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Otto of Bavaria: Wikis


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King of Bavaria
Reign 13 June 1886 - 5 November 1913
Predecessor Ludwig II
Successor Ludwig III
Father Maximilian II of Bavaria
Mother Marie of Prussia
Born 27 April 1848(1848-04-27)
The Residenz, Munich
Died 11 October 1916 (aged 68)
Schloss Fürstenried

Otto I of Bavaria (German: Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar von Wittelsbach; 27 April 1848 – 11 October 1916), was King of Bavaria from 1886 to 1913. He was the son of Maximilian II and his wife, Marie of Prussia, and younger brother of Ludwig II. Otto of Bavaria is not to be confused with Otto of Greece, who was his uncle and godfather.


Prince Otto served in the Bavarian army from 1863. When King Wilhelm I of Prussia was proclaimed German Emperor on 18 January 1871 at the Palace of Versailles, Prince Otto represented his brother who refused to participate. Otto then criticized the celebration as ostentatious and heartless in a letter to Ludwig.

Otto became King of Bavaria upon his older brother's deposition and unexplained death in 1886. However, Otto never truly ruled as King and was by some accounts not even aware that he had become King. It is claimed Otto suffered from severe mental illness. He was declared insane in 1875. The cause of his illness has not been revealed. He was kept confined in Fürstenried Palace under medical supervision until his death. Otto's uncle, Prince Luitpold of Bavaria, served as Prince Regent for Otto until Luitpold's death. Luitpold's son Ludwig then became the next Prince Regent.

The constitution of Bavaria was amended on 4 November 1913, to include a clause specifying that if a regency for reasons of incapacity lasted for ten years with no expectation that the King would ever be able to reign, the Regent could proclaim the end of the regency and assume the crown himself.

Postcard photograph from 1916 of King Otto's body in repose.

The following day, Otto was deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who then assumed the title Ludwig III. The parliament assented on 6 November, and Ludwig III took the constitutional oath on 8 November. Otto was permitted to retain his title and honours until his death in 1916.

Otto's remains were interred in the crypt of the Michaelskirche in Munich. Bavarian tradition called for the heart of the king to be placed in a silver urn and sent to the Gnadenkapelle (Chapel of the Miraculous Image) in Altötting, beside those of his brother, father and grandfather.

External links


Maximilian I of Bavaria
Ludwig I of Bavaria
Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
Maximilian II of Bavaria
Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Otto of Bavaria
Frederick William II of Prussia
Wilhelm of Prussia
Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Marie of Prussia
Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg
Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
Otto of Bavaria
Born: 27 April 1848 Died: 11 October 1916
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ludwig II
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Bayern (Grosses).jpg
King of Bavaria

13 June 1886 – 5 November 1913
Succeeded by
Ludwig III

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