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Ostend
Oostende (Dutch)
The beach at the pier.
Municipal flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Ostend in West Flanders
Location of Ostend in West Flanders
Ostend is located in Belgium
Ostend
Location in Belgium
Sovereign state Belgium Belgium
Region  Flemish Region
Community Flanders Flemish Community
Province  West Flanders
Arrondissement Ostend
Coordinates 51°14′0″N 02°55′0″E / 51.233333°N 2.916667°E / 51.233333; 2.916667Coordinates: 51°14′0″N 02°55′0″E / 51.233333°N 2.916667°E / 51.233333; 2.916667
Area 37.72 km²
Population
– Males
– Females
Density
68,931 (2006-01-01)
48.07%
51.93%
1827 inhab./km²
Age distribution
0–19 years
20–64 years
65+ years
(01/01/2006)
17.83%
56.88%
25.29%
Foreigners 3.95% (01/07/2005)
Unemployment rate 13.23% (1 January 2006)
Mean annual income €12,863/pers. (2003)
Mayor Jean Vandecasteele (SP.A)
Governing parties SP.A, CD&V, VLD
Postal codes 8400
Area codes 059
Website www.oostende.be
St Petrus and St Paulus Church
Beach, seafront and Europacenter building

Ostend (Dutch: Oostende, Dutch pronunciation: [oˑstˈɛndə]) is a Belgian city and municipality located in the Flemish province of West Flanders. It comprises the boroughs of Mariakerke, Stene and Zandvoorde, and the city of Ostend proper – the largest on the Belgian coast.

Contents

History

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Origin to Middle Ages

In earlier times, Ostend was nothing more than a small village built on the east-end (Dutch: oost-einde) of an island (originally called Testerep) between the North Sea and a beach lake. Although small, the village rose to the status of "city" around 1265 when the inhabitants were allowed to hold a market and to build a market hall.

The major source of income for the inhabitants was fishing. The North Sea coastline has always been rather unstable and in 1395 the inhabitants decided to build a new Ostend behind large dikes and further away from the always-threatening sea.

15th to 18th century

Ostend on the Ferraris map (around 1775)

The strategic position on the North Sea coast had major advantages for Ostend as a harbour but also proved to be a source of trouble. The city was frequently taken, ravaged, ransacked and destroyed by conquering armies. The most important of these events was the three-year Siege of Ostend between 1601 and 1604, with on both sides combined more than 80,000 dead or wounded. In their fight against the Spanish Empire during the Eighty Years' War, the Dutch rebels, the Geuzen, had occupied the city.

After this era Ostend turned into a harbour of some importance. In 1722 the Dutch again closed off the entrance to the harbour of Antwerp, the Westerschelde. Therefore, Ostend rose in importance because the city provided an alternative exit to the sea. The Southern Netherlands (largely the territory of present Belgium) had become part of the Austrian Empire. The Austrian Emperor Charles VI granted the city the trade monopoly with Africa and the Far-East. The Oostendse Compagnie (the "Ostend trade company") was allowed to found colonies overseas. However, in 1727 the Oostendse Compagnie was forced to stop its activities because of Dutch and British pressure. The Netherlands and Britain would not allow competitors on the international trade level. Both nations regarded international trade as their privilege.

Modern era

In later times the harbour of Ostend continued to expand because the harbour dock, as well as the traffic connections with the hinterland, were improved. In 1838 a railway connection with Brussels was constructed. Ostend became a transit harbour to England in 1846 when the first ferry sailed to Dover. It no longer serves in that role today, except for freight, as an alternative channel crossing point to Calais, France. Very important for the image of the city was the attention it started to receive from the Belgian kings Leopold I and Leopold II. Both liked to spend their vacations in Ostend. Important monuments and villas were built to please the Royal Family. The rest of aristocratic Belgium followed and soon Ostend became known as "The Queen of the Belgian sea-side resorts".

Sights

  • Interesting locations are the Casino and Fort Napoleon.
  • Ostend is also famous for its sea-side esplanade, pier, and fine-sand beaches.
  • The James Ensor museum can be visited in the house where the artist lived from 1917 until 1949.
  • The Mercator, an educational tall ship of the Belgian merchant fleet, has been converted into a maritime museum.
  • Hippodrome Wellington, horse racing venue
  • St Petrus and St Paulus Church, Ostend (Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk), built in Neo Gothic style.
  • In the Mu.Zee (a new museum after the fusion of the Provinciaal Museum voor de Moderne Kunst-Aan-Zee and the "Museum voor Schone Kunsten"), the museum of modern art from the 1830s to the present, you can view works of noted local painters such as James Ensor, Leon Spilliaert, Constant Permeke and the revolutionary post-war Belgian COBRA movement amongst others.
  • Beach(es): Ostend is visited by many 'day' tourists, especially during July and August. Tourists from the Belgian inland and foreigners mostly arrive by train (day trips) and head for the closest beach area from the station (kleinstrand). The locals and other residents in Belgium usually occupy the larger beach (grootstrand). Ostend is widely visited by British, Germans, French and Dutch. Buses from Brussels tend to pass through giving the opportunity to North American and Asian tourists to view Ostend.
  • Views from the pier promenade or beach of departing and arriving passenger ferry ships from Ramsgate (UK).
  • During summer evenings (or just any kind of weather) you can walk through the little streets around Het Vissersplein. At certain times there are local markets in the neighbourhood streets and in the summer the Vissersplein has music festivals. The Vissersplein (Bonenstraat/Kadzandstraat) is a car free zone with many brasseries where you can sit outside and have a drink. Look towards the port side and find many little fish outlets, and beyond that, again, you can view close the ferries docking.
  • Train station
  • Film locations: more and more directors are filming in Ostend.
    The movies Place Vendôme with Catherine Deneuve; Daughters of Darkness [1] with Delphine Seyrig as Countess Bathory; Armaguedon [2] with Alain Delon; Camping Cosmos with Lolo Ferrari; and Ex-Drummer based on the novel by Herman Brusselmans were partially shot in Ostend.
  • The comic Le Bal du rat mort [3] about a dreadful invasion of rats, is set in Ostend.
Ostend beach and the promenade pier - panoramic view.

Economy

Jetairfly has its headquarters in Ostend.[4] TAAG Angola Airlines's Ostend offices are on the grounds of Ostend Airport in Ostend.[5]

Gallery

Notable citizens of Ostend

References to these notable citizens of Ostend can be found here : Oostendse biografieën (in Dutch)

Sport clubs

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Daughters of Darkness at IMDB
  2. ^ Armaguedon at IMDB
  3. ^ Le Bal du rat mort
  4. ^ "TUIfly Academy Brussels." Jetairfly. Retrieved on 23 October 2009.
  5. ^ "TAAG Offices." TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved on 23 January 2010.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

OSTEND (Flemish and French Ostende), a town of Belgium in the province of West Flanders. Pop. (1904) 41,181. It is. the most fashionable seaside resort and the second port of *the kingdom. Situated on the North Sea it forms almost the central. point on the 42 m. of sea-coast that belong to Belgium. In the middle ages it was strongly fortified and underwent several sieges; the most notable was that of 1601-1604, when it only surrendered by order of the states to Spinola. In 1865 the last vestiges of its ramparts were removed, and since that date,. but more especially since 1898, a new town has been created. The digue or parade, constructed of solid granite, extends for over 2 m. along the shore in a southerly direction from the long jetty which protects the entrance to the port. A fine casino and the royal chalet are prominent objects along the sea front, and the sea-bathing is unsurpassed. In the rear of the town is. a fine park to which a race-course has been added. Extensive works were begun in 1900 for the purpose of carrying the harbour back 2 m., and a series of large docks were excavated and extensive quays constructed. The docks accommodate ships of large tonnage. Apart from these docks Ostend has a very considerable passenger and provision traffic with England, and is the headquarters of the Belgian fishing fleet, estimated to employ 400 boats and 1600 men and boys. Ostend is in direct railway communication with Brussels, Cologne and Berlin. It is also the starting point of several light railways along the coast and to the southern towns of Flanders.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Dutch Oostende, from oost (east) + ende (end); in the middle ages the city was on the easter end of an island, Testerep, which is now attached to the main land.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Ostend

Plural
-

Ostend

  1. The largest coastal city of Belgium.

Translations

Anagrams


Simple English

Redirecting to Oostende


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