Orocovis, Puerto Rico: Wikis


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Orocovis, Puerto Rico


Nickname(s): "Corazón de Puerto Rico", "El Centro Geográfico de Puerto Rico"
Location within the island of Puerto Rico
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded May 22, 1772
 - Mayor Hon. Jesús E. Colón Berlingeri (PNP)
 - Senatorial dist. 5 - Ponce
 - Representative dist. 26
 - Total 71.1 sq mi (184.17 km2)
 - Land 71 sq mi (184 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (.17 km2)
Population (2000)
 - Total 24,516
 - Density 376.8/sq mi (145.5/km2)
 - Gentilic Orocoveños
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Anthem – "Mi patria es una bella isla"

Orocovis (o-ro-KO-vis) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the Central Mountain Range, north of Villalba and Coamo; south of Morovis and Corozal; southeast of Ciales; east of Jayuya; and west of Barranquitas. Orocovis is spread over 17 wards and Orocovis Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.



Since before the Spanish colonization in the 16th Century, Taíno Indians were already established in the Orocovis region. They were led by the cacique Orocobix and his group of Taino was known as the Jatibonicu. After Spaniards settled in the island, the region was called Barros and designated as a barrio of Barranquitas.

In May 25, 1825, the neighbors of the region granted Don Juan de Rivera Santiago the powers to request the Governor authorization to found a municipality in Barros, where they had bought almost 14 acres of land from Doña Eulalia de Rivera, who donated an additional acre to establish several municipal works. However, due to the distance from bodies of water, the settlement was moved to another place. On November 10, 1825, Governor Miguel de la Torre granted permission to found the new municipality of Barros.

In 1838, the parish of San Juan Bautista de Barros was created and was blessed and inaugurated on October 29 of the same year. However, on 1875, a fire destroyed the church, the King's House, the priest's house and several homes.

In 1928, the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico approved a resolution to change the name of Barros to Orocovis, to honor the Taíno cacique of the same name, who lived in that region.




The Flag of Orocovis is formed by five vertical stripes: Two green stripes at the ends, representing the territories of Aibonito and Barranquitas; and a blue one in the center representing the regional domain of the cacique Orocobix prior to the Spanish colonization. These stripes are divided by two narrower white stripes, representing the territories granted by Barranquitas and Morovis to form the municipality in 1825.

Over the blue portion there's an oval with a sun. The sun has seventeen rays that represent the different regions of the town. The sun, being the center of our solar system, represents Orocovis as the center of the island of Puerto Rico.

Coat of Arms

The oval is symbol of the letter "O", initial of the name of the town. In each quadrant appear representative elements of the town. In the left superior quadrant a Taíno Indian bust, symbol of the great "Chief Orocobix" and the Indian heritage of the town, silhouetted in gold on a silver-plated background. The Indian bust faces towards the star or sun that appears in the superior right quadrant, which is in gold on a blue background and represents the territorial municipality with its seventeen rays or demarcations. In the inferior right quadrant, a plantain plant is observed representing the agriculture, silhouetted in gold on a silver-plated background. A bridge also silhouetted in gold on a blue background, above the river appears in the left inferior quadrant.


Most of Orocovis nicknames stem from its location in the center of the island. Some of them are: "Corazón de Puerto Rico" (Heart of Puerto Rico) and "Centro Geográfico de Puerto Rico" (Geographical Center of Puerto Rico).


Most of the Orocovis terrain runs through the Cordillera Central of the island. Most of the high peaks are in the southern region of the town within the limits of the municipality with Villalba and Coamo. The highest peak of the town is Cerro Mogote.

The rivers Toro Negro, Sana Muertos, Orocovis, Matrullas, and Bauta, and the creeks Doña Juana, Palmar and Cacaos are among the water bodies in the town. There are two lakes: El Guineo, formed within de Toro Negro River, and the Matrullas Lake formed by the Bauta River.



The municipality of Orocovis is itself sub-divided into several barrios (wards/districts):

  • Barros
  • Bauta Abajo
  • Bauta Arriba
  • Bermejales
  • Botijas I
  • Botijas II
  • Cacao
  • Collores
  • Damián Arriba
  • Damián Abajo
  • Gato
  • Mata de Caña
  • Las cabras
  • Pellejas
  • La Piedra
  • Sabana
  • Saltos



  • Bosque Toro Negro (Black Bull Rain Forest)
  • Las Picinas de Doña Juana (Doña Juana Pool, Spring Water)
  • Las Costillitas (The Ribs, Restaurant)
  • Area Recreativa de Damian (Recreative park of Damian)
  • Rios (Rivers)
  • Vistas Panorámicas (Panoramic View)
  • Lugares Recrativos (Passive Parks)

Landmarks and places of interest

  • Indian Cave
  • Matrullas Lake
  • Orocovis Museum
  • Taíno Refuge
  • Mirador Villalba - Orocovis
  • Bosque Toro Negro (Toro Negro Rain Forest)
  • Cerro La Guaira
  • Chorro Doña Juana (Doña Juana Water Fall)

Festivals and events

Orocovis' Fiestas Patronales are held in June. Other traditional festivals held at the city are the Infant Theater Festival in April; the Festival del Camarón in July; the Arts Craft Fair in September; and the National Festival of the Puerto Rican Pastel in November.



Cattle, coffee, fruits, tobacco, and wheat.


Several small nutritional product industries


Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1899 14,845
1910 15,028 1.2%
1920 15,758 4.9%
1930 16,115 2.3%
1940 19,770 22.7%
1950 21,181 7.1%
1960 20,362 −3.9%
1970 20,201 −0.8%
1980 19,332 −4.3%
1990 21,158 9.4%
2000 23,844 12.7%
Demographic distribution

According to the 2000 census, Orocovis has a population of 23,844 with a population density is 378.4 people per square mile (145.5/km²). Although there was a decline in the population during the 80s, it has steadily increased during the last decades.

As a whole, Puerto Rico is comprised mainly of people from a Creole (born on the Island of European descent) or Spanish and European descent, with small groups of African and Asian people. Statistics taken from the 2000 census shows that 81.4% of Orocoveños have Spanish or White origin, 4.1% are black, 0.4% are Amerindian etc.



Orocovis counts with several public and private schools distributed through several regions. Public education is handled by the Puerto Rico Department of Education.


There is no direct highway connection to Orocovis. Roads #137 and #155 lead from the north, while Roads #138 and 155 lead from the south. Orocovis lies at about 1.5 hours from the capital of San Juan.


External links

Coordinates: 18°13′37″N 66°23′28″W / 18.22694°N 66.39111°W / 18.22694; -66.39111


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