From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 Ōsaka-fu) is a prefecture located in the Kansai region
on Honshū, the main
island of Japan. The capital is
the city of Osaka. It is the center of Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area.
For the history of Osaka prior to Meiji
Restoration, see Osaka.
Osaka Prefecture was created in 1868, at the very beginning of
the Meiji era.
On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka was promoted to
a city designated by government ordinance and
thereby divided into 24 wards.
In 2000, Fusae Ota (太田 房江) became Japan's first
female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after
prosecution for sexual harassment..
On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and
thereby divided into seven wards.
In 2008, Toru Hashimoto (橋下 徹), previously famous as
a counselor on television, was elected at age 38 as the youngest
governor in Japan.
Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo
in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is
open to Osaka Bay. The
Yodo and Yamato Rivers
flow through the prefecture.
Prior to the construction of Kansai International
Airport, Osaka was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The
artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area
to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture..
Thirty-three cities are located in Osaka Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district.
‡ Scheduled to be dissolved due to mergers
Diamond district in Umeda
Osaka Castle park and Osaka business park
The gross prefecture product of Osaka for the fiscal year 2004
was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo with an increase of 0.9%
from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the
Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in
Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.
Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the
other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and
Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in
Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number
of businesses in the prefecture.
While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average
nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted
to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly
higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.
One model from Osaka of serving the public interest and
restimulting the regional economy combined with industry-education
cooperation efforts is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,
with is struggling artificial satellite project.
Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka based SMEs, Astro-Technology
SOHLA, has not only grown into a Kansai region- wide group but has
also won the support from the government, through technology and
material support from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),
and financial support from NEDO.
The Osaka Securities Exchange,
specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in
There are many electrical, chemical,pharmaceutical, heavy
industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka Prefecture.
:Category:Companies headquartered in Osaka
Major factories and
According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka
prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or
0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.
Universities in Osaka
- Tsurumi Ryokuchi Park (Osaka city) About 100
ha.It was held Expo '90 of
The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.
Osaka Prefecture has three airports (Kansai International
Airport, Osaka International
Airport, and Yao
For more information about the railroad system, see Category:Rail
transport in Osaka Prefecture (Osaka mass transit ).
Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are
operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by
the Osaka Prefectural
Board of Education.
Osaka Prefecture has sister-city type relationships with these
The symbol of Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari
byōtan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi
Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka Castle.
- Osaka and Akita are the only unlandlocked prefectures that do
not have any natural islands.
- The first conveyor belt sushi originated here
- ^ "大阪のあゆみ (History of
Osaka)" (in Japanese). http://www.pref.osaka.jp/j_intro/ayumi/ayumi1.html. Retrieved
The creation of
Osaka prefecture took place slight earlier than many other
prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of the han system
Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female
Governor Boosts Japan's Ruling Party", The Washington
Post, February 8, 2000.
"平成１０年全国都道府県市区町村の面積の公表について(Official announcement on
the national territory and area of 1998, by prefectures, cities,
districts, towns and villages)", Geographical Survey
Institute, Government of Japan, January 29, 1999.
"コラム Vol.017 全国都道府県市区町村面積調
(Column: "National Area Investigation" vol.017)", Alps
Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001.
- ^ "平成16年度の県民経済計算について
(Prefectural Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA)
Cabinet Office, Government of Japan" (in
Japanese). http://www.esri.cao.go.jp/jp/sna/kenmin/h16/kenmin1.pdf. Retrieved
- ^ "大阪府民経済計算 (Osaka Prefectural
Economy based on 93SNA) Osaka Prefectural Government"
(in Japanese). http://www.pref.osaka.jp/aid/naniwa/naniwa2007/n2007-2-5.pdf. Retrieved
- ^ "2006 White Paper on Small
and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan Small Business Research
Institute (Japan)". http://www.chusho.meti.go.jp/pamflet/hakusyo/h18/download/2006hakusho_eng.pdf. Retrieved
- ^ "なにわの経済データ (The Naniwa Economy
Data)" (in Japanese). http://www.pref.osaka.jp/aid/naniwa/naniwa2007/n2007-2-3.pdf. Retrieved
- ^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA"
(in Japanese). http://www.sohla.com/index.php. Retrieved
- ^ "Japan Advertising
Council". http://www.ad-c.or.jp/eng/index.html. Retrieved
For details on
the campaign featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to
the 2003 campaign listing, at entry "東大阪の人工衛星" (Higashiosaka's
- ^ ""Smaller firms build a
satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office". http://www.osakacity.org/news/newsItem.aspx?news=244. Retrieved
The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development
- ^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO,
2005" (in Japanese with English abstract). http://www.nedo.go.jp/kibanbu/saitaku/15h/houkokusho/16higasiosaka.pdf. Retrieved
"Table 1: 大阪府の人口の推移 (
Population Change of Osaka Prefecture)" (in Japanese). Osaka
Prefectural Government. http://www.pref.osaka.jp/toukei/kokucho/gaiyou1.html. Retrieved
regions/states and Overseas Offices
retrieved March 14, 2007
Coordinates: 34°40′N 135°32′E / 34.667°N