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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of North and South Ossetia
The ethnolinguistic map of the modern Caucasus showing the Ossetian-inhabited territories in light green

Ossetia (pronounced /ɒˈsɛtɪə/[1] or /oʊˈsiːʃə/[2]; Ossetic: Ир, Ирыстон Ir, Iryston; Russian: Осетия, Osetiya; Georgian: ოსეთი, Oset'i) is an ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians. Ossetian language goes into Eastern Iranian and Indo-European group of languages. The Ossetian-speaking area south to the main Caucasus ridge is recognized by most countries as within the borders of Georgia, but under the control of the Russian-backed de facto government of the Republic of South Ossetia. The northern portion of the region consists of the republic of North Ossetia-Alania within the Russian Federation.


Recent history

Map of North and South Ossetia.
For earlier history, see Alans, Sarmatians

Although a Russian-mediated and OSCE-monitored ceasefire was implemented in South Ossetia in 1992, the Georgian-Ossetian conflict still remains unresolved even though a recent peace plan proposed by the government of Georgia promised the South Ossetians larger autonomy and pledged expanded international involvement in the political settlement of the conflict. Meanwhile, the South Ossetian secessionist authorities demand independence or unification with North Ossetia under the Russian Federation while the international community refuses to recognize South Ossetia as an independent country and considers the area part of Georgia.

On Sunday 12 November 2006, South Ossetians (mostly ethnic Ossetians) went to the polls to vote in a referendum regarding the region's independence from Georgia. The result was a "yes" to independence, with a turnout above 95% from those among the territory's 70,000 people who were eligible to vote at that time.[9] There was also a vote in favour of a new term for South Ossetia's president, Eduard Kokoity.

2008 South Ossetia war

On August 8, 2008, the 2008 South Ossetia war broke out involving Georgia, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Russia.

See also


External links

  • Ossetian Dance, Rustavi Dance Company, 2008, YouTube: [3] (6 min 19 sec).
  • Ossetian Dance, 2008, YouTube: [4] (6 min 50 sec).
  • Ossetian Folk Dance, 2007, YouTube: [5] (3 min).

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There is more than one place called Ossetia:



This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Wikipedia has an article on:



From Russian Осетия (Osétija), from Georgian ოსეთი (oset’i).


  • (UK) IPA: /əˈsɛtɪə/, /əˈsiːʃə/, /ɒ-/

Proper noun




  1. An ethnolinguistic region located on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, largely inhabited by the Ossetians. Northern part of the region forms North Ossetia-Alania federal subject of Russia. The southern part is South Ossetia.

Derived terms




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