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Otto Strandman

In office
09 May 1919 – 11 November 1919
Succeeded by Jaan Tõnisson
In office
09 July 1929 – 12 February 1931

Born 30 November 1875(1875-11-30)
Vandu, Lääne-Viru County, Estonia
Died 5 February 1941 (aged 65)
Kadrina, Estonia
Nationality Estonian
Political party Estonian Labor Party
Profession politician

Otto August Strandman VR III/1 (30 November 1875 – 5 February 1941) was a Prime Minister of Estonia and Head of State. He was born in Vandu, Undla rural municipality, now in Kadrina Parish, Lääne-Viru County. He died in Kadrina.

He was Estonian Prime Minister from 8 May 1919 to 18 November 1919 and Elder of State from 9 July 1929 to 12 February 1931, one of the eleven men to serve as Estonian head of state during its period of independence (1918 to 1940).

In 1917–1918, he was Chairman of the Estonian Province Assembly (Eesti Maanõukogu); in 1918, Minister of Justice, and in 1918–1919, Minister of Agriculture of the Provisional Government. In 1918, he was arrested by the German occupation powers. In 1919, he was Prime Minister and also Minister of War, 1920–1921 Minister of Foreign Affairs, from January 4, 1921 to November 18, 1921 Speaker of I Riigikogu, 1924 Minister of Foreign Affairs, later Minister of Finances, 1927–1929 Estonian Envoy to Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania, 1933 Envoy to France, Belgium and the Vatican. 1917-1919 Member of the Estonian Province Assembly, 1919–1920 Member of the Constituent Assembly (Estonian: Asutav Kogu), 1920–1937, member of the I-V Riigikogu.

Has been a member of the Council of the theatre Estonia, the Tallinn Savings and Loans Society and other non-governmental organisations. He has been awarded an honorary doctorate of Law of the University of Tartu.

In 1941, he shot himself to death when the NKVD (People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs, here the Soviet State Secret Police) officers came to arrest him.[1]

Early life

Strandman was educated at the Emperor Alexander State High School in Tallinn, the 5th and 7th High Schools in Saint Petersburg, and he passed the final exams at the Estonian Province State High School in Tallinn. After this, he worked in the Tallinn Office of the Russian State Bank for three years. In 1899–1901 he studied at the University of Saint Petersburg's law department and in 1901–1903 at the University of Tartu's law department.

Between 1903 and 1905 he worked as a lawyer in Narva and in Tallinn, 1904–1905 and 1917 a member of the Tallinn City Council. He participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905, after which he lived in Switzerland and other European countries as an exile from 1905–1909. He returned to Tallinn in 1909 and resumed work as a barrister, becoming the prosecutor of the Tallinn District Court in 1917.

References

Preceded by
Konstantin Päts
Prime Minister of Estonia
1919
Succeeded by
Jaan Tõnisson
Preceded by
Konstantin Päts
Minister of War
1919
Succeeded by
August Hanko
Preceded by
Kaarel Robert Pusta
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1920 – 1921
Succeeded by
Ants Piip
Preceded by
none
Speaker of the Riigikogu
1921
Succeeded by
Juhan Kukk
Preceded by
Friedrich Akel
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1924
Succeeded by
Kaarel Robert Pusta
Preceded by
August Rei
State Elder of Estonia
1929 – 1931
Succeeded by
Konstantin Päts
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