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Otto Wöhler
12 July 1894(1894-07-12) – 5 February 1987 (aged 92)
Wohlerotto.jpg
Otto Wöhler
Place of birth Groß Burgwedel
Place of death Groß Burgwedel
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Third Reich
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1913 – 1945
Rank General der Infanterie
Commands held I. Armeekorps
8. Armee
Heeresgruppe Süd
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Otto Wöhler (12 July 1894 in Burgwedel – 5 February 1987 in Burgwedel) was a German general of infantry, serving during World War I and World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.

Wöhler fought in World War I as a lieutenant and served in the post-war Reichsheer. A seasoned general staff officer, he had caught the attention of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, who made him his chief of staff when Manstein was appointed to command 11th Army. Wöhler served with Manstein until April 1942 when he was assigned as chief of staff for Army Group Center under Field Marshal Günther von Kluge. Wöhler’s first combat command was I. Armeekorps which he led from April to August 1943, before being given command of 8th Army on 22 August 1943. Field Marshal von Manstein, whose Army Group South included 8th Army, was very pleased with this appointment as Wöhler had fought with distinction and skill during the summer and fall of 1943. His cool-headedness was considered a crucial asset at that stage and later on the Eastern Front.[1]

As with every other German senior officer, Wöhler was investigated by the Allies after the war and was then implicated in Einsatzgruppe activities while serving as Chief of Staff of 11th Army in early 1942. He was tried by a U.S. Military Tribunal at Nuremberg ("OKW Case" No. XII) and then sentenced to 8 years imprisonment in October 1948. He was released in autumn 1950.

Until his death Otto Wöhler participated in many functions and as patron of civic organizations in his home community of Burgwedel. He also created a charitable foundation that inherited his estate. He is buried next to his only child, a son, who died in the Baltic during World War II as a naval cadet.

Awards

References

  1. ^ Nash, Douglas E. Hell's Gate. The Battle of the Cherkassy Pocket, January-February 1944. Southbury, Connecticut: RZM Publishing. 2002, p. 21. ISBN 0965758435
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas, 2000. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
General der Kavallerie Phillip Kleffel
Commander of I. Armeekorps
1 April 1943 – 15 August 1943
Succeeded by
General der Kavallerie Phillip Kleffel
Preceded by
General Johannes Blaskowitz
Commander of 8. Armee
22 August 1943 – 27 December 1944
Succeeded by
General Hans Kreysing
Preceded by
Generaloberst Johannes Frießner
Commander of Heeresgruppe Süd
December 28, 1944 – March 25, 1945
Succeeded by
Generaloberst Dr. Lothar Rendulic
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