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Crystal bowl by Orrefors
Orrefors, Sven Palmqvist "Fuga"

Orrefors Glasbruk is a glassworks in the Swedish village Orrefors in Småland.

The house was founded in 1898 and originally made window glass and practical objects such as jam jars. However the company changed ownership in 1913, and by 1916 attempted to take their work into a more artistic direction. Two Swedish painters, Simon Gate and Edvard Hald, were hired to decorate and design the glass, despite neither of them having any experience with the medium.[1] They were later joined by other artists such as Vicke Lindstrand and Edvin Öhrstrom. Each of these people had an individual artistic style, but together they created several unique features and innovations. One of these was Graal glass, where colored relief decorations are encased in another layer of colorless and transparent crystal, which gives a smooth surface.

A similar technique was devised in 1936 which trapped air within the walls of the glass. This was known as Ariel, a name of a character in Shakespeare's play The Tempest.[2] A major influence of theirs was the Art Nouveau work of the French artist Émile Gallé.[3] Their designs use characteristic clean lines of brilliant crystal that suggests a frozen liquid. Their work was greatly admired when it was displayed to a wide audience at the Paris Exhibition of 1925.

In addition to individual pieces of crystal, the company made crystal stemware. The glass house came to be a leading producer during the interwar period.[4] In more recent times the factory has also become noted for its chandelier-making. Many of the older designs are still produced today.[1][5]

Contents

Objects

  • The Apple Sculptre (1955 by Ingeborg Lundin)
  • Bowl (Simon Gate)

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b Bray, Charles (June 19, 2001). Dictionary of Glass. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-3619-X. pps. 75, 135.
  2. ^ Plath, Iona (June 1, 1966). Decorative Arts of Sweden. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-21478-8. p.107.
  3. ^ Chambers, Karen S (March 1, 1999). Clearly Inspired: Contemporary Glass and Its Origins. Pomegranate. ISBN 0-7649-0932-0. pps. 40, 132.
  4. ^ Arwas, Victor (September 1, 1999). The Art of Glass: Art Nouveau to Art Deco. Papadakis Publisher. ISBN 1-901092-00-3. p.105.
  5. ^ "Orrefors glass." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.

External links

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