Ottawa, Kansas: Wikis

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City of Ottawa
—  City  —
The Old Depot Museum
Location of Ottawa in Kansas.
Coordinates: 38°36′43″N 95°15′59″W / 38.61194°N 95.26639°W / 38.61194; -95.26639
Country United States
State Kansas
County Franklin
Founded 1865
Government
 - City Manager Richard Nienstedt
Area
 - Total 6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)
 - Land 6.7 sq mi (17.3 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)  0.15%
Elevation 902 ft (275 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 11,921
 - Density 1,880.1/sq mi (728.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66067
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-53550[1]
GNIS feature ID 0479367[2]
Website www.ottawakansas.net

Ottawa is a city situated along the Marais des Cygnes River in the central part of Franklin County, located in east-central Kansas, 50 miles southwest of Kansas City, Mo., in the central United States. The population was 11,921 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat[3] and most populous city of Franklin County. Ottawa is included in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

The town grew up around Ottawa Indian settlements. The tribe lived in the area from 1837 to 1867 and donated land for Ottawa University. The town and university were named for the tribe.[4]

The city of Ottawa has a history of flooding due to the Marais Des Cygnes river. One of the first big floods which was noted happened in 1844, twenty years before the city's founding in 1864. No official measurements were taken, though was estimated to be at 40 feet (12 m). A flood in 1928 had a crest point of 38.65 in which 6 people died. Other flood years include 1904, with a crest of 35.8 feet (10.9 m); 1909, cresting at 36.3 feet (11.1 m); 1915, cresting at 31 feet (9.4 m), and 1944 cresting at 36.5 feet (11.1 m).

However, it is the Great Flood of 1951 which is the most famous. It was about five inches higher than the 1928 flood. The flood of 1951 affected much of Missouri and Kansas and 41 people died. 1/3 of Ottawa was covered because of this flood.

It is unlikely that Ottawa will suffer major damage due to a flood again thanks to a series of levees and pumping stations built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the 1960s. It is actually part of a larger system of flood systems to regulate the Marais Des Cygnes river all the way to the Missouri River. The levees built along the river are inspected on an annual basis to insure their quality.

Geography

Business District of Ottawa

Ottawa is located at 38°36′43″N 95°15′59″W / 38.61194°N 95.26639°W / 38.61194; -95.26639 (38.612044, -95.266513).[5] The city is situated along the Marais des Cygnes River. It is located 58 miles (93 km) southwest of Kansas City at the junction of U.S. Route 59 and K-68. U.S. Route 50 and Interstate 35 bypass to the south of the city with the business route for US-50 passing through the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²), of which 6.7 square miles (17.3 km²) is land and 0.15% is water.

Climate

Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of about 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to an average high over 90 °F (32 °C) in July. The maximum temperature reaches 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 52 days per year and reaches 100 °F (38 °C) an average of 6 days per year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point (32°F) an average of 105 days per year. Typically the first fall freeze occurs between the beginning of October and early November, and the last spring freeze occurs between the end of March and late April.

The area receives nearly 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received in May and June—the April–June period averages 29 days of measurable precipitation. During a typical year the total amount of precipitation may be anywhere from 28 to 51 inches (1,300 mm). There are on average 87 days of measurable precipitation per year. Winter snowfall averages almost 16 inches, but the median is less than 9 inches (230 mm). Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 8 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on five of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 6 days per year.

Source: Monthly Station Climate Summaries, 1971-2000, U.S. National Climatic Data Center
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperatures (°F)
Mean high 40.1 46.6 58.0 68.5 77.1 85.7 91.1 89.9 82.0 70.9 55.1 43.3 67.4
Mean low 20.6 25.8 35.4 45.6 55.4 64.8 69.6 67.4 58.8 47.5 35.6 25.2 46.0
Highest recorded 76
(1950)
84
(1981)
93
(1910)
96
(1910)
101
(2000)
108
(1980)
118
(1954)
113
(1936)
111
(1947)
98
(1939)
86
(1980)
75
(1939)
118
(1954)
Lowest recorded −20
(1947)
−28
(1905)
−9
(1948)
11
(1920)
21
(1907)
41
(1946)
47
(1972)
42
(1910)
27
(1908)
16
(1925)
1
(1932)
−22
(1989)
−28
(1905)
Precipitation (inches)
Median 1.06 1.09 2.50 3.22 5.10 4.80 3.25 3.94 3.75 3.55 2.95 1.57 39.34
Mean number of days 5.3 4.8 7.3 9.0 10.4 9.1 7.4 7.6 7.2 7.2 6.2 5.6 87.1
Highest monthly 3.60
(1982)
4.17
(1997)
10.14
(1973)
9.08
(1994)
11.67
(1995)
12.84
(1981)
10.49
(1993)
8.43
(1996)
12.06
(1986)
7.48
(1985)
8.83
(1992)
4.10
(1971)
Snowfall (inches)
Median 3.3 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 8.5
Mean number of days 3.0 2.1 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.8 8.4
Highest monthly 22.3
(1985)
14.8
(1980)
7.0
(1975)
0.8
(1994)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 trace
(1993)
9.0
(1975)
15.0
(1983)
Notes: Temperatures are in degrees Fahrenheit. Precipitation includes rain and melted snow or sleet in inches; median values are provided for precipitation and snowfall because mean averages may be misleading. Mean and median values are for the 30-year period 1971–2000; temperature extremes are for the station's period of record (1900–2001). The station is located in Ottawa at 38°37′N 95°17′W, elevation 900 feet (270 m).

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 2,941
1880 4,032 37.1%
1890 6,248 55.0%
1900 6,934 11.0%
1910 7,650 10.3%
1920 9,018 17.9%
1930 9,563 6.0%
1940 10,193 6.6%
1950 10,081 −1.1%
1960 10,673 5.9%
1970 11,036 3.4%
1980 11,016 −0.2%
1990 10,667 −3.2%
2000 11,921 11.8%

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[1] there were 11,921 people, 4,697 households, and 3,034 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,781.0 people per square mile (688.0/km²). There were 5,080 housing units at an average density of 759.0/sq mi (293.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.77% White, 2.31% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American or Alaska Native, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.16% of the population.

There were 4,697 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,071, and the median income for a family was $41,710. Males had a median income of $30,050 versus $22,891 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,840. About 6.8% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Ottawa was governed by a Mayor-Council system until 1913 when the City became a Commission form of government. In 1970 voters established the City Manager form of government with a five member Commission that annually selects a Mayor from its ranks. The citizens of Ottawa elect commissioners at-large. Three seats on the Commission are open every odd numbered year. Two Commissioners are elected to four-year terms and one is elected to a two-year term.

City Commission Members

The city commission is comprised of Mayor Blake Jorgensen, Mayor pro-tem-Sara Humm, Rocky Fleer, Linda Reed and Gene Ramsey.

Newspapers

There are two publications which serve the city of Ottawa, the Ottawa Herald and the Ottawa Times. The Ottawa Herald was founded in 1869 and is currently owned by Harris Enterprises Inc.

A monthly publication for seniors also serves Ottawa:

Radio

Ottawa has four radio stations, 1 AM and 3 FM. KOFO-AM broadcasts on 1220 with the tagline "Your Newssource for East-Central Kansas. KOFO airs country music from across the decades, and specializes in local news. KCHZ broadcasts from Ottawa on 95.7, with the actual studios in Kansas City, Missouri. 88.9 is home to the Ottawa University student station, KTJO. 90.5FM features the Ottawa-based KRBW's Christian programming. Also the Ottawa University newspaper called The Campus.

Education

Ottawa is served by USD 290 for public education. The private four year university, Ottawa University, is also located within Ottawa. Ottawa is also home to a branch campus of Neosho County Community College.

USD 290 public education schools:

  • Ottawa High School
  • Ottawa Middle School
  • Eisenhower Elementary School
  • Garfield Elementary School
  • Lincoln Elementary School
  • Eugene Field Elementary school

Several private schools are also located in Ottawa.

  • Sacred Heart Catholic Elementary School

Ottawa takes education very seriously, as they have spent very much money on one new school, and upgrades to others.

Notable Ottawans

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ Dixon, Rhonda. "The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma." Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma. (16 Feb 2009).
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ Awards for Brett Staneart, IMDB
  7. ^ Allan, Jeremiah, "Standing on the Picket Line", The Campus, Ottawa University

External links

Official sites

Additional information

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

OTTAWA, a city and the county-seat of Franklin county, eastern Kansas, U.S.A., situated on the Osage (Marais des Cygnes) river, about 58 m. (by rail) S.W. of Kansas City. Pop. (1900) 6934, of whom 333 were foreign born; (1905, state census) 7727. It is served by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe (which has large repair shops here) and the Missouri Pacific railways. There is a Carnegie library, and Forest Park, within the city limits, is a popular meeting place of conventions and summer gatherings, including the annual Ottawa Chautauqua Assembly. Ottawa University (Baptist) was established here in 1865, as the outgrowth of Roger Williams University, which had been chartered in 1860 for the education of Indians on the Ottawa Reservation, and had received a grant of 20,000 acres from the Federal government in 1862. The university comprises an academy, a college, a school of fine arts and a commercial college, and in 1909 had 406 students. Ottawa has an important trade in grain and live-stock; soft coal and natural gas are found in the vicinity; the manufactures include flour, windmills, wire-fences, furniture, bricks, brooms and foundry products. Ottawa was settled in 1854, and was first chartered as a city in 1866.


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