chilly-Mazarin. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  6. ^ "Plan." Morangis. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Plan de la ville." Villeneuve-le-Roi. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  8. ^ "Plan d'Orly." Orly. Retrieved on 6 October 2009.
  9. ^ http://www.easyjet.com/en/cheap-flights/Mykonos/Paris-Orly
  10. ^ https://www.flyopenskies.com/docs/press/OpenSkies_DC_announcement.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.transavia.com/hv/fr-FR/destinations
  12. ^ The Luftwaffe, 1933-45
  13. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  14. ^ [McAuliffe, Jerome J. (2005). US Air Force in France 1950-1967. San Diego, California: Milspec Press, Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations. ISBN 0-9770371-1-8.

References

  • McAuliffe, Jerome J: U.S. Air Force in France 1950-1967 (2005), Chapter 14, Paris-USAF Operations.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message