The Full Wiki

Otolaryngology: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose and throat) is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). Otolaryngology is one of the most competitive specialties to enter for physicians.

The term comes from the Classical Greek roots ὠτ- - ot- (root of οὖς) "ear", λαρυγγ- - laryng- (root of λάρυγξ) "larynx/throat", and the suffix -logy "study", and it literally means "the study of ear and neck".

The full term otorhinolaryngology (Neoclassical Greek and Modern Greek: ὠτο(ρ)ρινολαρυγγολογία), also includes ῥινο- - rhino- (root of ῥίς) "nose".

Contents

Explanation

Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD, DO, MBBS, MBChB, etc.) who, in the United States, complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This is composed of one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each.

Following residency training some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can be 1–2 years in duration (pediatric otolaryngology)[1], Neuro-otology, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rhinology or head and neck oncology.[citation needed]

Subspecialties

(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Head and Neck Facial plastics Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/Sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetic surgery Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy VeloPalatine-Insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft Lip and Palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma Skull base Anterior skull base Airway
Dizziness Apnea and snoring Vascular Malformations
Cochlear Implant/BAHA

Topics in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery

Contributors please visit the new Current Otorhinolaryngology WikiBook project before posting your academic topics here. High-level professional-quality material needed!

Head & Neck Surgery

Otology/neuro-otology

Rhinology

Rhinology pertains to sinus diseases and the anterior skull base.

Pediatrics

Laryngology

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is a one-year fellowship open to Otolaryngologists and Plastic Surgeons who wish to specialize in the aesthetic and recontructive surgery of the head, face, and neck. For further information see the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery [2]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links

Societies








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message