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Map of Oslofjord.

The Oslofjord (Norwegian: Oslofjorden) is a bay in the south-east of Norway, stretching from an imaginary line between the Torbjørnskjær and Færder lighthouses and down to Langesund in the south to Oslo in the north. The bay is divided into the inner (indre) and outer (ytre) Oslofjord at the point of the 17 km long and narrow Drøbaksundet. The entire population situated around the Oslofjord including Oslo is about 1.7 million, and the total population of all the counties situated around the fjord is approximately 2 million.

In historical times, this bay was known by the current name of the region, Viken (the bay).

In spite of its name, the Oslofjord is not a fjord in the geological sense - in Norwegian the term "fjord" can refer to a wide range of waterways.

Norwegian painter Edward Munch had a cottage and studio in Åsgårdstrand on the fjord and the Oslofjord appears in several of his paintings, including The Scream and Girls on the Pier.

Oslofjord seen from Ekeberg, in Oslo.
Boats in the fjord mid 2006.
Oslofjord from Oslo-Copenhagen ferry.

The fjord was the scene of a key event in the German invasion of Norway in 1940. The invasion included a planned landing of 1,000 troops transported by ship to Oslo. Colonel Eriksen, Commander of the Oscarsborg fortress near Drøbak, mainly maintained for historical purposes, sank the German heavy cruiser Blücher in the Drøbak narrows.

The fortress's resistance blocked the route to Oslo, thus delaying the rest of the group long enough for the royal family, government, parliament, and national treasury to be evacuated. The result was that Norway never surrendered to the Germans, leaving the Quisling government illegitimate and permitting Norway to participate as an ally in the war, rather than as a conquered nation.

The Oslofjord is one of the nine venues of the Class 1 World Powerboat Championship.

Coordinates: 59°21′N 10°35′E / 59.35°N 10.583°E / 59.35; 10.583

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Simple English

The Oslofjord (Norwegian: Oslofjorden) is one of Norway’s most popular recreation area. It is 100 kilometres in length. It is a short distance from Oslo by ferry.[1]

The fjord carries shipping to and from Oslo. The northern part of Oslofjord splits into several smaller fjords, including Sande Bay and Bunne Fjord.[2]

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