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Sir Oswald Stoll (20 January 1866 – 9 January 1942) was a British theatre manager and the co-founder of the Stoll Moss Group theatre company.

Born in Melbourne, Australia as Oswald Gray, Stoll moved to England with his mother after the death of his father. When his mother re-married, he took his stepfather's last name. At a young age, he left school to help his mother manage first the Parthenon music hall in Liverpool, and later a regional theatre company.

The company was a success, and Stoll began to buy or build city theatres. The theatre business made Stoll a wealthy man, and during 1898 he merged his business with that Edward Moss, one of his competitors to form Moss Empires. By 1905, almost every large town in Great Britain had an "Empire" or a "Coliseum" theatre, managed by Stoll.

Stoll was a philanthropist who donated the land in 1916 for the Sir Oswald Stoll Foundation, a charity in Fulham, London for disabled soldiers returning from World War I and their families. The Sir Oswald Stoll Foundation[1] continues to house disabled ex-Servicemen and women to this day, but in addition also provides supported housing for Veterans suffering from mental ill health, and those who having left the Forces have found themselves homeless. The Foundation provides rehabilitative support, IT tuition, health and well-being activities and back-to-work apprenticeships to over 230 Veterans. The Foundation is committed to building and sustaining communities within which ex-Service people can live independently, positively and healthily.

Stoll died in his home in Putney.

Stoll married twice. He married his first wife, Harriet Lewis, during 1892, and they had one daughter. Harriet died in 1902, and Stoll married Millicent Shaw the following year. Oswald and Millicent Stoll had three sons. Lady Stoll became President of the Sir Oswald Stoll Foundation following her husband's death.

Stoll was knighted by King George V in 1919.



  • The People's Credit. London : E. Nash, 1916.
  • Freedom in Finance. London : T.F. Unwin, 1918.
  • "Broadsheets" on National Finance. London : W.J. Roberts, 1921.
  • More "broadsheets" on the National Finance. London : W.J. Roberts, 1922.
  • National Productive Credit. London : George Allen & Unwin, 1933.

For an analysis of Stoll's writings see Vincent Barnett, 'A Creditable Performance? Sir Oswald Stoll as Business Strategist and Monetary Heretic', Journal of the History of Economic Thought, September 2009.

Theatre architecture

Stoll worked with noted theatre architect Frank Matcham on at least three theatres:


External links



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