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Oslo
From upper left: Bjørvika with Oslo Plaza, Oslo City Hall and the new Oslo Opera House

Coat of arms
Oslo is located in Norway
Oslo
Coordinates: 59°56′58″N 10°45′23″E / 59.94944°N 10.75639°E / 59.94944; 10.75639Coordinates: 59°56′58″N 10°45′23″E / 59.94944°N 10.75639°E / 59.94944; 10.75639
Country Norway
Municipality Oslo
County Oslo
District Østlandet
Established 1000
Government
 - Mayor Fabian Stang
Area
 - City 454.03 km2 (175.3 sq mi)
 - Urban 285.26 km2 (110.1 sq mi)
 - Metro 9,445.03 km2 (3,646.7 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 - City 586,860
 Density 1,277.97/km2 (3,309.9/sq mi)
 Urban 876,391
 - Urban Density 3,072.25/km2 (7,957.1/sq mi)
 Metro 1,403,268
 - Metro Density 148.57/km2 (384.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website http://www.oslo.kommune.no
About this sound Oslo is the capital and largest city in Norway. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by a fire in 1624. The Danish–Norwegian king Christian IV rebuilt the city as Christiania (briefly also spelled Kristiania). In 1925 the city reclaimed its original Norwegian name; Oslo. The diocese of Oslo is one of the five original dioceses in Norway, which originated around the year 1070.
Oslo is the cultural, scientific, economic and governmental centre of Norway. The city is also a hub of Norwegian trade, banking, industry and shipping. It is also an important centre for maritime industries and maritime trade in Europe. The city is home to many companies within the maritime sector, some of them are amongst the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers and maritime insurance brokers.
Oslo is considered a global city and ranked "Beta World City Plus" in studies performed by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network in 2008.[1] Oslo has for several years been listed as one of the most expensive cities in the world alongside cities such as Tokyo, Copenhagen and Paris.[2] In 2009 Oslo regained its status as the world's most expensive city.[3][4] Oslo is a pilot city of the Council of Europe and the European Commission intercultural cities programme.
As of 2009, the metropolitan area of Oslo has a population of 1.4 million of whom 876,391[5] lives in the contiguous conurbation. The population currently increases at a record rate of over 2% annually, making it one of the fastest growing cities in Europe. A large portion of this growth stems from immigration increasingly changing Oslo into a cosmopolitan city. The immigrant share of the population in the city proper now counts more than 25%.[6]

Contents

Urban region

A map of the urban areas of Oslo in 2005. The large grey area in the middle indicates Oslo's city centre.
The population of the municipality of Oslo is 586,860 (as of 1 Jan 2010).[7][8] The urban area extends beyond the boundaries of the municipality into the surrounding county of Akershus, (municipalities of Bærum, Asker, Røyken, Lørenskog, Skedsmo, Gjerdrum, Sørum, Oppegård) its agglomeration total 876,391 inhabitants.[9] The metropolitan area of Oslo, also referred to as the Greater Oslo Region (Norwegian: Stor-Osloregionen), has a land area of 9,445.03 km2 (3,646.75 sq mi)[10] with a population of 1,403,268 as of 1 July 2009. The Inner Oslo Fjord Region, or the Capital Region made up by the 5 counties of Oslo, Akershus, Buskerud, Vestfold (west bank of the Oslo fjord) and Østfold (east bank) has a population of 1.86 million people.
Karl Johans Gate
The city centre is situated at the end of the Oslofjord from where the city sprawls out in three distinct "corridors" from its centre; inland north-eastwards and southwards lining both sides of the fjord giving the city area more or less the shape of a large, reclining "Y" when seen from the north.
To the north and east wide forested hills (Marka) rise above the city giving the location the shape of a giant amphitheatre. The urban municipality (bykommune) of Oslo and county (fylke) is the same entity, making Oslo the only city in Norway where two administrative levels are integrated. Of Oslo's total area, 115 km2 (44 sq mi) is built-up and 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) is agricultural. .The open areas within the built-up zone amount to 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi).^ Drammen (35 Km / 22 mi.
  • Oslo Hostels - Hostel Reviews 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hostelz.com [Source type: General]

^ Thon Hotel Terminus Oslo Stenersgaten 10 0.7 mi The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway: 76 Cheap Accommodation Deals 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ Number of islands in the Oslo Fjord 40 Number of lakes within the city limits 343 Length of the Oslo Fjord 100 km (62 mi.

The city of Oslo was established as a municipality on 3 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It was separated from the county of Akershus to become a county of its own in 1842. The rural municipality of Aker was merged with Oslo on 1 January 1948 (and simultaneously transferred from Akershus county to Oslo county). .Furthermore, Oslo shares several important functions with Akershus county.^ Importance Oslo is the seat of government and the chief town of the two counties of Oslo and Akershus, the see of a Lutheran and (since 1953) a Roman Catholic bishop, and a university town, with two universities and several other higher educational institutions.
  • Oslo Tourism: Oslo, Norway Travel Guide | PlanetWare 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.planetware.com [Source type: General]

^ Images of Oslo, capital city of Norway and seat of Oslo County (with which it is coextensive) and of Akershus County.
  • Oslo pictures, Oslo images | InfoHub.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: General]

.Oslo's share of the national GDP is 17%; the metropolitan area's share is 25%.^ Norway's capital, Oslo, has only about 500,000 inhabitants, though in the whole metropolitan area (incl.
  • UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Norway > OSLO Tunnelbane 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.urbanrail.net [Source type: General]

^ OsloGuide.com brings you, the consumer, the most current information from prominent companies around the Oslo Metropolitan area and around the world!
  • #1 Information Guide Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.1stosloguide.com [Source type: General]

^ OsloGuide.com offers a 24-hour online Oslo Metropolitan area guide for all businesses to share information, services, discounts and specials with residents, tourists and other businesses.
  • #1 Information Guide Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.1stosloguide.com [Source type: General]

Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in the world.

General information

Name

The origin of the name Oslo has been the subject of much debate. It is certainly derived from Old Norse and was in all probability the name of a large farm at the site of the first settlements in Bjørvika.
It is commonly held that Oslo means “the mouth of the Lo river”, referring to an alternative name of the river Alna, but this is most likely apocryphal; not only is it ungrammatical (the correct form would be Loos, cf. Nidaros), but the name Lo is not recorded anywhere before Peder Claussøn Friis first used it in the same work in which he proposed this etymology.[11] The name Lo is now believed to be a back-formation arrived at by Friis in support of his spurious etymology for Oslo.[12]
During the Middle Ages the name was initially spelled “Áslo” and later “Óslo”. The earlier spelling suggests that the first component ás refers either to the Ekeberg ridge southeast of the town (“ås” in modern Norwegian), or to the Aesir. The most likely interpretations would therefore be either “the meadow beneath the ridge” or “the meadow of the gods”. Both are equally plausible.
A fire in 1624 destroyed much of the medieval city, and when the city was rebuilt it was moved westwards in order to be nearer the Akershus Fortress. King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway renamed the reborn city Christiania. According to an official spelling reform (that changed ch to k) the form was changed to Kristiania in 1877. (The same year the city names Christiansand and Christiansund were changed to Kristiansand and Kristiansund—and the name of the county Christians Amt was changed to Kristians Amt (see Oppland).) The new form was used in all official documents and publications of the Norwegian State, but not by the municipality itself. The city continued to use the old form until 1897, then they also changed to Kristiania (without any formal or official decision).
This original name was restored by a law of 11 July 1924, effective 1 January 1925; a decision which caused much debate in its time.
".When I was young, the capital of Norway was not called Oslo.^ "The capital of Norway is called Oslo.
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo - the capital of norway .
  • Oslo, Norway - Vacation packages - Fjord Tours 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.fjord-tours.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is the capital and the largest city in Norway.
  • Oslo - IFMSA SCOPE Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.ifmsa.org [Source type: Academic]

It was called Christiania. But somewhere along the line, the Norwegians decided to do away with that pretty name and call it Oslo instead."
Roald Dahl, Boy
When the city in general now took up the name of Oslo again, the eastern district of the city that had preserved the old name became known simply as Gamlebyen (Old Town). As of 2009, history is about to come full circle as the City Council has announced its intention to rename the city centre today known as Oslo Sentrum (Central Oslo) to possibly Kristiania or Christiania. This central area will roughly correspond to the area built up as the "new city" after the 1624 fire.[13] There is some debate whether to use the historical name Christiania—in use for over 300 years—or the spelling Kristiania, introduced in 1897 and used for only 27 years. The spelling "Kristiania" is considered ahistorical by historians.[14] The old square of Christian IV's city was named Christiania torv in 1958, and this name (with the old ch-form) is still in use on signs and maps.
The city was referred to as Tigerstaden (the City of Tigers) by the author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson around 1870, due to his perception of the city as a cold and dangerous place. This name has over the years achieved an almost official status, to the extent that the 1000-year anniversary was celebrated by a row of tiger sculptures around city hall. The prevalence of homeless and other beggars in more recent times led to the slight rewording of the nickname into Tiggerstaden (the City of Beggars). Another harsh picture of the city was drawn by Knut Hamsun in his novel Sult (Hunger) from 1890 (first cinematised in 1966 by Henning Carlsen).

City seal

City seal of Oslo.
Oslo is one of very few cities in Norway, besides Bergen and Tønsberg, that does not have a formal coat-of-arms, but uses a city seal instead. The seal of Oslo shows the city's patron saint, St. Hallvard. The seal shows St. Hallvard with his attributes, the millstone and arrows, with a dead woman at his feet. He is seated on a throne with lion decorations, which at the time was also commonly used by the Norwegian Kings. Seating him on such a throne made him equal to the kings.
The oldest known seal of Oslo showed the same composition as today's seal, except for the human figure reclining at the feet of St. Hallvard. In the original seal, it represented an armed warrior, one of the evil men who killed Hallvard. Due to its bad state of preservation, the image was misinterpreted as the woman he tried to defend. The seal was probably made around 1300 and was in use for nearly three centuries. After the Protestant Reformation, the city continued the use of St. Hallvard on its seal. The second seal of Oslo dates from around 1590. It shows the same basic design, but the saint holds his attributes in the opposite hands. Also the stars and some other smaller details were lost. This seal was used until around 1660.
At that time the church of St. Hallvard had become a ruin and the legend was no longer well known. The third seal of Oslo, made in 1659, therefore still showed the basic design, but the saint was transformed into a female figure. She still held the arrows and had a dead knight (with harness and helmet) lying at her feet. The millstone had become thinner and looked more like a ring. This image can still be seen on a cast iron stove plate dating from 1770. These plates became very popular in Denmark in the 18th century and the figure was presented as Queen Margaret I, who unified the three Kingdoms of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, which are represented by the ring (union) and the three arrows. The dead knight was to symbolise her opponent, Albrecht of Mecklenburg.
During the 18th and early 19th century, the image kept changing. The ring has been shown as a snake biting its own tail, the throne was replaced by a lion, and the warrior at Hallvard's feet definitely became a woman.
In 1854, A. T. Kaltenborn wrote about the Norwegian municipal arms and also was shown a medieval seal of Oslo. He recognised it as depicting the legend of St. Hallvard, but did not interpret the reclining figure correctly. He persuaded the city to have a new seal made, based on the alleged medieval composition. Finally a new design was made by the German E. Doepler in 1892. His composition was also used on a proper shield, designed in 1899 by Reidar Haavin. In 1924, the present design was made, still with the incorrect woman instead of the original warrior, but now stark naked.[15]

History

Christiania in July of 1814, as seen from Ekeberg.
According to the Norse sagas, Oslo was founded around 1049 by King Harald Hardråde. Recent archaeological research has uncovered Christian burials from before 1000, evidence of a preceding urban settlement. This called for the celebration of Oslo's millennium in 2000.
It has been regarded as the capital city since the reign of Håkon V (1299–1319), the first king to reside permanently in the city. He also started the construction of the Akershus Fortress. A century later Norway was the weaker part in a personal union with Denmark, and Oslo's role was reduced to that of provincial administrative centre, with the monarchs residing in Copenhagen. The fact that the University of Oslo was founded as late as 1811 had an adverse effect on the development of the nation.
The Akershus Fortress is a historic castle in Oslo.
Oslo was destroyed several times by fire, and after the fourteenth calamity, in 1624, King Christian IV of Denmark (and Norway) ordered it rebuilt at a new site across the bay, near Akershus Fortress and given the name Christiania. But long before this, Christiania had started to establish its stature as a centre of commerce and culture in Norway. .The part of the city built from 1624 is now often called Kvadraturen because of its orthogonal layout.^ Oslo (help·info) (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ Frommer's Review The most advanced skiers are often attracted to this tranquil retreat because it was built by the family of Othmar Schneider, the Olympic ski champion.
  • Hotel Kristiania in Lech 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo (called Christiania 1624-1878, Kristiania 1878-1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

The last plague outbreak ravaged Oslo in 1654.[16] .In 1814 Christiania once more became a real capital when the union with Denmark was dissolved.^ In 1814, after the Denmark - Norway union was dissolved, Christiania became the official capital of Norway.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1814 Norway separated from Denmark and united with Sweden, a union that lasted until 1905.
  • Introduction in Oslo at Frommer's 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

^ After the union with Denmark was dissolved and Norway was ceded to Sweden in 1814, the country wrote its own constitution on what is now Norway's much celebrated national day, May 17.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many landmarks were built in the 19th century, including the Royal Palace (1825–1848); Stortinget (the Parliament) (1861–1866), the University, Nationaltheatret and the Stock Exchange. Among the world-famous artists who lived here during this period were Henrik Ibsen and Knut Hamsun (the latter was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature). In 1850, Christiania also overtook Bergen and became the most populous city in the country. .In 1878 the city was renamed to Kristiania.^ Oslo (called Christiania 1624-1878, Kristiania 1878-1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ Oslo (help·info) (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ The city was named Christiania when Vilhelm was born there, became Kristiania in 1877, then was renamed Oslo in 1925.

The original name of Oslo was restored in 1925.
Christiania Torv is a square that contains some of Oslo's most historic buildings.
.Oslo's centrality in the political, cultural and economical life of Norway continues to be a source of considerable controversy and friction.^ Central Oslo hotels in Oslo, Norway .
  • Central Oslo hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Images of Oslo, Norway, city with population from 500 to 750 thousand inhabitants, depending on if you consider the central parts of Oslo or the larger parts.
  • Oslo pictures, Oslo images | InfoHub.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is continually influenced by new technologies, urban and international impulses, immigrants and cultures, making this small, big city what it is.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

Numerous attempts at decentralisation have not appreciably changed this during the last century. While continuing to be the main cause of the depopulation of the Norwegian countryside, any form of development is almost always opposed by neighbours, and—as a consequence—the growth of a modern urban landscape has all but stopped. Specifically, the construction of highrises in the city centre has been met with scepticism. .It is projected, however, that the city will need some 20,000 additional apartments before 2020, forcing the difficult decision of whether to build tall or the equally unpopular option of sprawling out.^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ The area is however mainly farmland, forest and lakes (340 of them), and the city's population is only 460,000 (it's the least densely populated capital city in Europe).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

^ We've picked out some highlights from his trip with additional Guardian reader suggestions , all after the jump.
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

A marked reluctance to encourage the growth of the city for fear of causing further depletion of the traditional farming and fishing communities has led to several successive bursts of construction in both infrastructure and building mass, as the authorities kept waiting in vain for the stream of people to diminish. .Neoclassical city apartments built in the 1850s to 1900s dotted with remnants of Christian IV's renaissance grid dominate the architecture around the city centre, except where slums were demolished in the 1960s to construct modernist concrete and glass low-rises, now generally regarded as embarrassing eyesores.^ After the Great Fire that destroyed the city in 1624, the Danish King Christian IV, decided to rebuild the city in brick and stone, and named it Christiania.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thon Hotel Opera is a large modern hotel with glass entrance portico, situated 30 metres from central station in oslo's city centre.
  • Oslo Hotel Norway : book hotels & accommodation in Oslo at special rates! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.oslohotelnorway.com [Source type: News]

^ "On our first evening in Oslo we went walking around the city centre looking for a suitable place to eat.
  • Oslo Restaurants - Oslo Dining Reviews - IgoUgo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

The variety in Oslo's architectural cityscape does however provide for some striking and often hauntingly beautiful sights. .While most of the forests and lakes surrounding Oslo are in private hands, there is great public support for not developing those areas.^ Oslo has a great coverage on public transportations.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beyond the city’s residential outskirts lie plentiful forests, accounting for most of Oslo’s size.
  • Cheap flights to Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.airbaltic.com [Source type: General]

^ The area is however mainly farmland, forest and lakes (340 of them), and the city's population is only 460,000 (it's the least densely populated capital city in Europe).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

Parts of Oslo suffer from congestion, yet it is one of the few European capitals where people live with the wilderness literally in their back yard, or with access to a suburban train line that allows the city's many hikers and cross-country skiers to simply step off the train and start walking or skiing.

Geography

Oslo occupies an arc of land at the northernmost end of the Oslofjord. The fjord, which is nearly bisected by the Nesodden peninsula opposite Oslo, lies to the south; in all other directions Oslo is surrounded by green hills and mountains. There are 40 islands within the city limits, the largest being Malmøya (0.56 km2/0.22 sq mi), and scores more around the Oslofjord. Oslo has 343 lakes, the largest being Maridalsvannet (3.91 km2/1.51 sq mi). This is also a main source of drinking water for large parts of Oslo. Although Eastern Norway has a number of mighty rivers, none of these flows into the ocean at Oslo. Instead Oslo has two smaller rivers: Akerselva (draining Maridalsvannet) and Alna (Oslo's longest river). .Akerselva traditionally separates Oslo's East and West end, and flows into the fjord in Bjørvika.^ Traditionally in Oslo the more affluent crowd lived on the west side of Akerselva, the small river that roughly divides Oslo, and the working class lived on it's east side and to this day people refer to the west and people from that area as 'Vestkanten' (West side).
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1948 Oslo incorporated the nearby township of Aker, and in the following decades a number of satellite towns and residential areas grew up to the east and west of the city.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located between mountains and the end of the Oslo Fjord, the city's natural landscape virtually dominates the urban environment.
  • European Cities - Oslo by Charles L. Mitchell 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.casayego.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.River Alna flows through Groruddalen, Oslo's major suburb and industrial area.^ A beautiful salmon river runs through the city limits, and so do fine parks and even wild outdoor areas.
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

^ Now Patchy dense fog will affect the Grand Forks...Cavalier...Hallock...Roseau...and Thief River Falls areas through 6 am.
  • Oslo, Minnesota (56744) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

The highest point is Kirkeberget, at 629 metres (2,064 ft). Although the city's population is small compared to most European capitals, it occupies an unusually large land area, of which two thirds are protected areas of forests, hills and lakes. .Its boundaries encompass many parks and open areas, giving it an airy and often very green appearance.^ Stortings is another good hangout spot with a fabulous long-and-green (lots of trees) park that leads up to the Royal Palace (which is not open to visitors).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

^ The little green spot of Studenterlunden on the other side has an open-air restaurant and a large pond, which becomes a very popular ice rink in the winter.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

^ Nestled in the city center, the Radisson SAS Plaza Hotel is minutes from the Central Railway Station, giving guests easy access to many areas of the city.
  • Cheap Oslo Hotels - Discount Hotels in Oslo from Hotels Cheap 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC oslo.hotelscheap.org [Source type: General]

.It is not uncommon to encounter wild moose in relatively urban areas of Oslo, especially during wintertime.^ Inhabitants: 839.000 (urban area) Country: Norway Region: Oslo Founded: 1050 .
  • Oslo - a knol by Arnt Rekstad 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ During the Middle Ages Oslo covered an area the size of the Royal Palace Garden, Slottsparken, with its 3,000 inhabitants.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

Climate

Oslo has a humid continental climate (Dfb according to the Köppen climate classification system). Because of the city's northern latitude, daylight varies greatly from more than 18 hours in midsummer to around 6 hours in midwinter. Despite its northerly location, the climate is relatively mild throughout the year because of the Gulf Stream.
Oslo has pleasantly mild to warm summers with average high temperatures of 20–22 °C (68–72 °F) and lows of around 12 °C (54 °F). Temperatures exceed 25 °C (77 °F) quite often, and heatwaves are common during the summer. In the summer of 2009, a heatwave caused temperatures to exceed 30 °C (86 °F) for six straight days, peaking at 33 °C (91 °F).[17] The highest temperature ever recorded was 35 °C (95 °F) on 21 July 1901. Due to the fjord's being a relatively enclosed body of water, the water temperatures can get quite high during long warm periods. During the summer of 2008, the water reached a temperature of 24 °C (75 °F). Spring and autumn are generally chilly, but warmer or colder periods are not uncommon. Winters are cold and snowy with temperatures between −7 °C (19 °F) up to −1 °C (30 °F). The coldest temperature recorded is −27.1 °C (−16.8 °F) in January 1942.[18] Temperatures have tended to be higher in recent years.[19]
Annual precipitation is 763 millimetres (30.0 in) with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Snowfall can occur from November to April, but snow accumulation occurs mainly from January through March. Almost every winter, ice develops in the innermost parts of the Oslofjord, and some winters the whole inner fjord freezes. As it is far from the mild Atlantic water of the west coast, this large fjord can freeze over, although this has become rare.[20]
Climate data for Oslo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13
(55)
15
(59)
18
(64)
26
(79)
30
(86)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(94)
27
(81)
23
(74)
14
(58)
13
(55)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) -1.8
(28.8)
-0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
9.1
(48.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.4
(68.7)
21.5
(70.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.2
(37.8)
-0.5
(31.1)
9.6
(49.2)
Average low °C (°F) -6.8
(19.8)
-6.8
(19.8)
-3.3
(26.1)
0.8
(33.4)
6.5
(43.7)
10.6
(51.1)
12.2
(54.0)
11.3
(52.3)
7.5
(45.5)
3.8
(38.8)
-1.5
(29.3)
-5.6
(21.9)
2.4
(36.3)
Record low °C (°F) -26
(-15)
-25
(-13)
-21
(-6)
-16
(3)
-4
(24)
1
(33)
4
(39)
2
(36)
-4
(25)
-11
(12)
-16
(3)
-24
(-11)
-26
(-15)
Precipitation mm (inches) 49
(1.93)
36
(1.42)
47
(1.85)
41
(1.61)
53
(2.09)
65
(2.56)
81
(3.19)
89
(3.5)
90
(3.54)
84
(3.31)
73
(2.87)
55
(2.17)
763
(30.04)
Snowfall cm (inches) 14.1
(5.6)
21.8
(8.6)
21.4
(8.4)
3.5
(1.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(0.2)
4.3
(1.7)
11.7
(4.6)
77.2
(30.4)
Source: Minifakta om Norge (SSB)[21] 6 October 2008 http://varviggo.no/showpage.asp?id=182

Parks and recreation areas

Vigeland Sculture Park (top) and The Royal Palace (bottom)
.Oslo has a large number of parks and green areas within the city core, as well as outside it.^ Large car park outside the hotel.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Thon Hotel Terminus Oslo Stenersgaten 10 0.7 mi The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway: 76 Cheap Accommodation Deals 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ With a fantastic location in the heart of the city, this new hotel is just steps away from Oslos main pedestrian area and some of the best shopping in Norway.
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

The large park Frogner Park is located a few minutes walk away from the city centre. .This is the biggest and most reputed park in Norway.^ Vigeland Sculpture Park, one of Norway's most popular attractions, and the Munch Museum are two kilometers from the hotel.

^ Within Frognerparken is Vigeland Park, Norway's most popular tourist attraction famous for 200 sculptures by Norwegian sculptor, Gustav Vigeland.
  • Schmap Oslo Guide 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ Vigeland Sculpture Park, one of Norway's most popular attractions, and the Munch Museum are...
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • St. Hanshaugen Park is an old public park on a high hill in central Oslo. The park has a small tower at the top and a stage used for outdoor concerts. 'St.Hanshaugen' is also the name of the surrounding neighbourhood as well as the larger administrative district (borough) that includes major parts of central Oslo.[22]
  • Tøyen Park stretches out behind the Munch Museum, and is a vast, grassy expanse. In the north there is also the natural viewing point known as Ola Narr. The Tøyen area also includes the Botanical garden and Museum belonging to the University of Oslo.[23]
Oslo (with neighbouring Sandvika-Asker) is basically built in a horseshoe shape on the shores of the Oslofjord and limited in most directions by hills and forests. This means that any point within the city is relatively close to the forest. .There are two major forests with immediate access: Østmarka (literally "Eastern Forest", on the eastern perimeter of the city), and the very large Nordmarka (literally "Northern Forest", stretching from the northern perimeter of the city deep into the hinterland).^ One of two airports serving Oslo, Gardermoen replaced Fornebu Airport in 1998 as the city's major international airport, providing thousands of domestic and international flights each year.

^ The city is beautifully situated at the head of Oslo Fjord surrounded by forested ridges, and this very location gives Oslo unexpected qualities for a national capital.
  • Globe Media Ltd | Selected Oslo City Sightseeing 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.partner.viator.com [Source type: General]

^ In the very centre of Oslo there is an abundance of discotheques, nightclubs, bars, jazz clubs and cafés, as well as the usual city centre shops.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Swimming pools

The city of Oslo runs eight public swimming pools.[24] Tøyenbadet is the largest indoor swimming facility in Oslo and one of the few pools in Norway offering a 50-metre main pool. The outdoor pool Frognerbadet also has the 50-metre range.

Politics and government

Mayor of The City of Oslo
Oslo komm.svg
Seal of the City of Oslo
Incumbent
Fabian Stang

since 17 October 2007
Appointer Svenn Erik Kristiansen
Term length 4 years
Formation 17th century
Succession Currently unknown
Website [1]
Stortinget is the seat of Norway's parliament.
Royal Palace.
Norway

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Norway


Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
.Oslo is the capital of Norway, and as such is the seat of Norway's national government.^ Oslo is the capital of the Kingdom of Norway.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation is offering this documentary video of the train journey linking Bergen with the capital city of Oslo, Norway for free.
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ History Oslo, the capital of Norway, was founded around the year 1000 and, contrary to popular belief, was actually originally named Oslo.
  • Oslo Budget Hotels | Oslo Cheap Hotels, Reviews & Ratings | Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: General]

Most government offices, including that of the Prime Minister, are gathered at Regjeringskvartalet, a cluster of buildings close to the national Parliament—the Storting.
Constituting both a municipality and a county of Norway, the city of Oslo is represented in the Storting by seventeen Members of Parliament. Six MPs are from the Labour Party; the Conservative Party and the Progress Party have three each; the Socialist Left Party and the Liberals have two each; and one is from the Christian Democrats.
The combined municipality and county of Oslo has had a parliamentary system of government since 1986. The supreme authority of the city is the City Council (Bystyret), which currently has 59 seats. .Representatives are popularly elected every four years.^ Representatives are elected by direct vote for a four-year term.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The City Council has five standing committees, each having its own areas of responsibility. These are: Health and Social Welfare; Education and Cultural Affairs; Urban Development; Transport and Environmental Affairs; and Finance. The council's executive branch (Byrådet) consists of a head of government (byrådsleder) and six commissioners (byråder, sing. byråd) holding ministerial positions. Each of the commissioners needs the confidence of the City Council and each of them can be voted out of office.
Since the local elections of 2003, the city government has been a coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party. Based mostly on support from the Christian Democrats and the Liberals, the coalition maintains a majority in the City Council. After the 2007 local elections on 10 September, the conservative coalition remained in majority. The largest parties in the City Council are the Labour Party and the Conservatives, with 18 and 16 representatives respectively.
The Mayor of Oslo is the head of the City Council and the highest ranking representative of the city. This used to be the most powerful political position in Oslo, but following the implementation of parliamentarism, the Mayor has had more of a ceremonial role, similar to that of the President of the Storting at the national level. The current Mayor of Oslo is Fabian Stang.

Administrative divisions

Following the latest reform of 1 January 2004, the city is divided into fifteen boroughs (bydeler) that are to a considerable extent self governed. Each borough is responsible for local services not overseen by the City Council, such as social services, basic healthcare, and kindergartens.
  1. Gamle Oslo
  2. Grünerløkka
  3. Sagene
  4. St. Hanshaugen
  5. Frogner
  6. Ullern
  7. Vestre Aker
  8. Nordre Aker
  9. Bjerke
  10. Grorud
  11. Stovner
  12. Alna
  13. Østensjø
  14. Nordstrand
  15. Søndre Nordstrand
  16. Sentrum
  17. Marka
Sentrum (the city centre) and Marka (the rural/recreational areas surrounding the city) are separate geographical entities, but do not have an administration of their own. Sentrum is governed by the borough of St. Hanshaugen. The administration of Marka is shared between neighbouring boroughs.

Economy

Jernbanetorget
Oslo Sjølyst
Oslos new financial district in Bjørvika, scheduled for completion in 2013.
The Oslo Stock Exchange serves as the main market for trading in the shares of Norwegian companies.
Oslo is an important centre of maritime knowledge in Europe and is home to approximately 980 companies and 8,500 employees within the maritime sector, some of which are the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers, and insurance brokers.[25] Det Norske Veritas, headquartered at Høvik outside Oslo, is one of the three major maritime classification societies in the world, with 16.5% of the world fleet to class in its register.[26] The city's port is the largest general cargo port in the country and its leading passenger gateway. Close to 6,000 ships dock at the Port of Oslo annually with a total of 6 million tonnes of cargo and over five million passengers. The gross domestic product of Oslo totaled NOK268.047 billion (€33.876 billion) in 2003, which amounted to 17% of the national GDP.[27] This compares with NOK165.915 billion (€20.968 billion) in 1995. The metropolitan area, bar Moss and Drammen, contributed 25% of the national GDP in 2003 and was also responsible for more than one quarter of tax revenues. In comparison, total tax revenues from the oil and gas industry on the Norwegian Continental Shelf amounted to about 16%.[28] The region has one of the highest per capita GDPs in Europe, at NOK391,399 (€49,465) in 2003.[citation needed] If Norway were a member of the European Union, the capital region would have the fourth strongest GDP per capita, behind Inner London, Brussels-Capital and Luxembourg.[citation needed]
Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in the world. As of 2006, it is ranked tenth according to the Worldwide Cost of Living Survey provided by Mercer Human Resource Consulting[29] and first according to the Economist Intelligence Unit.[30] The reason for this discrepancy is that the EIU omits certain factors from its final index calculation, most notably housing. Although Oslo does have the most expensive housing market in Norway, it is comparably cheaper than other cities on the list in that regard. Meanwhile, prices on goods and services remain some of the highest of any city. According to a report compiled by Swiss bank UBS in the month of August 2006,[31] Oslo and London were the world's most expensive cities. Total pay packets were the biggest in Oslo along with Copenhagen and Zurich.

Demographics

Grønland street
Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1951 434,365
1960 471,511 8.6%
1970 487,363 3.4%
1980 454,872 −6.7%
1990 458,364 0.8%
2000 507,467 10.7%
2010 589,293 16.1%
2020 697,039 18.3%
2030 783,284 12.4%
Source: Statistics Norway[32]
An estimated 26% of Oslo's population consists of immigrants (about 152,000 inhabitants).[6] Pakistanis make up 20,036 of the city's inhabitants, followed by Somalis (9,708), Swedes (7,462), and Sri Lankan Tamils (7,128)—these being the four largest ethnic minority groups. Other large immigrant groups are people from Poland, Vietnam, Turkey, Morocco, Iraq and Denmark.[33][34][35][36] By June 2009, more than 40% of Oslo schools had a majority of people of immigrant backgrounds, with some schools having up to a 97% immigrant share[37] Schools are also increasingly divided by ethnicity, with white flight being widespread.[38][39] In the borough Groruddalen in 2008 for instance, the ethnic Norwegian population decreased by 1,500, while the immigrant population increased by 1,600.[40]
The population of Oslo is currently increasing at a record rate of nearly 2% annually (17% over the last 15 years), making it the fastest-growing Scandinavian capital.[41] The increase is due, in almost equal degree, to high birth-rates and immigration.[42] In particular, immigration from Poland and the Baltic states has increased sharply since the accession of these countries to the EU in 2004.

Historical population

Year Population
1801 9,500
1825 15,400
1855 31,700
1875 76,900
1900 227,900
1925 255,700
1951 434,365
1960 471,511
1970 487,363
1980 454,872
1990 458,364
2000 507,467
2002 529,407
2006 538,411
2008 560,484
2009 578,870
Source: SSB1, SSB2

Conurbation population

Year Population
1999 763,957
2005 811,688
2006 825,105[9][43][44]
2007 839,423[45]
2008 856,915[46]
2009 876,391[5]

Education

Norwegian School of Management Nydalen
University of Oslo, Faculty of Law

Institutions of higher education

Transport

Air

Oslo Port at sunset
Oslo Port

Sea

There are daily ferry connections to Kiel (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), Frederikshavn (Denmark) and Nesodden.
.Public ferries run daily to and from the islands scattered in the Oslo harbour basin.^ Ferries also offer quick access to a dozen or so small islands in the Oslo Fjord.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Train

Oslo Sentralstasjon is the main railway station in Oslo. From there, there are connections to far away destinations Trondheim, Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm (Sweden), Gothenburg (Sweden) and Copenhagen (Denmark), as well as several local and regional destinations in southern Norway and Sweden. In 2004 Norwegian Trains were Europe's third most punctual national train company. For the first 4 months in 2005 the punctuality was 92.9%. .During winter in particular, weather conditions such as snow and blizzards may cause delays and cancellations on the routes crossing the central mountains.^ And of course, during winter snow and ice activities that are easily available everywhere.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Public transport

Oslo Tramway is used by 110,000 people everyday.
A rental bicycle station in the city centre.
The public transportation system in Oslo is managed by the municipal transport company Ruter. This includes metro, tram, bus and ferry, but not the local train lines, which are operated by the state railway company NSB. All public transport in Oslo, including local trains, operates on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket. Tickets also transfer to the local and inter-city trains, unless a traveller intends to cross the city border. .In 2004, 160 million journeys were made using public transport, of which 85% was handled by Oslo Sporveier's own subsidiaries and 15% by private bus and ferry operators under cost-based contracts.^ You can arrive in Oslo from Copenhagen and Stockholm in under 7 hours and from Berlin the trip takes about 12 hours, including a ferry ride.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public transport in Oslo is very good and allows access to the outer suburbs of Oslo from downtown.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hotel is situated in the city centre, near the airport express bus stop and public transportation.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

[52]
The tram system, Oslotrikken, is made up of six lines that criss-cross the inner parts of the city and extend outward toward the suburbs. Trams run partly on in the streets and partly on separate roads. The metro system—known as the T-bane—connects the eastern and western suburbs and comprises six lines which all converge in a tunnel beneath downtown Oslo. The metro lines are identified by numbers from 1 to 6, with two lines running into the municipality of Bærum in the west. The tramway lines are numbered 11 to 13 and 17 to 19.
A new, partially underground loop line was opened in August 2006, connecting Ullevål in the northwest and Carl Berners plass in the east. Two new stations, Nydalen and Storo, have been operational for a couple of years already; the third station, Sinsen, opened 20 August 2006, completing the loop. In conjunction with the opening of the circle line, there will be a major upgrade of the rolling stock, with delivery taking place between 2007 and 2010. An RFID ticketing system with automatic turnstile barriers has been under introduction for several years, but has been greatly delayed. The transition to the new system is now underway, with the new RFID cards available to the public.
A public bicycle rental programme has been in operation beginning in April every year since 2002. With an electronic subscription card, users can access bikes from over 90 stations across the city.
A motorway leading into the city centre.

Road

As Oslo is Norway's capital and biggest city, several national highways meet or passes through it. European route E6 runs through Oslo in the eastern suburbs on its way from Southern Sweden to Northern Norway. European route E18 runs through downtown Oslo (including a tunnel under Akershus festning) on its way from Stavanger and Kristiansand to Stockholm. European route E16 from Bergen doesn't go into Oslo proper, but ends on E18 at Sandvika a few kilometers west of Oslo. Oslo also has a system of "ring roads" connecting east and west. Ring 3, the outer one, runs from the E6 junction in the east via Ullevål to E18 on the border to Bærum municipality in the west. Ring 2 runs from Gamlebyen in the east to E18 at Skøyen in the west. Ring 1 is the downtown "through road". The ring roads make navigation easier and improve traffic flow. E18, E6, Ring 2 and Ring 3 are connected by an elaborate system of tunnels and bridges in the Økern-Ekeberg area. At present (2008) a new underwater tunnel for E18 is under construction in Bjørvika to divert traffic from the street level.
Access into the city centre requires the payment of a toll at one of 19 entry points around the ring road. It costs 25 NOK to enter the cordoned zone at all times of day, seven days a week. A 20%-price reduction is available to car owners using the AutoPASS-system. Since 2 February 2008, coins are no longer accepted at the Toll Station, and all cars must pass through the automatic lanes without stopping. Drivers fitted with the electronic AutoPASS system will be debited as they pass; all other drivers will receive an invoice in the mail.
Initially revenues from the road tolls funded the public road network, but since 2002 these revenues finance mainly new developments for the public transport system in Oslo. There has been discussion whether to continue to use the cordon after 2007, based on the funding decisions, extensions, accommodation of time-differentiated pricing or replaced by another form of pricing altogether, perhaps to make congestion-pricing possible.[53]

Media

The newspapers Aftenposten, Dagens Næringsliv, Finansavisen, Verdens Gang, Dagbladet, Dagsavisen, Morgenbladet, Vårt Land, Nationen and Klassekampen are published in Oslo. The main office of the national broadcasting company NRK is located at Marienlyst in Oslo, near Majorstuen. TVNorge (TVNorway) is also located in Oslo, while TV2 (based in Bergen) and TV3 (based in London) operate branch offices in central Oslo. There is also a variety of specialty publications and smaller media companies.

Culture

The Nobel Peace Prize is handed out in Oslo every year by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Literature

Oslo National Theater
Several Norwegian authors from Oslo City have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, namely Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson in 1903, Knut Hamsun in 1920 and Sigrid Undset in 1928 for Kristin Lavransdatter. Though he was not awarded a Nobel Prize for his plays, as the first of these were awarded after he published his last play in 1899, playwright Henrik Ibsen is probably the most famous figure in Norwegian literature. Ibsen wrote plays such as Peer Gynt, A Doll's House and The Lady from the Sea.
Also of importance to the Norwegian literary culture is the Norse literature, and in particular the works of Snorre Sturlason , as well as the more recent folk tales, collected by Asbjørnsen and Moe in the 19th century.
Norwegian literature attained international acclaim in the 1990s with Jostein Gaarder's novel Sophie's world (Sofies verden) which was translated into 40 languages. Other noteworthy writers with an international profile include Erik Fosnes Hansen (Psalm at Journey's End) and Åsne Seierstad whose controversial work, The Bookseller of Kabul, was particularly successful in 2003.[54]

Architecture

A Square in Oslo
Østbanen
Oslo, or Norway generally, has always had a tradition of modern building. Indeed, many of today's most interesting new buildings are made of wood, reflecting the strong appeal that this material continues to hold for Norwegian designers and builders.[55]
Norway's conversion to Christianity some 1,000 years ago led to the introduction of stonework architecture. The romanesque St. Hallvard's Cathedral from the early 12th century was damaged by fire several times, but survived the Protestant Reformation and the fire of 1624, when the town was relocated and renamed. It remained the local cathedral until the new Holy Trinity Cathedral of Christiania was completed in 1639. St. Hallvards became a parish church, but was abandoned in 1654. It was later demolished and used as a quarry. The last remains were used to build the second cathedral of Christiania, the one still in use.
In the early Middle Ages, stave churches were constructed throughout Norway. Many of them remain to this day and represent Norway’s most important contribution to architectural history. The Gol stave church was re-erected at Bygdøy near Oslo in 1885, and is now part of the open air Norsk Folkemuseum.
After Norway’s union with Denmark was dissolved in 1814, Oslo became the capital. Architect Christian H. Grosch designed the oldest parts of the University of Oslo, the Oslo Stock Exchange, and many other buildings and churches.
The 1930s, when functionalism dominated, became a strong period for Norwegian architecture, but it is only in recent decades that Norwegian architects have truly achieved international renown.

Music

Rikard Nordraak, composer of the Norwegian national anthem, was born in Oslo in 1842.
Norway's principal orchestra is the Oslo Philharmonic, based at the Oslo Concert Hall since 1977. Although it was founded in 1919, the Oslo Philharmonic can trace its roots to the founding of the Christiania Musikerforening (Christiania Musical Association) by Edvard Grieg and Johan Svendsen in 1879.

Sports

The old, now demolished Holmenkollen ski jump hill.
Oslo was the host city for the 1952 Winter Olympics. Except for the downhill skiing at Norefjell, all events took place within the city limits. The opening and closing ceremonies were held at Bislett stadion, which was also used for the speed skating events. In recent years, the stadium has been better known for hosting the annual Bislett Games track and field event in the IAAF Golden League. The stadium was rebuilt in 2004/2005 and was formally opened for the Bislett Games on 29 July 2005.
Holmenkollen nordic skiing arena, with its centrepiece the ski jump, was an important venue during the 1952 Olympics. The arena has hosted numerous Nordic skiing and biathlon world championships since 1930, and its ski-jump competition is the second oldest in the world, having been contested since 1892. Holmenkollen has been selected once again to host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in 2011. Thursday 16 October 2008, the work began on the dismantling of the ski jump, as a new ski jump is going to be built and is expected to be finished by the end of 2009.
During the summer months, the harbour becomes a venue for various maritime events, including the start of a large sailing regatta that attracts around 1,000 competing boats each year, and one race of the international Class 1 offshore powerboat racing circuit.
Two football clubs from Oslo, Vålerenga and Lyn, play in the Norwegian Premier League. In the 2005 season, the teams placed 1st and 3rd respectively. In addition, two teams from the conurbations are represented—Stabæk Fotball and Lillestrøm Sportsklubb. Oslo had two ice hockey teams in the highest division in the previous season, Vålerenga Ishockey and Furuset I.F., the former winning the cup and league double in 2007. Speed skating is also held at the Valle Hovin venue, which in the summer is host to large popular music concerts.
Ullevaal stadion, located in the borough of Nordre Aker, is the home of the Norwegian national football team. Built in 1926, it is the largest football stadium in Norway, and has served as the venue for the Norwegian Cup final since 1948. Both Lyn and Vålerenga use the stadium as their home ground.[56]

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Oslo is twinned or has cooperation agreements with the following cities/regions:[58]
Oslo has a longstanding tradition of sending a Christmas tree every year to the cities of Washington, D.C., New York, London, Rotterdam, Antwerp, and Reykjavík.[58][60] Since 1947, Oslo sends a 65–80-foot (20–25 m) high spruce, which may be 50 to 100 years old (according to the sources), as an expression of gratitude for Britain's support to Norway during World War II which is usually placed in Trafalgar Square. .For the 61st time, this spruce will have been lit by the Mayor of Oslo, Fabian Stang and The Lord Mayor of Westminster, Councilor Carolyn Keen, between 6 December 2007 and 4 January 2008, and it has received yet more special attention than before, expressing environmental concern.^ A long and narrow landmass, Norway extends more than 1,100 miles from north to south and varies in width between 270 miles and 4 miles.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At a prearranged location, another vehicle drove up and three Palestinian gunmen inside shot Rahum more than 15 times.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Oslo has already produced more dead Jews at the hands of her Arab "Palestinian" peace partners than the 1967 Arab-Israel War between Israel and three Arab countries!
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

[61][62]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2008". http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/world2008t.html. 
  2. ^ "Worldwide Cost of Living survey: A lot of yen". http://www.economist.com/markets/rankings/displaystory.cfm?story_id=13252399. 
  3. ^ "So you think London’s expensive? It isn’t any more - Times Online". Business.timesonline.co.uk. http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/economics/article6802135.ece. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  4. ^ Marowits, Ross. "The Canadian Press: Montreal beats Toronto with 12th most purchasing power in world, says UBS study". Google.com. http://www.google.com/hostednews/canadianpress/article/ALeqM5iMNPvwpSaHyd_tsIXBujhBQuR9eA. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2009". Ssb.no. 1 January 2009. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/tab-2009-06-16-01-en.html. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Immigration and immigrants". Ssb.no. 1 January 2009. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/00/00/10/innvandring_en/. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  7. ^ "Oslo hadde 586.860 innbyggere pr. 1. januar 2010 - Utviklings- og kompetanseetaten - Oslo kommune". Utviklings-og-kompetanseetaten.oslo.kommune.no. 19 February 2010. http://www.utviklings-og-kompetanseetaten.oslo.kommune.no/oslostatistikken/article158373-42123.html. Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "Statistics Norway". http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/02/folkendrkv_en/2009k2/kvart02-en.html.  (Norwegian)
  9. ^ a b "Statistics from the SSB". http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/tab-2009-06-16-01-en.html. 
  10. ^ "Statistisk sentralbyrå - Forside". http://www.ssb.no/.  (Norwegian)
  11. ^ Peder Claussøn Friis, Store Norske Leksikon (in Norwegian)
  12. ^ Alna – elv i Oslo, Store Norske Leksikon (in Norwegian)
  13. ^ "Oslo sentrum blir Kristiania: Dagsavisen". Dagsavisen.no. 12 February 2009. http://www.dagsavisen.no/innenriks/article397963.ece. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  14. ^ "Byhistoriker: - Kristiania med K er skivebom - Nyheter - Oslo". Aftenposten.no. http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/oslo/article2923465.ece. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  15. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". http://www.ngw.nl/int/nor/o/oslo.htm. Retrieved 20 December 2008. 
  16. ^ Øivind Larsen. "DNMS.NO : Michael: 2005 : 03/2005 : Book review: Black Death and hard facts". Dnms.no. http://www.dnms.no/index.php?kat_id=16&art_id=87. Retrieved 3 November 2008. 
  17. ^ Data from Blindern retrieved from the eKlima database
  18. ^ Oslo temperatures
  19. ^ Geography of Norway#Climate
  20. ^ Aftenposten: Oslofjord frozen
  21. ^ "Weather Information for Oslo". SSB. http://www.ssb.no/minifakta/main_02.html#tab0203. Retrieved 6 October 2008.  (Norwegian)
  22. ^ City of Oslo parks (Norwegian)
  23. ^ City of Oslo parks (Norwegian)
  24. ^ Municipal swimming pools
  25. ^ Oslo Teknopol Mal
  26. ^ Dnv.com
  27. ^ "Regional accounts". Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/09/01/fnr_en/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  28. ^ "e_skdårsm03_web_3.indd" (PDF). http://www.skatteetaten.no/upload/skd%20sm03_engelsk.pdf. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  29. ^ "Mercer: Consulting. Outsourcing. Investments". Mercerhr.com. http://www.mercerhr.com/pressrelease/details.jhtml/dynamic/idContent/1142150. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  30. ^ "In Depth | Oslo 'priciest city in the world'". BBC News. 1 February 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/4669400.stm. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  31. ^ Yahoo! News
  32. ^ "Tabell 6 Folkemengde per 1. januar, etter fylke og kommune. Registrert 2009. Framskrevet 2010-2030, alternativ MMMM" (in (Norwegian)). Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/03/folkfram/tab-2009-06-11-06.html. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  33. ^ (Norwegian) 25 prosent av alle som bor i Oslo er innvandrere - Nyheter - Oslo - Aftenposten.no
  34. ^ Polakker den største innvandrergruppen
  35. ^ "Tabell 11 Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, etter landbakgrunn (de 20 største gruppene). Utvalgte kommuner. 1. januar 2009" (in (Norwegian)). Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/emner/02/01/10/innvbef/tab-2009-04-30-11.html. Retrieved 22 January 2010. 
  36. ^ Folkebibl.no (Norwegian)
  37. ^ http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article3228559.ece
  38. ^ Bredeveien, Jo Moen (2 June 2009). "Rømmer til hvitere skoler". Dagsavisen. http://www.dagsavisen.no/innenriks/article418561.ece. 
  39. ^ Lundgaard, Hilde (22 August 2009). "Foreldre flytter barna til "hvitere" skoler". Aftenposten. http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/article3228559.ece. 
  40. ^ Slettholm, Andreas (15 December 2009). "Ola og Kari flytter fra innvandrerne". Aftenposten. http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/oslo/article3424942.ece. 
  41. ^ Om 15 år kan det bo 100 000 flere i Oslo
  42. ^ "Table 03 03 Oslo. Population 1 January and population changes during the year. 1951". Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/02/folkendrhist_en/tables/tab/03.html. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  43. ^ "Population and area in urban settlements". Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  44. ^ "Population and land area in urban settlements, 1 January 1999. Revised figures - One in four lives in the four largest urban areas". Ssb.no. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/arkiv/art-2000-12-18-01-en.html. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  45. ^ Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2007
  46. ^ "Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2008". Ssb.no. 1 January 2008. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/tab-2008-06-20-01-en.html. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  47. ^ "Norges idrettshøgskole — forskning og høyere utdanning innenfor idrettsvitenskap — NIH". Nih.no. http://www.nih.no/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  48. ^ "Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo". Khio.no. 1 August 2000. http://www.khio.no/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  49. ^ "Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap — UMB". Umb.no. http://www.umb.no/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  50. ^ "Internett - Norges veterinærhøgskole". Veths.no. http://www.veths.no/. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  51. ^ Ska-Wiki - Ska-Wiki
  52. ^ "Fact as of June 2005" (PDF). AS Oslo Sporveier. http://www.sporveien.no/upload/Dokumentvedlegg/facts_2005.pdf. Retrieved 21 September 2008. 
  53. ^ Commission for Integrated Transport: Road Charging Scheme: Oslo
  54. ^ Contemporary literature from Norway Cultural Profile. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  55. ^ The evolution of Norwegian architecture. Norway, the official site in the United States. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
  56. ^ Ullevaal Stadion. "Historikk" (in Norwegian). http://www.ullevaal-stadion.no/index.asp?id=26090. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  57. ^ Haverkamp, Frode; Gude, Hans Fredrik (in Norwegian). Hans Gude. Oslo: Aschehoug. p. 59. ISBN 8203170722. OCLC 29047091. 
  58. ^ a b Partners - Oslo kommune
  59. ^ "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl. Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 May 2005. http://um.warszawa.pl/v_syrenka/new/index.php?dzial=aktualnosci&ak_id=3284&kat=11. Retrieved 29 August 2008. 
  60. ^ Aftenposten Newspaper: Oslo tree is London-bound (English)
  61. ^ Christmas in Trafalgar Square: «Recycling the tree» and «About the tree» (Greater London Authority website).
  62. ^ Christmas tree recycling (City of Westminster Council website).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Oslo [1] is the capital and largest city of Norway, and the third largest city of Scandinavia.
Stortinget, the parliament
Stortinget, the parliament

Districts

Following the latest reform of January 1, 2004, the city is divided into fifteen boroughs (bydeler) that are to a considerable extent self governed. Each borough is responsible for local services not overseen by the City Council, such as social services, basic healthcare, and kindergartens. For convience, and as most of the boroughs do not contain that much of interest, the city can be divided into five larger districts.
  • Sentrum (Sentrum) Central downtown area.
  • Inner West (St. Hanshaugen, Frogner)
  • Inner East (Sagene, Grünerløkka, Gamle Oslo)
  • Outer West (Ullern, Vestre Aker, Nordre Aker)
  • Outer East (Alna, Bjerke, Grorud, Stovner, Nordstrand, Søndre Nordstrand, Østensjø)

Understand

Oslo is the demographic, economic and political centre of Norway. .As a tourist destination Oslo is overshadowed by the natural landscape of more rural parts of the country, and the other large cities like Bergen and Trondheim which tend to be more "typically" Norwegian.^ Oslo has already produced more dead Jews at the hands of her Arab "Palestinian" peace partners than the 1967 Arab-Israel War between Israel and three Arab countries!
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

Nevertheless, Oslo has plenty of sights, good nightlife and is worth seeing.

Name and history

The history of the city can be traced back over 1,000 years, although according to the chronicles of Snorre Sturlason, Oslo was founded in 1048, by the king Harald Hardråde. .The city became capital of Norway around 1300, but lost its privileges during the Danish-Norwegian union from 1348 to 1814. In 1624, a fire devastated old Oslo, and the city was moved some kilometres west to gain protection from the fortress at Akershus.^ The difference between that war and this "Oslo War" is that in the 1967 war, Israel gained the entire Sinai Desert, the entire "West Bank" and the entire Golan Heights.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Y Aug 4, 2002 - Yekutiel Amitai (34) of Jerusalem was killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a pistol near the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem's Old City.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

The city was renamed Christiania, after the danish king Christian IV, a name that remained until it was officially renamed on January 1st 1925 to Oslo. Traces have been found close to [Ekeberg] indicating settlement as far back as 10,000 bc.
After the devastating 1624 fire, old Oslo (around the mouth of river Aker) was largely abandoned and the ruins converted to farmland. Today, a few church ruins are still visible under the Ekeberg hill (across the water from the new operahouse, between road E18 and the railway). Beyond these ruins there are virtually nothing remaining of medieval Oslo. Ironically, the new city Christiania was established outside the borders of Oslo, and 'Oslo' remained the name of the small, surviving settlement outside the new city borders. .During Christiania's rapid expansion in the 19th century, as the capital of a new state, the site of original Oslo (old Oslo, or 'Gamlebyen') was included in the city.^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

Due to the rapid inclusion of surrounding agricultural areas in the 19th century, a large number of remains from the city's farming history is still clearly visible in place names and farm houses. Nice parks like St. Hanshaugen is the remain of original pastures and sources of firewood for the city's inhabitants.

Geography

Oslo, with its approximately 453 square kilometers, is one of the largest capitals in the world by area. Granted, most of this is forest, making Oslo a city in close contact with the nature surrounding it.
Oslo is situated in an amphitheater-like setting, with the city centre in the bottom close to the Oslo fjord, and residential areas stretching uphill from there in all directions. Behind the residential areas, the forested area of Marka (Nordmarka, Østmarka, Lillomarka) extends, with flora and fauna that is quite extraordinary for a city of this size. Moose are commonplace (easily spotted in winter), and the whole of the capital is part of Norway's wolf reserve (even if they rarely come here).
The Oslo fjord is an inlet of the Skagerrak bay, stretching inland from the North Sea towards Øresund and the Baltic Sea. Oslo has an impressive archipelago of islands, which in summer becomes the city's favoured playground.
The city centre is bounded by Oslo Central Station (Oslo S) to the east, the Royal Palace (Slottet) to the west and the seafront (from Akershus fortress to Aker brygge) to the south. It's a fairly compact area and easily walkable, Karl Johan, the mostly pedestrian main street connecting Oslo S and the Palace is artery of downtown Oslo. However, several of the neighbourhoods close to the centre hold interesting sights and entertainment offerings, so to explore these you should make use of the city's comprehensive public transport system.

Climate

Although well into the northern latitudes, Oslo's climate is fairly temperate thanks to warm air being wafted across the Atlantic from the Gulf Stream. Summer weather in Oslo is mild and pleasant, with frequent hot spells, and plenty of long sunny days. In winter temperatures hover just above or below freezing. Snow is most often plentiful in the forested areas and also often in the city in winter, making it a great winter sports venue. Rainfall is spread across the year, the rainiest month being August.

People

Oslo proper has a population of about 550,000 people, and around 850,000 including its extra-municipal suburbs (such as Bærum and Lørenskog). The diverse population includes some of Norway's wealthiest celebrities and socialites, as well as more than 100,000 immigrants. This has made Oslo a multi-cultural society, with 20% of the city population being from a foreign country. This makes Oslo the "melting pot" of Norway. The cultural differences have affected the society in the matters of food, shopping, crime, items and so on, which has blended in to the everyday life of Norwegians. The most notable immigrant communities hail from Sweden, Denmark, Pakistan, India, Somalia, Iraq, Iran, Vietnam, Poland, Ex-Yugoslavia, the United States, Russia, Albania, Thailand, China, Germany, England, Philippines, Morocco, Turkey, Korea, Sri Lanka and so many other nations which helps to make Oslo a diverse and exciting place to visit.

Economy

The Oslo region is the country's premier business centre and has a diverse and dynamic economy with one of the highest regional GDPs in Europe. Figures published by the regional development agency for Oslo show that GDP per capita in the region was €44,190 ($51,950) (excluding oil and gas) in 2000, compared to an EU average of approximately €20,000 ($23,512). According to a report produced by the city's Chief Commissioner's Department and the Department of Finances and Development, the service sector dominates employment in Oslo. In 2001, Public and Business services accounted for more than 59 percent of jobs. Other major employment areas within the service sector include trade, hotels and catering, banking and insurance.

Get in

By plane

Oslo Airport [2] (IATA: OSL, ICAO: ENGM) is Norway's largest airport, located in Gardermoen, 45 kilometres north-east of Oslo. The largest airlines in Norway, SAS [3] and discount airline Norwegian [4], operate direct flights to many European destinations from Oslo Airport, as well as large domestic networks. Flights by about 30 other airlines make this airport easy to reach from most of the world.
Be aware that most internet flight booking sites will include flights to Sandefjord Airport Torp when searching for Oslo Aiport. Make sure to check the serch result before booking.
The easiest way to reach Oslo city center is with the high speed airport express train Flytoget [5]. Trains depart every 10 minutes for Oslo Central Station (Oslo S) and tickets cost NOK 170 (NOK 85 retired, kids and students younger than 31 with a student ID, tickets not valid for transfer in Oslo). Every second train continues past Oslo S to Asker or Drammen, stopping at Nationaltheateret station, which often is more convenient for destinations in the city center. Alternatively, try one of the cheaper local trains (30-40 minutes), with tickets costing NOK 102 (valid for transfer in Oslo).
There are also a number of bus routes, which can be handy, depending on where you are headed. .Buses to Oslo city center are operated by Flybussen [6] which take roughly 45 minutes to reach the city center (NOK 140, return ticket valid for 1 month NOK 240, valid for transfer in Oslo) and a comprehensive bus service to other parts of Oslo and the region provided by Flybussekspressen [7].^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Two explosions took place within minutes of each other on two Beersheba city buses.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

There is an information stand inside the terminal, which can provide information about all bus services from the airport.
Taxis can, and should, be ordered in the booth inside the terminal for different fixed prices from approximately NOK 700 (and way upwards) to Oslo city center. Going outside to flag one from the queue always ends up much more expensive (in some cases extremely so). Most people with a destination in Oslo will be far better off getting the Flytoget, Flybussen or local train to Oslo S, and get a taxi from there.
Sandefjord Airport Torp [8] (IATA: TRF, ICAO: ENTO) near Sandefjord and Tønsberg, 115 kilometres south of Oslo, is used as a secondary airport by low-cost airlines Ryanair and Wizzair, and has regular scheduled flights by Widerøe and KLM. The bus service Torpekspressen [9] links the airport to Drammen and Oslo (1 hour 45 mins) and costs NOK 180 for a single ticket, NOK 300 for a return (discounts for students, ISIC Card Holders and senior citizens). Torpekspressen buses are scheduled to accommodate arriving flights, so after you get off the plane, most likely there will be a bus to Oslo waiting for you. If you miss the bus scheduled for your flight, you may end up waiting a long time for the next bus. Alternatively, free shuttle buses go to Torp Airport train station, connecting with trains to Oslo. Check schedules with NSB [10]. Taxi is normally not an option from Torp to Oslo, with prices around NOK 2000.
Moss Lufthavn Rygge [11] (IATA: RYG, ICAO: ENRY) airport is a third airport in the Oslo area. Mainly serviced by Norwegian [12] and Ryanair, the airport is close to the cities of Moss, Fredrikstad and Sarpsborg. The bus service Ryggeekspressen [13] will meet all incoming international flights, and leave for all outgoing, one way ticket to Oslo is NOK 120, return - 185. Buy tickets from the bus driver. Otherwise, a shuttle bus leaves for Rygge train station approx. 10 minutes before NSB [14] train departures from Rygge to Oslo.

By train

Oslo Central Station (Oslo Sentralstasjon/Oslo S, T-bane Jernbanetorget) is at the eastern fringe of the city centre, by the end of the main pedestrian street Karl Johans gate. Oslo S is at the centre of Norway's railway, all lines (including the airport express train) terminate at Oslo S, making Oslo S the supreme gateway to Oslo. The major express buses go to the bus station next door to the train station.
Internationally, there are three daily services to Gothenburg (Sweden) (4 hours). Four daily trains travel in the direction of Stockholm (Sweden) (6 hours), two of which will require a change in Karlstad (schedule [15]). The night train on this route is sadly terminated as of January 2009. For Copenhagen (Denmark) and beyond, but you will have to change trains in Gothenburg.
Tickets for the Gothenburg line are cheapest when bought at the NSB [16] website, where the Minipris-fares run as low as 199 NOK. Tickets for the Stockholm line are cheaper if you buy them from the Swedish train company SJ's website [17], where the cheapest tickets can end up as cheap as 91 SEK. Tickets are released for sale 3 months ahead of departure, and the sooner you buy them, the cheaper they will be. Both Norwegian and Swedish prebooked train tickets can be picked up at ticket machines in Oslo Central Station (Norwegian tickets also at other stations).
Norwegian state rail operator NSB [18] run fairly frequent and efficient, though not very fast, domestic services to Stavanger, Kristiansand, Bergen and Trondheim, as well as a relatively comprehensive local and regional service around Oslo. Their schedules are here: [19].
.Most of the long distance trains also stop at Lysaker station on the western city limit.^ Daniel Yifrah, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and some 90 injured, most lightly, in a suicide bombing near the Nahariya train station in northern Israel.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

Some also stop at the Nationaltheatret station by the Royal castle in the western part of the centre. All these stations are connected to the local train system, as well as bus, tram or/and metro lines.

By car

International highways E6 (from Malmö and Gothenburg) and E18 (from Saint Petersburg, Helsinki and Stockholm) meet in Oslo. There is a road tax of NOK 25 to enter Oslo with a car. The money is used for road construction and public transport. The toll booths are non-stop, and will snap a photo of your license plate and send the bill to the car owners' house. .In addition, when entering the city from the west, an additional tax of NOK 12,50 is charged on the municipal border at Lysaker to finance the construction of a new highway leading westwards.^ Y May 25, 2001 - The burnt body of Yosef Alfasi, 50, of Rishon Letzion, was discovered near the West Bank city of Tulkarem.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

The E6 is the main north-south road of Norway, and continues north to Trondheim, Alta and Kirkenes, with branches to most Norwegian cities. The E16 runs west to Bergen, the E134 to Haugesund and the E18 run south-west to Drammen, Grenland (Skien/Porsgrunn) and Kristiansand. Other notable roads into Oslo include Rv4 from Gjøvik, Rv2 from Charlottenberg (Sweden) and Kongsvinger and Rv7, an alternative road to Bergen passing Gol and Geilo..

By bus

Oslo is well served by bus from most of Europe. The biggest operators of international buses are Swedish companies Swebus Express [20] and GoByBus [21]. Both run inexpensive services to and from Stockholm, Gothenburg and Copenhagen several times a day. Eurolines [22] runs services to Gothenburg and Stockholm, while Moravia Express [23] runs direct buses to Prague, Brno, Olomouc and Ostrava twice a week.
For domestic services, Nor-Way Bussekspress [24] is the biggest operator, with several buses to Bergen, Trondheim and tons of other Norwegian destinations. Lavprisekspressen [25] has buses to Trondheim and Kristiansand twice a day, with cheap fares (Internet booking only). Timekspressen [26] runs a network of bus lines in the area surrounding Oslo, most notably their line 1 to Drammen, Kongsberg and Notodden, that runs every hour, day and night, year-round. Every town and city in Norway is somehow connected to Oslo by public transport, although connections are sparse outside the main arteries.
The huge ferry to Copenhagen in port
The huge ferry to Copenhagen in port
Oslo is connected to Denmark and Germany by car ferry. Color Line [27] runs services to Kiel (Germany) daily. DFDS [28] runs daily services to Copenhagen (Denmark), and Stena Line [29] provides service to Frederikshavn (Denmark).
You may also want to consider Color Lines high-speed boats from Larvik (2hrs south of Oslo on E18) or Kristiansand (4 1/2 hours south of Oslo on E18) to Hirtshals (Denmark). They both take some 3 1/2 hours to reach Denmark.
The port for cruise lines is near Akershus Festning, less than a five minute walk to downtown.

Get around

There is a comprehensive public transport system in Oslo, consisting of buses, trams, trains, metro (T-bane) and boats. All run on the same tax scheme, and the same tickets are valid for all modes of transport. A single ticket costs 25NOK when bought in advance from a kiosk or a machine, and 36NOK when bought from a bus or tram driver. The ticket is valid for one hour of free travel. Cards with 8 coupons, each valid for one hour of travel, costs 180NOK, but may not always be bought on board. There are also daily passes (65NOK), weekly passes (200NOK) and monthly passes (550NOK), which can be bought at Trafikanten near Oslo S, any Narvesen, 7-Eleven or Deli de Luca kiosk, a number of independent kiosks well as on machines on all metro stations and a few of the tram stops. No passes are valid on night traffic (Fridays and Saturdays only; 50NOK). All these tickets, except night traffic, are half-priced for children (4-15 years) and elders (67 and up). Weekly or longer passes are half-price until the age of 20. Children under the age of 4 ride for free, including trolley.
Make sure that you have a ticket and, if necessary, that it is validated before entering the subway platform or boarding the rear door of the bus or tram. The day- week- and monthly passes as well as single tickets purchased in a kiosk are not valid until they are stamped. On a bus or tram, the tickets are stamped when you board, either by the driver or in a stamping machine. On the subway and the large railway stations, you stamp the ticket before entering the platform. Random spot checks are common and being caught without a valid ticket leads to an automatic fine of at least 750NOK.
Trafikanten [30] is the information centre for public transport in Oslo. It is situated just outside Oslo Central Station, by the foot of the clock tower. They hand out free maps, give information and sell all kinds of tickets. Their website has timetables, maps and search engines for all city transport in Oslo, as well as all transport in the nearby counties of Akershus, Østfold, Oppland, Hedmark, Buskerud, Vestfold and Telemark. The Oslo Tourist Information Centre is in the same office, at the rear counters.
A comprehensive network map is available online [31] which includes all local trains, trams and metro lines in Oslo. Be aware that the tram lines are not entirely accurate in the area around Jernbanetorget (Oslo S), due to construction work.
There are two main hubs for public transport inside the city centre: Oslo central station ("Oslo S")/Jernbanetorget and Nationaltheateret (underground). .All metro lines pass these stations, all trains pass Oslo S, most trains (including the airport train) pass Nationaltheateret.^ Daniel Yifrah, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and some 90 injured, most lightly, in a suicide bombing near the Nahariya train station in northern Israel.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

Nationaltheateret is most convenient for key buildings such as the Royal Palace, the National Gallery, the Parliament, Oslo Concert Hall and Oslo City Hall.

By metro

Oslo has one of the largest metro systems in Europe. It is known as the Tunnelbane or just T-bane in Norwegian.
To find a T-bane station, just look for the blue and white logo with a "T" within a circle. There are six lines, but the network is easy enough to figure out: all lines merge together to a single tunnel through the city center, from Majorstuen through Jernbanetorget (Oslo Sentralstasjon) to Tøyen, and then spread out into the suburbs. A loop line runs in a circle from northern Oslo to the center and back. The loop line is called "Ringen" (the ring) in Norwegian.
The rolling stock is either state-of-the-art brand new grey trains, or antiquated red tin cans, now getting replaced as new railcars enter the country. The Oslo Metro used to be one of the most run-down in Europe; not anymore!
When entering a T-bane station, make sure to pick the correct platform: all stations except three on the loop line (Sinsen, Storo and Nydalen) have separate entrances and separate platforms for trains going west and trains going east.
A metro network map is available online [32].
On the west side of the system line number 2 (towards Østerås) cross the city limits into Bærum, and a ticket for Oslo only will not be valid for journeys in or to Bærum. Make sure that you have purchased a ticket which is valid for the Bærum zones if you travel past the station Ekraveien. This also applies for taking any bus or train to Bærum municipality.

By bus or tram

Trams and buses complement the subway network, and use the same tickets. They cover most of the city, and run from approx. 5AM to midnight, on some lines up to 1AM.
All tram lines run every 10 minutes during the day, and every 20 minutes at night and early morning (30 min at weekend mornings). The main lines cover parts of the city with no subway, and are an efficient way of getting around. The main, central tram terminal opens at Jernbanetorget April 26, 2009, when all lines will serve this junction close to Oslo S. A (soon to be outdated) map of the tram network is available online [33].
Bus lines cover the rest of the city, as well as several ring lines. Nearly all central bus lines converge at Jernbanetorget, map available online [34]. The most useful bus lines for visitors are buses 30, 31, 32, 34, 37 and 54, passing by Jernbanetorget and covering parts of the city with no trams or metros. Buses 20 and 21 provide central ring-line service, while buses 23 and 24 cover the highway ring road further out.
Nights after Fridays and Saturdays, buses cover parts of the city with varying frequency. No passes are valid, and the ticket price is 50NOK. A map of the weekend night lines are can be found online [35]. .Most of these start or pass by the bus stops close to the Parliament building (Stortinget) and Oslo Central Station (Oslo S).^ Afula central bus station.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Ari Perlmutter, 19, of Ir Ovot in the Arava were killed in a suicide bombing attack on a bus in the central bus station of Hadera.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

There are plans to extend the night services to an all-week service with more frequent departures, that will be covered by weekly or longer travel passes.

By train

Local trains cover certain areas of the city, and run out to the neighbouring municipalities and towns. The same tickets are valid for travel inside Oslo municipality (until and including the stations Lørenskog, Rosenholm, Lysaker and Movatn).
The local train network spans across the city limits to neighbouring cities and towns. The network inside Oslo is depicted in grey on this map [36].
Note that some of the cars on local trains have orange doors, with the notice "Ubetjent" and "Carriage without Conductor". These cars are usually not visited by the conductor, and you can use these cars only if you have a ticket which is stamped or pre-validated, and does not need to be stamped by the conductor. You may be fined 900 kr if you use one of these carriages with, say a single ticket, and a conductor does come to check your tickets. If you are unsure about the rules, play it safe and take one of the carriages with black doors and notices marked "Betjent" and Carriage with Conductor".
In the centre, the main station is Oslo Sentralstasjon, which connects to the subway station Jernbanetorget through a direct link (escalators down by track 1/exit to Oslo City shopping centre/bus terminal) and several bus/tram lines above ground. .The second downtown station, served by most local trains and several regional ones, is the underground station Nationaltheateret, and is located immediately below the subway station of the same name.^ Daniel Yifrah, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and some 90 injured, most lightly, in a suicide bombing near the Nahariya train station in northern Israel.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

The two piers in the Oslo harbor
The two piers in the Oslo harbor
Boats run from Vippetangen near Akershus fortress to the islands in the Oslofjord, as well as from Aker Brygge to Bygdøy, with many major museums. The 24hr etc tickets are valid for all local boats.
The departures, especially in evenings and winter, are infrequent, so make sure you don't miss the last one! Schedules can be found here: [37].

By bike

Except during the winter (approx. Nov-Mar) Oslo has a public bike service [38]. Just get a keycard at the tourist office (80NOK, valid one day) or at the aforementioned web site before going to Oslo (80NOK for the whole season) and you can get a bike at numerous places in the city. The bike can be used for up to three hours before you return it to any city bike stall. .Once you have returned it, you are immediately eligible for a new one, so you can practically keep the bike all day long provided you check in and check out every three hours.^ Just how long do you think the American government and her people would keep seeking "Peace" with those who were THIS intent upon killing them!
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ All this while the World Court at the Hague reviews Israel's right to construct a security fence to keep out such Arab primitives!
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

By taxi

This is for the well-off. The minimum charge with most companies is at least 80NOK, increasing to a whopping 160 NOK late at weekend nights. Short central hops cost upwards of 100NOK, so if public transport still runs, use it. Taxis in Oslo as in most of Norway are frequently new, large and comfortable cars like Volvo or Mercedes. .Most taxis wait for customers in a line in front of hotels or train stations, or you can order one by phoning one of the handful of taxi companies (for an extra charge).^ Daniel Yifrah, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and some 90 injured, most lightly, in a suicide bombing near the Nahariya train station in northern Israel.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

You can also flag one from the street, or go to a taxi stand. Oslo Taxi and NorgesTaxi are considered the most reliable companies, but you'll in any case be fine.
Several companies compete to have the most incomprehensible price structure. All taxi companies have a starting fee (0-160 NOK) and a fee per kilometer that varies from 14-30NOK. These fees vary by taxi company and time of day. Usually, there's three different rates: The lowest one is the day rate, usually between 06.00 and 18.00. The next is the evening and night rate, usually 18.00-06.00 M-F and 06.00-18.00 Sa. The last rate is usually for Saturday after 18.00 till Monday 06.00, but different companies do have different time frames. Beware that some companies will operate with a special holiday rate (Helligdagstakst) on public holidays, including the night before, which will result in staggering rates. All taxis accept Visa and Mastercard.
Taxi drivers in Oslo aren't a particularly jolly breed, but they usually do not speed too much, and taxi-crime towards customers is almost non-existent (towards tax authorities, however, is a different matter). Sometimes a taxi driver will attempt to charge you extra for luggage, and some companies do have a surcharge for this. The price structure should be shown on a sticker inside the car, but is always in so small print, and with an overwhelming amount of details, you can't possibly decipher it. Another thing that often disturbs visitors is that the taxi drivers' name and license is not printed in the car itself. If you encounter any problems, ask for a receipt which will help you identify the car later.
If you pay by card, the taxi drivers sometimes wish to validate your card before the trip starts. Let them. They'll probably keep your card on top of the meter so you can keep an eye on it. Many people find this practice rather rude, if you do you should let them know, but this is actually ensuring that you are registered as a passenger with the taxi even before the trip starts. There have been no scams connected to this.
Some people tip taxi drivers, or round the bill up to the nearest NOK 10, but taxi drivers do not generally expect tip - most people pay the exact amount by card anyway.

By car

For general information on driving in Norway, see Norway.
The major roads entering Oslo is also used for travel inside the city. In the eastern suburbs, road E6 is the main north-south corridor. East-west transport can be done on road E18 as well as Ring 3 running from E18 at the western city border to E6 in the eastern suburbs. The smaller (and slower) Ring 2 connects Skøyen in the west via Majorstua, Ullevål general hospital and Carl Berners plass to E18 east of the centre. The ring roads (as well as other main roads) are great for navigation.
Oslo has an extensive tram (streetcar) network. Trams partly runs in the streets and partly on separate paths. Note that trams has a general right of way (even when coming from the left), unless overridden by signs or traffic lights. Never challenge the tram, they have long braking distance and will in any case give a loud, clear warning if you are obstructing. Note that in some roundabouts the tram is driving straight through the island while cars must circle, be extremely careful in this type of roundabouts. Trams are not obliged to yield to pedestrians, while cars must. Park your car in safe distance from the rails (ask locals if unsure).
  • The Opera house, close to the central station (T-Jernbanetorget, all trams and buses to Jernbanetorget or Oslo S), is Norway's first entry into the top league of modern architecture. Awarded the 2008 prize for best cultural building at the World Architecture Festival in Barcelona, its appearance is stunning. Shaped as a glacier or a ship, the amazing building seems to float by the inlet Bjørvika, giving a stunning impression. Do visit the cheap pub at the theatre boat Innvik, close to the Opera house, for the very best views. Also, climb the building on the marble slopes (summer only) for a unique Oslo view. Shame, however, with the main highway passing close to it. It will be moved underground in 2011. Get to the Opera by footbridge from the seaside exit of Oslo central station, next to the Airport Express train terminal.
Royal Palace
Royal Palace
  • The Royal Palace (T-Nationaltheateret, tram 13-19 to Slottsparken), [39]. Located at the end of KarlJohans gate, the city's main avenue. Tours inside the palace are arranged in summertime, this year from June 21. The tickets for the tour must be bought in advance from a post office. If there are vacant spots in a tour, they sell the remaining tickets at the Palace itself to people waiting in line who don't already have tickets. Don't count on getting tickets on the spot unless you are quite ahead in the line since a lot of people buy them at the post offices. There are about 2 tours in English on weekdays.
University in Oslo
University in Oslo
  • The University of Oslo is between the Royal Palace and Stortinget on the Karl Johans gate. The building is currently only housing the Faculty of Law, the rest of the university is situated at Blindern. Periodicly concerts will be arranged in the "Aula" housing 11 of Edward Munch pictures.
  • Oslo Cathedral (tram 11-17-18 or bus 37 to Stortorget, between T-Jernbanetorget and Stortinget) is none too impressive, but dominates parts of the down town scene. For the time being (2006-2009), it is undergoing refurbishment, and is wrapped in plastic making it look like a concrete plant.
  • Kirkeristen, the old bazaar surrounding the church, is now used by artisans and craftsmen, and holds a couple of cafes and restaurants.
Oslo Cathedral
Oslo Cathedral
  • Oslo's City Hall (Rådhuset) (T-Nationaltheateret, tram 12 to Rådhusplassen, bus 70-74 to Vika) is located by the waterfront, with Fritdjof Nansensplass on the inland side. It's open to the public, with a spectacular main hall featuring huge murals with typical Nordic socialist themes. There are also some displays of historical artifacts in the side rooms upstairs. This is where the Nobel Peace Prize is presented to it's winner every year. .Although there is no public lift, disadvantaged visitors only have to ask and they can then use the staff lift.
  • Akershus festning (Tram 12 to Rådhusplassen, bus 60 to Bankplassen) is a medieval castle and fortress built in 1299, located close to the city center.^ There is no danger that these guns will be used against us.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    ^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    There are several excellent viewpoints to the Oslofjord and surrounding areas. The stone walls create an exciting atmosphere, and you are free to roam around in tight passages and staircases. There are two museums here, both related to Norwegian military history.
View of Bygdøy
View of Bygdøy
Akershus
.
Akershus
  • Holmenkollen, the ski jump located on the west side of Oslo (T-bane 1 towards Frognerseteren), is now being rebuilt for the World Ski Championships in 2011. It was first opened in 1892, has been re-built many times since then, but was torn down in October 2008. It had more than 1 million visitors every year, and was one of the biggest tourist attractions in Norway.^ At a prearranged location, another vehicle drove up and three Palestinian gunmen inside shot Rahum more than 15 times.
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    ^ Oslo has already produced more dead Jews at the hands of her Arab "Palestinian" peace partners than the 1967 Arab-Israel War between Israel and three Arab countries!
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    .There is also the oldest ski museum in the world, opened in 1923. Walking and mountain bike riding are popular activities here during the summer.
  • Stortinget (The Norwegian parliament) is located on the main street, Karl Johans gate, in the city center (T-Bane, any line, Stortinget station, exit Egertorget).^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
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    ^ Y Aug 4, 2002 - Yekutiel Amitai (34) of Jerusalem was killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a pistol near the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem's Old City.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    It has free guided tours in English and Norwegian lasting about 45 minutes, which assemble outside the back door of the Parliament (on Akersgata). There is a limit of 30 people per tour, so it is advisable to be there at least 10 minutes prior to the start of a tour.
  • Architecture in Oslo may at first seem dull. Unlike for instance its Swedish counterpart, Stockholm, downtown Oslo has only scattered monumental buildings where in particular the Parliament-Palace axis (upper part of Karl Johan Street) has a certain Parisian grandeur. The charm of Oslo can also be found in the affluent inner-city suburbs of for instance Frogner and Fagerborg as well as above St.Hanshaugen park. Northern Europe has a distinct wooden house tradition. .Wooden houses are not allowed downtown, but these charming houses can be found in large numbers in villa suburbs such as Bygdøy and Holmenkollen, or former workers' areas such as Rodeløkka, Kampen, Vålerenga, Damstredet or Telthusbakken.
  • Henrik Ibsen Museum, (Tram 13-19 or bus 30-31 to Slottsparken).^ Ma'ayan Na'im (19) of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    Located in the crossing between Arbins gate and Henrik Ibsens gate. This museum has just re-opened, and is a treat.
  • Munch Museum, (T-bane, bus 20-60-67 to Tøyen), [40]. Definitely worth a visit if you want to enjoy paintings of the famous Norwegian painter Edward Munch. (The museum had been closed, but is now reopened with security improvements.) There is of course also the National Gallery, featuring Norwegian art from the national-romantic period, as well as some art by international artists. National Gallery entrance is free.
  • Nobel Peace Centre, (Tram 12 to Aker Brygge, bus 70-74 to Vika or walk from T-Nationaltheateret), [41]. .Includes some confronting exhibitions as well as an exhibit for every winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Emanuel Vigeland Museum, (T-bane line 1 to Slemdal), [42], is among Oslos best hidden secrets.^ CASUALTIES OF THE OSLO PEACE ACCORDS - Every time we talk to our enemies, there are more dead Jews - THIS "PEACE" IS KILLING US! .
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    Only open a few hours every Sunday afternoon, Gustav Vigelands not so well-known younger brother erected the building as a museum for his art in 1926, but later decided it should serve as a mausoleum, with his urn placed above the door. The main attraction in this museum with no windows is the 800 square meters fresco "Vita", (Italian for "life"), showing the human life from conception till death, but other examples of his art are also on display.
Somewhat outside the city center is a peninsula called Bygdøy. You can get there by bus (number 30) or, in summer months, by ferry departing from pier 3 at Aker Brygge outside the city hall. At Bygdøy, you will find two groups of museums within walking distance of each other:
  • In the first group, around 800 metres inland:
    • The Norwegian Museum of Cultural History [43] is a large open air museum featuring typical buildings from various periods in Norwegian history.
      Woodstore, Museum of Cultural History
      .
      Woodstore, Museum of Cultural History
    • Viking Ship Museum, which in addition to two 1100 year old Viking-ships (apparently the best preserved in the world) also contains various other Viking artifacts and a Viking burial chamber, complete with ancient skeletons.
  • In the second group, on the harbour:
    • Norwegian Maritime Museum [44], which houses a huge collection of ships and boats and records the impact of Norway's seafarers on their own country and the world.
    • Kon-Tiki Museum [45] displaying Tor Heyerdahl's balsa raft Kon-Tiki, and Ra II, as well as some other artifacts from Easter Island.
    • Fram-Museum [46] features the vessel Fram, the worlds first ice breaker, and presents a history of polar exploration (with a strong Norwegian focus!^ Azouri's 5-year-old daughter, Herut, and the two friends were wounded.
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      )
Kon-Tiki
Kon-Tiki
  • The Holocaust Center [47] is also located at Bygdøy, in the former residence of the Norwegian World War 2 collaborator and nationalist leader, Vidkun Quisling. The center houses exhibitions and provides research on Holocaust and the plight of religious minorities.
Some other museums are:
  • Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology, (Tram 11 or 12 to Kjelsås, bus 22, 25 or 54 or infrequent local train to Kjelsås stasjon), [48]. A fun place for both children and adults.
  • Tramway Museum, (metro, tram or bus to Majorstuen), [49]. Displays the history of Oslo's trams, buses and metro.
For a small city, Oslo has an amazing number of museums. Many of them are located next to each other and don't take long to visit but, as with most things in Oslo, those with an entrance fee are not cheap. However, in recent years many museums have scrapped the entrance fee, see the tourist information brochure available at Trafikanten or the airport on arrival for details. If you are planning on seeing several of the expensive attractions above in a short period of time, then the most cost effective way to do this is to buy an Oslo Pass [50]. It includes unlimited entry to most of the museums and the Holmenkollen ski jump (but not the Royal Palace), as well as free travel on Oslo's quite expensive public transport (NOK 220 for 24 hrs). Students get a 20% discount on the Oslo pass. You could also buy a travel card allowing unlimited travel on public transport (no student discount on this) for NOK 65 (24 hrs). You can buy 24, 48 or 72 hour Oslo passes or travel cards. They can be purchased at Tourist Information Offices in Oslo.
The monolith in the Frognerpark.
.
The monolith in the Frognerpark.
  • Frogner Park, (T-bane, tram 11-19, bus 22-25-45-46 to Majorstua, tram 12 or bus 20 to Vigelandsparken), with the Vigeland Sculpture Park is a large green area about 10 minutes by subway from the city center.^ Ma'ayan Na'im (19) of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Avi Ben Harush, 20, both of Zichron Yaakov, were killed and 11 wounded - 3 seriously - when a bomb exploded in a suicide terrorist attack at a bus stop near the train station in Binyamina, halfway between Netanya and Haifa, at about 19:30 Monday evening.
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    ^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    In addition to being a nice green recreational area, it is also decorated with hundreds of sculptures by the Norwegian artist Gustav Vigeland. There is a wonderfully relaxed atmosphere here, although the sculptures are a little depressing. If your children want to climb the statues, nobody will even bother to look twice at you. There is also a cafeteria, and two museums, the City Museum of Oslo and the Vigeland Museum. If you fancy an outdoor swim, Frognerbadet is situated next to the Frognerpark with 3 pools, several diving towers and a water slide.
  • Botanical Garden, (tram 17 or bus 31 to Lakkegata skole or t-bane to Tøyen, walking distance 200 metres), [51]. Located just south of Tøyen park, the garden is a wonderful and relaxing area. .Free entrance, opening hours 1 Apr-30 Sep: Sa-Su 10AM-8PM, M-F 7AM-8PM, 1 Oct-31 Mar: Sa-Su 10AM-5PM, M-F 7AM-5PM.
  • St.Hanshaugen is a delightful public park on the highest hill in central Oslo.^ YYY Sep 30, 2004 - St.-Sgt.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    Great view of the city and surroundings. 1000 meters easy walk from Karl Johan street along Akersgata-Ullevålsveien past Vår Frelsers Gravlund (cemetery). The park has also given name to this popular neighborhood as well as to the larger administrative district (borough) that includes major parts of central Oslo.
  • Slottsparken (Palace Park) surrounds the Royal Palace at the top of Karl Johan street. Oslo's most central park is a pleasant grass covered area with majestic old trees. Wide walkways crisscross the park.
  • Birkelunden and Olaf Ryes plass Two cool parks in eastern Oslo, situated in the Grunerløkka, a so called Greenwich village look-alike area. On sundays a market is open.
  • Sofienbergparken A lot of activities all day long and especially in the weekends; ballplay, pick-nick, public barbecue, specially nice area for children.
  • Visit Ekeberg, the steep, green hill east of centre. From the wide hairpin bend at road Valhallaveien there is a great view of the city. This point is assumed to be the background for 'Scream', Edvard Munch's famous picture.
  • Stensbergparken is close to Bislett Stadium (trams 17 and 18). This charming park has an old church and a café on the top, and is your best bet if St. Hanshaugen is too crowdy (only a few minutes walk away.)
  • .
  • Vår Frelsers Cemetery, (Bus 33-37-46 to Nordahl Bruns gate), north of city center on Ullevålsveien holds the graves of Edvard Munch and Henrik Ibsen.
  • You have to visit the wooden housing areas of Oslo like Kampen (bus 60), Vålerenga (bus 37), Rodeløkka (tram 17, bus 31 to Sofienberg) and Telthusbakken (bus 34/54).^ Y Aug 4, 2002 - Yekutiel Amitai (34) of Jerusalem was killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a pistol near the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem's Old City.
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    ^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    They are a "must" for lovers of old wooden town houses. These areas were likely to be erased from Oslo in the seventies by eager town planners who wanted highways for cars rather than living areas for the citizens, but luckily they were stopped by idealists who really loved their city. Their effort made these parts of Oslo into something special, even though other Norwegian cities have bigger wooden areas. Still these areas are a plus for Oslo and their inhabitants as well as for the tourists. They are not a commonly visited by tourists, and may not be mentioned by your guide book, but some of the areas have cafes/restaurants worth a visit. In Kampen you can find a very cozy Elvis café by the church, and in Vålerenga Restaurant Smia ia also located by the church.
  • In summertime, you can also take one of the ferries out to various islands in the Oslo-fjord (boat 91-92-93-94 from Vippetangen, bus 60 runs to the quay). There is also a bathing bus (number 87) running from mid-June to mid-August from Jernbanetorvet to the brilliant beaches Hvervenbukta, Bestemorstranda and Ingierstrand. Additionally, for Hvervenbukta you may take the train to Hauketo, then bus 76. Outdoor swimming pools can be found at Frognerparken and Tøyenbadet. Ingierstrand is a 1930's bathing resort with very special functionalist architecture.
  • For fresh water swimming, Akerselva is considered clean north of Nydalen. The best spot may be at Frysja (bus 22-25-54 to Stillatorget). Don't forget that many of the lakes in "Oslomarka" are for swimming and recreation, but a couple of the major lakes (Maridalsvannet in particular) are drinking water for the city. Buy a map and bring your swimming gear!
  • Visit Ekebergsletta (bus 34 or 74) during Norway Cup, billed as the world's biggest football tournament (about 25,000 participants). Lots of fun and football. Held annually at the beginning of August.
  • Visit the local city district Grünerløkka, (tram 11, 12 and 13 get off at "Olaf Ryes Plass"). A part of the city filled with cafés, bars, small fashion and designer shops, nice parks. The river Akerselva runs on the west side, with a couple of bars, clubs and cafés nearby.
  • Buy at least one 19NOK Hotdog. They are referred to as "grillpølse" or "kjempegrill" and they are great for keeping the low blood sugar troll at bay and to increase your weight!
  • Take walks or a bicycle ride in Oslo's many forests. Nice gateways to the beautiful nature are T-bane to Frognerseteren (line 1), Sognsvann (line 3), Romsås (line 5) or Skullerud (line 3) or the train to Movatn or Snippen (local trains towards Hakadal, Roa, Jaren and Gjøvik). .Also bus 56 from Torshov (tram 11, 12, 13 and bus 20) via Storo T-bane to Solemskogen or bus 51 from Nydalen (bus 37, T-bane 4, 5 and 6) to Maridalen offer fantastic possibilites for walks and rural life, everything less than half an hour from the city centre.^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
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    .Bring something to drink and a chocolate bar (and do a bit of planning, buses 51 and 56 and the train does seldom run more than once per hour).
  • The area around Holmenkollen (T-bane 1) is well suited for cross-country skiing, but also a nice area for hiking during summertime.^ Oslo has already produced more dead Jews at the hands of her Arab "Palestinian" peace partners than the 1967 Arab-Israel War between Israel and three Arab countries!
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    While you are there, you can also visit the ski-museum which is located close to the ski-jump. For additional fun, buy a cheap sledge or "akebrett", or rent a proper one from Frognerseteren, and sleigh down from Frognerseteren to Midtstuen station. This was actually the venue of the sleighing competitions in the 1952 Winter Olympics, and the hill is referred to as "Korketrekkeren" (the corkscrew). .If you buy a day-card for the subway, you can race all day long, but make sure you are well dressed, as you are going to get wet.
  • Skiing opportunities inside Oslo proper, text in Norwegian but good pictures [52].
  • Take a walk down to Vippetangen and catch the small ferry to one of the small islands just a few minutes away.^ Just how long do you think the American government and her people would keep seeking "Peace" with those who were THIS intent upon killing them!
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    Great place to relax and go for a swim in the sea. .Buying a day return pass is the cheapest options if you don't have any other travel passes, see Get around
  • University of Oslo [53] is the biggest university in Norway.
  • BI [54] is a private business school offering a range of courses and degree programs (bachelor, master, PhD).
  • Oslo University College [55] has many different courses taught in English.^ There are terrorist bombings and atrocities nearly every day, Israel's own Arabs are Nazified, the economy is crumbling and yet many around the globe still see Israel as the obstacle to peace!
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    International students, specifically, should look at the European Project Semester [56].

Work

If you're looking for work check out the website of the governmental agency NAV [57]. Or as well as the other sites like Topjobs [58] and Manpower [59] and Stepstone [60] and Jobzone [61]. and finn.no [62]
careerinnorway.no [63] is a website specially geared towards workers from outside of Norway.

Buy

In 2006 Oslo was ranked the 6th most expensive city to live in in the world; in a regularly published research paper by UBS [64] (Prices and Earnings - A comparison of purchasing power around the Globe / 2003 edition), Oslo was rated most expensive city of the survey. Still there are possibilities for getting bargains in Oslo during the big sales. The prices on famous brands are not higher in Oslo than in London or Paris, often lower even if they are not on sale. The big sales are in January and August.
If you are out to shop there's plenty to choose from. The main pedestrian street Karl Johans gate has plenty of shops of dubious quality, or you can check out:
  • Glasmagasinet [65] (tram 10-11-17-18 or bus 37-46 to Stortorvet) dates back to the 18th century, where you can find souvenirs, crystal, china, fashion, kitchenware, interior design and much more. The department store is famous for their large area of cosmetique sales.
  • Oslo City [66] (T-bane to Jernbanetorget) is a big shopping center just across the street from the Central station. The shopping center is focused on the young people.
  • Byporten [67] (T-bane to Jernbanetorget) is the latest addition to the shopping center scene. It's connected to the Central station. This shopping mall is focusing on everything. The travellers' choice! A lot of designers stuff, branded clothing, travel stuff and more.
  • Steen & Strøm [68] is situated on a side street of KarlJohansgate. This is one of Oslo's oldest department stores and is newly renovated and very stylish with a number of clothing shops with famous brands as well as a cosmetique and an interior design floor. On top you will find an outdoor cafe with view all over the city centre and the surroundings.
  • Paleet [69] (T-bane to Nationaltheateret) is an upmarket, central shopping centre. Close to the National Theatre (Nationalteateret) and Royal Palace.
  • Aker Brygge [70] (Tram 12, bus 21, 33 or 54 to Aker Brygge/Bryggetorget/Vika Atrium) is a seaside shopping and nightlife centre with high prices, but lots of glam and fun.
  • Bogstadveien up to Majorstuen metro station (tram 11 runs the length of the street). Good for non-chain stores, focus on clothes and accessories.
  • House of Oslo [71] (Bus 32, 33 or 54 to Dokkveien) is a recently opened shopping center focusing on interior designs with around 20 different shops with their own theme. This may be the most exquisite interior design center in northern Europe. .Illum Bolighus is especially worth a visit (this is a subsidiary of a famous Danish departement store).
  • The street Bygdøy allé (which is locally famous for its chestnut trees) (bus 20, 31) has regained its reputation of being a shopping street the past few years by establishments that focuses on kitchens, kitchenware, interior designs, exclusive norwegian furniture, light design and others.
  • The street Møllergata (downtown, public transport from stops Stortorget and Møllerveien at either end of the street) was earlier known as the furniture street.^ Ma'ayan Na'im (19) of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m.
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    You will still find a few good, but rather expensive shops for Norwegian furniture in this street. You can easily find this street close to the Christiania Glasmagasin and the street Torggata which contains a few home interior shops like KID, Hemtex and Åhlens (with a Muji-department in the basement).
  • Akersgata (just above Stortinget T-bane) has a few exclusive shops like Louis Vuitton, gold smith David-Andersen, Follestad, Corso Como, Ting. A brand new high-end shopping centre opened recently at Egertorget, called Eger. Their prime target is to be the most exclusive shopping-centre in Oslo. It is situated at the rear of the Norwegian parliament.
  • Living Large [72] is a store for both tall and solid men, sizes range form 3X to 9X with decent formal and informal clothes.
  • Frelsesarmeen (Salvation Army), Kirkeveien 62 (T-bane to Majorstuen), [73]. Salvation Army second-hand store done Norwegian style! Super high quality clothes, some furnishings, and a SA café/Sally Anne (SA's fair-trade concept store) right next door. Great place for inexpensive hats/gloves/socks when the Oslo winter sneaks up on you. There are other SA shops in Oslo - use the link provided to find them.  edit
  • Baby Shop AS, Ullevålsveien 11 (Five minute taxi from Karl Johans Street), 22209966, [74]. 10-18. Baby Shop is one of Oslo oldest and most traditional baby stores. It is famous for its celebrity shoppers like the princess of norway Märtha Louise and the crown princess Mette-Marit. The store is also a popular with tourists. Two stores are located in the vicinity of oslo's main shopping area. The store in Ullevålsveien lies only a five minute bus or taxi ride from Oslos main shopping street Karl Johans Street and the store in Hammersborg's street is only a short five minute walk from one of Oslo largest shopping centres Oslo City. (37.0625,95.677068) edit

Eat

There are a lot of both expensive and cheap places to eat in Oslo. The cheapest restaurants are Asian restaurants which in many cases serve good food at low prices. Check the menus on the door.
.Aker Brygge (tram 12, bus 21, 32, 33 or 54; stops Aker Brygge, Vika Atrium or Bryggetorget) is a coastal area located south of the city hall, which during summer time is pulsing with life.^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
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^ Ma'ayan Na'im (19) of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Moshe Hezkiyah (21) of Elyachin was murdered and three people were wounded in a suicide/homocide bombing at a bus stop at the Umm al Fahm junction.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

There are outdoor restaurants and bars almost everywhere. Be sure to get some tasty sea-food (or whatever else you like to eat) while you are there, or just enjoy your cold beer in the summer sea-breeze. Be advised that this is also the most expensive area in Oslo to dine or drink, so unless the weather is good, you can just as well stay indoors somewhere else.
You are also close to most of the restaurants, bars, or nightclubs located within the city center. A key reference point will be Stortingsgaten, running parallel to Karl Johans gate, both running eastwards from the Royal Castle (this is also the main shopping area). While both of these streets have a few restaurants and nightclubs, most will be found in one of the side-streets running out from them, or parallel to them. It doesn't matter much where you start, you will find restaurants, bars, and nightclubs almost anywhere from the subway station Nationaltheatret at the west, to far beyond Oslo central railroad station on the east. There are several other areas, such as Grünerløkka (tram 11-12-13 to Nybrua, Schous plass, Olaf Ryes plass or Birkelunden), Majorstuen(T-bane, tram 11-12-19 or bus 20-22-25-45-46 to Majorstua), and Grønland (T-bane to Grønland, bus 37 to Tøyengata or bus 60 to Norbygata) that are worth checking out. Be advised that nearly all bars and nightclubs close at the same time, so if you want to get a taxi back to your hotel, try to leave a few minutes before the rush starts.

Budget

A good area for budget dining is along Torggata (from Hausmanns gate south to Youngstorget) and the surrounding streets. You will find cheap Vietnamese, Thai, and Chinese restaurants and even cheaper kebab-joints and pizzerias, as well as other offerings. It's close to the centre, but you can get bus 34 or 54 to Jacob's church (Jacob kirke), or tram 11-12-13-17/bus 30-31-34-54 to Brugata or Hausmanns gate. The closest T-bane station is Grønland (then walk north along Brugata) or Jernbanetorget (then walk north-east). Some great offerings in this area include:
  • A Taste of China, Torggata, near Youngstorvet. Great dim sum.
  • Bari, Torggata. Inventive name for a pizza joint, the best in the area.
  • Bislett Kebab, Hegdehaugsveien 2, tram 11, 17 and 18 to Høyskolesenteret. Voted Oslos best kebab many times, not the cheapest place, but good value for money. However if you want authentic kebab try Torggata or the beginning of Trondheimsveien. [75]
  • Curry and Ketchup, Kirkeveien 51, near Majorstuen station. Cheap and popular indian restaurant, often full during the weekends. Cash only.
  • Far East, Bernt Ankers gate 4, near the Brugata tram stop. Decent Asian food in a nice restaurant from NOK 90 and up. WARNING: The owner has been known to take advantage of non-Norwegians by providing a more expensive version of the menu in English and charging 25% MVA on the total bill (this tax is usually included in the individual meal prices in restaurants). Best to take your money elsewhere.
  • Hai Cafe, Calmeyers gate (Vietnamese, cheap and brilliant!). The beef-noodle salad (#17) must be the best bargain meal in Oslo! Brilliant fresh spring rolls and pho, but a few of the other meals may be a tad on the uninspired side. But who cares with prices this cheap?
  • Jay's Afrique Restaurant, Rosteds gate (bus 34-54 to Møllerveien). .African food at modest prices, from about NOK 80 and up.
  • Krishna's Cuisine, Sørkedalsveien 10B, Majorstuen, T-bane, tram 11-12-19 or bus 22-25-45-46. New locations next to Colosseum Cinema at Majorstuen.^ Ma'ayan Na'im (19) of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    Everything vegetarian. Daily meal option with choice of side dishes, NOK 100 and up. [76]
  • Layali, Badstugata next to Rockefeller (brilliant Lebanese). The proprietor of the place is very friendly and can recommend good stuff himself. .Go for the 5-course-a-person mezzah menu (NOK 150 per head), which always contain their yummy lemon chicken wings.
  • L'Oasis Mazze, Trondheimsveien 14 (Tram 17 or bus 31 to Lakkegata skole, then walk towards the city center), [77].^ The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour.
    • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

    Beduin-style restaurant run by Palestinians. Falafels, tagine, etc. Good for lunch or dinner. Friendly staff and low prices.  edit
  • Marino, Torggata. Generally accepted as the best kebab in the area, but steadily contested by Mediterran and Lille Amir.
  • Mitsu, Møllergata east, Japanese/Asian (Bus 34-54 to Møllerveien). Probably the best budget sushi in town, as well as baguettes (from 30kr) and a few hot dishes. Not the most cosy place to eat, but a great place for a cheap lunch or dinner.
  • Nam Sushi (GPS:59.928729,10.764874) can be found in Sannergata 28, 0557 Oslo. The restaurant offers good sushi for a nice price. Featuring about 10 seats, the place could be considered more a take-away than an actual restaurant.
  • Noahs Ark is close to Birkelunden (tram 11-12-13), and has some excellent Turkish dishes. Burgers, pizza and breakfast are also availbale from NOK49 and upwards. A cozy place with occasional unexpected classical music played early in the day.
  • Tay Do Cafe, Torggata Bad (Vietnamese). Try the 'Dagens' (daily special) for only about 80 NOK, or some of their other Vietnamese offerings.
  • Rice Bowl Thai Cafe, Youngs gate 4, between Torggata and Storgata. Seems to be packed with locals at all times. Thai food is OK but a bit bland (main courses for about 90 NOK).
  • Sakana Sushi, Prinsens gate 2. Good sushi at low prices (7 pieces for 69 kr. and take-away vietnamese spring rolls for 10 kr.) Closed on Sundays.  edit
  • Saigon Lille Kafe, Bernt Ankers gate (Vietnamese). The first of the Vietnamese bargain offerings are still going strong. Whilst authentic, the food in Vietnam is known to be tastier, however you'll need a plane ticket to Hanoi to get it cheap! (at least it feels like that when you're used to Norwegian food prices).
  • Dalat Kafe, Osterhaus gate, Vietnamese (Bus 34-54 to Jacobs kirke/Calmeyers gate). Simple interiour but very popular among people who appreciate authentic Vietnamese food. Dishes and beverages at affordable prices.
  • Slottsparken Kafe, close to the Royal Castle (bus 30-31-32, tram 13-19), does probably offer the best baguettes in town, also decent sushi. Charming seating area on the second floor, with a big sofa and lots of small tables.
  • Valkyrien Take Away in Bogstadveien 71B close to Majorstuen T-bane, serves some of the best junk in town, their burgers are famous. Limited seating, but there is a very small park close to it where you can enjoy your food.
Grønland is full of cheap eating joints, shops selling fabrics and jewellery, Indian and Pakistani sweet shops, cheap beer and more. Some of the best treats are:
  • Punjab Tandoori, Grønlandsleiret, just by Grønland T-bane eastern exit. The friendliest Sikh in the world dishes out cheap, tasty Indian food from the microwave or stove (no real tandoor, sorry).
  • Tandoori Curry Corner, Grønlandsleiret. The neighbouring restaurant of the Punjab Tandoori is even cheaper, but the helpings are smaller and packs less of a punch.
  • Ali Baba Restaurant, Grønland Bazar. Inside the new shopping mall, Ali Baba is a Turkish cafeteria with no-frills, decent food. Meals are pricier and less exquisite than they used to be.
  • Vann & Brød, Tøyenbekken by Grønland Bazar. In an old prison, this Spanish joint has cheap-ish tapas dishes and wine by the glass.
  • Vognmann Nilsen, Rubina Ranas gate 3. On the main square of New Grønland, this upmarket joint has daily specials for NOK 99.
  • Sushi Deluxe (Gamlebyen), Schweigaards gate 50. Great tasting sushi meals from as little as NOK 79. Also have small daily specials for NOK 59 (fried rice, fried noodles etc.). Take tram lines 18 or 19 eastwards from Jernbanetorget, get off at at the Munkegata stop, or take the metro to Grønland (about 5-10 minutes walk eastwards along Grønlandsleiret).
For true Norwegian budget dining, the choice is smaller. Most cafes and restaurants serving traditional food are upmarket, but there are a couple of good spots to get stuffed on meat cakes and brown gravy, lutefisk and other delicacies:
  • Dovrehallen, Storgata near Jernbanetorvet (T-Jernbanetorget or any tram to Jernbanetorget or Brugata). Old-style beer hall serving delicious meat-and potato-dishes, often for less than NOK 100. Tuesdays are Eisbein day, be there!
  • Schrøder, Waldemar Thranes gate (bus 21-33-37-46 to St. Hanshaugen). Dark drinking den with delicious, traditional, cheap and fattening Norwegian food.
  • Carl Berner-kjelleren, Trondheimsv 113 (20 m from the Carl Berner intersection. Bus 20, 21, 31 or 33, tram 17 or T-bane 5 and 6 to Carl Berners plass). Beer hall with cheap and varied food, including classic Norwegian everyday dishes.
Elsewhere you can always get your fix of sausage and kiosk-food at above-reasonable prices, but there are a few restaurants and cafes worth mentioning. Note: The fastfood and kiosk chains 7-11 and the Norwegian Deli de Luca might provide you with some decent, (though overpriced) pastries and cakes, but in general you should always ask the staff how fresh the food is, sushi is only delivered in the morning and in the afternoon, and if you want this at night, the chances are big that it has been lying there for ten to twelve hours, this counts also for everything else they serve. You will be better off at most kebab kiosks.
  • Tasty Thai, Pilestredet (Tram 17-18 to Bislett). Just around the corner from the football pub Store Stå, this is Oslo's best budget Thai offering. And at these prices, who can argue?
  • Sawasdee, Sporveisgata (Tram 11-19 to Rosenborg). In this generally overpriced area, this Thai restaurant looks dangerous from the outside, but do decent renditions of Thai classics. Set 3-course menus from NOK199, and duck dishes for as little as NOK149.
  • University of Oslo, Blindern (T-bane 4-5-6 to Blindern or tram 17-18 to Universitetet Blindern). Student canteen food at student prices. Several canteens dish up filling food at budget prices, the main canteen in the Fredrikke building has edible meals at under NOK 50. There's also several other student canteens, although they are closed during the summer (at least in July). One branch in the city centre is at St. Olavs plass. A full list of student canteens are available here [78]
  • Rådhuset, The canteen in the cellar of the city hall is open to the public, and offers good, sumptuous meals at even lower prices than the student canteens. Not many tourists know about the place, so it can be a very quiet place to have a meal. They sell salads, sandwiches, boiled potatoes, cereal bars and other snacks. A filling box of salad (sold by weight) can cost less than NOK 40. Open during lunch hours noon-1PM.
  • Hurry Curry near Bogstadveien is one of few inexpensive restaurants in the area. Redundant but passable curries served in small portions dominate the menu (starting NOK 65), and they also have one of the best priced bars in the area.
  • Aka Cafe on Bogstadveien offers excellent European and Mid-East coffees and teas, with a small but tasty menu of Arabic snacks. Relatively inexpensive beer and liquor in an expensive and trendy location make this cafe a local favourite.
  • Tintin, Lysaker Statsjon. The best sushi in town (but do try their korean dishes!)
  • Arakataka, Mariboes gate (Tram 11,12,13,17 or bus 30,31,32,34,54 to Brugata). The most upmarket offering in Oslo's Bermuda Triangle of cheap eating, Arakataka manages to pull off decent French and Mediterranean cuisine at not too bad prices.
  • Bangkok Thai, Grønlandsleiret (bus 37 to Politihuset). Some call it the best Thai restaurant in Oslo. Sloppy service and the use of frozen vegetable mix detract severely from what could have been fantastic.
  • Delhi Tandoori Restaurant, Maridalsveien 4 (bus 34-54 to Møllerveien). Looks scruffy from the outside, but don't let that fool you. A fantastic Indian restaurant with all the trimmings.
  • Bombay Darbar, Egertorget. The restaurant has 200 tables and bland Indian-ish food.
  • Elvebredden, Hausmanns gate (Bus 34-54 to Jacobs kirke). Inside the Design and Architecture centre, Elvebredden has some fantastic lunch offerings as well as stunning, but fairly upmarket, main dishes in the evening.
  • Falcon Crest, Ullern allé (T-bane 6 to Åsjordet). Stylish offering with brilliant food and reasonable prices for western Oslo. And yes, it is named after the 80's soap opera.
  • Gate of India, one of the many Indian restaurants in Oslo, and a good one at that. Located at Majorstuakrysset, just by the T-bane.
  • Intermezzo, Underhaugsveien 2 near Bislett (tram 17-18 or bus 21 to Bislett). East-Asian and sushi.
  • Kampen Bistro, Bøgata (T-bane 1,2,3,4 to Ensjø or bus 60 to Kampen Park). Lovely neighbourhood joint with brilliant food and occasional free concerts. See Drinking.
  • Lanternen, First ferry stop on Bygdøy. Salads, sandwiches. The herring is good. Three kinds of herring with bread is NOK 80.
  • Mucho Mas, Thorvald Meyers gate (tram 11,12,13 to Olaf Ryes plass). Cal-mex joint offering huge meals, but reports claim that prices have gone up, while quality has faded. A new branch near the crossing of Hegdehaugsveien/Sporveisgata in Homansbyen (tram 11-19 to Rosenborg) does little to redeem this.
  • Oriental, Prof. Aschehougs plass (tram 11-17-18 to Tinghuset/Prof. Aschehougs plass or T-bane Stortinget). Brilliant all-Asian restaurant with inventive dishes.
  • Olympen, or "Lompa", [79]. One of the best known and largest places in east Oslo. Restaurant, beer Hall, nightclub and roof terrace. Recently refurbished, with classic Norwegian food. T-bane to Grønland, or bus 37 to Tøyengata (the stop is on the doorstep).
  • Oslo Ladegård, Gamlebyen (bus 32 to Ladegården, tram 18-19 or bus 34-70-74 to St. Hallvards plass). Fighting it out with Villa Paradiso and Pizza da Mimmo to provide the city's best Italian pizza.
  • Odonata, take the 31 bus to Snarøya and enjoy this unique design experience. This used to be the old Oslo airport in the 50's and is now a cafè with a great lunch menu and various cakes and treats.
  • Pizza da Mimmo, Behrens gt 2 (tram 12 to Niels Juhls gt or bus 21 to Lapsetorvet). Vieing with Oslo Ladegård and Villa Paradiso to have the best pizza in Oslo.
  • Plaka Athena, Trøndergata (tram 11-12-13 or bus 20 to Torshov). A Greek haven in suburbia.
  • Rehman's, Thorvald Meyers gate (tram 11,12,13 to Birkelunden, bus 21 to Sannergata). Inventive Indian serving up, among other things, venison curry.
  • Restaurant Eik, Kr. Augusts gate (tram 11-17-18 to Tullinløkka). The least upmarket of the central gourmet offerings, Eik consintently get rave reviews and doles out a fine five-course gourmet menu for around NOK 400. Fantastic. Bib gourmand award in the Michelin guide.
  • Restaurant Eik Annen Etage, above the Hotel Continental in Stortingsgata (T-bane, tram 13-19 or bus 30-31-54 to Nationaltheateret). When Eik took over the sadly missed gourmet Annen Etage, the food actually got better and cheaper.
  • Restaurant Victor, Hans Nielsen Hauges gate (Tram 11,12,13 to Grefsenveien or bus 30 to Sandaker). Oslo's best suburban offering, with innovative and fabulous food. Prices to match, though, even if their afternoon special (after 4pm) at NOK 145 is a relative bargain.
  • Siam Oriental, Waldemar Thranes gate (bus 21,33,37,46 to St. Hanshaugen). Friendly Thai ladies doles out fabulous shrimp dishes.
  • Smia, just by Vålerenga kirke (bus 20,37 to Galgeberg). Atmospheric restaurant in an old wooden house area with tons of charm.
  • Sult, Thorvald Meyers gate (tram 11,12,13 or bus 30 to Birkelunden, bus 21 to Sannergata). Good neighbourhood-gourmet style food, with an ever-changing menu, and vegetarian options.
  • Tabibito, Stortingsgate (buss, tram or subway to national teater) They have 30 years of asian cooking experience, resulting in asian gourmet dishes from 98 nok for 3 course meny.
  • Villa Paradiso, Olaf Ryes plass (tram 11-12-13). Excellent pizza at Grünerløkka.
  • Xich-Lo, Øvre Slottsgate 27 (T-Stortinget). A central, more classy Vietnamese eatery with great food.

Splurge

If price is no object, there is some very fine dining to be found. If there is anything Oslo has a lot of, it is expensive restaurants.
  • Bagatelle, with two Michelin stars, is sadly closed, and already missed.
  • Bølgen & Moi, Løvenskioldsgate 26, [80]. Modern restaurant in the Frogner district. Reviews has been on the negative side the recent years.
  • Dinner, Stortingsgata 22, [81]. One of the finest Chinese restaurants in Europe. All the expensive dishes are worth it. Try their Peking Duck (must be pre-ordered the day before, but is a true feast).
  • Ekebergrestauranten, Ekeberg (tram 18,19 to Sjømannsskolen). An architechtural monument, this place offers gourmet dining and Oslo's best views. Hugely popular but the service can disappoint.
  • Feinschmecker, Balchens gate 5 (tram 12 to Elisenberg or bus 30,31 to Frogner kirke). A feast for everyone involved, except perhaps your wallet. Exquisite dining at corporate prices. One Michelin star.
  • Hos Thea, Gabelsgate 11 (tram 10 to Skillebekk). [82]. A small place with outstanding food, small seasonal menu.
  • Le Canard, President Harbitz gt. 4, [83]. One Michelin star.
  • Nodee, Middelthuns gt. 25 (T-Majorstuen, tram 12 to Frogner stadion). All-Asian gourmet offering just close to Frognerparken. The best East-Asian restaurant in Northern Europe (competing it out with Dinner), with prices to match.
  • Palace Grill, Solligt 2, just by Solli plass (tram 12,13 or bus 21,30,31,32 to Solli/Lapsetorvet). Highly recommended gourmet restaurant where the menu changes daily according to the chef's mood and available ingredients. A ten-course meal costs about NOK 850 per person. Note: Only 23 seats and no reservations, but a good bar to while away the hours waiting for food. See also Pubs and bars below.
  • Restaurant Oscarsgate, Pilestredet (tram 17,18 to Dalsbergstien). They only serve an eight-course meny for NOK 995, but it is always world-class. Food and wine around NOK 1800,- Booking absolutely essential. Just received their first Michelin star.
  • Statholdergaarden, Rådhusgt. 11 (on the corner of Kirkegaten), 0151 Oslo, 22 41 88 00 (, fax: 22 41 22 24), [84]. M-Sa 6PM-12AM. Arguably one of Oslo's finest seatings. Set in a beautiful 1800-century mansion, the combination of very friendly staff and extraordinary dishes makes it well worth its one star in the Michelin Guide. Not one to miss. Expensive.  edit
  • Theatercaféen, located inside Hotel Continental next to Nationaltheatret, [85]. Classic Up market wiener Café with a continental menu. Great food, live entertainment and a number of exclusive wines and other alcoholic drinks.

Drink

Pubs and bars

All bars, pubs and restaurants in Oslo are smoke-free, which means you have to go outside to smoke. But since you can't drink on the street, you have to leave your drink inside, unless the bar/pub has a designated drink-area which is still open (they always close earlier than the venues themselves). Oslo is generally expensive. The most common price for 500ml (en halvliter) of beer is, of late, NOK 52. However, even cheap joints like Gloria Flames, who ususlly does 500ml for NOK 34, now charge NOK 58 because they have outdoor seating. Closing hours is late, up to 03:30 in city center. There are NO clubs open after this, as national legislation says you can't serve any alcohol after 03:00.
Here is a google map of cheap beer places in Oslo [86].
  • Andys Stortingsgata. (T-bane Stortinget, tram 13-19 to Wessels plass/Nathionaltheateret, bus 31-32-33-54-70 stop nearby). Shows most football matches on LCD TVs.
  • Blå, great bar in the artsy/alternative place close to Akerselva called Hausmania. Be sure to check their event calendar (www.blaaoslo.no), every week they have concerts with a variety of international and norwegian bands and/or DJs. Walk up the river from the centre and you'll find it. Old factory style houses with lots of grafitti.
  • Bohemen (“the Bohemian”), Arbeidergata 2, tel: +47-22416266. (T-bane Stortinget, tram 11-17-18 or bus 33-70 to Prof. Aschehougs plass/Tinghuset) The best place to watch football (soccer) and sports in general, and to have a cheapish beer. Official Vålerenga supporter pub.
  • Cafe Sara, corner of Torggata and Hausmanns gate. Bus 34-54 to Jacobs kirke. Conveniently close to Anker Hostel, Cafe Sara pours beer and dishes up tasty Turkish and Mexican dishes for not too much money. Great outdoor seating. Very nice pub with a great atmosphere and well known for its cheap but great food.
  • Champagneria, Frognerveien. Tram 12-13 or bus 21-30-31 to Solli/Lapsetorvet. Spanish cava and tapas bar, fairly cheap and enjoyable.
  • Choice pub, Grønlandsleiret. (T-Grønland). A rowdy bar with very cheap beer (NOK 29). Popular with the locals.
  • Dubliner, Rådhusgata. Tram 12 to Christiania torv. A nice Irish pub a little off Karl Johans gate, does a good fish and chips (and a few rounds of Guinness with which to wash it down). (Psst? Fish and chips? In Norway: Good fish? Always! Good chips? Never! Except maybe here....;-))
  • Dr. Jekylls Pub Klingenbergg 4 0161 Oslo 4 [87]. Whisky bar with wide selection.
  • Elm Street, Dronningsgate 32, [88]. Popular rock/metal bar that serves a decent burger. Often concerts in the weekends.
  • Fyret, Youngstorget 6. Intimate and lively pub and resturaunt which serves unpretentious, good food. They have an outstanding collection of akevitt (akvavit), the scandinavian potato spirit that you should check out, though you won't necessary love it unconditionally.
  • Garage, Grensen 9. Tram 11-17-18 or bus 37-46-70 to Stortorvet, T-bane Stortinget. A rock club with a large stage in the basement, great outdoor seating in a cosy back yard, good rock music and unlimited amounts of beer on tap. 0.5l NOK 42/56 (before/after 7 pm).
  • Gloria Flames, Grønland 18, Grønland t-bane/metro stop, [89]. Popular and hip rock/indie pub with great cocktails. Nice outdoor seating area that is open until midnight. Almost unbelievably cheap beer (NOK 34, equivalent to 3,60 euro) at weekday nights before midnight.
  • Hard Rock Cafe, KarlJohansgate 45, tel: +47-22863000, [90]. T-bane, tram 13-19 or bus 30-31-54-70 to Nationaltheatret. Opened in December 2005. Dealing mainly with, as the name suggests, rock nostalgia from the 50's, this should be familiar.
  • Hell's Kitchen, Youngstorget (corner of Møllergata). Tram 11-12-13-17 or bus 30-31-34-54 to Kirkeristen/Nygata/Brugata. Fab pizza and music, lots of beer and cocktails. Brilliant place that once was the heyday of hipness, a reputation it has to leave to its own basement (The Villa) and Revolver, just down the street. Still a good corner to drop into.
  • Highbury, Bogstadveien 50, [91]. Official Arsenal supporter pub in Norway.
  • Kampen Bistro, Bøgata. Bus 60 to Kampens park or T-bane 1-2-3-4 to Ensjø. Great food and affordable beer in a local restaurant in Kampen, one of the most picturesque residential areas of Oslo.
  • Last Train, Karl Johans Gate 45 (entrance Universitetsgaten), [92]. Sandwiched between a theatre and Hard Rock Cafe this gem is easily overlooked. One of the best (and longest lasting) rock/punk/metal/indie pubs in norway.
  • Mono, Pløens gate. Tram 11-12-13-17 or bus 30-31-34-54 to Kirkeristen/Nygata/Brugata. Rock/indie music club with local rock stars, frequent concerts with up-and-coming Oslo acts, not too expensive beer and a great back garden for smoking. 0.5l NOK 52. One of the better places to pick up indie-chicks in Oslo.
  • M/S Innvik, moored to the quay behind Oslo Havnelager. Any public transport to Jernbanetorget. Boat with hostel, theatre stage and a nice pub with good food and cheap beer, and the very best views of the newly built Opera house in Oslo, a masterpiece of modern architecture. One of the most fabulous outdoor seatings in Oslo. 0.5l NOK 48.
  • Oslo Ocean Bar (Trondheimsveien 20) is a neighborhood bar customers, mostly returning, at every time of the day (from 8AM...). The staff is great! The service is impeccable despite the low prices (0.5l NOK 40) and the very unpretentious surroundings (and clientele).
  • Palace Grill, Solligt 2, just by Solli plass (tram 12,13 or bus 21,30,31,32 to Solli/Lapsetorvet). In addition to the gourmet restaurant (see above) the palace also includes a separate bar with nice drinks and concerts every Monday, plus the 3-story outdoor seating area "Skaugum" with lots of concert during summer.
  • Revolver, Møllergata. On the eastern fringes of Møllergata, find this rock pub with most of Oslo's hipsters lurking in the corners. Supposedly, they now have food and live music. Not too expensive, and quite an extensive choice of beers on tap.
  • Robinet, Mariboes gate 7b. A little gem of a bar that serves some of the best drinks in town. It's not much more than a hole in the wall, so don't expect to get a seat. The bartenders (who are often a bit moody, so no music requests!) play everything from free jazz to krautrock to gangsta-rap on the sound system.
  • Sound of Mu, Markveien 58. Bus 34-54 to Jakobs Kirke/Calmeyers gate or tram 11-12-13 to Nybrua. Small bar and gallery space run by artist collective. Art exhibitions, club nights with DJs and concerts, mostly underground/experimental/improvised music. 0.5l NOK 48.
  • Stolen, Helgesens gate by Sofienberg park. (Tram 11-12-13 to Olaf Ryes plass) Indian cuisine and cheap beer in an informal setting. No name on the door, just a chair hanging from above the door (hence the name "the chair").
  • Südøst, Trondheimsveien 5. Bus 30-31, tram 17 to Heimdalsgata. A short walk from the Anker hostel, this place has become quite fashionable. Lovely outdoor seating, great (but a tad expensive) food and a marvellous dining room. 0.5l NOK 52.
  • Teddy's Soft Bar, Brugata 3A. Tram 11-12-13-17 or bus 30-31-34-54 to Brugata, T-bane to Grønland. Established in 1958, this is the only bar in Oslo that's protected by cultural authorities, due to its true '50s setting with original interior. This is where the rockabilly cats and kittens hang out and low-key rock and film stars lurk in the corners. Teddy's brought milk shakes to Norway, but sadly they've stopped serving those. They do serve beer, wine, spirits, soft drinks and various coffee drinks. And you can have lunch or late breakfast (omelets, eggs & bacon, sandwiches) or dinner (nice burgers, soups). Music provided by an original Wurlitzer jukebox with mostly '50s and '60s hits. 0.5l NOK 52.
  • Café Arté, St. Olavs gt 7. Tram 11-17-18 to Tullinløkka or bus 37 to Nordahl Bruns gate. Lovely cafe serving beer, wine, drinks and small dishes in a intimate cellar cafe with a continental touch. An artist hangout with a small and hidden backyard. The only cafe that offers you a feeling of being abroad while relaxing in the heart of Oslo. 0.5l NOK 52.[93]
  • Tekehtopa, St. Olavs plass. Tram 17-18 to Tullinløkka or bus 37 to Nordahl Bruns gate. Lovely cafe serving beer, wine, drinks and small dishes in a fabulous former pharmacy. (Tekehtopa spelled backwards, apotheket, actually means "the pharmacy" in Norwegian.) One of the prettiest cafes around! Adjoined by Bar Babylon, an industrial-style club with wonderful back yard seating. 0.5l NOK 52.[94]
  • Two Dogs, Brugata. Tram 11-12-13-17 or bus 30-31-34-54 to Brugata, T-bane to Grønland. English-style football pub with big screen, jolly atmosphere and darts. 0,5l NOK 48.
  • Verkstedet, Hausmannsgt. 29. Bus 34-54 to Jacobs kirke. On the right hand side of Cafe Sara, Verkstedet is a very nice rock bar with a cozy and great backyard which it shares with Cafe Sara. The club also has a stage, where both local and foreign acts do appear. At the weekends the club transforms into a rock disco, where you can dance to great rock music. The bar dishes up with great coctails and unlimited amounts of beer, both on tap and bottles.
  • Zen, Vogts gate, Torshov. Tram 11-12-13 to Biermanns gate, then continue for 300 metres. A mysteriously stylish interior for a dive bar, dishing out some of Oslo's cheaper beer (0.5l NOK 39). Laid-back, relaxing atmosphere, usually draws a somewhat older crowd. Small menu with passable food.
Areas with notable pub density are Grünerløkka (tram 11-12-13 to Nybrua, Schous plass, Olaf Ryes plass or Birkelunden), Aker Brygge (tram 12 to Aker Brygge or bus 21-32-33-54 to Vika Atrium or Bryggetorget), Solli/Frogner (tram 12-13 or bus 30-31 to Solli), Grønland (T-bane to Grønland, bus 37 to Tøyengata or bus 60 to Norbygata) and the city centre especially Youngstorget or Grensen.
You could also shop for beer (NOK 10- 16 for a 0.33l bottle) and drink it privately in the confines of your dwelling with friends, in case you are unable to shell out the money to drink up at a pub. Be advised to finish your shopping early and stock up soon, since supermarkets stop selling beer after 8 pm each day, and 6 pm on Saturdays (3 pm on a holiday weekend). It is not possible to buy beer in a shop on a Sunday. It is illegal to drink in public areas. You will usually only get a warning if spotted by a police officer, but if you behave impolitely or he/she is having a bad day you can get a fine of NOK 1500. However, in public parks during summer, laws are not enforced as strictly. Good places to go for a park beer is Sofienbergparken and Kuba at Grünerløkka, Frognerparken in Majorstua, or the park at St. Hanshaugen, on a hill with great view located between Grünerløkka and Majorstuen.
Hard liquor or wine can only be bought at special shops called Vinmonopolet [95] which are state-owned.

Gay

London pub: www.londonpub.no is unfortunately the largest gay and lesbian Venue in Oslo. It's a very worn out place with expensive drinks and rude doormen. Located in central Oslo.
Address: C. J. Hamros plass 5 (two blocks from Karl Johan on the corner of the Grand Hotel)

Vinmonopolet

Some of the central [96] outlets in Oslo are to be found here:
  • Oslo Central Station, beneath the staircase leading down to Trafikanten
  • In the basement of Oslo City shopping centre
  • In the Steen og Strøm shopping centre, close to Karl Johans gate
  • Rosenkrantzgate 11, close to Grand Hotel, Karl Johans gate
  • In the House of Oslo shopping centre, Vika (tram 12 to Vikatorvet)
  • Thereses gate, Bislett (near Bislett stadium, trams 17 and 18)

Sleep

Getting a hotel in Oslo can potentially be difficult. In peak periods, when big fairs or conferences visit Oslo, tourists have been sent as far as Lillehammer (170 kms, 2h 15 min by train) to find accommodation. It would be smart to reserve a room in advance. There are also relatively few youth hostels, etc., for backpackers and people travelling on a budget. During Nobel Prize week room availability will fall and prices may double.

Budget

Camping

  • Ekeberg Camping, Bus 34 or 74 to Ekeberg Camping, [97]. The closest campsite has a beautiful view of the city. No cabins.
  • Bogstad Camping, T-bane 2 to Røa, then bus 32, 41 or 47 to Bogstad Camping or Peder Ankers plass, [98]. 9 kms out of town at the entrance of picturesque Sørkedalen, Bogstad has cabins as well as tent space.
  • Oslo Fjord Camping, Train to Hauketo, then corresponding bus 76 to Hvervenbukta, or bus 87 (both options summer only), [99]. Near the beautiful swimming spot of Hvervenbukta, this campsite is a good deal.
  • Langøyene, (take ferry 94 from Vippetangen) is legal and free camping ground for everybody according to Norwegian law. Not allowed to camp more than two days without special permission. By law you have to take your garbarge to trash cans and be careful with your single use BBQ, otherwise you may be fined extensively. And they DO come. Even after the last boat has left. Yes, the police have their own boats. So now you know.

Hostels

  • Anker Hostel, Storgata (tram 11-12-13-17, bus 30-31 to Hausmanns gate), [100]. Very centrally located, right between the central station and Grünerløkka (both five minutes walking).
  • Haraldsheim Youth Hostel, Sinsenkrysset (tram 17 or bus 23-24-31-33, it takes 10 min), [101]. The biggest HI hostel in Oslo is just outside the main ring road, in a nice, green area. Not too far from the action (but it is hard to find), walking distance to the lively neighbourhoods of Torshov and Grünerløkka. Just across the road there is a quater, where immigrants live. If there comes a group of friends (for example 4 persons) it is possible to book a separate room with a bathroom/toilet for 330 NOK/person, breakfast included. It is advisable to reconfirm your booking before you come and inform at what time you are going to arrive although the reception is open 24 hours.
  • Holtekilen Hostel, Stabekk/Kveldsroveien (train to Stabekk, or bus 151, 153, 161, 162, 252 or 261 to Kveldsroveien), [102]. Outside the city border, extra fee needed if you have Oslo Transport card. Open May-August. In a picturesque neighbourhood close to the sea.
  • Rønningen Youth Hostel, Rønningen (tram 11-12-13 or T-bane 4,5,6 to Storo, change to infrequent bus 56 to Rønningen), [103]. Open June-August, inconveniently located but nice.
  • Perminalen, Kongens gate (T-bane to Stortinget, bus 30-31-32-54 to Wessels plass, tram 10-12-13-19 to Kongens gate, [104]. Bang in the centre, Perminalen offers slightly higher standards at slightly higher prices. OK cafe with good, old Norwegian homely grub at nice prices.

Hotels

  • Cochs Pensjonat, Parkveien 25 (tram 11 to Majorstua and 5 minutes walk or subway to Nationaltheatret and walk 10 minutes), [105]. Centrally located, next to the Royal Palace and Slottsparken. Three types of room to meet all budgets. They don't serve breakfast but have agreement with near cafe.
  • Oslo Budget Hotel, [106]. The cheapest rooms share bathrooms Single 495, double 595.  edit
  • Thon Hotel Munch, Munchs gate 5, [107]. A short walk to the main street, as well as easy walking distance to public transportation, airport shuttle bus and a vast variety of shops, restaurants, museums and theatres. Fixed low prices; 695 NOK for single room, 895 NOK for double room.
  • Thon Hotel Astoria, Dronningensgate 21, [108]. Thon Hotel Astoria is a cosy budget-hotel in downtown Oslo, located only 50 metres from the main street Karl Johan. Shopping, galleries, museums, restaurants and nightlife are just minutes away. The hotel is only a short 5 minute walk from Oslo Central Station. Fixed low prices; 695 NOK for single room, 895 NOK for double room.
  • Carlton Hotel, Parkveien 78 [109]. Conveniently located near Aker Brygge. 50 rooms, small but good value. Restaurant with Japanese food.
  • Thon Hotel Gyldenlove, Bogstadveien 20 [110]. Newly renovated hotel, with excellent location in Oslo's west quarter, right in the city's best shopping avenue, Bogstadveien.
  • M/S Innvik, [111]. Theatre boat with cabin accommodation 10 min. walk from the train station. Nice cafe/pub and good views of the Opera House construction site.
  • Radisson SAS Plaza Hotel, Sonja Henies Plass 3, [112]. With 37 floors and breathtaking views of Oslo and the Oslo Fjord, the Radisson SAS Plaza Hotel is Northern Europe’s highest and Norway’s largest hotel. Suited 3 min walk from the train station. Rooms from 1300 NOK.
  • Thon Hotel Terminus, Stenersgaten 10 [113]. The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station. Shops, restaurants, museums and theatres are all situated nearby, which gives you the opportunity to experience Oslo’s city life at its best!
  • Radisson SAS Nydalen, Nydalesveien 33 (T Nydalen), tel. +47-2326-3000, [114]. New hotel in the new district of Nydalen, 15 minutes from the city center by subway. Choose from funky "Chilli" or more staid "Urban" rooms, Internet rates from 900 NOK with breakfast.
  • Thon Hotel Bristol, [115]. Located right in the city centre, near the National Gallery and the main shopping street "KarlJohansgate". In a world of constant change, Hotel Bristol is dedicated to tradition. As soon as you enter the lobby you will experience the unique style characterising the hotel. An air of elegance which have been maintained since the opening in 1920.
  • Hotel Continental Oslo, [116]. Located between the National Theatre and Aker Brygge, this family-run hotel has a large Vienna-style cafe (Theatercafeen) which is the place to be seen in Oslo. Outstanding service and prices to match, still considered fair value for money. Nice quiet bar with original Edvard Munch litographs.
  • Grand Hotel Oslo, [117]. This is the hotel where Nobel Peace Prize winners stay when coming to Oslo for the award ceremony. Expensive and lots of services. Excellent view over main street Karl Johans gate. Grand Café, at street level, was Henrik Ibsen's daily watering hole, and is Norway's answer to Vienna's Cafe Landtmann.
  • Grims Grenka, Kongens gate 5, [118]. The only design hotel in Oslo. Five star hotel which has received international claim. Operated by First hotels. Member of Design hotels.  edit
  • At Deichmanske Bibliotek (library) you can use a terminal for free up to 30 minutes.
  • At Unginfo in Møllergata [119] you can use a terminal for free up to 30 minutes. They are in theory only for people ages 26 or under. They will rarely ask you to prove your age, although if you are 50 and the place is crowded, you should rather head for the nearby library. During the summer, they also provide free tourist information targeted at budget travelers.
  • Most of the internet cafes are located in the eastern part of town, they are especially frequent in the Grønland part of town. Look for small shops selling telephone cards, they usually have internet terminals.
  • If you carry your own laptop, WLANs will be easy to find at cafes, hotels, bars and even in parks. For a good overview of free WLAN sites look here: [120] (in norwegian).
  • There are several open wifi connections on the upper level cafes at the train station Oslo Sentralstation, the subway station at Grønland. Inside the train station Oslo S On the third floor (one level up in the main hall) is the most complete Internet cafe - business center with full spectra of services and personnel onsite [121]. On the first and second floor, there are several automated stand alone computers setup for basic internet surfing, as well as an Internet cafe in the bus terminal next to the central station.
  • Many 7-eleven shops have terminals you can use for a small fee, although this is not a very convenient way to surf if you need to use the computer for a long time.
  • Across from the Nationaltheatret next to a pub called Paddy's, there is an Internet café, and there are kiosks in the shopping center Oslo City in the downtown area and other wifi spots in the eastern fringes, such as the Deichmanske Bibliotek on Henrik Ibsens Gate.
  • Byråkrat [122], QBA (Grünerløkka) and Cafe Tiger all have free open wireless internet. If you just want internet access, a cup of coffee for NOK 18 at Cafe Tiger is worth it.

Stay safe & healthy

The majority of the criminal incidents reported to the police continue to be theft-related. Although rare, violent crimes and crimes committed using a weapon are being perpetrated more frequently. However, it is much more likely for tourists to experience the crimes of pick-pocketing and petty theft, which occur in the major tourist areas, in hotel lobbies, in the train and transit stations, and in similar locations where groups of visitors gather. Police credit criminal youth gangs for the frequency of these criminal activities. According to the police, the area above the Central train station along River Akerselva until lower Grünerløkka has the highest number of violent crimes. These crimes typically happen after midnight and involves drug dealers and young people. The police advice people to stay away after midnight and to walk in groups. Common scams are extremely rare or non-existent in Oslo, but there are recent (2008) reports on the "guessing game" on the street - don't get involved in betting on the street, it is a scam for sure.
No areas are terminally unsafe, but be especially aware of your belongings in the central station and bus station. Although it is unlikely something will happen, keep your eyes open in crowded downtown areas, deserted suburbs, in and around T-bane and railway stations and at the main drag, Karl Johansgate (especially the part closest to the central station). The highest number of reported thefts occur around Grønland, especially along the Akerselva river, and close to Majorstuen T-bane station.
From Karl Johan's street and down to the harbor area, you'll find Oslo's red light district. Unfortunately criminal activity here is very visible. Legal prostitution is ongoing, and has increased in recent years. Avoiding eye contact will keep you out of a price discussion. Make sure that you decline, being kind but categorical, so as to not to get into trouble. In the same area, drug dealers and addicts are numerous. As long as you act friendly, problems are easy to avoid.
Also, in winter watch out for icy patches, and when wandering in the forest beware when crossing snowy clearings - they may well be frozen lakes with snow over them, which may look safe but could crack. Finally, beware of snow falling from the roofs in Oslo - there are usually yellow signs up (featuring the word "takras") and some areas are occasionally cordoned off.
Politics is a sensitive subject in Norway, like in other western countries. Political views differs. There are both far-right and far-left opinions in the everyday crowd, but extremism is rare. Be careful when expressing your political opinions, violent and autocratic ideologies are not tolerated in Norway. Norwegians tend to be very sensitive about World War 2. Norway was occupied and violently controlled by Nazi authorities.
Water. The tap water of Oslo is among the cleanest in the world. Do drink tap water instead of bottled water, which does nothing but drain your pocket of much needed kroners.
Traffic. Cars are required to yield to pedestrians at marked and signed crossings, and will be heavily fined if they don't. Note however that this rule does not apply to trams (streetcars); the trams have the right of way. Oslo has a web of tram lines downtown and as the trams are fast and heavy, you will certainly lose if you challenge one.

Cope

It is easy to get around in Oslo, and almost every Norwegian speaks English more or less fluently. Most people will respond in English to any question you may have. Some Norwegians also speak some German, due to the proximity of the language, and that they study it in school.
The Youth information (Unginfo) runs an independent information desk in Møllergata [123] aimed at budget travelers. This service is free and they also provide free internet access. On their web page there is an online guide to Oslo for budget travelers.
  • Oslomarka is the large forest surrounding the city. This is an important recreational area for the citizens of Oslo, and quite unique for a captial. Take the T-bane to Holmenkollen (line 1), Frognerseteren (line 1), Sognsvann (line 3) or Skullerud (line 3 - in the opposite direction of Sognsvann), bus 41 from Røa T-bane to Sørkedalen or bus 51 from Nydalen T-bane to Maridalen. You can also visit the tourist association at Storgata (at Kirkeristen tram stop) for good maps and inexpensive accommodation alternatives in Oslomarka.
  • Kongsberg is a beautiful city well-known for its silver mining history. The city is located about an hour and a half west of Oslo by train or bus. The Kongsberg International Jazz Festival is hosted here every year in early July.
  • Fredrikstad is a very enjoyable city not far from Oslo, with an old, walled old town and lots of streetlife in summer. Trains run approx every hour (taking 1h10min), and express buses run about 10 times per day (1h30min).
  • Tønsberg is an attractive seaside town with an attractive city centre. It's the oldest town in Norway, and even if this isn't instantly visible, there's lots of history to digest. Excellent highways will take you to the city in an hour from Oslo. The train uses around two.
  • Drøbak is another of the picturesque, small seaside towns dotted all over southern Norway, and the closest to Oslo. Nice place to get away from the big city bustle, even if Drøbak also can become crowded in summer. Buses run at least hourly.
  • Son is also one of the coastal pearls. Get local train to Moss, alight at Sonsveien station, and get the bus that meet most (but not all) trains.
  • Drammen was earlier a totally unremarkable industrial city dubbed "the biggest road crossing of Norway". Even if traffic is still rife, the city has gone through a face lift, and their centre are as cosy as any. TimEkspressen bus line 1 (every hour, day and night) and 10, and 3 trains an hour gets you there and away.
Routes through Oslo
TrondheimHamar  N noframe S  MossGöteborg
BergenHønefoss  W noframe E  END
KristiansandDrammen  W noframe E  KarlstadStockholm
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Oslo
Plural
-
Oslo
  1. The capital and a county municipality of Norway. Formerly called Kristiania.

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams


Dutch

Wikipedia-logo.png
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Oslo
Wikipedia nl

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

Esperanto

Wikipedia-logo.png
Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Oslo
Wikipedia eo

Proper noun

Oslo (accusative Oslon)
  1. Oslo

Estonian

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

Finnish

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

French

Proper noun

Oslo f.
  1. Oslo

German

Proper noun

Oslo n.
  1. Oslo

Italian

Proper noun

Oslo f.
  1. Oslo

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of loos
  • solo

Norwegian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Oslo
Wikipedia no

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

Polish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Oslo n. (indeclinable)
  1. Oslo

Swedish

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

Turkish

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Oslo
  1. Oslo

Declension

Derived terms

  • Oslolu (a person from Oslo)

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

.Template:Infobox Kommune Oslo file— play in browser (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.^ What is the capital of Norway and when was the city founded??
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ What is the capital city of Norway and Greenland?
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ The rebuilt city was called "Christiania" until 1924, when it resumed its older name of Oslo.
  • Norway: Oslo Landmarks 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.pafko.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is also a municipality and a county of its own.^ It is also a municipality and a county of its own.
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]
  • OFFICESPACE NETWORK - OSLO - Search for Oslo office space for lease or rent. 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC osloofficespace.com [Source type: News]

^ It is also a municipality, and a county of its own.
  • Oslo, Norway  -  Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.galenfrysinger.com [Source type: General]

.It is the third-largest Scandinavian city, after Copenhagen and Stockholm, and it forms the third-largest urban area in the region, also after Copenhagen and Stockholm.^ The third-largest Scandinavian city is Oslo, the capital of Norway.
  • Concerts in Oslo - Buy Oslo Concert Tickets Easy and Secure! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.worldticketshop.com [Source type: General]

^ It is the third largest Scandinavian city and urban area.
  • OFFICESPACE NETWORK - OSLO - Search for Oslo office space for lease or rent. 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC osloofficespace.com [Source type: News]

^ Oslo has 40 islands within its city limits and two-thirds of its land area is protected forests, hills and lakes.
  • Oslo Tourism: Oslo, Norway Travel Guide | PlanetWare 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.planetware.com [Source type: General]

.The city of Oslo was established as a municipality on 3 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).^ Oslo Oslo, the capital of Norway is a welcoming destination established as a municipality on January 3rd, 1838.
  • Oslo accommodation, Oslo find hotels, Oslo luxury suites 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.bookinghome.com [Source type: News]
  • 4 star hotels Oslo, Oslo luxury boutique hotels, inexpensive Oslo hotels. 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.bookinghome.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before Munch died in January 1944, he had willed his large collection of pictures and uncatalogued biographical and literary notes to the City of Oslo.
  • Edvard Munch. Art, life, and world of symbolic expression. 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.moodbook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See all the main sights of Oslo as you hop-on and hop-off 12 conveniently located stops around the city.

.It was separated from the county of Akershus as a county of its own in 1842. The rural municipality of Aker was merged with Oslo on 1 January 1948 (and then transferred from Akershus county to Oslo county).^ It is also a municipality and a county of its own.
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.43places.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo Oslo, the capital of Norway is a welcoming destination established as a municipality on January 3rd, 1838.
  • Oslo accommodation, Oslo find hotels, Oslo luxury suites 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.bookinghome.com [Source type: News]
  • 4 star hotels Oslo, Oslo luxury boutique hotels, inexpensive Oslo hotels. 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.bookinghome.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1948 Oslo incorporated the nearby township of Aker, and in the following decades a number of satellite towns and residential areas grew up to the east and west of the city.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Furthermore, Oslo shares several important functions with Akershus county.^ Importance Oslo is the seat of government and the chief town of the two counties of Oslo and Akershus, the see of a Lutheran and (since 1953) a Roman Catholic bishop, and a university town, with two universities and several other higher educational institutions.
  • Oslo Tourism: Oslo, Norway Travel Guide | PlanetWare 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.planetware.com [Source type: General]

^ Images of Oslo, capital city of Norway and seat of Oslo County (with which it is coextensive) and of Akershus County.
  • Oslo pictures, Oslo images | InfoHub.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: General]

.Oslo's share of the national GDP is 17%; the metropolitan area's share is 25%.^ Norway's capital, Oslo, has only about 500,000 inhabitants, though in the whole metropolitan area (incl.
  • UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Norway > OSLO Tunnelbane 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.urbanrail.net [Source type: General]

^ OsloGuide.com brings you, the consumer, the most current information from prominent companies around the Oslo Metropolitan area and around the world!
  • #1 Information Guide Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.1stosloguide.com [Source type: General]

^ OsloGuide.com offers a 24-hour online Oslo Metropolitan area guide for all businesses to share information, services, discounts and specials with residents, tourists and other businesses.
  • #1 Information Guide Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.1stosloguide.com [Source type: General]

.Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in the world.^ Oslo is considered to be one of the most leading shipping cities in the world.

^ The only problem is that Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in Europe.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norway and Oslo is one the worlds most secure places.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

The urban area and the city region

File:Tettstedet Oslo 2005.png
.Urban area of Oslo i 2005 by light green colour.^ Thon Hotel Oslo Panorama is a modern and professional business hotel with spacious rooms that are decorated in light colours, and have wooden flooring.
  • Hotel accommodation Oslo - Thon Hotel Oslo Panorama - Oslo hotel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ The city of Oslo itself has 343 lakes and is literally covered in parks and green areas.
  • Cheap Hotels in Oslo Norway | Oslo Cheap Hotel Reviews and Blogs 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.oslocheaphotels.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the last days of Urban Interface Oslo somebody decided to unplug the sensor driven sound and light box inside the pentagon.

Grey indicate CBD areas.
File:Oslo-Fred Olsens gate.jpg
Oslo city centre
File:Oslo center - panorama.jpg
Panorama of Oslo
The population of the municipality of Oslo is 568,809 (as of 1 July 2008).[1] .The urban area extends beyond the boundaries of the municipality into the surrounding county of Akershus, (muncipallities of Bærum, Asker, Røyken, Skedsmo, Sørum, Oppegård) its agglomeration totaling 856,915,[2].^ The city area extends into the surrounding county of Akershus, with a total population of 825,105 in the conurbation (as of January 1, 2004).

^ Metro Cities Ås , Asker , Bærum , Lørenskog , Nesodden , Nittedal , Oppegård , Rælingen , Røyken , Skedsmo , Ski , Sørum , Ullensaker .
  • Oslo, Norway | Emporis.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.emporis.com [Source type: General]

.The metropolitan area of Oslo, also referred to as the Greater Oslo Region (Stor-Osloregionen), has a land area of 6,920 km2 (2,670 sq mi)[3] and, in 2005, an estimated population of 1,121,020. In the entire Inner Oslo Fjord Region, there is a total population of about 1.3 million.^ The islands There are over 40 islands in the Oslo Fjord.

^ My questions about "Oslo" .

^ The Oslo Fjord is over 100 km in lenght.
  • Oslo Travel Guide, Oslo Norway Travel Guide 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelguide.tv [Source type: News]

.About 50% of the population of Norway lives within a radius of 120 kilometres (75 mi) of downtown Oslo.^ I lived downtown on the east side of Oslo.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FAQs about Oslo, Norway and Norwegians .

^ My questions about "Oslo" .

.The city of Oslo has a current annual growth exceeding 10,000, which makes it one of the fastest growing cities in Europe.^ The Fjord makes Oslo an attractive city.
  • European Cities - Oslo by Charles L. Mitchell 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.casayego.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only problem is that Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in Europe.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located right in the heart of Scandinavia, the Norwegian capital is surrounded by fjords and forests making it one of the most picturesque and unspoilt cities on the continent.
  • Hostels in Oslo - Oslo Hostels 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hosteloslo.com [Source type: General]

.The city centre of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U". To the north and east wide forested hills ('Marka') rise above the city giving the location the shape of giant amphitheatre.^ Beautifully situated at the head of Oslo Fjord, the city is surrounded by forested ridges.

^ The city is very widespread on both sides of the Oslo-Fjord and throughout the surrounding hills.
  • UrbanRail.Net > Europe > Norway > OSLO Tunnelbane 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.urbanrail.net [Source type: General]

^ Located in the centre of Oslo, easy to find.
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - Yahoo! Travel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The urban municipality (bykommune) of Oslo and county (fylke) is the same entity, making Oslo the only city in Norway where two administrative levels are integrated.^ Oslo is both a city and a county administratively it is the same thing, so there is only one flag.
  • Oslo (Norway) 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crwflags.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oslo is the capital and largest city in Norway.

^ Oslo is the capital city of Norway.

.Of Oslo's total area, 115 km2 (44 sq mi) is built-up and 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi) is agricultural.^ Municipality of Oslo total area 454 km2 (175 sq.

^ Thon Hotel Terminus Oslo Stenersgaten 10 0.7 mi The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway: 76 Cheap Accommodation Deals 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1948 Oslo incorporated the nearby township of Aker, and in the following decades a number of satellite towns and residential areas grew up to the east and west of the city.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The open areas within the built-up zone amount to 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi).^ Drammen (35 Km / 22 mi.
  • Oslo Hostels - Hostel Reviews 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hostelz.com [Source type: General]

^ Thon Hotel Terminus Oslo Stenersgaten 10 0.7 mi The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway: 76 Cheap Accommodation Deals 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ Number of islands in the Oslo Fjord 40 Number of lakes within the city limits 343 Length of the Oslo Fjord 100 km (62 mi.

Name

The meaning of the name Oslo has been the subject of much debate. .It is certainly derived from Old Norse, and was in all probability the name of a large farm at the site of the first settlements in Bjørvika.^ Oslo's history begins in the Middle Ages; the first town-like settlement probably appeared around the year 1000 AD. The medieval town was located below the Ekeberg hills, on the east side of the Bjørvika inlet.
  • History of Oslo - Official Travel & Visitor's Guide to Oslo, Norway - VisitOSLO.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.visitoslo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First Name: Last Name: E-mail: Create Password: I agree to all the legal babble in the Terms of Service for GeckoGo!
  • Oslo, Norway Travel Guide, East Norway Region - Travel to Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.geckogo.com [Source type: General]

^ After all, you were probably named after my wife and me, so it was natural that you finally sent me some words.

.During the Middle Ages the name was initially spelled 'Ásló', later 'Ósló'. The earlier spelling suggests that the first component 'ás' refers either to the Ekeberg ridge southeast of the town ('ås' in modern Norwegian), or to the Norse homonym meaning 'god' or 'divinity'. The most likely interpretations would therefore be 'the meadow beneath the ridge' or 'the meadow of the gods'. Both are equally plausible.^ It is also rhododendrons, of which there are 1000 species, and a quarter of a million friendly residents, most of whom, like most Norwegians, speak fluent English.

^ The city was then renamed Christiania, a name that remained (although later spelled Kristiania) until it was officially renamed Oslo on January 1st, 1925.
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Medieval Oslo Oslo's history begins in the Middle Ages; the first town-like settlement probably appeared around the year 1000 AD.   The medieval town was located below the Ekeberg hills, on the east side of the Bjørvika inlet.
  • Climate Change and Urban Design 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.cityclimate.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A fire in 1624 destroyed much of the medieval city (the section now known as Gamlebyen), and the city was relocated nearer to the Akershus Fortress.^ The part of the city built from 1624 is now often called Kvadraturen because of its orthogonal layout.
  • Oslo, Norway - Vacation packages - Fjord Tours 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.fjord-tours.com [Source type: General]

^ The city was founded by King Harald Hardraade about 1050, and about 1300 the Akershus fortress was built by Haakon V. After the city was destroyed by fire in 1624, Christian IV of Denmark-Norway built a new town farther west, under the walls of the Akershus fortress, and called it Christiania.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oslo was founded in 1000, but had frequent fires, so in 1624, the King moved the city and dictated that houses must be built of brick.

.King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway renamed the reborn city Christiania.^ He renamed the city Christiania after himself.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Danish–Norwegian king Christian IV rebuilt the city as Christiania .

^ In 1624, after a disastrous fire destroyed most of the city, King Christian IV decided to rebuild the town within the walls of Akerhus Castle.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From the end of the 1800s, the name of the city was also spelled "Kristiania". An official decision was never made, so both forms were in use.^ The city was then renamed Christiania, a name that remained (although later spelled Kristiania) until it was officially renamed Oslo on January 1st, 1925.
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ From 1877 the name was spelled Kristiania, and in 1925 it was changed back to the original name, Oslo.
  • History of Oslo - Official Travel & Visitor's Guide to Oslo, Norway - VisitOSLO.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.visitoslo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The original name of Oslo was restored by a law of 11 July 1924, effective 1 January 1925.
.When I was young, the capital of Norway was not called Oslo.^ "The capital of Norway is called Oslo.
  • Questions about Capital of Norway - Ask.com 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo - the capital of norway .
  • Oslo, Norway - Vacation packages - Fjord Tours 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.fjord-tours.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is the capital and the largest city in Norway.
  • Oslo - IFMSA SCOPE Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.ifmsa.org [Source type: Academic]

It was called Kristiania. .But somewhere along the line, the Norwegians decided to do away with that pretty name and call it Oslo instead.^ Tips & Warnings To book accommodations in Oslo, Norway, call The Royal Norwegian Embassy at 011 (+47)20 7591 5500 or visit the link below.
  • How to Find Hotels in Oslo, Norway | eHow.com 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ OSLO — Norwegian pop band a-ha says it plans to call it quits at the end of 2010.
  • Oslo - The Gaea News 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

^ The Norwegian-born Viking Olav Tryggvason was baptized as a Christian in A classical-style building along Karl Johans Gate in downtown Oslo, Norway.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

-- Roald Dahl, Boy
.
The city was once referred to as Tigerstaden (the City of Tigers) by the author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson around 1870, due to his perception of the city as a cold and dangerous place.
^ "On our first evening in Oslo we went walking around the city centre looking for a suitable place to eat.
  • Oslo Restaurants - Oslo Dining Reviews - IgoUgo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ Nevertheless the winters in Oslo get cold enough to offer very good skiing conditions for about 3 to 5 months, in the hills right around the city.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best place to see the Northern Lights is in the Northern parts of Norway, and the area around the Arctic city of Tromso offers a maximum of Northern Lights activity.
  • NORWAY CRUISES, Norwegian Fjords, Arctic Cruis Lapland, Lofoten, North Cape 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.fjordtravel.no [Source type: General]

.This name has over the years achieved an almost official status, to the extent the 1000-year anniversary was celebrated by a row of tiger sculptures around city hall.^ Oslo Celebrated its 1000-year anniversary in the year 2000.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From here, you should be able to see the twin towers of Rådhuset the Town Hall, inaugurated in 1950 to coincide with Oslo's 900-year anniversary.

^ However, keen to rekindle the city's former glory, King Christian IV ordered a rebuild and the city was renamed Christiania in his honour - a name it kept for 300 years.

.The prevalence of homeless and other beggars in newer times led to the slight rewording of the nickname into 'Tiggerstaden', or Beggar City, and a harsh picture of the city was drawn by Knut Hamsun in his novel Sult (Hunger) from 1890 (cinematised in 1966 by Henning Carlsen).^ Knut Hamsun wrote powerful novels in the twentieth century.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History

Main article: History of Oslo
File:Christiania Norway in 1814 by MK Tholstrup.jpg
Christiania in July of 1814, as seen from Ekeberg.
.According to the Norse sagas, Oslo was founded around 1049 by King Harald Hardråde.^ According to the chronicles of Snorre Sturlason, Oslo was founded in 1048, by the king Harald Hardråde.
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo was founded in 1000, but had frequent fires, so in 1624, the King moved the city and dictated that houses must be built of brick.

^ Oslo, the capital of Norway , was founded around the year 1000 and, contrary to popular belief, was actually originally named Oslo.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Recent archaeological research has uncovered Christian burials from before 1000, evidence of a preceding urban settlement. .This called for the celebration of Oslo's millennium in 2000.
It has been regarded as the capital city since the reign of Håkon V (1299-1319), who was the first king to reside permanently in the city.
^ Oslo is the capital and largest city of Norway.
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ The boroughs of the city of Oslo, have local political representatives called the dunk-hunks (dønk-kjekkingene) who are elected every millennium.
  • Oslo - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Holmenkollen March 2009 My City Celebrates: Oslo When I need a dose of holiday cheer, I always take in a concert with Sølvguttene (The Silver Boys).
  • Oslo Travel Information and Travel Guide - Norway - Lonely Planet 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.lonelyplanet.com [Source type: General]

He also started the construction of the Akershus Fortress. .A century later Norway was the weaker part in a personal union with Denmark, and Oslo's role was reduced to that of provincial administrative centre, with the monarchs residing in Copenhagen.^ After this, Oslo's role was reduced to that of a provincial administrative centre as the unioun of Norway with Denmark resulted in Copenhagen becoming the official capital and royal residence.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A century later Norway was the weaker part in a personal union with Denmark, and Oslo's role was reduced to that of provincial administrative centre, with the monarchs residing in Copenhagen.
  • Oslo, Norway - Vacation packages - Fjord Tours 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.fjord-tours.com [Source type: General]

^ After the union with Denmark was dissolved and Norway was ceded to Sweden in 1814, the country wrote its own constitution on what is now Norway's much celebrated national day, May 17.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The fact that the University of Oslo was founded as late as 1811 had an adverse effect on the development of the nation.^ University of Oslo (1811) is regarded as the principal university.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Near the oldest part of the University of Oslo are found the Historical Museum (with the Ethnographic Museum) and the National Museum of Art, Architecture, and Design, the latter of which contains an excellent collection of paintings, especially works by Edvard Munch .
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another, similar Scream can be found in Oslo's National Museum of Art, Architecture, and Design .
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

File:HanskenpaChristianiaTorv.jpg
Hansken Sculpture and Theatre Museum, Christiania Torv.
File:Oslo port.jpg
View from the Akershus Fortress towards the fjord.
.Oslo was destroyed several times by fire, and after the fourteenth calamity, in 1624, King Christian IV of Denmark (and Norway) ordered it rebuilt at a new site across the bay, near Akershus Fortress and given the name Christiania.^ Oslo is destroyed by fire, and rebuilt on the west side of Akerselva.
  • Oslo - a knol by Arnt Rekstad 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Hotels in Oslo near Akershus Fortress .
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

^ After several menacing fires King Christian IV of Denmark-Norway decided to build the town up from scratch, but this time on the other side of Bjrvika.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

.But long before this, Christiania had started to establish its stature as a centre of commerce and culture in Norway.^ They did not wait long before they started to build their luxurious houses with magnificent gardens.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

.The part of the city built from 1624 is now often called Kvadraturen because of its orthogonal layout.^ Oslo (help·info) (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ Frommer's Review The most advanced skiers are often attracted to this tranquil retreat because it was built by the family of Othmar Schneider, the Olympic ski champion.
  • Hotel Kristiania in Lech 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo (called Christiania 1624-1878, Kristiania 1878-1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

.In 1814 Christiania once more became a real capital when the union with Denmark was dissolved.^ In 1814, after the Denmark - Norway union was dissolved, Christiania became the official capital of Norway.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1814 Norway separated from Denmark and united with Sweden, a union that lasted until 1905.
  • Introduction in Oslo at Frommer's 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

^ After the union with Denmark was dissolved and Norway was ceded to Sweden in 1814, the country wrote its own constitution on what is now Norway's much celebrated national day, May 17.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many landmarks were built in the 19th century, including the Royal Palace (1825-1848), Stortinget (the Parliament) (1861-1866), the University, Nationaltheatret and the Stock Exchange.^ Completed in 1848, the Royal Palace has a statue of Karl Johan, King of Sweden and Norwat from 1818-1844 in front and recently renovated.
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

^ The palace was completed in 1848 under King Oscar I. In 1866 the  Parliament building in Karl Johans gate was finished.
  • Climate Change and Urban Design 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.cityclimate.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hotel is located within walking distance from Parliament Building, Oslo Opera House, Oslo Harbor, University of Oslo and Royal Castle, where the King of Norway lives.
  • Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. - Hotel - Oslo, Norway 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC booking.swiss.com [Source type: General]

.Among the world-famous artists who lived here during this period were Henrik Ibsen and Knut Hamsun (the latter was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature).^ The city is prominent in Norse literature, and has been the home to several famous Nobel Prize -winning authors, including Henrik Ibsen .
  • Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ Play writers like Henrik Ibsen and novelists like Knut Munh.
  • Oslo Flights, Oslo Cheap Flights, Flight Oslo (OSL) - Globester 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.globester.com [Source type: News]

^ Haitian-born singer Wyclef Jean speaks during a press conference in Oslo, Norway ahead of the annual Nobel Peace Prize concert.
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]
  • Oslo | ajc.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC projects.ajc.com [Source type: General]

.In 1850, Christiania also overtook Bergen and became the most populous city in the country.^ Bergen   Close Bergen Considered "the town of all towns in Norway" by locals and not only, Bergen is a great city with tradition and one of the most important economic centers in Norway.
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.europeandestinations.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.tripmasters.com [Source type: General]

^ The growth of Christiania’s population in the 19th century was due in part to the absorption of surrounding municipalities, and the city replaced its rival, the west-coast port of Bergen, as Norway’s largest and most influential city.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norway formed its first constitution on 17 May the same year and Christiania became the capital city.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

.In 1878 the city was renamed to Kristiania.^ Oslo (called Christiania 1624-1878, Kristiania 1878-1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ Oslo (help·info) (called Christiania from 1624 to 1878, and Kristiania from 1878 to 1924) is the capital and largest city of Norway.

^ The city was named Christiania when Vilhelm was born there, became Kristiania in 1877, then was renamed Oslo in 1925.

The original name of Oslo was restored in 1925.
.Oslo's centrality in the political, cultural and economical life of Norway continues to be a source of considerable controversy and friction.^ Central Oslo hotels in Oslo, Norway .
  • Central Oslo hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.expedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Images of Oslo, Norway, city with population from 500 to 750 thousand inhabitants, depending on if you consider the central parts of Oslo or the larger parts.
  • Oslo pictures, Oslo images | InfoHub.com 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.infohub.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is continually influenced by new technologies, urban and international impulses, immigrants and cultures, making this small, big city what it is.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

.Numerous attempts at decentralization have not appreciably changed this during the last century.^ Prices may change dynamically and at times significantly numerous times during any given day.
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

.While continuing to be the main cause of the depopulation of the Norwegian countryside, any form of development is almost always opposed by neighbours, and as a consequence the growth of a modern urban landscape has all but stopped.^ With Norwegian interior-design, the rooms provide guests with all the facilities they would expect to find in a modern and urban hotel.
  • Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. - Hotel - Oslo, Norway 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC booking.swiss.com [Source type: General]

^ Central station tends to be the main stop, but a lot of trains also continue on to the National theater stop (Nationaltheatret) which is slightly more central.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Specifically, the construction of highrises in the city centre has been met with skepticism. .It is projected, however, that the city will need some 20,000 additional apartments before 2020, forcing the difficult decision of whether to build tall or the equally unpopular option of sprawling out.^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ The area is however mainly farmland, forest and lakes (340 of them), and the city's population is only 460,000 (it's the least densely populated capital city in Europe).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

^ We've picked out some highlights from his trip with additional Guardian reader suggestions , all after the jump.
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

File:Oslo mot Grefsentoppen fra Ekeberg.jpg
View from Ekeberg toward Grefsen
.A marked reluctance to encourage the growth of the city for fear of causing further depletion of the traditional farming and fishing communities has led to several successive bursts of construction both in infrastructure and building mass, as the authorities kept waiting in vain for the stream of people to diminish.^ On a tour, the guide told us of the tradition of Norwegian people voluntarily coming together as a community to complete a task for the common good.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This would diminish the dangerous population density of Israel's large cities and, at the same time, encourage Jewish immigration to Israel.
  • Kill Oslo Before Oslo Kills Israel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.jewishmag.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most employment is in highly specialized services and manufacturing, with only a small workforce in the traditional occupations of forestry, farming, and fishing.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Neoclassical city apartments built in the 1850s to 1900s dotted with remnants of Christian IV's renaissance grid dominate the architecture around the city centre, except where slums were demolished in the 1960s to construct modernist concrete and glass low-rises, now generally regarded as embarrassing eyesores.^ After the Great Fire that destroyed the city in 1624, the Danish King Christian IV, decided to rebuild the city in brick and stone, and named it Christiania.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Thon Hotel Opera is a large modern hotel with glass entrance portico, situated 30 metres from central station in oslo's city centre.
  • Oslo Hotel Norway : book hotels & accommodation in Oslo at special rates! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.oslohotelnorway.com [Source type: News]

^ "On our first evening in Oslo we went walking around the city centre looking for a suitable place to eat.
  • Oslo Restaurants - Oslo Dining Reviews - IgoUgo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

.The variety in Oslo's architectural cityscape does however provide for some striking, and often hauntingly beautiful sights.^ Stunning natural beauty and internationally renowned historical sights perfectly blend together in Oslo, Norway.
  • Cheap Oslo Hotels - Discount Hotels in Oslo from Hotels Cheap 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC oslo.hotelscheap.org [Source type: General]

^ The fortress overlooks the Oslo Fjord and provides some of the best views of Oslo harbor.
  • European Cities - Oslo by Charles L. Mitchell 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.casayego.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While most of the forests and lakes surrounding Oslo are in private hands, there is great public support for not developing those areas.^ Oslo has a great coverage on public transportations.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beyond the city’s residential outskirts lie plentiful forests, accounting for most of Oslo’s size.
  • Cheap flights to Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.airbaltic.com [Source type: General]

^ The area is however mainly farmland, forest and lakes (340 of them), and the city's population is only 460,000 (it's the least densely populated capital city in Europe).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

.Parts of Oslo suffer from congestion, yet it is one of the few European capitals where people live with the wilderness literally in their back yard, or with access to a suburban train line that allows the city's many hikers and cross-country skiers to simply step off the train and start walking or skiing.^ In part this is thanks to a rent-a-bike system that is very popular and allows you to pick up a bike at one of dozens of stands across the city and return it to a similar stand elsewhere.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With its population of around 500,000, Oslo is one of the smallest capitals in Europe, flanked by nature on almost all sides.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway - Cheap Hotels in Oslo 85% Off. 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.hotelsguru.com [Source type: General]

^ As a result, it is the only European capital that boasts cycling, hiking, ice-skating, kayaking, sailing and skiing, all within its city limits and a short train ride away.
  • Oslo Travel Information and Travel Guide - Norway - Lonely Planet 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.lonelyplanet.com [Source type: General]

Geography and climate

File:Climate chart of Oslo.svg
.Oslo occupies an arc of land at the northernmost end of the Oslofjord.^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

.The fjord, which is nearly bisected by the Nesodden peninsula opposite Oslo, lies to the south; in all other directions Oslo is surrounded by green hills and mountains.^ The city has a blue-green image, as it is surrounded by the blue Oslo fjord and green hills and forests.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trip type: Couples The hotel is situated on a small hill overlooking Lech with mountain panorama and on the other side great views of the mountains surrounding this alpine village.
  • Kristiania Lech (Lech, Austria) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

.There are 40 islands within the city limits, the largest being Malmøya (Template:Convert/LoffAonDsSoff), and scores more around the Oslofjord.^ The city center of Oslo is situated at the end of the Oslofjord, from where the city sprawls out both to the north and to the south on both sides of the fjord, giving the city area more or less the shape of a "U." .
  • Restaurants in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]
  • Oslo Things To Do, Tourist Attractions in Oslo, Norway - TravelMuse 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travelmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Refugees are concentrated in and around the largest cities, with approximately one-third living in the Oslo area.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oslo covers 175 square miles within its city limits and, as such, is one of the world's largest capital cities.
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

.Oslo has 343 lakes, the largest being Maridalsvannet (Template:Convert/LoffAonDsSoff).^ From the harbour you can also take a ferry to Bygdy and Dronningen, where the five most popular museums of Oslo are located, the open air Norwegian Folk Museum being the largest.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

This is also a main source of drinking water for large parts of Oslo. .Although Eastern Norway has a number of mighty rivers, none of these flows into the ocean at Oslo.^ Located in the southwestern coast of Scandinavia, Oslo will initially fool you into thinking that Norway is staid and conventional.
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ Welcome to Oslo and the Radisson Blu Hotel Nydalen, Oslo- the newest hotel in the capital of Norway - perfectly located in the beautiful surroundings of Nydalen, Oslo.Although Nydalen is a business district, it offers great opportunities to explore the Aker River.
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

^ In 2008, Eirik Solheim of Oslo, Norway, filmed his backyard regularly for a year and compiled the results into a 40-second time-lapse video .
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

Instead Oslo has two smaller rivers: Akerselva (draining Maridalsvannet) and Alna (Oslo's longest river). .Akerselva traditionally separates Oslo's East and West end, and flows into the fjord in Bjørvika.^ Traditionally in Oslo the more affluent crowd lived on the west side of Akerselva, the small river that roughly divides Oslo, and the working class lived on it's east side and to this day people refer to the west and people from that area as 'Vestkanten' (West side).
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1948 Oslo incorporated the nearby township of Aker, and in the following decades a number of satellite towns and residential areas grew up to the east and west of the city.
  • Oslo (Norway) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Located between mountains and the end of the Oslo Fjord, the city's natural landscape virtually dominates the urban environment.
  • European Cities - Oslo by Charles L. Mitchell 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.casayego.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.River Alna flows through Groruddalen, Oslo's major suburb and industrial area.^ A beautiful salmon river runs through the city limits, and so do fine parks and even wild outdoor areas.
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

^ Now Patchy dense fog will affect the Grand Forks...Cavalier...Hallock...Roseau...and Thief River Falls areas through 6 am.
  • Oslo, Minnesota (56744) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

The highest point is Kirkeberget, at 629 metres (2,060 ft). .Although the city's population is small compared to most European capitals, it occupies an unusually large land area, of which two thirds are protected areas of forests, hills and lakes.^ Fill in the two cities you wish to travel to and from, select your travel dates and number of passengers, then check the box that says "compare alternative nearby airports".
  • Cheap Discount Airfares to Oslo, Cheap Flights to Oslo including Cheap Vacation Packages to Oslo. 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.bestfares.com [Source type: General]

^ The current population of 528.500, 22% of whom are immigrants, makes Oslo one of the smallest European capitals.
  • Oslo - CouchSurfing Wiki 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC wiki.couchsurfing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For a capital city, Oslo has a minimal amount of congestion and you rarely find yourself stuck in traffic in the city (although the access ways at certain times of the day get congested).
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its boundaries encompass many parks and open areas, giving it an airy and often very green appearance.^ Stortings is another good hangout spot with a fabulous long-and-green (lots of trees) park that leads up to the Royal Palace (which is not open to visitors).
  • Oslo Cruises - Cruise Critic 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cruisecritic.com [Source type: General]

^ The little green spot of Studenterlunden on the other side has an open-air restaurant and a large pond, which becomes a very popular ice rink in the winter.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

^ Nestled in the city center, the Radisson SAS Plaza Hotel is minutes from the Central Railway Station, giving guests easy access to many areas of the city.
  • Cheap Oslo Hotels - Discount Hotels in Oslo from Hotels Cheap 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC oslo.hotelscheap.org [Source type: General]

.It is not uncommon to encounter wild moose in relatively urban areas of Oslo, especially during wintertime.^ Inhabitants: 839.000 (urban area) Country: Norway Region: Oslo Founded: 1050 .
  • Oslo - a knol by Arnt Rekstad 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ During the Middle Ages Oslo covered an area the size of the Royal Palace Garden, Slottsparken, with its 3,000 inhabitants.
  • Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC worldfacts.us [Source type: General]

File:Oslo from holmenkollen.jpg
View of Oslo looking south from Holmenkollen, directly facing Nesodden.
Oslo has a hemiboreal/humid continental climate (Dfb according to the Köppen climate classification system). .Summers are mild or even warm, with daily high temperatures averaging between Template:Convert/C and Template:Convert/C during the summer months (June-August).^ Summers are mild or even warm, with daily high temperatures averaging between 20.1C and 21.5C. If you are fond of winter sport taking a flight during the end of October or November will be an idle time.
  • Oslo Flights, Oslo Cheap Flights, Flight Oslo (OSL) - Globester 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.globester.com [Source type: News]

^ Averages for August Average high: 70° Average low: 55° Average precip: 3.03 in Click column for details .
  • Oslo, NOR Weather - Forecasts, Radar Maps, Video, and News 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC weather.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ The hotel offers a delicious daily breakfast buffet, light evening meals during the week, and wireless Internet access throughout the building.
  • Cheap Oslo Hotels - Discount Hotels in Oslo from Hotels Cheap 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC oslo.hotelscheap.org [Source type: General]

September is often as warm, with colder temperatures usually arriving before the end of October. .The highest temperature ever recorded was Template:Convert/C on 21 July 1901. There are four distinct seasons, with winter lasting from early december to march, and spring arriving in april, lasting out may.^ Choose your Norway cruise package according to the preferred travel season: ● Spring & Summer ● Northern Lights ● Winter & Christmas ● All year .
  • NORWAY CRUISES, Norwegian Fjords, Arctic Cruis Lapland, Lofoten, North Cape 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.fjordtravel.no [Source type: General]

^ N has become one of the best infantry players out there over the last year, and will bring a lot of important skill into our team when competing against the best.
  • Oslo Lions eSports Club 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC oslo-lions.no [Source type: General]

^ There's no doubt of it, Obama is one of the world's two best orators of the last hundred years, and his performance at the December 10th ceremony was stellar.
  • Oslo | Strike-The-Root: A Journal Of Liberty 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.strike-the-root.com [Source type: Original source]

Summer ranges from June to late august. Autumn/fall usually comes mid-september with cooler air and more unstable weather, and lasts throughout november. .Heatwaves are not rare during the summer, usually pushing the temperatures above 30C (86F).^ The city has pleasant and sunny summers, but during winter the temperatures can fall far below freezing.
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Accommodation Deals in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelclub.net [Source type: General]

.The Oslofjord has many public beaches and recreational areas, which are very popular in the summer months.^ Oslo and the rest of southern Norway enjoys an active beach and water sport season in the summer months.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alternatively, public transport makes it easy to reach popular areas in a short time.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many public areas are planned with extensive consideration given to children.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to the fjord being sort of an enclosed body of water, the water temperatures can get quite high if the weather stays warm.^ When complaining to the reception we were told it was because the hotel is old, has thin waterpipes so it takes a long time for the warm water to rise so high.
  • Best Western Hotel Bondeheimen Oslo Norway. Best Hotel Deals & Reviews 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

During the summer of 2008, the water reached a temperature of 24C (75F).
The winter is cold, chilly and wet. Temperatures can drop down to Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffT or lower when there is high pressure and blue skies. Almost every winter, ice develops in the inner parts of the Oslofjord. .Temperatures below zero may be experienced from October until May, the coldest month being January with a mean temperature of Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffT, and both January and February may have daily minimum temperatures of around Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffT. The coldest temperature recorded is Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffT in February 1871. Snowfall is spread evenly throughout the winter months and on average more than 25 centimetres (9.8 in) of snow cover is experienced 30 days per year.^ The city's main library was established more than 200 years ago, when Carl Deichman bequeathed his vast collection of books to the city.
  • Schmap Oslo Guide 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more The Norwegian Coastal Voyage (called Hurtigruten in Norwegian) has been cruising the Norwegian coast for more than 100 years!
  • NORWAY CRUISES, Norwegian Fjords, Arctic Cruis Lapland, Lofoten, North Cape 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.fjordtravel.no [Source type: General]

^ The major holidays are New Year's Day (1 January), Labor Day (1 May), Constitution Day (17 May), Christmas (25 December), and Boxing Day (26 December).
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Temperatures have tended to be higher in recent years.[4]
.The annual average precipitation is 763 millimetres (30.0 in), with winter being somewhat drier than summer.^ In comparison to western Norway, which has relatively warm winters, cool summers and frequent rain, eastern Norway, where Oslo is situated, is sheltered by the mountains in the centre of the country and has an inland climate with warm summers, colder winters, and less than 30 inches mean annual rainfall.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Weather averages for Oslo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -2 (29) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -1 (30) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 3 (38) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 9 (49) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 16 (60) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 21 (69) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 22 (71) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 20 (68) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 15 (59) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 9 (49) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 3 (38) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -1 (31) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt border-left-width:medium;" | 9 (49)
Average low °C (°F) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -7 (20) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -7 (20) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -3 (26) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 1 (33) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 7 (44) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 11 (51) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 12 (54) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 11 (52) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 8 (46) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | 4 (39) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -2 (29) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt" | -6 (22) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colt border-left-width:medium;" | 2 (36)
Precipitation mm (inch) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 49 (1.9) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 36 (1.4) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 47 (1.9) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 41 (1.6) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 53 (2.1) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 65 (2.6) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 81 (3.2) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 89 (3.5) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 90 (3.5) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 84 (3.3) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 73 (2.9) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp" | 55 (2.2) style="Template:Infobox Weather/colp border-left-width:medium;" | 763 (30)
Source: Minifakta om Norge (SSB) [5] 2008-10-06

Parks and recreation areas

.Oslo has a large number of parks and green areas within the city core, as well as outside it.^ Large car park outside the hotel.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Thon Hotel Terminus Oslo Stenersgaten 10 0.7 mi The hotel is located in the downtown area of Oslo within easy walking distance from the central railway station.
  • Oslo Hotels Norway: 76 Cheap Accommodation Deals 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

^ With a fantastic location in the heart of the city, this new hotel is just steps away from Oslos main pedestrian area and some of the best shopping in Norway.
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

.The large park Vigeland Park is located a few minutes walk away from the city centre.^ Parkveien 78, Oslo, NO 0254 • Show map The Hotel Carlton Oslo is located half a kilometre from the city's commercial centre and 1.5 kilometres from Oslo Old Castle and Museum.
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With a fantastic location in the heart of the city, this new hotel is just steps away from Oslos main pedestrian area and some of the best shopping in Norway.
  • RadissonSAS.com > Book Luxury Hotels in Oslo, Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC hotels.radissonsas.com [Source type: General]

^ A health and fitness centre is located on the 34th and 35th floors, offering swimming pool, sauna and gymnasium with stunning vistas over the city.

.This is the biggest and most reputed park in Norway.^ Vigeland Sculpture Park, one of Norway's most popular attractions, and the Munch Museum are two kilometers from the hotel.

^ Within Frognerparken is Vigeland Park, Norway's most popular tourist attraction famous for 200 sculptures by Norwegian sculptor, Gustav Vigeland.
  • Schmap Oslo Guide 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.schmap.com [Source type: General]

^ Vigeland Sculpture Park, one of Norway's most popular attractions, and the Munch Museum are...
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • St.Hanshaugen park is an old public park on a high hill in central Oslo.^ The city is characterized by a mix of old and new architecture, parks, hills, museums, monuments, lakes, forests and the fjord.
    • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Long Term Parking: Ample parking is available at the Oslo Central Station for a fee.

    The park has a small tower at the top and a stage used for outdoor concerts. .'St.Hanshaugen' is also the name of the surrounding neighborhood as well as the larger administrative district (borough) that includes major parts of central Oslo.^ The hotel is situated very centrally at Oslo´s main street, and is close to all major entertainment and attractions of downtown Oslo, as well as to the main shopping facilities.… More — Dag (Sykkylven, NO), May 27, 2009 .
    • Booking.com: 52 hotels in Oslo, Norway. Book your hotel now! 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.booking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The main street leading up to the Royal Palace from Oslo Central Station is named after the king who started work on the palace, Karl Johans 'gate' (street).
    • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oslo Vacations Oslo abounds with sights of interest, such as museums, parks, urban districts with listed buildings and a well-developed array of shops.
    • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

    [6]
  • Tøyen Park stretches out behind the Munch Museum, and is a vast, grassy expanse. In the north there is also the natural viewing point known as Ola Narr. .The Tøyen area also includes the Botanical garden and Museum belonging to the University of Oslo.^ Oslo University unveils the murals which include The Sun.
    • Religion of Edvard Munch, famous painter 25 September 2009 5:12 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Next to the botanical garden is Gothenburg's largest park, Slottsskogen, where the Natural History Museum is located.
    • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Toyen Botanical Gardens, Munich Museum, and Ostensjovannet,...
    • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [7]
.Oslo (with neighboring Sandvika-Asker) is basically built in a horseshoe shape on the shores of the Oslofjord and limited in most directions by hills and forests.^ Voksenasen Hotel is a modern three floor property overlooking Oslo on the Ullveien Hill, surrounded by ski slopes and forests.
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The city has a blue-green image, as it is surrounded by the blue Oslo fjord and green hills and forests.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONFERENCE Thon Hotel Oslofjord in Sandvika is one of Norway’s biggest seminar and conference hotels, centrally located in Sandvika, approximately a 10 minute drive from Oslo city centre.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

This means that any point within the city is relatively close to the forest. .There are two major forests with immediate access: Østmarka (literally "Eastern Forest", on the eastern perimeter of the city), and the very large Nordmarka (literally "Northern Forest", stretching from the northern perimeter of the city deep into the hinterland).^ One of two airports serving Oslo, Gardermoen replaced Fornebu Airport in 1998 as the city's major international airport, providing thousands of domestic and international flights each year.

^ The city is beautifully situated at the head of Oslo Fjord surrounded by forested ridges, and this very location gives Oslo unexpected qualities for a national capital.
  • Globe Media Ltd | Selected Oslo City Sightseeing 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.partner.viator.com [Source type: General]

^ In the very centre of Oslo there is an abundance of discotheques, nightclubs, bars, jazz clubs and cafés, as well as the usual city centre shops.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Main sights

Template:Wrapper
|
File:Akershus castle Oslo.jpg
Akershus Fortress.
|-
|
File:OsloNationalTeatret.jpg
Oslo National Theatre
|-
|
File:Slottet oslo 2.jpg
Royal Palace.
|-
|
Stortinget
|-
|
File:Vigeland Monolith.jpg
Vigeland Park.
|-
|
File:Oslo rådhus2.jpg
Oslo City Hall
|-
|
File:Vikingskiphuset.jpg
Vikingship Museum at Bygdøy.
|- |}
  • Akershus Castle and Fortress
  • Norsk Folkemuseum, the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History at Bygdøy, with a large open air museum
  • The Armed Forces Museum
  • The City Hall, where the annual Nobel Peace Prize ceremony is held
  • The Nobel Peace Center, Aker brygge
  • The New National Opera House, Bjørvika
  • The Historical Museum
  • The Museum of Modern Art
  • The Holmenkollen ski jump, arena of the 1952 Winter Olympics and the Holmenkollen ski festival, Holmenkollen
  • The Holmenkollen Ski Museum, Holmenkollen
  • The Kon-Tiki Museum, Bygdøy
  • The Munch Museum, Tøyen
  • The river Akerselva
  • The National Gallery
  • The Norwegian Maritime Museum, including Gjøa, Bygdøy
  • The Fram Museum, exhibiting the ship Fram, Bygdøy
  • The Oslo City Museum, at Frogner Manor
  • The Royal Palace
  • The Henie-Onstad Art Centre, Høvikodden in Bærum
  • Oslo Cathedral
  • Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology
  • The Zoological Museum , Tøyen
  • The Botanical garden , Tøyen
  • The Storting, parliament building
  • The Vigeland Park in the Frogner park (Frognerparken)
  • The Viking Ship Museum, displaying ships from Gokstad, Oseberg and Tune at Bygdøy
  • Tryvannstårnet
  • Hovedøya
  • Ullevål Hageby
  • The islands of the Oslofjord
  • Oslo Opera House

Politics and government

.Oslo is the capital of Norway, and as such is the seat of Norway's national government.^ Oslo is the capital of the Kingdom of Norway.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation is offering this documentary video of the train journey linking Bergen with the capital city of Oslo, Norway for free.
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ History Oslo, the capital of Norway, was founded around the year 1000 and, contrary to popular belief, was actually originally named Oslo.
  • Oslo Budget Hotels | Oslo Cheap Hotels, Reviews & Ratings | Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: General]

.Most government offices, including that of the Prime Minister, are gathered at Regjeringskvartalet, a cluster of buildings close to the national Parliament - the Storting.^ The Thon Hotel Bristol is a 1920s hotel located in central Oslo, Norway, 150 metres from the National Gallery and Parliament buildings.
  • Oslo Hotels - Cheap Oslo Norway Hotel Rates 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hotel-rates.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The King is just a figurehead, and Norway is run by a unicameral Parliament and a Prime Minister.
  • The Royal Palace- Oslo, Norway - VirtualTourist.com 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ The establishment in Karasjok, north Norway, of a Sami parliament to coordinate relations with local, regional, and national government offices has helped draw attention to the needs of that population.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Constituting both a municipality and a county of Norway, the city of Oslo is represented in the Storting by seventeen Members of Parliament.^ The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation is offering this documentary video of the train journey linking Bergen with the capital city of Oslo, Norway for free.
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Oslo, Norway News - Topix 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ There has been an explosive increase in the number of rape charges in the city of Oslo, but both the media and the authorities consistently refuse to tell us why.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Storting, or parliament hall, in Oslo is built to a human scale and is embedded within a busy downtown area with considerable foot traffic.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Six MPs are from the Labour Party; the Conservative Party and the Progress Party have three each, the Socialist Left Party and the Liberals have two each, and one is from the Christian Democrats.^ With a total of 160 apartments, we offer fully equipped one-, two- and three-bedroom units.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ The major parties, listed roughly in order of their popularity in recent elections, are the Norwegian Labor Party (Arbeiderpartiet), a socialist party affiliated with labor unions; the Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet), a nationalistic party; the Conservative Party ( Høyre ); the Christian People's Party (Kristelig Folkepartiet), which supports the use of the principles of Christianity in politics; the Center Party (Senterpartiet), which originally focused on agrarian issues; the Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstrepartiet); and the Liberal Party (Venstre), a reform party.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The combined municipality and county of Oslo has had a parliamentary system of government since 1986. The supreme authority of the city is the City Council (Bystyret), which currently has 59 seats.^ Combine Oslo with other cities: .
  • Oslo Vacations - Hotels, sightseeing tours, train trips, transfers in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC europe.solartours.com [Source type: General]

^ There has been an explosive increase in the number of rape charges in the city of Oslo, but both the media and the authorities consistently refuse to tell us why.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Local government is represented by 450 municipalities in eighteen counties.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Representatives are popularly elected every four years.^ Representatives are elected by direct vote for a four-year term.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The City Council has five standing committees, each with their own areas of responsibility. .These are: Health and Social Welfare, Education and Cultural Affairs, Urban Development, Transport and Environmental Affairs, and Finance.^ It is the role of the schools to convey both knowledge and culture, as well as to promote social mobility and provide a basis for wealth creation and welfare for all .
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norwegian educational policy is rooted in the principle of equal rights to education for all members of society, regardless of their social and cultural background or where in Norway they live.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The council's executive branch (Byrådet) consists of a head of government (byrådsleder) and six commissioners (byråder, sing. byråd) holding ministerial positions. Each of the commissioners needs the confidence of the City Council and each of them can be voted out of office.
.Since the local elections of 2003, the city government has been a coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party.^ Coalition governments that rely on the cooperation of two or more parties are not uncommon.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Based mostly on support from the Christian Democrats and the Liberals, the coalition maintains a majority in the City Council. After the 2007 local elections on 10 September, the conservative coalition remained in majority. The largest parties in the City Council are the Labour Party and the Conservatives, with 18 and 16 representatives respectively.
The Mayor of Oslo is the head of the City Council and the highest ranking representative of the city. .This used to be the most powerful political position in Oslo, but after the implementation of parliamentarism the Mayor has had more of a ceremonial role, similar to that of the President of the Storting at the national level.^ Karl Johans gata by diocletianvs The position of the Royal Palace in Oslo has a lots of similarities to the position of the Royal family in Norway's everyday life.
  • The Royal Palace- Oslo, Norway - VirtualTourist.com 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Read More: World's Most Expensive Cities , Ubs , Purchasing Power , Geneva , UBS Study , Cheapest Cities , Ubs Study Purchasing Power , Zurich , Copenhagen , Oslo , World News .

^ Read More: Oslo , Nobel Peace Prize , Landmines , Jody Williams , Alfred Nobel , Barack Obama , Afghanistan War , Cartagena , Politics News .

The current Mayor of Oslo is Fabian Stang.

Administrative divisions

Following the latest reform of 1 January 2004, the city is divided into fifteen boroughs (bydeler) that are to a considerable extent self governed. .Each borough is responsible for local services not overseen by the City Council, such as social services, basic healthcare, and kindergartens.^ An entire layer of leftists need to be removed from the civil service, the media, the educational system, local governments, social services and the police.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

  1. Gamle Oslo
  2. Grünerløkka
  3. Sagene
  4. St. Hanshaugen
  5. Frogner
  6. Ullern
  7. Vestre Aker
  8. Nordre Aker
  9. Bjerke
  10. Grorud
  11. Stovner
  12. Alna
  13. Østensjø
  14. Nordstrand
  15. Søndre Nordstrand
  16. Sentrum
  17. Marka
.Sentrum (the city centre) and Marka (the rural/recreational areas surrounding the city) are separate geographical entities, but do not have an administration of their own.^ The major 4-star hotel in Brussels, Thon Hotel Brussels City Centre, is located in the heart of the European Capital, next to the Belgian Government area and the European District.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ CONFERENCE Thon Hotel Vettre is located in quiet and rural surroundings in Asker, only a 20 minute drive from Oslo city centre.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ Could an expat also use public transportation to get out of the city—to surrounding towns, recreation areas or suburbs?
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sentrum is governed by the borough of St. Hanshaugen. The administration of Marka is shared between neighbouring boroughs.

Economy

.Oslo is an important centre of maritime knowledge in Europe and is home to approximately 980 companies and 8,500 employees within the maritime sector, among which are some of the world's largest shipping companies, shipbrokers, and insurance brokers.^ Home Tours & Attractions Multi Day Tours Airport Transfers Contact Us help shopping cart sitemap Home Europe Norway Oslo Tours $ AUD .
  • Oslo sightseeing tours - Oslo tours and things to do in Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.city-discovery.com [Source type: General]

^ CONFERENCE Thon Hotel Oslofjord in Sandvika is one of Norway’s biggest seminar and conference hotels, centrally located in Sandvika, approximately a 10 minute drive from Oslo city centre.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

[8] .Det Norske Veritas, headquartered at Høvik outside Oslo, is one of the three major maritime classification societies in the world, with 16.5% of the world fleet to class in its register.^ Norway and Oslo is one the worlds most secure places.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] The city's port is the largest general cargo port in the country and its leading passenger gateway. Close to 6,000 ships dock at the Port of Oslo annually with a total of 6 million tonnes of cargo and over five million passengers.
.The gross domestic product of Oslo totaled NOK268.047 billion (€33.876 billion) in 2003, which amounted to 17% of the national GDP.[10] This compares with NOK165.915 billion (€20.968 billion) in 1995. The metropolitan area, bar Moss and Drammen, contributed 25% of the national GDP in 2003 and was also responsible for more than one quarter of tax revenues.^ Travelers in these areas should expect to encounter rapid fluctuations in visibility...occasionally to as low as one quarter mile.
  • Oslo, Minnesota (56744) Conditions & Forecast : Weather Underground 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.wunderground.com [Source type: General]

^ Norway spends 3 percent of the gross national product on defense.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I see from your letter that you are thinking about a new trip to Norway , and nothing would please me more than if I could be able yo see one of you again.

In comparison, total tax revenues from the oil and gas industry on the Norwegian Continental Shelf amounted to about 16%.[11] .The region has one of the highest per capita GDPs in Europe, at NOK391,399 (€49,465) in 2003. If Norway were a member of the European Union, the capital region would have the fourth strongest GDP per capita, behind Inner London, Brussels-Capital and Luxembourg.^ The city became capital of Norway around 1300, but lost its privileges during the Danish-Norwegian union from 1348 to 1814.
  • OSLO Hotels , Hotels in OSLO and Cheap Hotels in OSLO - Pointres.com 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.oslohotelsearch.com [Source type: News]

^ Frommer's Oslo, Norway One of the oldest Scandinavian capitals, Oslo has never been on the mainstream European tourist circuit.
  • Oslo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Oslo, Norway Travel Guide - AOL Travel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1814, after the Denmark - Norway union was dissolved, Christiania became the official capital of Norway.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in the world.^ Oslo is considered to be one of the most leading shipping cities in the world.

^ The only problem is that Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in Europe.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norway and Oslo is one the worlds most secure places.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As of 2006, it is ranked tenth according to the Worldwide Cost of Living Survey provided by Mercer Human Resource Consulting[12] and first according to the Economist Intelligence Unit.[13] The reason for this discrepancy is that the EIU omits certain factors from its final index calculation, most notably housing. .Although Oslo does have the most expensive housing market in Norway it is comparably cheaper to other cities on the list in that regard.^ Oslo, the most expensive city in world, can be difficult to navigate while on a budget.
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

^ As a rule, housing is quite expensive in Norway.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only problem is that Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in Europe.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Meanwhile, prices on goods and services remain some of the highest of any city. .According to a report compiled by Swiss bank UBS in the month of August 2006,[14] Oslo and London were the world's most expensive cities.^ Oslo, the most expensive city in world, can be difficult to navigate while on a budget.
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

^ The only problem is that Oslo is one of the most expensive cities in Europe.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once again The Economist has named the most expensive cities in the world, and Oslo won the dubious distinction of being the most outrageously expensive metropolis in all the land.
  • Oslo – full coverage on Gridskipper 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC gridskipper.com [Source type: News]

Total pay packets were the biggest in Oslo along with Copenhagen and Zurich.

Demographics

.An estimated 25 percent of Oslo's population consists of immigrants (about 140,000 inhabitants).^ About 1/3 of the total population of Norway lives around the Oslo fjord, with roughly 550,000 living in Oslo.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Oslo Budget Hotels | Oslo Cheap Hotels, Reviews & Ratings | Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: General]

^ With its population of around 550,000, Oslo is one of the smallest capitals in Europe and is flanked by nature on almost all sides.
  • Oslo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Oslo, Norway Travel Guide - AOL Travel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is a pleasant city with over 500 000 inhabitants.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Norwegians of Pakistani descent make up 20,036 of the cities inhabitants, followed by: Somalians (9,708), Swedes (7,462) and Sri Lankan Tamils (7,128) are the four largest ethnic minority groups.^ Larsen said that since this was the initial study examining ethnic make-up there were no existing figures to put the numbers into context.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the City of Oslo alone, more than 20 per cent of the population is of non-Norwegian origin, meaning either not born in Norway or none of their parents born in Norway.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most commonly sent format for travellers, letters and cards up to 20 grams, currently require the following stamps: .
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other large immigrant groups are people from the Poland, Vietnam, Turkey, Iraq and Denmark.[15][16][17]
.The population of Oslo is currently increasing at a record rate of nearly 2 percent annually (17 percent over the last 15 years), making it the fastest-growing Scandinavian capital.^ With its population of around 550,000, Oslo is one of the smallest capitals in Europe and is flanked by nature on almost all sides.
  • Oslo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Oslo, Norway Travel Guide - AOL Travel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ Frommer's Oslo, Norway One of the oldest Scandinavian capitals, Oslo has never been on the mainstream European tourist circuit.
  • Oslo Hotels, Vacations and Tourism, Oslo, Norway Travel Guide - AOL Travel 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC travel.aol.com [Source type: General]

^ Oslo is the oldest of the Scandinavian capitals, and its history goes back to 1000 years ago, when the first settlements were built at the inlet of the Oslo fjord.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] The increase is due, in almost equal degree, to high birth rates and immigration.[19] In particular, immigration from Poland and the Baltic states has increased sharply since the accession of these countries to the EU in 2004.

Education

Institutions of higher education

.
  • University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo) - undergraduate, graduate and PhD programs in most fields.
  • Oslo University College (Høgskolen i Oslo) - focuses on 3-4 year professional degree programs.
  • Norwegian School of Management (Handelshøyskolen BI) - primarily economics and business administration.
  • Norwegian School of Information Technology (Norges Informasjonsteknologiske Høyskole)
  • Oslo School of Architecture and Design (Arkitektur- og designhøgskolen i Oslo)
  • Norwegian University of Sport and Physical Education (Norges idrettshøgskole)[20]
  • Norwegian Academy of Music (Norges musikkhøgskole)
  • MF Norwegian School of Theology (Det teologiske Menighetsfakultet - MF)
  • Oslo National Academy of the Arts (Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo KHIO)[21]
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Universitetet for Miljø og Biovitenskap-UMB) located right outside of Oslo[22]
  • Norwegian Military Academy (Krigsskolen)
  • Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (Norges Veterinærhøgskole)[23]
  • Oslo Academy of Fine Arts (Statens kunstakademi)[24]
  • Oslo School of Management.^ Oslo University College (English pages) is located in the center of Oslo and offers professional higher education programmes.
    • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most major buildings in the city centre , including the Parliament, the National Theatre and the University, date from the 19th century, the era of writers Ibsen and Hamsun.

    ^ It's extremely hard to find reasonable work in Oslo if you don't speak Norwegian, even with the right visa in hand.
    • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (Markedshøyskolen)
.Oslo now has over 50 schools, colleges and universities in itself alone.^ In 1989 the School was approved to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma program, which is an excellent preparation for university and college studies.
  • Norway, Oslo: Oslo International School 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: News]

^ After ten years of compulsory schooling, students may go on to an upper secondary school and then to one of the four universities or many colleges.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Transport

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File:OslArrHall2.jpg
Oslo Airport, Gardermoen
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Oslotrikken
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Air

  • Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (in Akershus county) - Scandinavia's second largest and fastest growing airport, served by high speed train (Flytoget)
  • Sandefjord Airport, Torp (in Vestfold county about two hours, or Template:Convert/LoffAonDsSoff away)
  • Moss Airport, Rygge (In Østfold county, Template:Convert/LoffAonDsSoff away)

Sea

.There are daily ferry connections to Kiel (Germany), Copenhagen (Denmark), Frederikshavn (Denmark) and Nesodden.^ Direct Ferries and Colorline both travel to and from Oslo from a number of cities in Sweden , Denmark and Germany .
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DFDS Seaways also provide a daily ferry to Olso from Copenhagen that sails overnight, departing Copenhagen early evening.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Public ferries run daily to and from the islands scattered in the Oslo harbour basin.^ Ferries also offer quick access to a dozen or so small islands in the Oslo Fjord.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Train

.Oslo Sentralstasjon is the main railway station in Oslo.^ The main street leading up to the Royal Palace from Oslo Central Station is named after the king who started work on the palace, Karl Johans 'gate' (street).
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BUDGET Thon Hotel Astoria is one of Oslo's most centrally located hotels, situated close to the main street Karl Johan and the Oslo Central Station.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

.From there, there are connections in the directions of: Trondheim, Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm (Sweden), Gothenburg (Sweden) and Copenhagen (Denmark).^ Säfflebusen and Swebus Express both have connections from Gothenburg and Stockholm to Oslo.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Port of Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm Freeport Cruise Terminal Frihamnen Berth 638 Stockholm, Sweden Directions: From the Stockholm Arlanda International Airport .

^ Norway Hotels, Oslo Hotels, Bergen Hotels, Stavanger Hotels, Trondheim Hotels, & More...
  • List of Norway Hotels and Resorts by Location 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

In 2004 Norwegian trains were Europe's third most punctual national train company. For the 4 first months in 2005 the punctuality was 92.9%. .During winter in particular, weather conditions such as snow and blizzards may cause delays and cancellations on the routes crossing the central mountains.^ And of course, during winter snow and ice activities that are easily available everywhere.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Public transport

.The public transportation system in Oslo is managed by the municipal transport company Ruter.^ The public transportation system in Oslo is managed by the municipal transport company Ruter .
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All public transportation in Oslo, including local trains, operate on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public transport in Oslo is very good and allows access to the outer suburbs of Oslo from downtown.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This includes metro, tram, bus and ferry, but not the local train lines, which are operated by the state railway company NSB. All public transport in Oslo, including local trains, operates on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket.^ The NSB website offers Minipris fares to all Norwegian destinations and some larger Swedish destinations they serve, for a discounted rate of 199 NOK. There is also a Comfort version of this popular low cost ticket which includes coffee and some other amenities including a power outlet for an extra 75 NOK. For some of the Swedish lines, the Swedish railway website might be a better alternative with discounted rates down to 150 SEK. .
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hotel Foenix - Located in downtown Oslo, approximately 3 minutes walk from the central train and bus stations.

^ The region immediately around Oslo is also served comprehensively, including the airport and travelling by NSB train is notably cheaper than the popular airport express train, but of course much slower and less regular.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tickets also transfer to the local and inter-city trains, unless you intend to cross the city border.^ Tickets also transfer to the local and inter-city trains, unless you intend to cross the city border .
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You buy them at the local stations on ticket machines or at ticket offices.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All public transportation in Oslo, including local trains, operate on a common ticket system, allowing free transfer within a period of one hour with a regular ticket.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2004, 160 million journeys were made using public transport, of which 85% was handled by Oslo Sporveier's own subsidiaries and 15% by private bus and ferry operators under cost-based contracts.^ You can arrive in Oslo from Copenhagen and Stockholm in under 7 hours and from Berlin the trip takes about 12 hours, including a ferry ride.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public transport in Oslo is very good and allows access to the outer suburbs of Oslo from downtown.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hotel is situated in the city centre, near the airport express bus stop and public transportation.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

[25]
.The tram system, Oslotrikken, is made up of six lines that criss-cross the inner parts of the city and extend out towards the suburbs.^ In part this is thanks to a rent-a-bike system that is very popular and allows you to pick up a bike at one of dozens of stands across the city and return it to a similar stand elsewhere.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Could an expat also use public transportation to get out of the city—to surrounding towns, recreation areas or suburbs?
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within a few hours you can walk through many of the inner city suburbs, sampling the different vibes and flavours each offer.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Trams partly run on in the streets and partly on separate roads. .The metro system, known as the T-bane, connects the eastern and western suburbs and comprises six lines which all converge in a tunnel beneath downtown Oslo.^ Public transport in Oslo is very good and allows access to the outer suburbs of Oslo from downtown.
  • Oslo - Wiki Travel Guide - Travellerspoint 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.travellerspoint.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The metro lines are identified by numbers from 1 to 6, with two lines running into the municipality of Bærum in the west. The tramway lines are numbered 11 to 13 and 17 to 19.
A new, partially underground loop line was opened in August 2006, connecting Ullevål in the north-west and Carl Berners plass in the east. .Two new stations, Nydalen and Storo, have been operational for a couple of years already, the third station, Sinsen, opened 20 August 2006. This completed the loop.^ Yosef Talbi (20) of Yehud were killed in Kalkilya when Palestinian gunmen opened fire while the soldiers were in pursuit of two terrorists inside a building.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

.In conjunction with the opening of the circle line, there will be a major upgrade of the rolling stock, with delivery taking place between 2007 and 2010. An RFID ticketing system with automatic turnstile barriers has been under introduction for several years, but has been heavily delayed and is not yet in service.^ Several years ago there was a poll that claimed that 1 in 4 American women were or would become victims of rape in their lifetimes.
  • Raped in Oslo | The Brussels Journal 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

File:CyclePickandDrop.jpg
A rental bicycle station
.A public bicycle rental programme has been in operation from April every year since 2002. With an electronic subscription card, users can access bikes from over 90 stations across the city.^ MOSCOT Eyewear and Eyecare Since 1915 has been a New York City institution for nearly 100 years.

File:Oslo E18 bjørvika.jpg
Highway into the city centre

Road

.As Norway's capital and biggest city several national highways meet or passes through Oslo.^ Oslo is the capital of the Kingdom of Norway.
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^ In Oslo, streetcars run through the city to the edge of the forest, where they empty their cargo of hikers and skiers.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oslo, travel agencies, Norway, weather Oslo, phone code, photo galleries - Travel all World Countries and cities Current catalogue category content: Oslo, Travel agencies, Norway .
  • Oslo, travel agencies, Norway, weather Oslo, phone code, photo galleries - Travel all World Countries and cities 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.worldtravelserver.com [Source type: News]

.European route E6 runs through Oslo in the eastern suburbs on its way from Southern Sweden to Northern Norway.^ In Oslo, streetcars run through the city to the edge of the forest, where they empty their cargo of hikers and skiers.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oslo and the rest of southern Norway enjoys an active beach and water sport season in the summer months.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Fossil Gallery - Interactive tour through the collections of the Paleontological Museum at the University of Oslo, Norway.

.European route E18 runs through downtown Oslo (including a tunnel under Akershus festning) on its way from Stavanger and Kristiansand to Stockholm.^ In Oslo, streetcars run through the city to the edge of the forest, where they empty their cargo of hikers and skiers.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

European route E16 from Bergen doesn't go into Oslo proper, but ends on E18 at Sandvika a few kilometers west of Oslo. Oslo also has a system of "ring roads" connecting east and west. Ring 3 is the outer one running from the E6 junction in the east via Ullevål to E18 on the border to Bærum municipality in the west. Ring 2 runs from Gamlebyen in the east to E18 at Skøyen in the west. Ring 1 is the downtown "through road". The ring roads make navigation easier and improve trafic flow. E18, E6, Ring 2 and Ring 3 are connected by an elaborate system of tunnels and bridges in the Økern-Ekeberg area. At present (2008) a new underwater tunnel for E18 is constructed in Bjørvika to divert traffic from the street level.
.Access into the city centre requires the payment of a toll at one of 19 entry points around the ring road.^ The Harbour City is just next to Ocean Centre in Tsimshatsui at Canton Road.

It costs 25 NOK to enter the cordoned zone at all times of day, seven days a week. A 20% price reduction is avaliable to car owners using the AutoPASS-system. .Since 2 February 2008 coins are no longer accepted at the Toll Station, and all cars must pass through the automatic lanes without stopping.^ All cars must pay in Euro's.

If you are fitted with the electronic AutoPASS system then you will be debited as you pass, all other drivers will receive an invoice in the mail.
.Initially revenues from the road tolls funded the public road network, but since 2002 it mainly finances new developments for the public transport system in Oslo.^ The public transportation system in Oslo is managed by the municipal transport company Ruter .
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In cities and suburbs public transportation is well developed.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The comprehensive public transportation system and low crime rate can give children freedom they might not have in other major cities.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There has been discussion whether to continue to use the cordon after 2007, based on the funding decisions, extensions, accommodation of time-differentiated pricing or replaced by another form of pricing altogether, perhaps to make congestion pricing possible.^ It should be opened as soon as possible to make transactions easier and to avoid heavy commissions by using foreign accounts, credit cards etc.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]

Media

The newspapers Aftenposten, Verdens Gang, Dagbladet, Dagsavisen, Morgenbladet, Vårt Land, Nationen and Klassekampen are published in Oslo. .The main office of the national broadcasting company NRK is located at Marienlyst in Oslo, near Majorstuen.^ Important places near the hotel: centrally located next to the Royal Castle and the main shopping st...
  • OSLO Hotels , cheap hotels OSLO, lodging online hotel reservation services OSLO, NORWAY 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC oslohotelsearch.com [Source type: News]

.TVNorge (TVNorway) is also located in Oslo, while TV2 (based in Bergen) and TV3 (based in London) operate branch offices in central Oslo.^ This hotel is centrally located in Royken just a short drive from Oslo....
  • OSLO Hotels , cheap hotels OSLO, lodging online hotel reservation services OSLO, NORWAY 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC oslohotelsearch.com [Source type: News]

^ Important place or monument close to the hotel: Centrally located in Oslo, right next to The Castle,...
  • OSLO Hotels , cheap hotels OSLO, lodging online hotel reservation services OSLO, NORWAY 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC oslohotelsearch.com [Source type: News]

^ Parking Information: A safe, secured parking facility, operated by Central Parking Central Parking , is conveniently located adjacent to the cruise terminal.

There is also a variety of specialty publications and smaller media companies.

Sports

File:Holmenkollen ski jump.jpg
The Holmenkollen ski jump hill.
.Oslo was the host city for the 1952 Winter Olympics.^ Only half an hour by subway from Oslo city centre, there are vast opportunities for winter fun like alpine centres, cross walk, skiing etc.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, King Harald worried that perhaps the nation had not been a good host since its athletes had won so many medals.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Except for the downhill skiing at Norefjell, all events took place within the city limits.^ Two explosions took place within minutes of each other on two Beersheba city buses.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ However, it is a great time for snow sports and there is even a ski resort within the city limits.

The opening and closing ceremonies were held at Bislett stadion, which was also used for the speed skating events. In recent years, the stadium has been better known for hosting the annual Bislett Games track and field event in the IAAF Golden League. The stadium was rebuilt in 2004/2005 and was formally opened for the Bislett Games on 29 July 2005.
Holmenkollen nordic skiing arena, and its centrepiece the ski jump, was an important venue during the 1952 Olympics. The arena has hosted numerous Nordic skiing and biathlon world championships since 1930, and its ski jump competition is the second oldest in the world, having been contested since 1892. Holmenkollen has been selected to once again host the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, in 2011.
.During the summer months, the harbour becomes a venue for various maritime events, including the start of a large sailing regatta that attracts around 1,000 contesting boats each year, and one race of the international Class 1 offshore powerboat racing circuit.^ The city has become an attractive tourist- and conference city, with a large selection of excellent hotels and congress venues.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Two football clubs from Oslo, Vålerenga and Lyn, play in the Norwegian Premier League. In the 2005 season, the teams placed 1st and 3rd respectively. In addition, two teams from the conurbations are represented - Stabæk Fotball and Lillestrøm Sportsklubb. .Oslo had two ice hockey teams in the highest division in the previous season, Vålerenga Ishockey and Furuset I.F., the former winning the cup and league double in 2007. Speed skating is also held at the Valle Hovin venue, which in the summer is host to large popular music concerts.^ The difference between summer and winter weather in Oslo is large and so autumn is a time of rapid change.

.Ullevaal stadion, located in the borough of Nordre Aker, is the home of the Norwegian national football team.^ CITY Thon Hotel Ullevaal Stadion opened 5th October 2009 and is a modern business hotel adjacent to Ullevaal Stadion, Norway's national football arena.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

^ CITY Thon Hotel Cecil is centrally located, close to the Norwegian parliament, Oslo’s main street, Karl Johans gate, Aker Brygge and Oslo City Hall.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

Built in 1926, it is the largest football stadium in Norway, and has served as the venue for the Norwegian Cup final since 1948. Both Lyn and Vålerenga use the stadium as their home ground.
.Oslo is also home of Norway Cup - the world's biggest football tournament for youth from all over the world.^ Bygdoy Alle 53, Oslo, Norway .
  • Oslo Hotels, Norway - Hotels in Norway - Smooth Hound 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.smoothhound.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Norway and Oslo is one the worlds most secure places.
  • Settling-in Tips from Staff at Crown Oslo 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.crownrelo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONFERENCE Thon Hotel Oslofjord in Sandvika is one of Norway’s biggest seminar and conference hotels, centrally located in Sandvika, approximately a 10 minute drive from Oslo city centre.
  • Hotel - Oslo Bergen Trondheim Brussels - Thon Hotels - Hotel accommodation Norway 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.thonhotels.com [Source type: News]

Historical population

File:Oslo Cathedral.jpg
The Cathedral of Oslo.
File:Oslo Tostrupgården.jpg
A building in central Oslo.
Year Population
1801 9,500
1825 15,400
1855 31,700
1875 76,900
1900 227,900
1925 255,700
1951 434,365
1960 471,511
1970 487,363
1980 454,872
1990 458,364
2000 507,467
2002 529,407
2006 538,411
2008 560,484
See also:

Conurbation population

See also: Largest urban areas of Norway.

Some notable natives

Main articles: :Category:People from Oslo and people from Oslo
Template:Columns-list

Sister cities

Cooperation agreements have been signed with the following cities/regions:[31]
  • Flag of Sweden Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Template:Country data Germany Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
  • Template:Country data China Shanghai, China
  • Template:Country data Russia St.Petersburg, Russia
  • Template:Country data Lithuania Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Template:Country data Poland Warsaw, Poland
Oslo has a longstanding tradition of sending a Christmas tree every year to the cities of Washington, D.C., London, Rotterdam, Antwerp, and Reykjavík.[31][32] .Since 1947, Oslo sends a 65-80 foot (20-25 m) high spruce, which may be 50 to 100 years old (according to the sources), as an expression of gratitude for Britain's support to Norway during World War II which is usually placed in Trafalgar Square.^ Y May 25, 2001 - The burnt body of Yosef Alfasi, 50, of Rishon Letzion, was discovered near the West Bank city of Tulkarem.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Radisson SAS Park Hotel Oslo Norway Fornebuparken Fornebuveien 80 Box 185 1324 Lysaker Norway Hotel Rating: .
  • List of Norway Hotels and Resorts by Location 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: General]

^ The major holidays are New Year's Day (1 January), Labor Day (1 May), Constitution Day (17 May), Christmas (25 December), and Boxing Day (26 December).
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For the 61st time, this spruce will have been lit by the Mayor of Oslo, Fabian Stang and The Lord Mayor of Westminster, Councilor Carolyn Keen, between 6 December 2007 and 4 January 2008, and it has received yet more special attention than before, expressing environmental concern.^ A long and narrow landmass, Norway extends more than 1,100 miles from north to south and varies in width between 270 miles and 4 miles.
  • Culture of Norway - History and ethnic relations, Urbanism, architecture, and the use of space 16 September 2009 11:29 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At a prearranged location, another vehicle drove up and three Palestinian gunmen inside shot Rahum more than 15 times.
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

^ Oslo has already produced more dead Jews at the hands of her Arab "Palestinian" peace partners than the 1967 Arab-Israel War between Israel and three Arab countries!
  • Israeli Victims of the Oslo Peace War! 15 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: News]

[33][34]

See also

  • Oslo Accords
  • Parks and open spaces in Oslo
  • List of books about Oslo
  • Timeline of transport in Oslo

References

  1. ^ Table 5 Population, by sex, age and municipality. 1 January 2007
  2. ^ a b Statistics from the SSB
  3. ^ (Norwegian) Statistisk sentralbyrå - Forside
  4. ^ Geography of Norway#climate
  5. ^ Weather Information for Oslo. SSB]. Retrieved on 6 Okt, 2008.
  6. ^ [1] City of Oslo parks
  7. ^ [2] City of Oslo parks
  8. ^ Oslo Teknopol Mal
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ Regional accounts
  11. ^ e_skdårsm03_web_3.indd
  12. ^ Mercer: Consulting. Outsourcing. Investments
  13. ^ BBC NEWS | In Depth | Oslo 'priciest city in the world'
  14. ^ [4]
  15. ^ (Norwegian) 25 prosent av alle som bor i Oslo er innvandrere - Nyheter - Oslo - Aftenposten.no
  16. ^ Polakker den største innvandrergruppen
  17. ^ http://nyhuus.deich.folkebibl.no/deichman/dfb/sprakland.html
  18. ^ Om 15 år kan det bo 100 000 flere i Oslo
  19. ^ Table 03 03 Oslo. Population 1 January and population changes during the year. 1951
  20. ^ Norges idrettshøgskole - forskning og høyere utdanning innenfor idrettsvitenskap - NIH
  21. ^ Kunsthøgskolen i Oslo
  22. ^ Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap - UMB
  23. ^ Internett - Norges veterinærhøgskole
  24. ^ Ska-Wiki - Ska-Wiki
  25. ^ Fact as of June 2005 (PDF). AS Oslo Sporveier. Retrieved on 2008-09-21.
  26. ^ Commission for Integrated Transport: Road Charging Scheme: Oslo
  27. ^ Population and area in urban settlements
  28. ^ Population and land area in urban settlements, 1 January 1999. Revised figures - One in four lives in the four largest urban areas
  29. ^ Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2007
  30. ^ Table 1 Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2008
  31. ^ a b Partners - Oslo kommune
  32. ^ Aftenposten Newspaper: Oslo tree is London-bound (English)
  33. ^ Christmas in Trafalgar Square: «Recycling the tree» and «About the tree» (Greater London Authority website).
  34. ^ Christmas tree recycling (City of Westminster Council website).

External links

Template:Oslo
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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oslo. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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This article uses material from the "Oslo" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Oslo is the capital city of Norway. It has a population of 590,041 people (2010). The area near the city has a total population of 1.403.268. The city government of Oslo and the county are the same thing.

History

The Saga of Norwegian Kings (written by Snorre Sturlason) says that king Harald III Sigurdsson founded Oslo around 1048. Recent archaeological research has found Christian graves from before 1000. Because of these two facts, Oslo celebrated its 900 year anniversary in 1950 and its 1000 year anniversary in 2000.

One of the more famous landmarks in Oslo is Akershus Fortress. It was first built around 1290. Oslo was destroyed in fire in 1624, and the fortress was rebuilt closer to Akershus Fortress by the order of King Christian IV of Norway. The king gave the new city the name Christiania, which later also written as Kristiania. In 1925 the name of the city was changed back to Oslo.

Other websites

frr:Oslo


mrj:Осло



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 12, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Oslo, which are similar to those in the above article.








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