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Drawing by Theodoros Pelecanos, in alchemical tract titled Synosius (1478).
Engraving by Lucas Jennis, in alchemical tract titled De Lapide Philosophico.
.The Ouroboros or Uroborus[1] is an ancient symbol depicting a serpent or dragon swallowing its own tail and forming a circle.^ From "Ouroboros," there is the serpent or dragon gnawing at its own tail.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Emblem 6 is a clear statement of the Ouroborus, the serpent dragon that siezes its own tail and unites these polarities in forming its circle in the Soul.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ This could correspond to a will to stop the descent into matter by closing himself into an Ouroboros, the snake biting its own tail and incidentally also a symbol for the death/rebirth so intimately linked with Time .
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The Ouroboros often represents self-reflexivity or cyclicality, especially in the sense of something constantly re-creating itself, the eternal return, and other things perceived as cycles that begin anew as soon as they end (compare Phoenix).^ For in a circle, the same thing is the end and the beginning, in the same manner as in that which is converted to, begins from, and ends in itself.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Morning is kindling the upper air, and folk will soon be stirring in the castle, for they lie not long abed when day begins in Demonland.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The other things I like about Longevinex is that they have been around awhile, all they sell is resveratrol and Sardi is a real believer in resveratrol.
  • Putting my money where my mitochondria are « Ouroboros 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ouroboros.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It can also represent the idea of primordial unity related to something existing in or persisting from the beginning with such force or qualities it cannot be extinguished. .The ouroboros has been important in religious and mythological symbolism, but has also been frequently used in alchemical illustrations, where it symbolizes the circular nature of the alchemist's opus.^ The same source also explains that: "In the above drawing, from a book by an early Alchemist, Cleopatra, the black half symbolizes the Night, Earth, and the destructive force of nature, yin.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Alchemically, the ouroboros is also used as a purifying glyph ...The 'tail-devourer' is the symbolization of concepts such as completion, perfection and totality, the endless round of existence, etc.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

It is also often associated with Gnosticism, and Hermeticism.
.Carl Jung interpreted the Ouroboros as having an archetypal significance to the human psyche.^ It is of interest to mention that a symbol such as that of the Ouroboros is something which Carl Jung refers to as an archetype; it seems to makes its way into our conscious mind time and time again in varying forms.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed] The Jungian psychologist Erich Neumann writes of it as a representation of the pre-ego "dawn state", depicting the undifferentiated infancy experience of both mankind and the individual child.[2]

Contents

Historical representations

Antiquity

.Plato described a self-eating, circular being as the first living thing in the universe—an immortal, perfectly constructed animal.^ But of what things the mathematical ratios are images, and how they develop the essence of the soul of the universe, it is not easy for those to assign, who do not look to the conceptions of Plato.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

The living being had no need of eyes when there was nothing remaining outside him to be seen; nor of ears when there was nothing to be heard; and there was no surrounding atmosphere to be breathed; nor would there have been any use of organs by the help of which he might receive his food or get rid of what he had already digested, since there was nothing which went from him or came into him: for there was nothing beside him. Of design he was created thus, his own waste providing his own food, and all that he did or suffered taking place in and by himself. For the Creator conceived that a being which was self-sufficient would be far more excellent than one which lacked anything; and, as he had no need to take anything or defend himself against any one, the Creator did not think it necessary to bestow upon him hands: nor had he any need of feet, nor of the whole apparatus of walking; but the movement suited to his spherical form was assigned to him, being of all the seven that which is most appropriate to mind and intelligence; and he was made to move in the same manner and on the same spot, within his own limits revolving in a circle. All the other six motions were taken away from him, and he was made not to partake of their deviations. And as this circular movement required no feet, the universe was created without legs and without feet.[3]
.The notion of a serpent or dragon eating its own tail can be traced back to Ancient Egypt, circa 1600 BC. In the Pyramid of Unas dated between 2375 BC and 2345 BC, hieroglyphs on the west wall gable of the Sarcophagus chamber can be read: "A serpent is entwined by a serpent" and "the male serpent is bitten by the female serpent, the female serpent is bitten by the male serpent, Heaven is enchanted, earth is enchanted, the male behind mankind is enchanted" [4] From ancient Egypt it passed to Phoenicia where it was used as a symbol for Janus,[5] before it passed to the Greek philosophers, who gave it the name Ouroboros ("tail-devourer").^ From "Ouroboros," there is the serpent or dragon gnawing at its own tail.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ "Ouroboros was and is the name for the Great World Serpent, encircling the earth.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Through the years the serpent moved on to the Phoenicians and the Greeks-who were what gave it the name "Ouroboros."
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
In Gnosticism, this serpent symbolized eternity and the soul of the world.
.Christianity adopted the Ouroboros as symbols of the limited confines of the material world (that there is an "outside" being implied by the demarcation of an inside), and the self-consuming transitory nature of a mere "worldly existence" of this world, following in the footsteps of the preacher in Ecclesiastes 3:9-14.^ The Ouroboros biting its own tail is symbolic of self-fecundation, or the primitive idea of a self-sufficient Nature - a Nature, that is which, à la   Nietzsche, continually returns, within a cyclic pattern, to its own beginning.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Alchemically, the ouroboros is also used as a purifying glyph ...The 'tail-devourer' is the symbolization of concepts such as completion, perfection and totality, the endless round of existence, etc.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ There is another mention of the Ouroboros laying at the edge of "the sea which surrounds the world," called Pontus.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.G. K. Chesterton, in The Everlasting Man, uses it as a symbol of the circular and self-defeating nature of pantheistic mysticism and of most modern philosophy.^ I would bet that man is able to produce a more consistent product than nature in most cases.
  • Putting my money where my mitochondria are « Ouroboros 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ouroboros.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Middle Ages

.In Norse mythology, it appears as the serpent Jörmungandr, one of the three children of Loki and Angrboda, who grew so large that it could encircle the world and grasp its tail in its teeth.^ Few they be, and high they fly above the world, and come to birth but one in three hundred years.” .
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Of curious workmanship it was, of pale green glass, its stand formed of three serpents intertwined, the one of gold, another of silver, the third of iron.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ "Ouroboros was and is the name for the Great World Serpent, encircling the earth.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In the legends of Ragnar Lodbrok, such as Ragnarssona þáttr, the Geatish king Herraud gives a small lindworm as a gift to his daughter Þóra Town-Hart after which it grows into a large serpent which encircles the girl's bower and bites itself in the tail.^ Will not the King, for such payment as she intends, give Demonland upon Impland and all the world beside?
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ And the King commanded that serpent back into its hole, whither it returned, hissing wrathfully.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

The serpent is slain by Ragnar Lodbrok who marries Þóra. .Ragnar later has a son with another woman named Kráka and this son is born with the image of a white snake in one eye.^ It's one year later and Blunder Woman has been scouring the city looking for the escaped "Puma", Her arch-nemesis.
  • The Bound Forum - HIPComix - Heroines in Peril Comix 16 October 2009 11:26 UTC www.boundforum.com [Source type: General]

^ Ravnor answered, “Highness, I know him not certainly, the sons of Corund so favour one another.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Also he showed her Sea Holly in his garden, that is born in secret places and in wet ones, and the root of it is as the head of that monster which men name the Gorgon, and the root-twigs have both eyes and nose and colour of serpents.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

.This snake encircled the iris and bit itself in the tail, and the son was named Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye.^ The 19th century German chemist named Kekule dreamed of a snake with its tail in its mouth one day after dosing off.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

Alchemy

In alchemy, the Ouroboros is a purifying sigil. .Swiss psychologist Carl Jung saw the Ouroboros as an archetype and the basic mandala of alchemy.^ It is of interest to mention that a symbol such as that of the Ouroboros is something which Carl Jung refers to as an archetype; it seems to makes its way into our conscious mind time and time again in varying forms.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

Jung also defined the relationship of the Ouroboros to alchemy:[6]
.The alchemists, who in their own way knew more about the nature of the individuation process than we moderns do, expressed this paradox through the symbol of the Ouroboros, the snake that eats its own tail.^ Ideas about the Ouroboros found their way into the literary world, e.g., in Artemidoros and Acrobius.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ But there is nothing more American than wanting to eat or spend your way to happiness.
  • Putting my money where my mitochondria are « Ouroboros 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ouroboros.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ouroboros biting its own tail is symbolic of self-fecundation, or the primitive idea of a self-sufficient Nature - a Nature, that is which, à la   Nietzsche, continually returns, within a cyclic pattern, to its own beginning.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

The Ouroboros has been said to have a meaning of infinity or wholeness. .In the age-old image of the Ouroboros lies the thought of devouring oneself and turning oneself into a circulatory process, for it was clear to the more astute alchemists that the prima materia of the art was man himself.^ In both these latter operations the Dragon rageth against himself, and by devouring his tail, doth wholly exhaust himself, and at length is turned into the Stone .
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ I see,” said Gro, smiling in himself, “thou art a man of sober government and understanding, and thinkest first of Witchland.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The Queen said, “How old art thou, my Lord Juss, that thou speakest as an old man might speak?” .
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

The Ouroboros is a dramatic symbol for the integration and assimilation of the opposite, i.e. of the shadow. This 'feed-back' process is at the same time a symbol of immortality, since it is said of the Ouroboros that he slays himself and brings himself to life, fertilizes himself and gives birth to himself. .He symbolizes the One, who proceeds from the clash of opposites, and he therefore constitutes the secret of the prima materia which [...] unquestionably stems from man's unconscious.^ Perhaps she is the 'secret weapon' Ted Twiss was talking about, or maybe she is the one who is stalking Ms. Metrobay!
  • The Bound Forum - HIPComix - Heroines in Peril Comix 16 October 2009 11:26 UTC www.boundforum.com [Source type: General]

.The famous Ouroboros drawing from the early alchemical text The Chrysopoeia of Cleopatra dating to 2nd century Alexandria encloses the words hen to pan, "one is the all". Its black and white halves represent the Gnostic duality of existence.^ The enclosed words mean ' the all is one.'"
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The same source also explains that: "In the above drawing, from a book by an early Alchemist, Cleopatra, the black half symbolizes the Night, Earth, and the destructive force of nature, yin.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ But the introduction of the Ouroboros in association with Natura ( Physis ), the various metals, and the Aged Seer strongly suggests one of the alchemic visions of revelation or initiation:  .
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.As such, the Ouroboros could be interpreted as the Western equivalent of the Taoist Yin-Yang symbol.^ Alchemically, the ouroboros is also used as a purifying glyph ...The 'tail-devourer' is the symbolization of concepts such as completion, perfection and totality, the endless round of existence, etc.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ In some versions of the Ouroboros, the body is half light and half dark, alluding in this way to the successive counterbalancing of opposing principls as illustrated in the Chinese Yin-Yang   symbol for instance.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The Chrysopoeia Ouroboros of Cleopatra is one of the oldest images of the Ouroboros to be linked with the legendary opus of the Alchemists, the Philosopher’s Stone.^ It is also denominated the One Stone of the Philosophers, composed of hostile elements, the Stone of the Sun.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Fom left to right, the first Ouroboros is one of the better known examples, which according to the source ( Chris McCoy ) was from: " The Chrysopoeia ('Gold-Making') of Cleopatra during the Alexandrian Period.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Here the speculation concerning the Ouroboros extends to embrace the philosopher's Stone, with the intriguing suggestion that the two are in a special relationship, one that points again to the subject of Alchemy.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.As a symbol of the eternal unity of all things, the cycle of birth and death from which the alchemist sought release and liberation, it was familiar to the alchemist/physician Sir Thomas Browne.^ Poison, the viper and the universal solvent are all symbols of the undifferentiated-of the 'unchanging law' which moves through all things, linking them by a common bond.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

In his A letter to a friend, a medical treatise full of case-histories and witty speculations upon the human condition, he wrote of it:
[...] that the first day should make the last, that the Tail of the Snake should return into its Mouth precisely at that time, and they should wind up upon the day of their Nativity, is indeed a remarkable Coincidence,
It is also alluded to at the conclusion of Browne's The Garden of Cyrus (1658) as a symbol of the circular nature and Unity of the two Discourses:
.All things began in order so shall they end, so shall they begin again according to the Ordainer of Order and the mystical mathematicks of the City of Heaven.^ But these things shall have an end.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ I have a langret in my purse shall cross-bite for me i’ the end and win me all, howsoe’er the Demons cog against me.” .
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ No living thing they encountered save only the Queen and her little martlets, but all things desirous were ministered unto them by unseen hands and all royal entertainment.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

Freemasonry

.The ouroboros is displayed on numerous Masonic seals, frontispieces and other imagery, especially during the 18th century.^ These are but a few representations of the Ouroboros; there are many others, some more ornate, some less, and many in more complex configurations, especially in the alchemical context.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

Kundalini Yoga

.Ouroboros symbolism has been used to describe Kundalini energy.^ Alchemically, the ouroboros is also used as a purifying glyph ...The 'tail-devourer' is the symbolization of concepts such as completion, perfection and totality, the endless round of existence, etc.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The word 'Ouroboros' is really a term that describes a similar symbol which has been cross-pollinated from many different cultures.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

.According to the second century Yoga Kundalini Upanishad, "The divine power, Kundalini, shines like the stem of a young lotus; like a snake, coiled round upon herself she holds her tail in her mouth and lies resting half asleep as the base of the body" (1.82).^ And the bluff and the walled hold perched thereon are black like old night, and like throned iniquity sitting in the place of power, darkening the desolation of that fen.” .
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Insomuch that they fell to shouting with one accord, “Though his mouth be foul he hath a fair tail!
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The great jade vase was round and flat like the body of a tortoise, open at the top where the lilies grew.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

Another interpretation is that Kundalini equates to the entwined serpents of the Asclepius, the entwined serpents representing medicine in the west or, esoterically, human DNA.

Theosophy

The ouroboros is featured in the seal of Theosophy, along with other traditional symbols.

Non-western traditions

Aztec deity Quetzalcoatl portrayed as Ouroboros.
Some Hindu folk-myths[citation needed] have a snake (Adisesha) circling the tortoise Kurma that supports the eight elephants which support the world on their backs..December 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] However, the snake does not bite its own tail, but instead is calling itself into being through what some literary theorists have called a performative speech act.^ This could correspond to a will to stop the descent into matter by closing himself into an Ouroboros, the snake biting its own tail and incidentally also a symbol for the death/rebirth so intimately linked with Time .
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Of design it was made thus, its own waste providing its own food, acting and being acted upon entirely with and by itself, because its designer considered that a being which was sufficient unto itself would be far more excellent than one which depended upon anything."
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The following commentary from this source links with what has already been said and also adds further points of interest: This symbol appears principally among the Gnostics and is depicted as a dragon, snake or serpent biting its own tail.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
Snakes are sacred animals in many West African religions. .The demi-god Aidophedo uses the image of a serpent biting its own tail.^ Emblem 6 is a clear statement of the Ouroborus, the serpent dragon that siezes its own tail and unites these polarities in forming its circle in the Soul.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ From "Ouroboros," there is the serpent or dragon gnawing at its own tail.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The following commentary from this source links with what has already been said and also adds further points of interest: This symbol appears principally among the Gnostics and is depicted as a dragon, snake or serpent biting its own tail.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

The Ouroboros is also seen in Fon or Dahomean iconography as well as in Yoruba imagery as Oshunmare.
The god Quetzalcoatl is sometimes portrayed biting its tail on Aztec and Toltec ruins.

Modern

Simple depiction
.The organic chemist August Kekulé claimed that a ring in the shape of Ouroboros that he saw in a dream inspired him in his discovery of the structure of benzene.^ He had been researching the molecular structure of benzene, and was at a stop point in his work until after waking up he interpreted the dream to mean that the structure was a closed carbon ring.
  • Spira Solaris and the Universal Ouroboros. Spira SolarisArchytas-Mirabilis VI 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC www.spirasolaris.ca [Source type: Original source]

As noted by Carl Jung, this might be an instance of cryptomnesia.
The flag of the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro featured the Ouroboros on it. The Ouroboros has been incorporated into the crests of the Hungarian and Romanian Unitarian churches.
Crane untitled (1986) is a sculpture by Henck van Dijck, in which the ends of a tube are connected to the input and output of a spigot, intended to promote recycling.
Bill Mollison also adapted this symbol for the cover of a reprint (1997) of Permaculture: A Designer's Manual.
.In the television series Red Dwarf, episode "Ouroboros", the word Ouroboros gives Dave Lister the clue that, through time travel, he is his own father.^ From JPEGER: It's time for episode #38 of the long running "Gymnast" series, and this week we find that Chase and Diana are now prisoners of the notorious criminal Rocko Smash!
  • The Bound Forum - HIPComix - Heroines in Peril Comix 16 October 2009 11:26 UTC www.boundforum.com [Source type: General]

^ Dear Gods, but I’d fill him a bowl of mine own heart’s blood if he required it of me, after our times together, father.
  • The Worm Ouroboros / E. R. Eddison 25 September 2009 7:10 UTC ebooks.adelaide.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

See also

References

  1. ^ Greek Οὐροβόρος or οὐρηβόρος, from οὐροβόρος ὄφις "tail-devouring snake", also spelled Uroborus, pronounced /jʊərɵˈbɒrəs/ or /ɔˈrɒbɔrəs/ in English
  2. ^ Neumann, Erich. (1995). The Origins and History of Consciousness. Bollington series XLII: Princeton University Press. Originally published in German in 1949.
  3. ^ Plato, Timaeus, 33; translated by Benjamin Jowett [1]; (original text at Perseus)
  4. ^ The Pyramid Text Online.
  5. ^ Antiquity Explained, Volume 1, page 17, Dr. Montfaucon, David Humphrey's translation, 1771
  6. ^ Carl Jung, Collected Works, Vol. 14 para. 513

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Ouroboros, which are similar to those in the above article.








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