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Otto Fritz Meyerhof
Born April 12, 1884
Hanover
Died October 6, 1951
Philadelphia
Nationality German
Fields physics and biochemistry
Alma mater Strasbourg Heidelberg
Known for Relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1922

Otto Fritz Meyerhof (April 12, 1884 – October 6, 1951) was a German-born physician and biochemist.

Biography

Meyerhof was born in Hanover, the son of wealthy Jewish parents. He spent most of his childhood in Berlin, where he started his study of medicine. He continued these studies in Strasbourg and Heidelberg, from which he graduated in 1909, with a work titled "Contributions to the psychological Theory of mental illness." In Heidelberg, he met Hedwig Schallenberg, who later became his wife. They had a daughter and two sons.

In 1912, he moved to the University of Kiel, where he became professor in 1918. In 1922, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, with Archibald Vivian Hill, for his work on muscle metabolism, including glycolysis. In 1929 he became one of the directors of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research, a position he held until 1938. Fleeing the Nazi regime, he moved to Paris in 1938, although he was interned in the Camp des Milles in the South East of France.[1] He then moved to the United States in 1940, where he became a guest professor at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

Meyerhof died in Philadelphia at the age of 67.

References

  1. ^ Jean-Marc Chouraqui, Gilles Dorival, Colette Zytnicki, Enjeux d'Histoire, Jeux de Mémoire: les Usages du Passé Juif, Maisonneuve & Larose, 2006, p. 548 [1]
  • Kresge, Nicole; Simoni, Robert D; Hill,, Robert L (2005), "Otto Fritz Meyerhof and the elucidation of the glycolytic pathway.", J. Biol. Chem. 280 (4): e3, 2005 Jan 28, PMID 15665335  
  • Raju, T N (1998), "The Nobel chronicles. 1922: Archibald Vivian Hill (1886-1977), Otto Fritz Meyerhof (1884-1951).", Lancet 352 (9137): 1396, 1998 Oct 24, PMID 9802314  
  • "OTTO Fritz Meyerhof.", Lancet 2 (6687): 790–1, Oct 1951, 1951 Oct 27, ISSN 0140-6736, PMID 14874513  

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Simple English

Otto Fritz Meyerhof
File:Otto
BornApril 12, 1884
Hannover, Germany
DiedOctober 6, 1951
FieldMedicine
InstitutionsKiel University, Kiel, Germany
Alma materUniversity of Berlin
Known forPhysiology
Notable prizesNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1922)

Otto Fritz Meyerhof (April 12, 1884 - October 6, 1951) was a German doctor.[1] He won the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for finding out how oxygen makes chemical changes in lactic acid in muscles.[2]

References


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